The Secret History of the Wold Newton Universe is now searchable.


In Prince Zarkon's third adventure, he again goes to the Cobalt Club, where he meets with Richard Benson (The Avenger), detective Philo Vance, Richard Curtis Van Loan (The Phantom Detective), Admiral Donald A. Winslow (Don Winslow of the Navy) and Col. John "Renny" Renwick (one of Doc Savage's Fabulous Five assistants). There are also references to Cranston and Wentworth, Reid's newspaper The Daily Sentinel is named again, and Dr. Palfrey's Z5 crime-fighting organization is mentioned. One of Zarkon's Omega Crew, Ace Harrigan, is named as the son of '40s aviator "Hop" Harrigan.Other aviators mentioned are Barney Baxter, Tailspin Tommy Tompkins, Bill Barnes, and Smilin' Jack Martin. The Phantom Detective: Frank Havens, another character from this pulp novel series, is also referred to. Doc Savage: The locales of the Doc Savage novel Pirate of the Pacific appear again in this novel. There are references to a Savage Memorial Hospital. It is revealed that that Zarkon purchased his private airfield from none other than Doc's cousin, Pat Savage. And, finally, Zarkon reveals his knowledge of the events surrounding the first meeting of Doc and his men at the Loki prison camp in 1918.

Carter's third Zarkon book, hardback 1976, paperback 1978 by Popular Library, brings S.S. Van Dine's detective Philo Vance, The Phantom Detective, Don Winslow of the Navy, Hop Harrigan,Barney Baxter, Tailspin Tommy Tomkins, Bill Barnes, and Smilin' Jack Martin, and Dr. Palfrey and Department Z5 into the Newtonverse. This novel was written long before Philip José Farmer's Doc Savage novel, Escape From Loki, was published in 1991. However, Farmer had previously hinted at the Loki events in his Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life.

1971 - The first appearance of Shang Chi, son of Fu Manchu (Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu No. 15). For an alternative of Shang Chi's parentage visit here.

June 1971 - Remo Williams' first adventure, Created, the Destroyer, as told by Richard Sapir and Warren Murphy.


Many heroines of the pulps make a cameo appearance in the fourth Prince Zarkon adventure, including: Patricia Savage Hazzard (cousin of Doc Savage), who married pulp hero Captain Rex Hazzard; Margo Lane (The Shadow's girlfriend); Nita Van Sloan (The Spider's girlfriend); and Nellie Gray (The Avenger's girlfriend - see The The Avenger Chronology for more on Nellie Gray). Muriel Havens (from The Phantom Detective), Carol Baldwin (from The Black Bat), and Doro Kelly (from Captain Zero) are also mentioned. When Zarkon visits The Cobalt Club, he again meets detective Philo Vance, as well as detective Nick Charles, Dr. William Harper Littlejohn (one of Doc Savage's Fabulous assistants), Rutledge Mann (one of The Shadow's agents), and "Cash" Gorman, the Wizard of Wall Street. Bruce Wayne is mentioned, as are Lamont Cranston, Dr. Hezekiah Spafford, Dr. Barton Swift, and Dr. Alexei Zorka. Also mentioned are the Belshazzar gun, the Empire Park Hotel, and the Golden Apple nightclub. Freddy Freeman, the crippled newsboy, also appears.

The fourth Zarkon novel by Lin Carter, Doubleday hardback, 1982. Captain Hazzard was a one-issue pulp hero, written by Chester Hawks (Python Men of the Lost City), who can now be added to the Wold Newton Universe. It is once again shown that Doc Savage, The Shadow, The Spider, The Avenger, The Batman, and Philo Vance and The Phantom Detective are all in the same universe. Further additions are: Nick and Nora Charles from Dashiell Hammett's novel The Thin Man; Cash Gorman, the Wizard (of Wall Street); Dr. Alexei Zorka, from the 1939 Bela Lugosi film The Phantom Creeps; Dr. Hezekiah Spafford, from the Doctor Death pulp novel Twelve Must Die; Dr. Barton Swift, from the Tom Swift books; the Black Bat; and Captain Zero. The Belshazzar gun, the Empire Park Hotel, and the Golden Apple nightclub are from a one-issue pulp called The Angel Detective. Also mentioned is newsboy Freddy Freeman. Because this Freddy is a boy in 1971, he must be an "Elseworlds" Freddy and must have been born much later than his "twin" in the Fawcett Comics Universe who gained the powers of Captain Marvel, Jr., in the 1940s. There is no evidence to support the notion that the Freddy Freeman in The Wold Newton Universe has the powers of Shazam.

1971 Although it had been quite different from the mainstream Wold Newton Universe from its beginnings, the Universe we have termed the Pulp Trek Universe really starts to diverge from common history with the WNU. As Interplanetary travel reveals that the Solar system is inhabited on just about every planet and moon. For some more details please visit Wasn't The Future Great? A Pulp Trek timeline


Remo Williams, the Destroyer, meets James Bond, Hercule Poirot, and Mr. Moto.

The Destroyer number 4, by Richard Sapir and Warren Murphy, May 1972. This novel brings Remo Williams and Chiun into the Wold Newton Universe. Certain details of this meeting may have been altered for comic effect; see Matthew Baugh's The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe for more information. See also Brad Mengel's The Chronology of Hercule Poirot.


Jean Rogers, the daughter of Captain America, is used to test a new super-soldier serum; she ends up sleeping for a century.

This tale is by Forrest J. Ackerman.


Fu Manchu manipulates his son, Shang-Chi, and Spider-Man into battling each other. Meanwhile, Fu Manchu plans to replace the aerial tower atop the Empire State Building with one of his own devising which will serve as a broadcasting mind-control device.  Fortunately Shang and Spidey discover the plan in time and foil it. Sir Denis Nayland Smith and Black Jack Tarr also appear in the adventure

Giant-Size Spider-Man number 2, by Len Wein, Ross Andru, and Al Milgrom, Marvel Comics, October 1974.  This adventure takes place before it is discovered that Dr. Petrie is still alive, setting it in 1972. Once again, it must be emphasized that this is the Wold Newton Universe version of Spidey, and therefore does not incorporate other Marvel Comics Universe characters or continuity. See the crossover rules for superheroes.


Paul Eyre encounters a UFO undergoes other strange experiences.  Leo Queequeeg Tincrowder also appears.

Leo Queequeeg Tincrowder is a Wold Newton Family member, thus placing this novel by Philip José Farmer in the Wold Newton Universe.  Please read Art Bollmann's excellent A Philip José Farmer Timeline for more information.

1972 - The events of Cyborg, as told by Martin Caidin, in which test pilot Colonel Steve Austin is transformed into a bionic man.


Occult investigator Richard Jeperson works for the Diogenes Club. Edwin Winthrop, Catriona Kaye, and Geneviève Dieudonné also appear.

The story picks up again in Spring 1999 with Seven Stars Episode Five: Mimsy, available on the Crossover Chronology, Part VII.

1972 Philip José Farmer conducts his groundbreaking An Exclusive Interview with Lord Greystoke.

1972 - Events of The Stepford Wives, as told by Ira Levin.

This is the first recorded adventure featuring James Allenvale "Bunduki" Gunn, the second adopted son of Tarzan, Lord Greystoke. Dawn Drummond-Clayton, the granddaughter of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton, is also featured.

Story by J.T. Edson in J.T.'s Hundredth.


This is the first recorded adventure of Dawn Drummond-Clayton, the daughter of Armand John and Hazel Drummond-Clayton, and the granddaughter of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton. There is also a reference to Sanders of the River.

Story by J.T. Edson in J.T.'s Ladies. John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton was the first adopted son of Tarzan and the biological brother of Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond. The Sanders of the River series was written by Edgar Wallace.

November 1972 - The Godwulf Manuscript, the first recorded case of Boston private eye Spenser, as narrated by Spenser and edited by Robert B. Parker. Spenser is the nephew of Philip Marlowe.

May 1973 - Policeman Neil Howie travels to the Scottish isle of Summerisle to solve the strange disappearance of a young girl.  However, events take a stranger turn than he ever could have expected in The Wicker Man.

1973 - The events of The Questor Tapes (television movie, with novelization by D.C. Fontana).


This is the second recorded adventure of James Allenvale "Bunduki" Gunn.

Story by J.T. Edson in Mark Counter's Kin. In addition to being an adopted son of John "Tarzan" Clayton, Bunduki is also a descendant of Sir Henry Curtis (from H.R. Haggard's King Solomon's Mines), and is related to Mark Counter from Edson's western novels.

1973 - Si Morley returns briefly to the present and becomes embroiled in another assignment for the Project, involving the events surrounding the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 (From Time to Time, by Simon Morley, edited by Jack Finney; click here for more info).


It is revealed that Amelia Benkinsop, who runs a Girl's School, worked in Group Thirteen with Armand John and Hazel Drummond-Clayton (Korak's son and daughter-in-law, the parents of Dawn Drummond-Clayton). Miss Benkinsop also refers to playing bridge with M (Admiral Sir Miles Messervy) and James Bond last spring.

Based on The James Bond Chronology, this probably took place just prior to the events of John Pearson's James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007. This therefore reveals that the three School Swat stories all take place in 1973.


The third School Swat adventure refers to testing a high speed engine developed for "Mailed Fist," which is M's telegraph name.

Short story by J.T. Edson found in J. T.'s Ladies Ride Again. See Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.


After learning the details of brain transplantation from Victor Frankenstein's spirit during a séance, Dr. Donald Frankenstein attempts to build a bride for one of the Frankenstein Monsters, using the brain of Lakota, Spektor's girlfriend. Fighting the Monster with fire, Spektor rescues Lakota and Castle Frankenstein explodes, apparently killing Donald Frankenstein and the Monster.

Issue number six of The Occult Files of Doctor Spektor, written by Donald F. Glut, illustrated by Jesse Santos, and published by Gold Key Comics in February 1974. I will defer to my colleague, Dr. Charles Loridans, for a determination of which Frankenstein Monster was seen here (see Loridans' Children of the Night for more information). There are further Spektor-Frankenstein Monster crossovers in issue numbers 9, 12, 16, and 18; these will be documented in a later update.


Count Dracula uses a spell in the mystic tome, the Ruthvenian, to restore several famous vampires, including Varney the Vampire, Lord Ruthven and the Countess Mircalla Karstein. Doctor Adam Spektor and Vlademar Van Helsing, a monster bounty hunter, oppose Dracula's plans.

Issue number eight of The Occult Files of Doctor Spektor, written by Donald F. Glut, illustrated by Jesse Santos, and published by Gold Key Comics in June 1974.Mircalla Karstein is from the film The Blood Spattered Bride, which was released in the U.S. in 1972 under the title Till Death Do Us Part. The film is based on Joseph Sheridan LeFanu's tale Carmilla, the famous lesbian vampire story first serialized in the magazine The Dark Blue, from December of 1871 through March of 1872. For more on Carmilla, please read John Small's Kiss of the Vampire. According to Jess Nevins' entry on his Victoriana site, Sir Frances Varney, aka Varney the Vampire, "was the creation of James Malcolm Rymer and appeared in Varney the Vampyre; or, The Feast of Blood. Varney the Vampyre ran in 109 weekly installments in the mid-1840s; collected, it runs for over 800 pages." Lord Ruthven is from John Polidori's The Vampyre. Vlademar Van Helsing undoubtedly belongs to the famous vampire-hunting family. I will defer to my colleague, Dr. Charles Loridans, for a determination of which Count Dracula was seen here (see Loridans' Children of the Night for more information).

Dr. Spektor also apparently met Mr. Hyde. I do not have further information at this time. There are further Spektor-Dracula crossovers in issue numbers 1 and 5; these will be documented in a later update.

Dr. Spektor also once met another Gold Key character, Dr. Solar (I do not have any other crossover information at this time). The "Solar" character in the 1990s Valiant comics "remake" of the Gold Key characters (Valiant dropped the "Dr") was someone who read Dr. Solar comics as a kid. The Gold Key Dr. Solar was not connected to any of the Valiant characters, and thus, for my purposes, Dr. Solar and Solar can be treated as separate characters existing in separate continuities. Dr. Solar (whose powers were much less than those of Solar) can be seen as the atomic hero archetype.

October 1973-1974GREATHEART SILVER

Greatheart Silver may just be the world's unluckiest Zeppelin commander.

The main factor against including this collection of three short stories by Philip José  Farmer in the Wold Newton Universe is an episode in which many of the great pulp heroes, now aged, engage in a massive gun battle and are killed off. As Brad Mengel states, "Apparently everybody except Greatheart died at Shootout (Tombstone) which causes problems, as some of the figures in this story, such as Doc Savage, The Shadow, The Avenger and James Bond, were all demonstrably alive after this date." See The Avenger Chronology, The Doc Savage Chronology, The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy, and The Shadow Chronology for more information.

However, Mr. Mengel's excellent Fakeout at Shootout resolves these events with Wold Newton continuity and also discusses the Lord Grandrith/Doc Caliban books.  Art Bollmann also tackles Greatheart Silver in his superb The Greatheart Silver Problem.  And Matthew Baugh has another viewpoint in his Caliban, Grandrith, and Greatheart Silver. As Mr. Farmer has said on other occasions, "Let the reader decide" which interpretation is valid.

If there is at least some accuracy to the events depicted in the first Greatheart Silver novella, then this possibly constitutes a very large crossover of Wold Newton characters. Wold Newton researcher Brad Mengel has documented the characters present at the showdown: Greatheart Silver; Fenwick Phwombly/ Ken Tallard (Isaac Tawmby/ Kent Allard/ The Shadow); Pete Ruse (Pete Rice); The Mad Fokker/ 8-Ball and The Blimp Kernal/ Dr. Krogers (G-8 and Dr Kreuger); The Long Ranger and Pronto (The Lone Ranger and Tonto); Scorpio/ Kraken and Geoffery Justkid/ Dr. Headbone/ Headbone Slayer (The Scorpion/ The Octopus and Jeffery Fairchild/ Dr. Skull/ The Skull Killer); Dr. Sen Sen (Dr. Yen Sin); Dr. Fyu-men Chu and Sir Daines Neighland Smythe (Dr. Fu Manchu and Sir Denis Nayland Smith); Dr. Terminal (Dr. Death); Dr. Negative and Jim Binde (Dr. No and James Bond); Won Fang and Valiant Kilgore (Wu Fang and Val Kildare); Dan Fooler (Dan Fowler); Secret Agent Ecks (Secret Agent X); Doc Ravage, Porkchop and Chimp (Doc Savage, Ham and Monk); Dick Windworthy/ The Arachnid (Richard Wentworth/ The Spider); Dick Bendsome/ The Punisher (Richard Benson/ The Avenger); Doc Barker (Doc Harker); Dude Onley/ The Silver Simoleon (Dade Solo/ The Silver Buck); Jed O'Hill/ The Green Llama (Jethro Dumont/ The Green Lama); Gary Adieu/ Captain Lucifer (Cary Adair/ Captain Satan); The Red Masquer (The Crimson Mask); Donald Diablo/ The Vermillion Mage (Don Diavolo/ The Scarlet Wizard); Esteban Hatcher/ Luna Head (Stephen Thatcher/ The Moon Man); Richman Curtwell Van Debt/ The Phantom Dick (Richard Curtis Van Loan/ The Phantom Detective); James "Bearcat" Guerdon/ The Gurgler (James "Wildcat" Gordon, The Whisperer); Operator No. 4+1 (Operator #5); Tony Winn/ The Black Night Owl (Tony Quinn/ The Black Bat); The Green Sheet (The Green Ghost); and Dirk Alone/ Captain Nothing (Lee Allyn/ Captain Zero).

Brad Mengel continues: "It is also revealed that Greatheart Silver is a descendant of Long John Silver and works for Bendt Micawber, a descendant of Wilkins Micawber from Charles Dickens' David Copperfield."  Wold Newton expert, Dr. Dennis Power, has written The Micawber Family and has also written extensively on the Silvers in All That Glitters is Not Gold.

Greatheart Silver is placed in 1974 based on the entry in Art Bollmann's A Philip José Farmer Timeline.  Art writes that, "I placed it in 1974 in order to have it not long after the appearances of the pulp heroes in the Prince Zarkon chronology [see entries for the Prince Zarkon books on this page]. Also, I wanted a period where Rod Serling could have been in reasonably good health, since he has a cameo in the Greatheart Silver stories."  Serling died on June 28, 1975.


While traveling to meet the Third Doctor, Jo Grant reminisces about "her friend Tara, with whom she'd gone to school and who -- as it happened -- has a similar job (in that she was assistant to another rather eccentric freelance gentleman adventurer in secret service to the government) . . . swanning about in vintage cars, doing judo and wearing a selection of not-very-convincing wigs."

A Doctor Who novel by Paul Magrs. The crossover reveals that Doctor Who's companion, Jo Grant, went to spy school with Tara King of The Avengers.


In this secret history of the 20th Century, Gary Seven and Roberta Lincoln fight a desperate battle against the rise of a genetically enhanced planetary conqueror, Khan Noonien Singh. Lincoln refers to another female adventurer she knows of, Emma Peel.

In March 1974, in East Berlin, Lincoln is attacked by and subdues a man calling himself "Old Jack." Lincoln also recalls encounters with a "robot Bigfoot up north" and with "robot housewives" in Connecticut. Seven finds that a businessman named Ralph Offenhouse is involved in financing a secret eugenics program. There are also references to Frankenstein and the Cybernaughts, and at one point Roberta chides herself that Modesty Blaise would not have any qualms about hoodwinking a pair of mad scientists. The early 1970s eugenics project that produces Khan and his fellow "supermen" also has some genetic "failures" who are sent to the "Developmental Deviations Unit" (DDU). One is a little boy named Jarod who copies everything the other little children do. There is also a little boy with a leonine face. The adult caretaker of the DDU is a sallow bug-eyed man called Mr. Eygor. One eugenics project scientist is named Maggie Erickson, and her fiancé is named Walsh. Jumping to the 1980s, Roberta refers to Seven's friend McCall. At the 1986 Reagan/Gorbachev summit, Reagan's translator is an attractive blonde woman who is an ex-tennis champ. She has "quite a grip" and her name is Sommers.

A Star Trek novel by Greg Cox, Pocket Books, 2001. Gary Seven, a human who was raised by extra-terrestrials and then sent back to Earth to help humanity survive the turbulent closing years of the 20th Century, was introduced in the Star Trek episode Assignment: Earth, as was his new partner, Roberta Lincoln. Khan Noonien Singh was introduced in the Star Trek episode Space Seed, in which he and his followers were revived from cryogenic suspension by Captain James T. Kirk in the year 2267. Following a failed attempt to capture Kirk's ship, the U.S.S. Enterprise, Khan and his followers were settled on a planet in the Mutara Sector, Ceti Alpha V. Khan's final battle with Admiral Kirk was told in the feature film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, which took place in March 2285.

Emma Peel was one John Steed's most vivacious partners, and their adventures were told in the classic British television program, The Avengers. The Cybernaughts are also from The Avengers.. History has recorded the deaths of five women in Kiev in November 1974 (Star Trek episode Wolf in the Fold), so apparently "Old Jack" escaped from the East Germans and made his way to Kiev; it was finally revealed in 2265 that these murders, as well as the 1888 Jack the Ripper murders, were brought about by a malicious energy being called Redjac.The "robot Bigfoot" reference points to an episode of The Six Million Dollar Man called The Secret of Bigfoot Pass, thus confirming Colonel Steve Austin in the Newtonverse. The robot housewives are a reference to The Stepford Wives.

Ralph Offenhouse was introduced in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode The Neutral Zone (a victim of a fatal disease, he was cryogenically frozen in the 1990s and revived by crewmembers of the Enterprise-D in 2364). The concept of Offenhouse's involvement in the 1960s-1970s eugenics program was introduced in the Next Generation novel Debtor's Planet by W.R. Thompson.

Roberta Lincoln might only know Frankenstein as work of fiction by Mary Shelly; then again, given the presence of several generations of Frankensteins in the Newtonverse, it is possible that she and Seven once battled one of the Frankenstein monsters. This is also the first known Modesty Blaise crossover reference and confirms her place in the Newtonverse.

The little boy Jarod is a reference to The Pretender, although this reference does not appear to jibe with The Pretender continuity and backstory (perhaps this Jarod is a clone of the original). For more on The Pretender,, please read Brad Mengel's There Are Pretenders Among Us. The little boy with a leonine face is clearly a child version of Vincent from the show Beauty and the Beast, thus placing the events of that program in Wold Newton continuity. The sallow bug-eyed man called Mr. Eygor is obviously the same man who assisted Frederick von Frankenstein in his experiments in 1948 (Young Frankenstein). If Maggie Erickson did marry Walsh after fleeing the eugenics project, she would be known as Maggie Walsh, providing a strong link to Buffy the Vampire Slayer. (For more information, see Children of the Night by Chuck Loridans.) Seven's friend McCall is also known as The Equalizer. The ex-tennis champ named is Sommers is Jamie Sommers, The Bionic Woman, providing a very solid Newtonverse link.

Finally, since Roberta Lincoln refers to The Andromeda Strain as a movie, that must mean that she didn't accompany Seven when he went behind the scenes during the actual events upon which the movie was based. See the 2269 entry for Assignment: Eternity for more information.

For a great article on the possible secret history behind the secret history, please see John Small's The Eugenics War: Declassified.

1974 - Cordwainer Bird, nephew of both Kent Allard (The Shadow) and G-8, takes on the New York Literary Establishment in The New York Review of Bird by Harlan Ellison.


Bunduki, aka James Allenvale Gunn, a second adopted son of Tarzan, and Dawn Drummond-Clayton, granddaughter of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton are transported by unknown aliens to the planet Zillikian and begin a new life of adventure there. It is also revealed that the remainder of the Greystoke clan has gone to live in Pellucidar. This would include Tarzan and Jane; Tarzan and Jane's biological son, John Paul Clayton; their first adopted son John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton (the biological younger brother of Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond) and Korak's wife Meriem; and Korak's son, John Armand Drummond-Clayton (father of Dawn).

This novel by J.T. Edson, DAW Books, 1976, fully incorporates Philip José Farmer's theories and genealogy from Tarzan Alive, while expanding on Tarzan's lineage. (See also Alternate Universes.) There are three further books in the series, Bunduki and Dawn, Sacrifice for the Quagga God and Fearless Masters of the Jungle, which were printed only in Great Britain. (I am still searching for the second and third books.)

Furthermore, Edson has written many western novels which also incorporate or relate to other members of Farmer's Wold Newton Family, including the Dusty Fog and Alvin Fog sagas. It should be noted that Farmer legitimized Edson's work by acknowledging that Edson's American Fog family was indeed related to the English Foggs, as in Phileas Fogg (see Philip José Farmer's The Lavalite World). Please see Brad Mengel's article The Edson Connection for an excellent description of the characters.


Dr. Daniel Westin is the latest Invisible Man. In a conversation with his friend, Dr. Maggio, they refer to the same plastic skin that was used in repairing Colonel Steve Austin.

Novelization of The Invisible Man pilot episode by Mike Jahn, from the 1975-76 television series. Colonel Austin (The Six Million Dollar Man) is in the Newtonverse through a link between the spin-off series The Bionic Woman and The Prisoner. This novel brings in Dr. Westin; for more information, please read the article The Invisibles.


In 1934, Doc Savage and his men encounter a strange woman from a parallel dimension, who seeks his help in vanquishing another strange, violent being, also from her dimension.  Doc succeeds in sealing the creature into the cornerstone of a building under construction, but has a weird feeling that the case is somehow unfinished.  In 1974, the building is about to be demolished.  The other-dimensional woman seeks Spider-Man's assistance in preventing the creature's escape.  Instead, Spidey senses something wrong and demolishes the cornerstone with a jackhammer, freeing the creature.  It turns out that the woman had tricked Doc into unjustly imprisoning the creature, and Spidey was able to right an ancient wrong.

Giant-Size Spider-Man number 3, by Gerry Conway, Ross Andru, and Mike Esposito, Marvel Comics, January 1975.  This crossover features the Wold Newton Universe version of Spider-Man, rather than the "mainstream" Spidey of the Marvel Comics Universe.  See the crossover rules for superheroes. Also check out Marvelous, Fantastic Tales in the Wold Newton Universe and The Wold Newton Superhero Universe.


Shang Chi first meets Rufus T. Hackstabber.

Giant-Size Master of Kung Fu number 4. Hackstabber was also known by various other identities, such as Mr. Hammer, Capt. Geoffrey T. Spaulding, Professor Quincy Adams Wagstaff, Rufus T. Firefly, Otis P. Driftwood, Hugo Z. Hackenbush, Gordon Miller, J. Cheever Loophole, Wolf J. Flywheel, Ronald Kornblow, and Sam Grunion. He was most often seen on the company of two associates, an innocent mute and an Italian. See Matthew Baugh's The Shang Chi Chronology for more information. For more on Hackstabber and his associates, please see Dennis Power's Freedonia.


J. Adrian Fillmore takes a dizzying trip through consecutive alternate dimensions. He starts out in the Wold Newton Universe and visits many others, including the Gilbert & Sullivan Universe, the Dracula Universe, and two different Sherlock Holmes universes.

Novel by Marvin Kaye, Dell Books, 1980. One of the different Holmes universes could be the Newtonverse, but for several items: the novel deals with Watson's untold cases of the duelist Isodore Persano and the worm unknown to science, and the disappearance of Mr. James Phillimore, who went inside to get his umbrella and was never seen again. Since these mysteries are already dealt with by Philip José Farmer in The Adventure of the Sore Bridge, there is a continuity conflict, and thus the one possible Holmes universe cannot be the Wold Newton Universe. In addition, the fate of Moriarty conflicts with that already established in the Newtonverse. Finally, Holmes is said to have posed as Lord John Roxton and accompanied Professor Challenger to The Lost World during the Great Hiatus of 1891-1894; this did not happen in the Wold Newton Universe. Wold Newton researcher Dennis Power describes J. Adrian Fillmore's membership in the Wold Newton family and his relationship to Lemuel Gulliver in The Magnificent Gordons and Their Swift Kin.

1975 - The literary genius of Wold Newton family member Kilgore Trout is finally brought to the attention of the world-at-large with the publication of his epic science-fiction saga, Venus on the Half-Shell.

1975 - Private eye Kent Lane's one recorded adventure, Skinburn, as told by Philip José Farmer.


Sam Spade, Jr.'s only documented case, in which it is revealed that the "fake" Maltese Falcon which has been in Sam Spade's and Spade Jr.'s office since 1929 was the real thing. At the end of this feature film, the bird gets dumped into San Francisco Bay. Spade almost gets the bird, but a shark swims off with it instead. The final fate of the bird remains unknown at this time.

1975 feature film, with novelization by Alexander Edwards. As for the question of Spade Jr.'s parentage, it is my contention that Spade Jr.'s mother was Brigid O'Shaunessy. He was born in the California State Women's Prison and then raised by a foster family, thus explaining his statement that he only knew his father for a very short time before inheriting the detective agency.


"Iron Fist," aka Daniel Rand, seeks help from Shang Chi in London.  Rand also briefly meets with Sir Denis Nayland Smith.  Rand and Shang Chi end up preventing forces in the evil city of S'ahra Sharn from launching an attack upon the city of K'un-Lun.

Master of Kung Fu Annual number 1, by Doug Moench and Keith Pollard, Marvel Comics, 1976.  The other-dimensional cities of S'ahra Sharn and K'un-Lun are perhaps related to other mystical lost cities such as Shangri-La and Shamballa.  Daniel Rand is surely a relative of Barry Rand, otherwise known as the Red Falcon. Following the crossover rules for superheroes, this is the Wold Newton version of Iron Fist, and this crossover does not mean that the rest Marvel Comics characters or continuity are incorporated into the Wold Newton Universe. Please also visit The Wold Newton Superhero Universe and Marvelous, Fantastic Tales in the Wold Newton Universe.


In this tale of occult investigators Reuben Calloway and Father Roderick Shea, there is a reference to an elderly French nobleman: this is a fellow dark detective, the Duke de Richlieu. There is also a reference to the lizard-men of Valusia.

Short story by Brian Mooney in Dark Detectives, Fedogan and Bremmer, 1999. The mention of Valusia, from the Kull tales of Robert E. Howard, places Calloway and Shea in the Wold Newton Universe. Thus, the Duke de Richlieu stories by Dennis Wheatley also occur in the Newtonverse. Further research reveals that Roderick Shea is the nephew of Professor Harold Shea.


Stopping in Cairo on way to London, Shang Chi again encounters Rufus T. Hackstabber, as well as his cousin Quigley J. Warmflash. This meeting is told of in Master of Kung Fu number 52. Missing are Hacktabber's frequent companions, the mute and the Italian. See Matthew Baugh's The Shang Chi Chronology for a possible explanation of the incredible longevity of these men.


Cordwainer Bird, a writer, and the nephew of both Kent Allard (The Shadow), who is again in the West, and G-8, takes on the New York Literary Establishment. While speaking to his nephew, Allard "reveals" that he viciously murdered Margo Lane back in 1958, after discovering her participating in an orgy (without him, presumably). Allard makes other fantastic statements to the effect that he knows of Billy Batson and Batson's connection to the New York Subway system.

Short story by Harlan Ellison, in Weird Heroes, volume 2, Pyramid Books, December 1975. Allard's assertions would normally be dismissed as the delusional ramblings of an old man, since Margo Lane is still alive and well (at least as of June 1971; see Lin Carter's The Earth-Shaker). However, although he is in his early eighties, Allard is not truly an old man at this point, at least in terms of his physical condition, due to the Shambalan age-delaying elixir. Indeed, Allard is back in the West on a mission, one that requires him to pose as an old man, and once again use the Phwombly identity. The "delusional" statements that he makes are merely part of the cover. It is also interesting to note that Allard appears to have been using the "old man Phwombly" cover for some time, and is having a grand old time putting one over on his nephew Cordwainer, who believes he's helping out old Uncle Kent by continually getting his girasol ring out of hock.

Billy Batson probably is a real person in the Wold Newton Universe, as is Freddy Freeman; however, there has never been any evidence to support the notion that either Batson or Freeman were granted the magical powers of Shazam in the Newtonverse.

Master thief Nick Velvet takes an assignment to steal Sherlock Holmes' Persian slipper, on display in Reichenbach Falls, Switzerland.
This short story by Edward D. Hoch, in The Game is Afoot, Marvin Kaye, editor, St. Martin's Press, 1995, brings Hoch's Nick Velvet into the Newtonverse.

In 1936, Doc Savage, Monk Mayfair, and Renny Renwick receive a visit from Mrs. Raymond Lightner, a prominent astronomer.  Dr. Lightner is going insane, and has a scheme to harness the power of the stars and focus it on himself.  As the city blacks out, Doc, Monk, and Renny rush to Lightner's laboratory.  "Meanwhile," in 1976, The Thing (Ben Grimm), and the Human Torch (Johnny Storm), receive a visit from Janice Lightner, the daughter of the 1930s Lightners.  She tells them of her brother's mad scheme to recreate their father's doomed, insane experiments, and they rush to Lightner's laboratory.  In both time periods, both groups are caught in the experiment's star-beam, and Doc and the boys are thrown into the future.  Both Dr. Raymond Lightner and his son, Tom, are fused together to create the being called "Black Sun."  With Black Sun's defeat, the temporal field returns Doc and the boys to 1936.

Marvel Two-In-One number 21, November, 1976, by Bill Mantlo, Ron Wilson, and Pablo Marcos. This story brings parallel universe versions of the "Fantastic Four" characters into Wold Newton Universe continuity; it does not incorporate Marvel Comics Universe continuity. Tony Stark is mentioned in a flashback, and Dr. Don Blake is also mentioned.  However, following the crossover rules for superheroes, appearances or cameos of a superhero's alter ego are enough to place that alter ego in the Newtonverse, but are not enough to substantiate the presence of the actual superhero.


Vampirella and her lover, Adam van Helsing, go to the town of Sleepy Hollow to investigate a series of disappearances.

By Bill Dubay and José Gonzales, Vampirella Magazine number 56, December 1976. This story links to Washington Irving's tale, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, and solidifies Vampirella's place in the Newtonverse. For a complete explanation of Vampirella's true origin in the Wold Newton Universe, please read John A. Small's excellent Kiss of the Vampire. Vampirella has been crossed-over with many other comic book creations. In order to maintain Wold Newton Universe continuity, these will be taken on a case-by-case basis.

January 1977 - Restin Dane ("The Rook") makes his first trip into the past, using his Time Castle, or  Rook (The Man Whom Time Forgot!, by Bill DuBay and Luis Bermejo, in Eerie number 82, March 1977). Dane's first quest is a trip to 1836 to attempt to save his great-great-grandfather, Parrish Dane, at the Alamo. Although he fails in this endeavor, he does manage to save a young boy, who turns out to be his great-grandfather, Bishop Dane. On his next trip to the past, Restin Dane once again rescues his great-grandfather, this time in the year 1874, and brings Bishop Dane to live in the present. Later in the series, it is revealed that Restin Dane is the grandson of the original Time Traveler (Adam Dane) from H.G. Wells' The Time Machine. However, there are some genealogical contradictions. For the following discussion, it would be helpful to first refer to Philip José Farmer's The Fabulous Family Tree of Doc Savage and my family tree for The Demmed Blakeneys, both of which can be found here.

According to Mr. Farmer, the original Time Traveler was a Wold Newton Family member (Bruce Clarke Wildman). Reviewing the genealogical connections, if Adam Dane and Bruce Clarke Wildman are the same person, this would mean that Bishop Dane and Sir Patrick Clarke Wildman, M.D., are one and the same. Given Bishop Dane's documented history as an American West gunfighter, this seems unlikely. It is also difficult to reconcile Bishop Dane's wife with Sir Patrick Clarke Wildman's wife, Mavice Blakeney. It is even more unlikely that Texas farmer Parrish Dane, who died at the Alamo in 1836, can be equated to Sir John Clarke Wildman, M.D., who died in 1843 in an explosion while attempting to transmute lead into gold. Clearly, further research will need to be conducted to clear up these mysteries.


Ralph Von Wau Wau comes to Callahan's Place. His true nature is revealed, and he admits to being a science fiction author under a number of aliases, including Philip José Farmer and Cordwainer Bird. In truth, he is neither of these men.

Story by Spider Robinson in Time Travelers Strictly Cash, reprinted in The Callahan Chronic-als, Tor Books, 1997. Cordwainer Bird is a friend and former partner of Ralph, as well as the nephew of The Shadow (Kent Allard) and G-8. Philip José Farmer is best known as the biographer of Clark Savage Jr. and Lord Greystoke. In his biography of Doc Savage, Farmer revealed Von Wau Wau's association with Bird. Von Wau Wau's visit to Callahan's places the Callahan's continuity in the Newtonverse. For complete information, please see the excellent Callahan's Crosstime Saloon Chronology by Loki Carbis.


McCloud's girlfriend Chris was interviewing an actor famous for his portrayal of Dracula in films. The actor turns out to be a killer and there is a hint that he might be the true Dracula and not just a demented actor.

Final episode of the television series McCloud. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for complete information on the identity of this Dracula.


Nick Adams, Jr., science-fiction author, is compared to the great writer Kilgore Trout.

A short story in The Book of Philip José Farmer, Berkley Books, 1982.  Trout is a Wold Newton Family member, placing this story in the Wold Newton Universe. Mr. Farmer states that he is not in a position to confirm or deny that Nick Adams, Jr., is the son of Ernest Hemingway's Nick Adams.


Black Jack Tarr sarcastically wonders who could be invading a villain's bizarre hideout. Perhaps it's "Flash Gordon and the bloody Monkey Men of Mongo?"

Issue 67 of Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu, by Doug Moench and Mike Zeck, part of the China Seas story arc. Tarr must be aware of Gordon's classified adventures on the other-dimensional planet Mongo through Tarr's own connections with the Intelligence community. For more on Flash, please read Wold Newton researcher Mark Brown's The Magnificent Gordons.


In a flashback sequence, Shockwave (Lancaster Sneed, the nephew of Nayland Smith) is shown wearing a blazer exactly like the blazers with which former British agent John Drake was provided during his stay at The Village.

Story arc found in issues 72-75 of Marvel Comics Master of Kung Fu, by Doug Moench and Mike Zeck. The above title is taken from issue 72, although the blazer in question, which provides a direct link to The Prisoner, appears in issue 75.


Dr. Hugh Strickland treats a patient, Noreen Pemberton, in his psychiatric clinic. It seems that another spirit is fighting for control of Noreen's body -- Ayesha, the legendary She!

Novel by Peter Tremayne, Sphere Books, 1978. A sequel to H. Rider Haggard's She novels: Wisdom's Daughter, She and Allan, She, and Ayesha: The Return of She. Dr. Hugh Strickland was also involved in the framing sequence of The Revenge of Dracula by Peter Tremayne.


In a casino inMontecour, France, Duncan MacCleod encounters a British agent who orders a martini "shaken, not stirred." Duncan also mentions M.

Episode of the Highlander television program. Duncan's encounter with Wold Newton Family member James Bond cements his place in the Newtonverse.


Remo Williams encounters Mark Tolan/The Exterminator (Mack Bolan/The Executioner), Al Baker (The Butcher) and Nickolas Blizzard (Richard Camellion/The Death Merchant).

The Destroyer number 38, 1979. Please read Matthew Baugh's The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe for an explanation as to how Remo Williams fits into the Newtonverse. Mack Bolan also comes into the Newtonverse through this crossover, as do The Death Merchant (Richard Camellion) books by Joseph Rosenberger, and The Butcher series by Stuart Jason. One twist is that Bolan, the Butcher, and the Death Merchant all die in this novel. But to quote Mr. Baugh, "one cannot help but wonder if their involvement is being distorted, or misrepresented for satirical purpose." In other words, the reports of their deaths in this case have been highly exaggerated.

1978  ON THE RUN

Fearing that her bionics are ruling her life and making her less than human, Jaime Sommers sadly submits her resignation to her boss at the O.S.I., Oscar Goldman. He responds that the government is afraid that if she lives as a private citizen, she might be captured and dissected by enemy agents. As a result, she is to be taken to a private compound where valuable agents and scientists are kept for their own protection. Like the others, she is to remain there in comfort -- as a prisoner of her own government -- for the rest of her natural life.

The final episode of The Bionic Woman episode has a strongly implied connection to The Prisoner, which is already in the Wold Newton Universe. This connection would also bring in The Bionic Woman's parent series,The Six Million Dollar Man, which in turn was derived from Martin Caidin's novel Cyborg.

1978 - Dick Grayson retires as the second Batman.

December 22, 1978  SWORD OF THE SHE-DEVIL

When the spirit of an ancient wizard, Kulan Gath, possesses a security guard in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Peter Parker arrives on the scene to cover the story, and enters the Museum as Spider-Man in order to investigate. Mary Jane, who has followed Peter, finds herself drawn to an ancient sword in the museum and is transformed into Red Sonja.  Together, Red Sonja and Spider-Man, defeat Kulan Gath and Sonja is drawn back into her own time. Reporter Clark Kent also makes a cameo appearance, and Doctor Strange is mentioned.

Marvel Team-Up number 79, March 1979, by Chris Claremont, John Byrne, and Terry Austin. Carol Danvers is also mentioned; however, following the crossover rules for superheroes, appearances or cameos of a superhero's alter ego are enough to place that alter ego in the Newtonverse, but are not enough to substantiate the presence of the actual superhero.

1979 - Bruce Wayne, Jr., dons the cowl and cape as Gotham City's third Batman.


Shang Chi and his friends take refuge in the Casablanca nightclub of an American named Richard who is an old friend of Clive Reston's father.

Richard, appearing in issue numbers 85-86 of Master of Kung Fu, bears an uncanny resemblance to Humphrey Bogart. The implication is that he is Rick Blaine, hero of the movie Casablanca and the novel As Time Goes By, although his youthful appearance is never explained. See Matthew Baugh's The Shang Chi Chronology.


An African student named Bukawai, who comes from a long line of witch doctors, is attending Miskatonic University.

Short story by Philip José Farmer in The Book of Philip José Farmer, Berkley Books, 1982. Demonstrates a clear connection between Tarzan and the Cthulhu Mythos. Bukawai was the witch doctor featured in Jungle Tales of Tarzan.

July 4, 1979 HAVE YOU HEARD THE ONE...?

Josie Bauer reveals herself as a member of the Time Police. She also hints at her relationship to Philip José Farmer.

Story by Spider Robinson in Time Travelers Strictly Cash, reprinted in The Callahan Chronic-als, Tor Books, 1997. For complete information, please see the excellent Callahan's Crosstime Saloon Chronology by Loki Carbis. See also Art Bollmann's superb The Curious Case of the Farmer’s Daughter and his A Philip José Farmer Timeline.


Prince Zarkon and his Omega Crew, in London, encounter George Gideon of Scotland Yard; Sir Denis Nayland Smith and his old friend Dr. Petrie's son, Val Petrie; Bulldog Drummond; Doc Savage's aide Monk Mayfair; Simon Templar (The Saint); and James Bond. The super-criminal organization SPECTRE is also mentioned.

The fifth and final Zarkon novel by Lin Carter, Doubleday hardback, 1987, which brings in police detective George Gideon, also confirms the coexistence of Nayland Smith, Bulldog Drummond, Doc Savage, The Saint and James Bond in the Newtonverse.


Miami private investigator Mike Shayne goes up against Leiko Smith, also known as the Black Lotus. Over the course of the three stories, it becomes clear that the Black Lotus is really the granddaughter of Fu Manchu.

The information on the Black Lotus is derived from Tom Johnson's article, The Black Lotus, in Echoes number 32, August 1987. The three Black Lotus stories were written by James Reasoner under the pseudonym Brett Halliday. The stories bring Mike Shayne into the Wold Newton Universe. I believe that the Black Lotus was really a great-granddaughter, not granddaughter, of Fu Manchu, as described in The Dynasty of Fu Manchu, which also posits that Leiko Smith is the granddaughter of Sir Denis Nayland Smith. I also believe that the Mike Shayne seen here was really Mike Shayne, Jr. Brad Mengel has established the genealogy of Mike Shayne in his The Land Family.

1980 Herald Gordon, now living under the name of Gordon Carfax becomes involved with the Medium project. This device can purportedly communicate with the dead and has the ability to make a representation of the afterlife. I believe in reality Medium actually contacted an alternate universe which is for all  intents and purposes identitical except that in this universe the Preservers had planted wathan creation and collection devices as was done in the Riverworld series. The Medium, acting like a wathan reader, was able to make contact with the wathans in the collection chambers and so it appeared as though contact had been made with the dead. This however was not earth of the Riverworld but rather one in a differing timeline.


Preppy Maureen "Muffy" Birnbaum pays a brief visit to Barsoom.
For more information about Muffy's family.

By Bitsy Speigelman, as related to George Alec Effinger. Short story found in anthology Maureen Birnbaum, Barbarian Swordsperson, Guild America Books, 1993. See also Alternate Universes.

1981 - Police officer Michael Long is gunned down in the line of duty. He is saved by a dying multi-millionaire Wilton Knight, and is given a new face, a new identity and a new car, the Knight Industries' 2000 -- or K.I.T.T. for short (Knight Rider). He becomes a crime-fighter backed by the Foundation for Law and Government (F.L.A.G.).


Matt Helm, musing to himself about a murder of a colleague, says to himself, "Who the Hell did I think I was: Sherlock Holmes, Nero Wolfe, Hercule Poirot, Lord Peter Wimsey?"

A Matt Helm novel by Donald Hamilton. While certainly this quote could be interpreted otherwise, we prefer the interpretation that Helm is reflecting on other detectives co-existent in his universe. Holmes, Wolfe, and Wimsey are Wold Newton Family members, while Poirot has also been shown to exist in the Wold Newton Universe.


A wounded Spider-Man is tended by Dr. Strange.  However, the only cure for Spidey's injury lies in the distant past, in the time of King Kull (c. 18,000 BCE).  Strange sends Spider-Man's astral body back in time, where Spidey is able to possess bodies for a short time.  He saves Kull's life and thus winning the King's favor, Kull helps Spidey in his quest. Brule the Spear-Slayer and the ageless druid Tu also appear, as does Dr. Strange's servant, Wong.

Marvel Team-Up number 112, December 1981, by J.M. Dematteis, Herb Trimpe, Mike Esposito, and Marie Severin.  Since Robert E. Howard's legendary hero, King Kull, is in the Wold Newton Universe, an "Elseworlds" version of Spider-Man also exists in the Newtonverse.  However, this is not the Spider-Man of the Marvel Comics Universe, which has a significantly different history and continuity than that of the Wold Newton Universe.  Therefore, the references to the superhero team, "The Defenders," are fictional, although the Wold Newton Universe version of Namor was active in the in the 1940s. (See the crossover rules for superheroes.) Dr. Stephen Strange has also been mentioned in a Dr. Zarnak story, so it seems fairly conclusive that a version of Strange exists in the Wold Newton Universe. Also see Marvelous, Fantastic Tales in the Wold Newton Universe.


Rufus Carter, a friend of Shang Chi, defeats his opponent, who uses a Dick Tracy wrist radio to report his failure to his superiors. Carter says, "What the -- ?! An honest to Dick Tracy wrist radio --!" The wrist radio looks just like Tracy's.

Issue number 99 of Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu, by Doug Moench, Mike Zeck, and Gene Day. It is easy to deduce that Dick Tracy exists in the Newtonverse. When the wrist radio technology was originally developed by Brilliant and Diet Smith, the U.S. government immediately got their hands on it. Rufus Carter would know about it because he was formerly a CIA agent and was privy to such information.

May 1982 - First recorded case of private detective Kinsey Millhone, "A" is for Alibi, as told by Sue Grafton. Millhone is the daughter of Lew Archer.

1982- The events of the film Blue Thunder, and subsequent television series.

October 1982 - Final death of Fu Manchu? (Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu Nos. 115-118).


James Bond and Napoleon Solo meet in Las Vegas. Sir John Raleigh, the new head of U.N.C.L.E.'s New York headquarters, bears an uncanny resemblance to John Steed of The Avengers.

A The Man From U.N.C.L.E. made-for-television movie aired in 1983. It must be noted that it is my belief that the James Bond seen in this television film is not the James Bond of the films, but rather of the novels written by Ian Fleming, Kingsley Amis, John Gardner and Raymond Benson. The literary Bond is the member of the Wold Newton family. The film Bond is based upon the literary Bond, but, for the most part, does not accurately depict the character. See Raymond Benson's The James Bond Bedside Companion, Galahad Books, 1986, for further information.

1983 - First recorded adventures of Jon Sable, Freelance, as told by Mike Grell.

1983 - Peter Venkman, Ray Stantz, and Egon Spengler form the Ghostbusters team in New York City. Winston Zeddemore joins the team soon after that (Ghostbustersfeature film.) The Ghostbusters stay in business for several years (The Real Ghostbusters television series) before finally going under.

1984 - Travis McGee first meets his daughter, Jean Killian, as told in The Lonely Silver Rain by McGee, edited by John D. MacDonald.


The Ghostbusters go up against Cthulhu. The Necronomicon is featured and Miskatonic University is mentioned.

Episode of The Real Ghostbusters animated series (which ran from 1986-1991), broadcast in 1987. Read the script by Michael Reaves.


The Ghostbusters meet the modern-day female descendent of Ichabod Crane, who reveals that each generation of her family has been pursued by the same headless Ghost.  The Ghostbusters figure out a way to trap the Headless Motorcyclist, and the curse is lifted.

Episode of The Real Ghostbusters animated series by Jean-Marc and Randy Lofficier, placing Ichabod Crane and Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow in the Wold Newton Universe.

The Time Machine is briefly seen at an Inventors' Convention. Shortly thereafter, there is only empty space where the Machine sat, save for some smoke.
1984 feature film.

June 12-13, 1984 - The events of the film The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai: Across the Eighth Dimension, and novelization by Earl Mac Rauch.

1984 PREY

Jon Sable, while climbing at the summit of Mount Kilamanjaro, hikes past the frozen carcass of Sheeta the Leopard.

Sheeta died in 1913 while accompanying Tarzan on "The Adventure of the Very Sick Circus Horse," which was related in Philip José Farmer's Tarzan: The Dark Heart of Time. The leopard is also described in Hemingway's The Snows of Kilimanjaro. This story, found in issue 19 of Jon Sable, Freelance, places Mike Grell's Jon Sable in the Wold Newton Universe.


Maureen Birnbaum, aiming to return to Barsoom, instead ends up in Pellucidar!

The second Muffy Birnbaum short story by Bitsy Speigelman, as related to George Alec Effinger. Found in anthology Maureen Birnbaum, Barbarian Swordsperson, Guild America Books, 1993.


Would-be adventure hero Jake Speed refers to Doc Savage, commenting on his retirement. Jake also tells his client that Remo Williams is a real person, not just a fictional character. There is also a reference to Mack Bolan, and brief references to Sherlock Holmes, Superman, and The Batman.

.1986 feature film Jake Speed. Jake, like the rest of the world, was fooled by the announcement of Doc's "retirement" in 1951; for more on Doc, see The Doc Savage Chronology. For more on how Remo Williams fits into the Newtonverse, please read Matthew Baugh's The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe. The Mack Bolan reference confirms the presence of The Executioner in the Newtonverse; click here for a theory regarding Bolan's true parentage.

1985 - Harry D'Amour's first case, The Last Illusion, as told by Clive Barker.


Shortly before he comes to Lady Sally's, Joe Quigley meets Mick "Crocodile' Dundee in New York. He is greatly impressed by Dundee's knife. Reginald Jeeves, now working as one of the artists at Lady Sally's, meets with Bertie Wooster for the last time. Bertie informs him that "everyone else" that they knew is now dead.

Novel by Spider Robinson in the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon series, Ace Books, 1992. The mention of P.G. Wodehouse's Jeeves and Wooster solidifies Callahan's in the Wold Newton Universe. This crossover also places Crocodile Dundee in the Newtonverse. For complete information, please see the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon Chronology by Loki Carbis.

The immortal warrior Kane, who now has the ability to travel to alternate realities, seeks a powerful device to help fight or counteract his enemies. In the course of Kane's extra-dimensional travels, he meets Elric of Melnibone.
A short story by Karl Edward Wagner, in the collection entitled Tales of the White Wolf. From this tale, we may conclude that the diverse dimensions in which Michael Moorcock's Eternal Champion stories occur are all alternate dimensions to the Wold Newton Universe.


Jon Sable reads an issue of the newspaper, the Daily Planet.

Clark Kent first began working for the Daily Star in 1938; a few years later, the paper changed its name to the Daily Planet. The story arc is contained in issues 34-35 of Jon Sable, Freelance; the Planet reference is in issue 35, and confirms Jon Sable in the Wold Newton Universe.


Sable heads a safari in Africa, the object of which is to locate Trader Horn's legendary lost ivory ape.
Although Trader Horn was a real person, he is referred to in Farmer's Tarzan book, The Dark Heart of Time. Whether the "real person" connection method is used or not, this story does make Sable's presence in the Newtonverse stronger. Story arc in issues 36-39 of Jon Sable, Freelance, by Mike Grell.

1986 - Death of Alan Reid, nephew of Britt Reid II, on his first mission as the third Green Hornet.

1986 - The events of the feature film Big Trouble in Little China.

1986 - According to The Buckaroo Banzai Timeline, Billy Travers' (from Buckaroo Banzai) and Felicia Vasquez' marriage is annulled, and Felicia is last seen with trucker Jack Burton (from Big Trouble in Little China; click here for more information).


The third Batman and Robin team, along with Ralph Dibny, the Elongated Man, and Gotham City private eye Slam Bradley, travel to Great Britain to prevent the assassination of Queen Elizabeth by the evil Edgar Moriarty. Edgar's plot is a hundredth-anniversary attempt to recreate the plot of his great-granduncle, the first Professor Moriarty, as told in The Adventure of the Red Leech (1886). Mary Watson, a descendant of the good Doctor John Watson, at first confuses Ralph Dibny with his well-known father, referring to him as "The Eel Man." At the conclusion of the adventure, Sherlock Holmes himself appears and lends the other heroes a helping hand in wrapping up the case. Holmes, who is rather well-preserved for a man of 132 years, due to a certain distillation of Royal Jelly and the rarified air of Tibet, gives his blessing for the marriage of Thomas Moriarty and Mary Watson.

Detective Comics issue number 572, by Mike W. Barr, Alan Davis, Terry Beatty, Dick Giordano, Carmine Infantino, Al Vey, E.R. Cruz, and Paul Neary.

Since Edgar refers to the first Professor Moriarty as his great-granduncle, it is most likely that cousins Edgar and Thomas are descendants of the first Professor's brother, the second Professor, thus making the evil Dominick (Medina) Moriarty (see The Three Hostages, 1921) their grandfather. Mary Watson must be the granddaughter of --- Watson, who was the son of Dr. Watson and Nylepthah (The Peerless Peer).


The Ghostbusters fight the Old Ones of the Cthulhu Mythos.

Episode of The Real Ghosbusters broadcast in 1990. There is also a Sherlock Holmes/Real Ghostbusters crossover episode called "Elementary, My Dear Winston," but it is not yet included here, as I have not been able to locate further information. The Ghostbusters re-formed in 1997 as Extreme Ghostbusters.


When Sherlock Holmes, Watson, Moriarty, and the Hound are given life out of imagination, and become so real in the public consciousness that they become something akin to ghosts, there is only one person who can help them: super sleuth Winston Zeddemore of the Ghostbusters.

Episode of Slimer and the Real Ghostbusters. Even after a bit less than one-hundred years, the very real Holmes, Watson, and Moriarty have passed into the realm of fictional characters. So it is not surprising that by the 24th Century, there is no real and tangible evidence that they actually existed.

June 1987 BODY AND SOUL The Shadow and The Avenger cross paths once again.

Story in DC Comics' second The Shadow series, published in the 1980s, issues 14 through 19. The Avenger is 78 years old, placing Richard Benson's birthdate in 1909.


Miami vice cops Sonny Crockett and Ricardo Tubbs appear in this Jon Sable adventure.

This story places the television series Miami Vice in the Wold Newton Universe. Although CIA agents refer to them as ATF agents, these are the same CIA agents who bumble throughout the whole story, so it's not hard to believe they got the ATF reference wrong as well. Story arc found in issues 54-56, of Jon Sable, Freelance, by Mike Grell. Crockett and Tubbs actually appear in issue 54.


It is revealedRemo Williams was buried in Wildwood Cemetery between the DeFuria family plot and the plot where D. Colt was buried.

Number 69 in The Destroyer series. Remo Williams was an honest cop who was framed (by CURE) for the murder of pusher, and then executed and buried.  But the the chair didn't work and a homeless bum was buried in the plot.  All records of Remo Williams were erased and Remo was trained by Chiun in Sinanju. Wildwood Cemetery, of course, is located on the north side of Central City and is the location of the grave and headquarters of Denny Colt, otherwise known as The Spirit, whose exploits were chronicled by the master comic book artist, Will Eisner. Denny Colt's sister, Sally Colt, was known to work for female private detective Dol Bonner, as told in Rex Stout's Nero Wolfe books. For more on other Remo links, please read Matthew Baugh's excellent The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe.

1988 - A covert branch of the British Secret Service sends one of their former top agents, who has just resigned, to the long-abandoned Village, where she encounters a certain Number 6, who was left behind when the U.N. evacuated the place almost twenty years ago (The Prisoner: Shattered Visage).

Doc Savage performs a hypnotic technique he learned from The Shadow, using a girasol. Also, while in Washington, D.C., Monk Mayfair and Ham Brooks walk past a graffiti-painted fence which has the names of many rock stars and bands, including REM, Iggy Pop, Elvis, PIL, and Buckaroo Banzai. The full name of the band is Buckaroo Banzai and the Hong Kong Cavaliers. Thus, Buckaroo exists in The Wold Newton Universe. Issues 1-6 of DC Comics’ Doc Savage, Volume 2. The Shadow reference is in issue 6; the graffiti scene is in issue 3.

January to September, 1989 CALLAHAN'S KEY

In March of this year, Jake and several other Callahan's regulars encounter Travis McGee's associate, Ludwig Meyer, at the mooring site of The Busted Flush.
A novel by Spider Robinson, Bantam Books, 2000. McGee is a Wold Newton Family member, and this crossover cements the connection between the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon series and the Wold Newton Universe.


FBI Agent Fox Mulder meets three geeks, John Fitzgerald Byers, Richard "Ringo" Langley, and Melvin Frohike,who will go on to form The Lone Gunmen. Detective John Munch of Baltimore Homicide also appears.

Episode of The X-Files marking the first chronological appearance of the Lone Gunmen. The Lone Gunmen went on to their own television series starting in 2001, although the pilot episode took place in early 2000. Munch is from the television show Homicide; see the TV Crossovers page for more information on Homicide. The subsequent appearances of the Lone Gunmen on The X-Files, and appearances of X-Files characters on The Lone Gunmen series, are too numerous to mention here; this one listing should be sufficient.

1989 - Paul Reid, nephew of Britt Reid II and brother of Alan Reid, becomes the fourth Green Hornet. He will work with various Katos over the years (Mishi, Hayashi, and Kono Kato).

1989 - Death of the 21st Phantom during an attempted coup in Bangala (The Ghost Who Walks, a comics mini-series published by Marvel Comics).

1989 - John Sunlight is resurrected in Sunlight Rising, before finally being defeated by Doc Savage once and for all.

December 1989 -The Ghostbusters are back in business (Ghostbusters 2 feature film).


Remo Williams and Chiun battle Fu Manchu.

The Destroyer number 83, January 1991. For a detailed analysis explaining why the villain of the piece really is Fu Manchu, please read Matthew Baugh's excellent The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe. This story takes place more than a year after the Tiananmen Square massacre of 1989.  Apparently Fu Manchu did not die in 1982.... And Chiun must have been...misinformed, when he claimed that he successfully dispatched Amelia Earhart in 1937.


Detective Spencer Holmes, the grandson of Sherlock Holmes, solves mysteries and murder in San Francisco. Spencer's mansion in Frisco has a Nero Wolfe Room, which perhaps hints at his parentage, since it has already been well-established that Wolfe is Sherlock Holmes' son.


More adventure with detective Spencer Holmes.

The two above novels by Denny Martin Flinn, Bantam Books, were published in 1991. Flinn also co-wrote the screenplay for Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.

1991 - Marlene Hale finds her grandmother's black leopard costume and begins a war on crime as the second Miss Fury (Miss Fury: From Generation to Generation, Adventure/Malibu Comics).

Early July 1991 LAST RITES

Remo Williams versus mighty Cthulhu.

The Destroyer number 100, August 1995. The crossover with Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos confirms Remo's place in the Wold Newton Universe, as demonstrated here. Part of the story involves Remo running with the bulls in Pamplona.  This is done as part of the festival of San Fermin which is held the first two weeks in July.


Tarzan and Jane are in Opar again.

Comics mini-series published by Malibu Comics. Apparently Tarzan and Jane grew tired, at some point, of living in Pellucidar (see entry for Bunduki, 1974).

1992 - FBI Special Agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully begin working together in the X-Files Section.


The secret history of the late 20th Century continues, as Gary Seven and Roberta Lincoln fight a desperate covert battle against a genetically enhanced would-be planetary conqueror, Khan Noonien Singh. An Indian delegate who wears a large ruby in his white turban is a prominent Calcutta statesmen, as well as the adopted son of a celebrated American scientist and explorer. Seven and Lincoln recall a mission to Scotland in 1973,  which involved the disappearance of a Scottish policeman, a pagan cult, and human sacrifice by being burned alive in wicker effigies. Scientist Jackson Roykirk also appears. The inner hull of Khan's submarine is made out of a unique impact-absorbing alloy that is only found in one remote and isolated African kingdom.  There are also references to recent illegal cloning experiments, involving everything from human embryos to the Shroud of Turin. There is a also reference to Seven and Lincoln shutting down the Illuminati years ago.

A Star Trek novel by Greg Cox, Pocket Books, 2002. The Indian delegate who wears a large ruby in his white turban is Hadji from Jonny Quest, bringing the events of that television program into the Wold Newton Universe; the adoptive American explorer is Dr. Benton Quest. Follow the links for researcher Dennis Power's explorations of the genealogies of Benton and Jonny Quest and Race Bannon. Meanwhile, researcher Jess Nevins has delved into Hadji's background. The mission in Scotland incorporates the events of the film The Wicker Man into Newtonverse continuity. Jackson Roykirk was mentioned in the original series Star Trek episode The Changeling as the designer of the Nomad space probe, which was launched from Earth in 2002. He also was mentioned in an episode of Team Knight Rider called Apocalypse Maybe. The impact absorbing alloy is vibranium and the remote African kingdom is Wakanda. (If one accepts comic book hero references, then perhaps "Elseworlds" versions of Marvel Comics' Black Panther and Fantastic Four exist in the Wold Newton Universe.) The illegal cloning experiments involving the Shroud of Turin undoubtedly refer to the novel The Children of the Shroud by fellow Star Trek writer Garfield Reeves-Stevens. Obviously Seven and Lincoln were not as successful as they thought in shutting down the Illuminati, given Lara Croft's film adventure.


John Lawrence (The Wolf Man) Talbot is in Innsmouth, where he participates, in opposition to the Deep Ones of the Cthulhu Mythos, in the ongoing cycle of the world almost ending and not ending.

Short story by Neil Gaiman in Shadows Over Innsmouth. Also available in graphic novel format published by Oni Press; adaptation by P. Craig Russell, Troy Nixey, and Matthew Hollingsworth. The Wolf Man seen here is actually the son of Lawrence Stewart Talbot; please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for complete information. Technically this story should be placed either in 1945 or 2001 (full moon on Halloween). Perhaps the lunar cycle in the Wold Newton Universe differs from that in "ours," although this is not an entirely satisfying explanation.

February-April 1994 SEAFIRE

A police commissioner named Claude Wimsey, teasingly called "Lord Peter" by friends and colleagues, appears in this case.

James Bond novel by John Gardner, G.P. Putnam, 1994. Given Lord Peter Wimsey's brother-in-law, it doesn't seem unlikely that some member of the family would turn to law enforcement.


Restin Dane (The Rook) now travels not only through time, but through the "reality stream" (i.e., alternate universes). When he arrives in a reality in which Vampirella has been killed and Chaos reigns supreme, he travels back to his home universe. There, he enlists Vampirella to travel back to the Chaos universe to defeat the ruling Chaos-child. While in the Chaos universe, they encounter and fight beside alternate universe versions of Adam Van Helsing, Pendragon, and Dracula.

Mini-series from Harris Comics, 1994-1995, confirming that The Rook and Vampirella are in the same universe. Restin Dane is the grandson of the original Time Traveler from H.G. Wells' The Time Machine. The original Time Traveler was a Wold Newton Family member, so Restin Dane's home universe is the Wold Newton Universe. Since Restin Dane's last documented appearance in the early 1980s, he has undergone significant changes: he is now cybernetically merged with a sentient "chaos-skin" or "chaos-armor" and travels the reality stream in a much different vehicle than his old rook-shaped "time-castle." While these changes are not explained in this mini-series, flashbacks do reveal that this is the same Restin Dane who appeared in The Rook from the late 1970s - early 1980s.


A sleazy tabloid reporter named Larry Cochrane tracks down an old man named Dr. Pretorius to a compound in Mexico, believing him to be a Nazi war criminal who worked at Auschwitz and Dachau under the name Loew.  Pretorius is far more than that: he claims to be a five hundred year old alchemist who assisted Dr. Jekyll, Dr. Moreau, and Victor Frankenstein in their experiments.  ("Moreau was killed by the beastmen who discovered he was not God; Jekyll became his own creature, and so destroyed himself; poor Victor followed his creature into the wastelands.") Pretorius also states that reposts of Jekyll's death were quite exaggerated. Herbert West, Ayesha, and Professor Challenger  are also mentioned. ("A Dr. Pretorius accompanied Professor Challenger on an expedition along the Orinoco.  Around about 1890.") Cochrane releases some Moreau-like manimals, thinking they are prisoners of Pretorius; they destroy the compound, but Pretorius escapes.

This story by Paul J. McAuley is found in The Mammoth Book of Best New Horror for 1995.  Jekyll, Moreau, Frankenstein, West, Ayesha, and Challenger are all already in the Wold Newton Universe.  Dr. Pretorius also assisted a descendant of the first Victor Frankenstein, as seen in the film Bride of Frankenstein (read Mark Brown's article   for complete information)


Maureen Birnbaum still can't get back to Barsoom. This time she travels to New Haven, Connecticut in the year 1966 and battles a Cthulhuoid menace.

Another Maureen Birnbaum short story by Elizabeth Speigelman, related to George Alec Effinger, in the anthology Maureen Birnbaum, Barbarian Swordsperson, Guild America Books, 1993. Muffy's (sorry, call her Maureen!) adventures show that Barsoom, Pellucidar and the Cthulhu Mythos are all connected to the Wold Newton Universe.

January 1995- Kit Walker, the 22nd Phantom, defeats Bangalan revolutionaries and avenges the death of his father (The Ghost Who Walks).


Special Agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully of the FBI X-Files Section visit Miskatonic University in Arkham, Massachusetts.

Story in The X-Files, annual number 1, Topps Comics. This story links the intrepid FBI agents with Miskatonic U. (famed locale of many Cthulhu Mythos stories), and therefore with Johnny Littlejohnwho used to teach there 35 years ago, before he went on to greater fame and fortune as one of Doc Savage's five assistants

1995 - After the murder of her father, L.A. policewoman Darcy Walker takes to the streets as a crime-buster, The Black Scorpion.

1996 - Buffy Summers, the Vampire Slayer, goes into action, as seen in the feature film of the same name.

1996 - Death of James Suzuki, son of James Bond (Blast From the Past).

1996 - Birth of Kit Walker, the 23rd Phantom.


Mulder and Scully meet author Jose Chung.

Episode of The X-Files broadcast in 1996. See also TV Crossovers.


Former FBI agent and current Millennium Group consultant Frank Black meets author Jose Chung.

Episode of Millennium broadcast in 1997. Establishes The X-Files and Millennium in the same universe. Since The X-Files occurs in the Wold Newton Universe, so does Millennium. (Note: In 1998, Black broke with the Millennium Group and rejoined the FBI.) See also TV Crossovers.

An unnamed good guy agent remarks that, "In the intelligence community, we're the Uncles nobody talks about." There is also a reference to the IMF: the Impossible Missions Force.
The references to The Man From U.N.C.L.E. and Mission: Impossible place the events of this film squarely in the Wold Newton Universe.


The Cthulhu Mythos tome The Book of Ebion is mentioned in this adventure of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Buffy also has dreams where she sees her past incarnation, as the Slayer Samantha Kane of Salem, 1692.

Novel by Arthur Byron Cover, based on the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. This crossover with the Cthulhu Mythos brings Buffy into the Newtonverse. Could Good Slayer Kane be the granddaughter of Solomon Kane?


Upon the deaths of her father (Travis McGee) and her "uncle" (Meyer), veterinarian Jean Margaret Pearson (the former Jean Killian) travels to Fort Lauderdale to investigate

A novel by Lori Stone, books, 2001.  Although McGee and Meyer aren't named, anyone familiar with the Travis McGee books by John D. MacDonald will immediately recognize the innumerable clues and references linking this book to that series. Jean Pearson is also, through her father's side, a Wold Newton family member.

1997 -  A new adventurer takes up the mantle of The Saint. He is an orphan who has been only known as "John Rossi," but has taken to calling himself Simon Templar. Although he claims to have taken the name from the tales of Simon Magus and Knight Templar, the conclusion is unavoidable that he must also have grown up on the series of biographical accounts of the first Saint, written by Leslie Charteris (1997 feature film The Saint and novelization by Burl Barer; click here and here for more information on "John Rossi's" parentage).

1997 - After Dr. Evil's return to Earth, Austin Powers is defrosted and defeats Dr. Evil. However, Dr. Evil manages to escape in the end. Powers marries his new partner Vanessa Kensington (Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery).

Late 1997 ET TU DANTE

The names Dave Bowman, Frank Poole, and Dr. Forbin are overheard on the intercom of Team Knight Rider's Sky One flying headquarters.

Episode of Team Knight Rider. This crossover reference brings the events of Colossus: The Forbin Project into the Wold Newton Universe. Unfortunately, the events of Arthur C. Clarke's Odyssey novels (2001: A Space Odyssey, 2010: Odyssey Two, 2061: Odyssey Three, and 3001: The Final Odyssey) do not fit into Wold Newton Universe continuity.  However, we can presume that astronauts Bowman and Poole have alternate universe counterparts in the Wold Newton Universe.

1997 -First recorded adventures of Sydney Fox (whose true full name is Sydney Fox Renwick), a Professor of History at a traditional East Coast University. Her specialty is Ancient Civilizations, and she is also an expert in the customs and myths of historic cultures throughout the world. Sydney is an explorer/adventurer who has traveled the world in search of lost icons, cities, and tombs. It is this vast knowledge of the arcane combined with her mastery of the martial arts that allows Sydney to take care of herself in the most dangerous of situations .(Relic Hunter television series).


DangerGirl is a freelance espionage team comprised of Abbey Chase, Sydney Savage, and Natalia Kassle. Among the numerous valuable objects that Abbey Chase has apparently recovered is a golden idol which once slipped out of Indiana Jones' hands in 1936.

Comics mini-series by J. Scott Campbell and Andy Hartnell, Wildstorm Comics, 1998-2001. For Sydney Savage's lineage, please see Brad Mengel's What's In a Name? Indy found and lost the idol in Raiders of the Lost Ark. It appears in the first issue of DangerGirl. Since Indy is in the Wold Newton Universe, so is the DangerGirl team.


It is revealed that Kevin "Trek" Sanders, one of the members of Team Knight Rider, was the protégé of a famous scientist, Jackson Roykirk.

Episode of Team Knight Rider. Jackson Roykirk was mentioned in the original series Star Trek episode The Changeling. Roykirk was the designer of the Nomad space probe, which was launched from Earth in 2002; he also appeared in The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Soong, Volume Two. This crossover would also bring Knight Rider, Knight Rider 2000, and Knight Rider 2010 into the Wold Newton Universe. Regarding Sanders' nickname, his parents were "Trekkies." Apparently he was conceived at a Star Trek convention. Fortunately the Star Trek short story Research by J.R. Rasmussen explains how there can be Star Trek television series and conventions, and so on, in the 20th and 21st Centuries, and the future events of Star Trek can also be true within the same continuity


The 22nd Phantom is involved in an adventure that leads to the discovery of Captain Nemo's (Dakkar's) submarine Nautilus, which still has his corpse inside.
Issue 1238 of The Phantom, Frew Publications, Australia.

1998 - Time-traveling researcher J.R. Rasmussen quits her job with the film studio, Paramount. She apparently acquired a 26th Century Timepod from her descendent, 22nd Century con artist Berlinghoff Rasmussen (see the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode A Matter of Time). In her career as a time-traveling researcher, she was responsible for contacting a man called Gene Roddenberry in the year 1964, and documenting many critical events of the 23rd, and 24th Centuries. Upon her departure, Rasmussen left the Timepod with her former employers (short story Research by J.R. Rasmussen in Star Trek: Strange New Worlds II anthology).

May-June 1998 -The events of the novel Godzilla Returns by Marc Cerasini. Godzilla has not been seen since he first appeared and demolished Tokyo in 1954.

June 28-30, 1998 RETURN OF THE WOLF MAN

The Wolf Man (Lawrence Stewart Talbot) and one of the Frankenstein Monsters are revived in La Mirada, Florida. Count Dracula also appears. Murdere Legendre is mentioned, as are a giant preying mantis frozen in the Arctic ice and a meteorite in California that grows when exposed to water. Dr. Wilfred Glendon III also appears, as does Stephen Banning, Jr. The Egyptian mummies Kharis and Klaris are also mentioned, as well as Frank Griffin, the grandson of Dr. John Hawley Griffin, and the wartime invisible soldier experiments. Dr. Mornay is revealed to be a related to the Moreau family. There are also references to the Gill-Man; to the use of electricity to give additional strength and stamina to living people; and to Dr. Drury's experiments with Talbot's blood to create werewolves.

Novel by Jeff Rovin, Berkely Boulevard Books, 1998. The Frankenstein Monster here is the creation of Dr. Henry Frankenstein, and is not to be confused with the original created by Dr. Victor Frankenstein. The Dracula seen here and in subsequent books in this series is actually a "soul-clone" of the original Dracula. Please read Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' follow-up, Children of the Night, for a complete history of the Frankenstein Monsters, Dracula, and the Wolf Man in the Wold Newton Universe.

Voodoo priest Murdere Legendre is from the 1932 film, The White Zombie. The giant frozen mantis is from the film The Deadly Mantis (Universal, 1957). The growing meteorite is from the film The Monolith Monsters (Universal, 1957). Wilfred Glendon III is the grandson of Wilfred Glendon, who was the Werewolf of London (Universal, 1935). Dr. Mornay was featured in Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (Universal, 1948). The Gill-Man is from The Creature from the Black Lagoon (Universal, 1954), Revenge of the Creature(Universal, 1955), and The Creature Walks Among Us(Universal, 1956). The reference to electrical experiments may be from the film Man Made Monster (Universal, 1941). The reference to creating werewolves using blood may be to the film The Mad Monster(Producers Releasing Company, 1942) .

Two different Frank Griffins are seen in the films The Invisible Man Returns (Universal, 1940) and Invisible Agent (Universal, 1942). The author's references to Frank Griffin's participation in the U.S. invisibility program during World War II concerns Invisible Agent. The protagonist of Invisible Agent is named Frank Raymond, but the film reveals that Raymond is an alias and that this is really Frank Griffin; he must be a junior, and revealed that he is the son of Jack Griffin, and the nephew of Frank Griffin, Sr., from The Invisible Man Returns(see article The Invisibles). These films bring in the remainder of Universal's cycle of Invisible Man films: The Invisible Man (Universal, 1933), The Invisible Woman(Universal, 1940),The Invisible Man's Revenge (Universal, 1944), Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein(Universal, 1948; a cameo appearance), and Abbott And Costello Meet the Invisible Man (Universal, 1951).

Kharis is the mummy from the cycle of films that includes: The Mummy's Hand (Universal, 1940), The Mummy's Tomb (Universal, 1942), The Mummy's Ghost (Universal, 1943), and The Mummy's Curse (Universal, 1944). Stephen Banning, Jr., appears to be the grandson of the Steve Banning that appeared in the first two of these four mummy films. The mummy Klaris, the cousin of Kharis, was discovered by two bumblers in Egypt in 1954 (Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy, Universal, 1955)

June-July 1998 THE DEVIL'S BROOD

The Werewolf of London (Dr. Wilfred Glendon III), the Bride of Frankenstein, and Countess Marya Zaleska all appear. There are brief appearances or mentions of Count Dracula, the Frankenstein Monster, and the Wolf Man. Also mentioned are: Dr. Janos Rukh, discoverer of Radium X; Dr. Peter Drury; Dr. Septimus Pretorius; and Hjalmar Poelzig.

Novel by David Jabobs, Berkely Boulevard Books, 2000, a direct sequel to Jeff Rovin'sReturn of the Wolf Man. The original Wilfred Glendon is from The Werewolf of London (Universal, 1935). Dr. Septimus Pretorius is from The Bride of Frankenstein (Universal, 1935). Countess Marya Zaleska is Dracula's Daughter (Universal, 1936). Dr. Janos Rukh is from the film The Invisible Ray (Universal, 1936). Hjalmar Poelzig is from The Black Cat (Universal, 1934). Dr. Peter Drury was featured in The Invisible Man's Revenge. Please read Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, for a complete account of the Frankenstein Monsters, Count Dracula, and the Wolf Man in the Newtonverse. The "millennium" time-frame given in the novel is inaccurate, as it takes place immediately after Return of the Wolf Man.


The Werewolf of London (Dr. Wilfred Glendon III), Countess Marya Zaleska, Count Dracula, the Monster's Bride, and Henry Frankenstein's Monster all appear in this adventure.

Novel by David Jabobs, Berkely Boulevard Books, 2001. References to wintertime in the country of Visaria are inaccurate, given that this novel takes place immediately after The Devil's Brood, and Visaria is geographically situated in the Northern Hemisphere. See Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, for a complete account of the Frankenstein Monsters and the various "soul clones" of Count Dracula in the Wold Newton Universe.

Ex-cop Sunny Randall is now a private investigator. Tony Marcus and "Ty-Bop" appear in the case.

The first Sunny Randall mystery by Robert B. Parker. Tony Marcus is from the Spenser series, as is Ty-Bop, a minor thug.  Since Spencer is in the Wold Newton Universe, so is Sunny Randall.  The second book in the series is called Perish Twice.


Spring-Heeled Jack appears in this Buffy adventure.

A Buffy the Vampire-Slayer novel, part of the Gatekeeper Trilogy by Christopher Golden and Nancy Holder. Spring-Heeled Jack was also referenced in the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen game.


A misguided scientist, Dr. Phoenix, who makes a practice of resuscitating deceased criminals, remarks that compared to him, Doctor Frankenstein was an amateur.

Episode of the Black Scorpion television series. The revived criminal in question, the Breathtaker, refers to the events of nineteen years ago which lead to his career path as a super-villain. In the original Black Scorpion film, these events are placed in 1975. Adding nineteen years would place this episode 1994; however, there are other references in the series placing it in 1999. The reference to the genius Frankenstein places these events in the Wold Newton Universe. Of notable interest, Darcy Walker (The Black Scorpion) is undoubtedly a distant descendant of the 16th Phantom.

Spring 1999 SEVEN STARS Episode Five: MIMSY

It is revealed that private detective Sally Rhodes once worked with occult investigator Harry D'Amour. Sally's boyfriend calls the Diogenes Club "Britain's X-Files."

The X-Files reference perhaps indicates that the special FBI section has received more public attention in recent years than would be preferred. Or else Sally's boyfriend has seen the recent X-Files feature film starring Garry Schandling and Tea Leoni.

The story picks up again in 2025 with Seven Stars Episode Six: The Dog Story, available on this page.

May 1999-Jan. 1, 2000 - Many other "kaiju" (Japanese for giant monsters) begin to plague Earth in Godzilla 2000 by Marc Cerasini.

1999 - Vanessa Kensignton is revealed as a FemBot and the events of Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me ensue.


One of the interviewees of this documentary is none other than "Konrad Siegfried, KAOS Operative, Retired."

The presence of Siegfried in this biography of Austin Powers' nemesis, Doctor Evil, establishes that the events of the spy comedy, Get Smart, take place in the Wold Newton Universe. The events shown on television were undoubtedly exaggerated for comedic effect, as are the cinematic exploits of Austin Powers.  The "Spyography" can be found on the DVD release of Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me.  For what it's worth, Madonna's music video for "Beautiful Stranger" features Austin Powers being briefed by his boss, Basil Exposition, on a mission to locate a beautiful seductress. Exposition warns Austin not to fall in love, and that British Intelligence has already lost 007 and 008. This connects Austin Powers to James Bond although of course the "loss" of 007 cannot be a permanent one.


The 22nd Phantom becomes involved in the search for a sunken wreck of a riverboat African Queen, lost in the Usasha River in 1914.

Daily Phantom strip from January 17, 2000-May 6, 2000. This story integrates the events of C.S. Forester's novel The African Queen, and its film adaptation starring Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn, into the Wold Newton Universe. The names Max and Elena Kohl are clearly pseudonyms for Charlie Alnutt and Rose Sayer, and the 19th Phantom, who came upon the wreck of the African Queen in 1914, incorrectly presumed Allnutt and Sayer dead when the riverboat sank.


Darien Fawkes becomes an Invisible Man, and there is a reference to "Hawley Griffin."

Pilot episode of the newest Invisible Man television program, not to be confused with the 1975-76 series. The pilot episode is untitled, so I have chosen the obvious one. Griffin, of course, is a reference to H.G. Wells' novel The Invisible Man; for more information, please read the article The Invisibles.

1999 - Two explorers travel deep into unknown Peru and discover the horrible secret of Grakoom...The Forgotten God!, as told by Don Marquez (Fantastic Stories issue number one).


Dr. Seward is mentioned by a sanitarium orderly, in an 1857 flashback.

Story crossing the Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel comics, published by Dark Horse Comics in Angel numbers 15 and 16 and Buffy numbers 29 and 30. Dr. Seward is from Bram Stoker's Dracula, reinforcing Buffy's (and Angel's) place in the Newtonverse, although given the 1857 date, this Dr. Seward must be the father of the Dr. Seward seen in Stoker's novel.


Dr. Burt Winslow revives the first Frankenstein Monster (not knowing of the subsequently created monsters, he mistakenly thinks that the original is the only Monster). There is also a reference to Doctor Adam Spektor, as well as the vampire "bible" called the Ruthvenian. There are also references to Marshall Natural History Museum and the Dark Gods.

First in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, February 2001. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information. Subsequent adventures in this series are: Terror of Frankenstein, Bones of Frankenstein, Frankenstein Meets Dracula, Frankenstein vs. the Werewolf, Frankenstein in the Lost World, Frankenstein in the Mummy's Tomb, The Return of Frankenstein, Frankenstein and the Return of Dr. Jekyll, Tales of Frankenstein, and Frankenstein and the Evil of Dracula. The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor was a series created and written by Glut and published in Gold Key Comics in the 1970s, and this is also the source of the Ruthvenian. The name Ruthvenian is clearly derived from the infamous vampire Lord Ruthven. I have not placed the references to the Marshall Natural History Museum (I know Indiana Jones was at Marshall College, but haven't heard of Marshall History Museum). The Dark Gods reference may involve a mixture of Lovecraftian lore and Sumerian mythology; please see Chris Jarocha-Ernst's A Cthulhu Mythos Bibliography & Concordance for more information.

December 21, 1999-January 1, 2000 MILLENNIUM

Frank Black assists FBI agents Mulder and Scully in preventing the Apocalypse.

Episode of The X-Files broadcast in 1999, wrapping up some loose ends from the defunct Millennium series. See also TV Crossovers.


Dr. Burt Winslow's girlfriend, Lynn Powell, compares the villainous leader of OGRE, Wu Lang Lee, to Fu Manchu. Lynn, when a prisoner of Wu Lang Lee, also complains of being forced to dress like "Suzy Wong."

Second in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, April 2001. Given that other novels in the series feature the likes of A.C. Doyle's Lost World, Dracula, and Dr. Jekyll, it is reasonable to take Lynn Powell's reference to Fu Manchu as that to a real person in the Wold Newton Universe, rather than a fictional character. The World of Suzie Wong was a 1957 book by Robert Mason, and was made into a film in 1960.

Regarding the dating of these adventures, they were originally written in the late 1960s and into the 1970s. These versions have been "updated" for a modern audience to include references to the Internet, cellular phones, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the 21st Century. Additionally, the publisher and the author are touting these editions as definitive. Following the author's wishes, I am placing these adventures in the modern era.


Section Zero isn't a secret section of the United Nations' charter. It does not perpetually fund a team of experts and adventurers to investigate the fantastic and unknown. The idea that this "team" looks into such things as UFOs, Monsters, Lost Civilizations, Time Travel, Ancient Gods, and still-living Dinosaurs is no more than urban legend. After all, none of these things exist. The team is not currently lead by scientific genius Doc Challenger, aka Titania "Tina" Challenger, the granddaughter of the original Professor Challenger, who disappeared over fifty years ago. Doc Challenger was not formerly married to current teammate and soldier-of-fortune Sam Wildman. Another one of their teammates is not an amnesiac "grey" alien called Tesla, and team member Sargasso does not bear a suspicious resemblance to the Gill-Man of the Upper Amazon.

Comics series published by Gorilla Comics, and imprint of Image Comics, 2000. Story and art by Karl Kesel and Tom Grummett. Titania "Doc" Challenger is from the "most famous family of explorers and adventurers in the world" and her ancestral home is in Great Britain. These clues are enough to conclude that Doc is actually intended to be the granddaughter of Doyle's Professor Challenger. According to the stated timing, Professor Challenger would have disappeared sometime in the mid-1940s; he would have been around eighty years of age. Given these connections, it is not unreasonable to conclude that Doc's ex-husband, Sam Wildman, is a member of the Wold Newton Wildman ("Savage") line. The grey alien link to The X-Files is somewhat more tenuous, but valid in light of the weight of the above evidence placing this series in the Wold Newton Universe.

The original Section Zero team was formed in the 1960s: Everest Pike (team lead), Sarina Ursari, Georges Seine, and Bernie Cork.

1970s: Everest Pike (team lead), Tele Moteka, Sargasso, and Jesse Presley.

1980s: Tele Moteka (team lead), Johnny Colossus, Artifax, and A.J. Keeler.

Current: Doc Challenger (team lead), Sam Wildman, Tesla, Thom "The Bug" Talesi, and Sargasso. A.J. Keeler is their U.N. liaison.


The original Frankenstein Monster meets the Lord of the Vampires. Scientist Burt Winslow is assisted by Dr. Arnold Van Helsing. The vampire "bible" called the Ruthvenian appears, and the Necronomicon is mentioned.

Fourth in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, August 2001. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information on Frankenstein, and on which "soul-clone" of Dracula this might be. The name Ruthvenian is derived from the infamous vampire Lord Ruthven, seen in John Polidori's The Vampyre. The Necronomicon provides a link to the Cthulhu Mythos.


During their search for a missing aviatrix, Mandrake and Lady Narda stop in Bangalla and visit The Phantom in his Skull Cave in the Deep Woods. Mandrake gets to sit on the Skull Throne, and admits that he always wanted to do that.

Daily Mandrake the Magician comic strip by Fred Fredericks, 2001. Both Mandrake and The Phantom were created by the late Lee Falk.


Mack Bolan uncovers a Cthulhu-sponsored Nazi infiltration of the U.S. Government. This group, known as COMCON (the Committee to Suspend the American Constitution), pirates nanotechnology and creates a super-agent, Michael Talbot, codenamed "Splatterpunk." Bolan and others compare Talbot to King Kong, Godzilla, the Frankenstein Monster, and the Riddler. Talbot reminds Bolan of Doc Savage and Bolan notes that Talbot wears his knife like Crocodile Dundee. The Nazi AeroDeth helicopters resemble the prototype helicopter Blue Thunder, according to Bolan’s men.

The Executioner number 264, by Don Pendleton. Although it is spelled K'tulu in the book, this is close enough to be a Cthulhu reference, especially in concert with the other references to Doc Savage, King Kong, Godzilla, Frankenstein's monster, Crocodile Dundee, and The Batman's arch-foe, the Riddler. This reference would also bring the events of the film Blue Thunder into the Wold Newton Universe. The reference to the T1000 Terminator is likely fictional, although the Terminators may exist in an alternate future to the Newtonverse.

Darien Fawkes and his partner Bobby Hobbes are taken to "The Community," an American version of The Village from The Prisoner. At one point, a man in a black suit, bowler hat, and umbrella walks by and Fawkes asks, "Isn't that the guy from the show?"  Hobbes replies that it's the spy whom the spy from the show was based on; he sold his life story and retired to The Community. Later, Hobbes is alone with a sexy female resident of the Community, and he remarks that there are a lot of "James Bond types" there.  She replies that "James Bond is one-hundred years old."

2001 episode ofThe Invisible Mantelevision program. The Village is from The Prisoner, thus substantiating the presence of Number 6 (aka John Drake) in the Newtonverse. The man with the bowler hat is undoubtedly John Steed from The Avengers. James Bond would be eighty in the year 2000, rather than one-hundred (see The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy) ... unless this reference is to a different James Bond.  Stay tuned.


A woman asks New Orleans private detective Burleigh Drummond if he knew that Hemingway tended to repeat himself. Drummond replies, "My grandfather mentioned it once."

In the novel Farewell, My Lovely, Philip Marlowe calls a thug Hemingway because the thug keeps saying the same thing over and over. This short story by Kent Westmoreland is available online here. Other Burleigh Drummond stories are A Relatively Small Sum of Money and Ash Wednesday. A novel, Baronne Street, is forthcoming.

If possible, more information will be revealed regarding Burleigh's possible connection to the Wold Newton Drummonds, as research and communication continues with Burleigh's official biographer, Kent Westmoreland.

August 14-16, 2000 BUFFY VS. DRACULA

Buffy meets Dracula. Xander becomes Dracula's slave, luring Buffy to his mansion. After a fierce battle, Dracula is defeated, but not permanently, of course.

Episode of the television program Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Please see the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Series Timeline by Chris Wike. Is this Dracula-prime or a "soul clone"? The answer will be revealed in Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night.


Tarzan battles against the Barsoomian Tree of Life. He and Jane also encounter other Barsoomian life forms in their jungle, which have been spawned by the Tree of Life, including plant men, banths, and white apes. Jane theorizes that Tarzan brought Barsoomian spores, which had been originally deposited by a meteorite, back to the jungle from an Antarctic adventure.

Sunday Tarzan strip, December 3, 2000-March 18, 2001. Story by Allan Gross and art by Gray Morrow. Tarzan and Jane immediately recognize the alien life forms as Barsoomian, substantiating the fact that they have previous experience with Barsoom (see Tarzan and John Carter: Warlords of Mars and Tarzan On Mars.)


In an immediate follow-up to The Ultimate Survivor, Tarzan is captured by some Therns of Barsoom and is pitted against another captive, a green man of Mars.

Sunday Tarzan strip, March 25, 2001-July 8, 2001. Story by Allan Gross and art by Gray Morrow. Although the Sunday strips run untitled, the author has supplied these titles, and informs me that the stories are set in the present day.


Lara Croft, ruminating upon her latest adventure, thinks to herself, "Ah, well. Someone has to do it. After all, if not me, it'd probably be that seemingly ageless American with the slouch-brim fedora and bullwhip I met in Cairo last year. Nice man. Good kisser. But he'll never get far with that fear of snakes."

Tomb Raider volume 1, issue 0, Top Cow Comics, June 2001, by Fiona Avery and Brian Ching. Since Indiana Jones is in the Wold Newton Universe though a crossover with Dracula and other references, this brings Lara Croft, the Tomb Raider, into the Newtonverse. This story was published untitled. Lara Croft has been, and I'm sure will be, crossed-over with many other comics series. In order to maintain Wold
Newton Universe continuity, these will be taken on a case-by-case basis.

November 2000-January 2001 GODZILLA AT WORLD'S END Godzilla crosses with the Cthulhu Mythos, in the form of the Old Ones, in Antarctica.

This Godzilla novel by Marc Cerasini includes many references to, and is a direct follow-up to, H.P. Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness, thus placing Godzilla and other kaiju in the Wold Newton Universe. The events that Cerasini documents in his Godzilla novels are a continuity that is separate from the Godzilla movie series, with the exception of the first movie, which is the starting point of the novel series.

2001 THREE WORDS FBI Agent Fox Mulder, after "returning from the dead," reveals that he feels "like Austin Powers." The Lone Gunmen also appear.

This episode of The X-Files solidifies the presence of Austin Powers in the Newtonverse.


David Lo Pan is a respected businessman in Chinatown (New York) who also controls its underworld. Although Lo Pan warns them to stay away, several reporters for the World Chronicle become involved in the search for New York's underground subway dragons.

Episode of the television program The Chronicle. The David Lo Pan character is played by James Hong, who also played David Lo Pan in the feature film Big Trouble In Little China. Although he displays no supernatural powers, it is the same actor, the same character name, and the same type of role. We may speculate that David Lo Pan survived the finale of Big Trouble in Little China and simply relocated to New York City. It is generally accepted that the events of Big Trouble in Little China and Buckaroo Banzai take place in the same universe. Since Buckaroo Banzai exists in the Newtonverse, so do The Chronicle and its characters.


The Chronicle reporters encounter a serial murderer who turns out to be a Headless Biker from Hell. The tale of the Headless Horseman is referred to as a real historical event, and many other occurrences of headless ghouls from around the world are described.

This episode confirms that the events of the television program The Chronicle take place in the Newtonverse, through a link to Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. This Headless Biker is not the same one that the Ghostbusters encountered in 1984. This phenomena seems to happen when a person (especially a violent one) dies by decapitation and the head is not buried with the body. As mentioned in an episode of Kolchak: The Night Stalker, this also happened during the French "reign of terror." The Kolchak episode, Chopper, also featured a headless motorcycle gang member.


A Chronicle staffer breaks a story about an invisible man who works as a secret agent for the U.S. government.  Apparently  a synthetic gland is implanted in the agent's brain, which makes "silver shiny stuff" come out of his pores, which bends light.  However, the story is killed because no one believes that an invisible man would work for the government

This 2002 episode of The Chronicle confirms that it takes place in the same universe as The Invisible Man (featuring agent Darien Fawkes).


The original Frankenstein Monster, along with scientist Burt Winslow, and Winslow's fiancée Lynn Powell, are swept through space, and also probably time, to the land in South America known as The Lost World, which was once visited by Professor Challenger. While in the Lost World, Burt and Lynn encounter another stranded survivor from civilization, Professor Marvin Sara of the Marshall Natural History Museum.

Sixth in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, May 2002. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information on Frankenstein. This Lost World may be further in the past than that visited by Challenger and company, as it appears to contain many primitive species from throughout history, including dinosaurs, Neandertals and relatives of the giant ape known as Kong. The exploits of Professor Challenger, a Wold Newton Family member, were recorded by Ned Malone, and edited by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Marshall Natural History Museum is also referenced in Donald Glut's film The Mummy's Kiss; the exact reference is here (note also the reference to Dr. Adam Spektor and Stephen Banning). Marshall Natural History Museum may also be related to Indiana Jones' Marshall College.


The Chronicle reporters go up against a mad scientist, Dr. Harcourt Fenton, who has performed strange, Doctor Moreau-like experiments upon humans and animals

2002 episode of The Chronicle.  Doctor Harcourt Fenton is undoubtedly an ancestor of 23rd Century con man Harcourt Fenton Mudd, who was seen in various episodes of the original and animated Star Trek television programs.


The officers of the Chicago Police Department's super-secret division, "Special Unit 2," take the case of an apparently normal housewife accused of robbing a convenience store in her sleep. Among the various items that the woman stole is a pack of Morley cigarettes.

Episode of the television program Special Unit 2. Morley cigarettes were the brand of choice of the Cigarette Smoking Man on The X-Files. Information about the founder of Morley cigarettes can be found in The Amazing Lanes.


Relic Hunter Sydney Fox and her crew locate and salvage the booty from the legendary Treasure Island.  Jim Hawkins told the tale to author Robert Louis Stevenson, and the events were then fictionalized by setting them in the South Seas  instead of the Caribbean.
2001 episode of Relic Hunter.


Watching Vampirella go into action, a government agent assigned to investigate and deal with occult incidents says, "Man, this babe makes Lara Croft look like Betty Boop."

Issue numbers 4-6 of the Vampirella ongoing series by John Smith and Mike Mayhew, Harris Comics, 2002. Given Lara Croft's involvement in difficult-to-explain activities, it is not unreasonable that this government agent would know who Lara Croft is. Vampi also teases the government agents, referring to their "black magic James Bond cover story."  However, given that by 2001, Bond is much more well-known as a fictional movie figure than a real person (see The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy), it is doubtful that Vampi knows the real Bond. As with Popeye, it is currently unknown whether Betty Boop is a real person in the Wold Newton Universe or not.


Dr. Hereford Ross and his assistant, Butch, secretly launch their civilian rocket ship and travel to the Moon, although U.S. government Men and Women in Black do attempt to stop the liftoff.  On the Moon, Ross and Butch discover an underground cavern and a dying lost race of humans.  The humans' ancestors were forced to flee Earth 13,000 years ago after losing a war.  Over time, the men devolved and became much more brutish, while the women grew softer and more voluptuous.  The leader of the man-brutes, Mogoth, challenges Butch with the cry, "Kreegh-a!  Mogoth bundolo!"  Later on, Mogoth swears by "Grakoom.

Story and art by Don Marquez in Don Marquez's Fantastic Stories, issue number two, Amryl Entertainment, 2002.  My theory is that the ancient ancestors of the Lunarians had met ancient Mangani and adopted some of their language.  Grakoom appeared in Grakoom...The Forgotten God! (Fantastic Stories number one), thus placing the events of that tale in the Wold Newton Universe.


While investigating a haunted mansion, Vampirella connects with past events of ritual murder, in which the names Azathoth and Gnopf-Hek, among others, are invoked

Issue numbers 7-10 of the Vampirella ongoing series by John Smith and Dawn Brown, Harris Comics, 2002. Azathoth is the Outer God of Chaos in H.P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos tales. "Gnopf-Hek" is likely a reference to either Gnoph-Keh or the Gnophkehs, also referred to in the Mythos stories. It should be noted that there is also a Pantha backup story in these issues of Vampirella. Pantha is a major character in the Vampirella universe, has crossed-over with Vampirella on many occasions, and therefore has her own listing on the Character page. Vampirella's promotional crossovers with characters from other publishers will be taken on a case-by-case basis to ensure that they fit into continuity.


FBI Special Agent John Doggett, after a reference to "ectoplasm," makes a snide remark about the Ghostbusters.

2001 episode of The X-Files.

2002 - The events of Austin Powers in Goldmember, in which it is revealed that Austin Powers and Dr. Evil are brothers, both the sons of former British agent Nigel Powers.

March-May 2004 -The events of Godzilla vs. the Robot Monsters by Marc Cerasini.

The future is uncertain. There are many possible alternate futures which have connections to the Newtonverse.

Although I have chosen to list the Star Trek connections in the Chronology, there are other alternate futures, including:

Doc Savage references in James Axler's Outlanders series

Sherlock Holmes references in Poul Anderson's Time Patrol series

and the alternate future of Edgar Rice Burroughs' Moon series,

any one of which can be said to be a possible alternate outcome of the Wold Newton Universe.

For an article on the concept of divergent timelines and alternate universes, please click here.


 2010 - The events of Knight Rider 2010.

2016 - Upon the death of his father, Kit Walker takes over as the 23rd Phantom.

2020 - Colonel Shaun Geoffrey Christopher, son of Air Force Captain John Chrostopher, and grandson of Jimmy Christopher (Operator #5), heads the first manned Earth-Saturn-Titan probe (Star Trek episode Tomorrow Is Yesterday).

2020-2022 - Planetary Baseball League legend Buck Bokai plays for two seasons with the Gotham City Bats (information from a baseball trading card, as seen in the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode If Wishes Were Horses).

2022 - Birth of Kit Walker, the 24th Phantom.

2024 - Death of the 23rd Phantom in the Great Train Wreck, a toxic disaster in Metropia (New York City). He leaves a two-year-old son, who is unaware of the Phantom legacy.

2025 Attempting to refine his "Time Machine", desiring to give it the ability to travel to any quantum probability guided by mere thought, Bruce Wildman creates three prototypes, which come to be known as the Orbs. The machine has the unforeseen side effect of greatly magnifying the operator's psionic ability In one alternate future, renegade Technocrat John Bly, steals one of the prototypes and rules the world for 2000 years


Investigator Jerome Rhodes and Geneviève Dieudonné appear in the penultimate chapter of Seven Stars.

The action concludes in 2026 with Seven Stars Episode Seven: The Duel of Seven Stars, available on this page.


Jerome Rhodes, Geneviève Dieudonné, Edwin Winthrop, and Pai-net'em are all brought together to confront the mystery of the jewel of Seven Stars.

Final chapter of Kim Newman's Seven Stars.

2040 - Kit Walker becomes the 24th Phantom and operates for several years (Phantom 2040 animated television series). His great great aunt Heloise, 91 years old, is the daughter of the 20th Phantom. In the episode Down the Line, Kit receives a message from the Phantom of 2157.


In this tale of the 24th Phantom, Guran, speaking to Kit about a crimelord named Gordo, says "...and she will spread her tenticles world wide, like Hanoi Xan before her...."

Two-part episode of television program Phantom 2040. Hanoi Xan was the arch-nemesis of adventurer Buckaroo Banzai.

Of Hanoi Xan and Hanoi Shan , Matthew Baugh writes:
Hanoi Shan, described in H. Ashton-Wolfe's "Warped in the Making: Crimes of Love and Hate" is, according to Farmer, an earlier identity of the man we know as Fu Manchu. [See The Fu Manchu Chronology.]

Could Fu Manchu/Hanoi Shan and Hanoi Xan be one and the same? There are a couple of reasons it doesn't quite work. The first is that the personalities of the two characters are rather different. Xan is a demented sadist who delights in calling himself "evil" while Fu Manchu sees himself as the benefactor of humanity and has a strangely noble character.

More telling though is ancestry. Fu Manchu is (as his nom-de-guerre indicates) a Manchu. The manchus were a Northern peoples who conquored China and ruled for several centuries as the Ch'ing dynasty. They knew that China had a long history of absorbing her conquorers and, to prevent this, they were very strict about preventing intermarriage with the Chinese. The rank of mandarin (which Fu held) was only open to pure blood Manchus.

Xan on the other hand was a pure-blooded Mongol and boasted of being a direct descendant of Genghis Khan. With this "foreign taint" he would never have gotten very far with the racial politice of Ch'ing China.

2050s - World War III (Star Trek: First Contact).

April 5, 2063 –Scientist Zephram Cochrane achieves humanity's first manned faster-than-light flight on the spacecraft Phoenix (Metamorphosis, Star Trek: First Contact). Immediately thereafter, the Vulcans make first contact with the human race and Earth enters the interstellar community. Although this event is generally thought of as the first human-alien contact, in truth it is only the first widely known and publicized incident of its kind, that is not subject to a massive governmental cover-up or disinformation campaign.The intervention of the U.S.S. Enterprise-E in the Borg plan to prevent the birth of the Federation by halting Cochrane's flight is also a pivotal event leading to the creation of at least one of the Mirror Universes (see Preserver).

2070 - 14,000 BP -2140 TIME'S LAST GIFT The main character, John Gribardsun (aka Tarzan), travels back in time from the year 2070 to 14,000 BP. He then lives a full life for 14,000 years until at least the year 2140, when he and his wife Jane depart in a spaceship bound for the star Capella.

This novel by Philip José Farmer shows one possible alternate future of the Wold Newton Universe and Tarzan, who is never actually named as such in the novel. Although technically not a crossover novel, it does connect with Farmer's Opar novels, which take place in 12,000 BP.

c. 2070s A FAT IN THE FIRE

Having helped to clean up Earth, the long-lived Ralph von Wau Wau leaves for Arcturus XIII.  It is also mentioned that A Fat, Ralph's arch-enemy, is just as hard to kill as Fu Manchu or Sherlock Holmes.

The 21st and final Ralph von Wau Wau novel by Jonathan Swift Somers III.  Somers may have access to the same source of future events as Philip José Farmer and Kilgore Trout.  See Art Bollmann's The Curious Case of the Farmer's Daughter for more information.

2071 - After sleeping in suspended animation for almost a century, Jean Rogers wakes up to a brand new world (Just Imagine Jeanie by Forrest J. Ackerman).

2080 - The saga of the Reid and Kato families continues in the Green Hornet comics mini-series Dark Tomorrow.

2111 - Birth of Jonathan Archer, captain of the Enterprise, NX-01.

2140 - Tarzan and Jane depart for Capella in a cryogenic sleeper ship (Time's Last Gift). The crew and passengers intending to colonize Capella are part of an anti-tech movement and therefore choose not to utilize faster-than-light technology to achieve their destination.

2145 - Human beings make first contact with the Hoka of Toka (Earthman's Burden).

2151 - After a breakthrough in warp propulsion, the first true starship, the Enterprise, NX-01, is launched from Earth, commanded by Captain Jonathan Archer. Archer is undoubtedly a descendant of the Rutherford/Challenger/Archer lineage.

2157 - There is still a Phantom active during this time period (Phantom 2040: Down the Line).

2161 - The United Federation of Planets is incorporated.

2175-2186 - Ensign Alexander B. Jones of the HMS Draco, Terrestrial Interstellar Survey Service, crash lands on the planet Toka, home planet of the Hokas (the events of Earthman's Burden, as told by Poul Anderson & Gordon R. Dickson). The TISS is an Earth fleet ship, unconnected to the newly created UFP Starfleet. Since Toka was contacted by Earth ships before the incorporation of the UFP, the Prime Directive of non-interference does not apply to Toka. Therefore, upon re-establishing contact with Earth, Ensign Jones is attached to the Interbeing League, a branch of the UFP specifically established to deal with civilizations and cultures which were subject to pre-Prime Directive contact with humanity. At the conclusion of these events, the Hokas are petitioning for the right to travel off planet; hence, their appearance in a Starbase bar approximately 100 years later (see Ishmael).

2230 - Birth of Spock of Vulcan, son of Sarek of Vulcan and Amanda Grayson of Earth. Spock can trace his human lineage to Sherlock Holmes, thus placing him in the Wold Newton family. Some have suggested that Spock is also descended from the Stemples of Seattle, and is probably also related to Richard Grayson (Robin, and later, the second Batman).Batman), ,

2233 - Captain James Tiberius Kirk is born in Riverside, Iowa

2264 STAR TREX The X-Men travel from their universe to The Wold Newton Universe and meet Captain Kirk and crew aboard the Starship Enterprise, NCC 1701.

One-shot from Marvel Comics. The X-Men's universe is The Marvel Comics Universe. See also Alternate Universes. The adventure takes place during Kirk's first five-year mission aboard the Enterprise.


The Enterprise encounters a malevolent energy life-form known as Redjac which has inhabited the bodies of many serial killers over the centuries, including the 19th Century London murderer known as Jack the Ripper.

Episode of the original Star Trek television series. Although Sherlock Holmes, in 1888, and Ellery Queen, in 1966, both worked on the Ripper case, neither could have known that the culprit whom they identified as the Ripper was possessed by an evil energy being.


Commander Spock and Lieutenants Sulu and Uhura of the U.S.S. Enterprise run afoul of the Kzin during a mission to deliver a great archaeological find, a Slaver stasis box, to Starbase 25.

Slaver Weapon is one the the better animated Star Trek episodes, and Alan Dean Foster's expansion on it to novel size in Star Trek: Log 10 is also well done. One can tell from my Star Trek Timeline that I do consider the animated series as "canonical," despite Gene Roddenberry's disavowal. While this story would appear to bring Larry Niven's Kzin and Known Space stories into the Newtonverse, the Kzin shown in this episode are like the Predators in Tarzan vs. Predator at the Earth's Core: as with humanity, other sentient races can have parallels in various universes. For an informative article on this topic, please see Allyn Gibson's The Kzin Question: Reconciling the Kzin with the Modern Star Trek Universe.


Spock is transported back in time to Earth of the year 1867, where he encounters a melange of Western figures, including Paladin, Aaron Stemple, and the Cartwrights. The tall, curly-haired space tramp seen in a Starbase bar by Kirk, Spock and Uhura is likely none other than the time-and-dimension-traveling Doctor Who. A pair of Hokas are also seen in the Starbase bar. Aaron Stemple is also revealed to be an ancestor of Spock's human mother, Amanda Stemple Grayson. There is also a a reference to the Hong Kong-based company, Struan and Sons.

It has already been established that Doctor Who visits The Wold Newton Universe. The Hokas are from Poul Anderson and Gordon R. Dickson's two books, Earthman's Burdenand Hoka!, about incredibly imitative fuzzy teddy bear aliens who love to play make-believe and recreate Earth history; (one of the stories is "The Adventure of the Misplaced Hound," a Holmes pastiche). All the Hoka stories have recently been collected in the volumes Hoka! Hoka! Hoka! and Hokas Pokas! Aaron Stemple is from the television program Here Come the Brides. Paladin is from the show Have Gun, Will Travel, and, of course, the Cartwrights appeared on Bonanza. Struan and Sons is featured in James Clavell's "Asian Saga", consisting of the novels Shogun, Tai-Pan, Gai-Jin, King Rat, Noble House, Whirlwind, and Escape. Please see the TV Crossovers page for the wide variety of western television crossovers to which this novel by Barbara Hambly leads.

2269 ASSIGNMENT:ETERNITY Gary Seven and Roberta Lincoln travel from the year 1969 to the 23rd century and again encounter Captain Kirk and his crew. Seven and Lincoln, in their time together in the 1960s, have met or have knowledge of the following: The Avengers; U.N.C.L.E. agent April Dancer; the Questor android; reporter Carl Kolchak; the Impossible Missions Forces; James Bond; The Prisoner; and Dr. Evil, arch-nemesis of secret agent Austin Powers.

This Star Trek novel by Greg Cox was published by Pocket Books in 1998 and brings the television series The Questor Tapes, Kolchak: The Night Stalker, Mission: Impossible, The Prisonerand the feature film Austin Powersinto the fold. Of course, the Avengers, U.N.C.L.E. and James Bond are already mainstays of the Newtonverse And see Mark Dawidziak's The Night Stalker Companion: A 25th Anniversary Tribute, Pomegranate Press, 1997, for a great guide to all things Kolchak.

January 2272 THE WOUNDED SKY

Among the Starfleet ships that greet the Enterprise upon her return from testing a revolutionary new drive system, are the cutter Ransom and the cruiser Malacandra.

A Star Trek novel by Diane Duane, Pocket Books, 1983. Is it possible that the cutter is named after the eminent 20th Century philologist, Dr. Elwin Ransom? The other cutters listed are named for explorers, making it more likely that this ship is named after early interplanetary explorer Ransom. That the cutter is named after Dr. Ransom seems to be confirmed by the naming of the cruiser Malacandra.  Malacandra is the native name for the planet that Ransom visited, which appeared to be Mars. Perhaps Malacandra is the Mars of a parallel universe. If so, a mystery remains as to how to reconcile Malacandra with other alternate/parallel Martian planets visited by other denizens of the Wold Newton Universe, such as John Carter's Barsoom. Dr. Ransom appeared in the Space Trilogy by C.S. Lewis: Out of the Silent Planet, Perelandra, and That Hideous Strength.

The date for The Wounded Sky is derived from Win Eckert's STAR TREK Annotated Timeline and Reference Table. It should also be noted that other starship names in the novel are the Rodger Young (this may be a reference to Robert Heinlein's Starship Troopers, but Rodger Young was also a real person, as seen here and here) and Eilonwy (Princess Eilonwy is a character in Lloyd Alexander's Chronicles of Prydain, a fantasy series).


Admiral Kirk and the crew of the late Starship Enterprise, now serving temporarily aboard the U.S.S. Excelsior, NX 2000, again cross swords with the malevolent Redjac entity, aka Jack the Ripper

A sequel to the original series episode Wolf in the Fold, found in issues 22 and 23 of DC Comics' Star Trek, volume 1, published in 1986. The story is set in a brief period between Star Trek III: The Search for Spock and Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, during which Kirk and the crew, except for Spock, are testing the new Excelsior on shakedown cruises.


Captain Spock, who is half-human, makes a statement implying that he is a descendant of Wold Newton family member Sherlock Holmes.

1991 feature film. The story takes place during the final year of Kirk's command of the U.S.S. Enterprise, NCC 1701-A

2305 - Captain Jean-Luc Picard is born in Labarre, France.


One of the amphishuttles on the U.S.S. Hermes, a science vessel commanded by Captain Nyota Uhura, is called the Nautilus.

A Star Trek short story by Peg Robinson in the anthology Strange New Worlds II. An amphishuttle is similar to the aquashuttle seen in the animated Star Trek episode The Ambergris Element. The amphishuttle Nautilus is named after the advanced submarine that was commanded by Captain Nemo in 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, as documented by Jules Verne.

2332 - Birth of Captain Benjamin Lafayette Sisko in New Orleans.

2335 - Captain Kathryn Janeway is born in Indiana.


Xenexian warrior M'k'n'zy of Calhoun wanders into the Captain's Table bar and has a run-in with the bragging Roman soldier, Captain Miles Gloriosus. All those who enter the Captain's Table must pay for their visit with a story, and when, in 2373, Captain MacKenzie Calhoun of the U.S.S. Excalibur pays his second visit, he recounts a tale which lead to his entry into Starfleet Intelligence in 2367.

This Star Trek: New Frontier novel by Peter David, Pocket Books, 1998, brings the events of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum into the Newtonverse. A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum is based on the plays Miles Gloriosus, Pseudolus, and Mostellaria by Plautus (251-183 B.C.).


The status monitor in the shuttle bay of the U.S.S. Enterprise-D lists one of the shuttles as the Indiana Jones.
Although the shuttle bay was seen in many episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation, this was the first, and thus is listed for that reason. Indiana Jones was a prominent archaeologist in the 20th century.


While Picard is searching for information on colony ships launched in the early 22nd century, the results set on his screen displays information on the S.S. Buckaroo Banzai, captained by John Worfin. Its mission is listed as Planet 10, Dimension 8. The ship on which Picard is looking for data is the colony ship S.S. Mariposa, launched in 2123. It's a DY-500 class ship, which probably makes it quite old at time of launch. (Khan Noonien Singh's ship, launched in 1996, was a DY-100 class ship called the S.S. Botany Bay.) Interestingly, the Mariposa is powered by yoyodyne pulse fusion.

Second season episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation. The ship Buckaroo Banzai; the name John Worfin; Planet 10, Dimension 8; and the name "yoyodyne," all confirm that the events of the feature film The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai exist in the history of the Star Trek universe.

2368 TIME'S ARROW Samuel Clemens is accidentally transported to the U.S.S. Enterprise, NCC 1701-D, commanded by Captain Jean-Luc Picard. Clemens is quickly returned to San Francisco in thethe year 1893.

Clemens ("Mark Twain")also met The Lone Ranger and Tonto back in 1880.


Deep Space Nine station Commander Ben Sisko owns a trading card of baseball legend Buck Bokai, who played for the Gotham City Bats in the early 21st Century.

Episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Gotham City was the home base of several generations of renowned heroes who fought crime as The Batman.


Picard and the crew of the Enterprise-D face the malicious Redjac entity, last seen in 2285. Redjac takes over the Holodeck and takes on the form of one of its most famous vessels of murder, Jack the Ripper, complete with the Victorian London setting. Redjac casts Doctor Crusher and Commander Troi as helpless victims, and casts Data as his old nemesis, Sherlock Holmes. Eventually, the Enterprise crewmates manage to contain Redjac, but only time will tell if Redjac will strike again.

Star Trek: The Next Generation one-shot comic by Christopher Golden, Tom Sniegoski, Dave Hoover, Troy Hubbs, and Jason Martin. Wildstorm Comics, 2000.

2371 THE 37s

Captain Kathryn Janeway and the crew of the Starship U.S.S. Voyager discover aviatrix Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, who both disappeared without a trace in 1937, in cryostasis on a planet on the other side of the galaxy

Episode of the Star Trek: Voyager television series. Both Indiana Jones and The Shadow met Earhart in the 1930s. However, given the other possible solutions to the Earheart mystery in the Wold Newton Universe, it is most likely that Earhart and the others from The 37s were transporter duplicates of the original people. Transporter duplicates have been seen before in Star Trek (with varying degrees of accuracy in the copies, ranging from the original series episode The Enemy Within to The Next Generation episode Second Chances). Surely a race capable of transporting a group of humans across the galaxy to the Delta Quadrant could achieve transporter duplication. Click here for an in-depth article on the inclusion of Star Trek in the Wold Newton Universe.


In attempting to return to the 24th Century from the year 2063 (just after the events of Star Trek: First Contact), the U.S.S. Enterprise, NCC 1701-E, is accidentally thrown into the 1990s of an alternate universe, that containing the mutant X-Men.

One-shot from Marvel Comics. The alternate universe is The Marvel Comics Universe. See also Alternate Universes.


The U.S.S. Voyager encounters and is nearly destroyed by malevolent entities in the Delta Quadrant.

Short Story by Craig D.B. Patton in the Strange New Worlds collection, Pocket Books, 1998. The Monthuglu entities are reminiscent of Cthulhuoid horrors and the adventure is included here on that basis


One of the ships defending Section 001 against the Borg incursion is the Starship U.S.S. Thunderchild, NCC 63549.

1996 feature film. The Starship Thunderchild is named after H.M.S. Thunderchild, which valiantly defended Great Britain against the Martian Invasion of 1898, as told in H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.

By the late 20th Century, the truth about the Martian Invasion had been successfully covered up and the historical document, The War of the Worlds, was viewed as an interesting piece of fiction. Those who considered themselves to be rational and scientific refused to believe, without substantial scientific proof, that alien life-forms had visited Earth. However, by the late 24th Century, pre-2063 visitations to Earth by extra-terrestrials (including the 1898 Invasion) were an established fact.


Captain Picard and the crew of the Enterprise-E again encounter The X-Men, residents of an alternate universe.

Novel by Michael Jan Friedman, Pocket Books, 1998. The alternate universe is The Marvel Comics Universe. See also Alternate Universes.


Jadzia Dax makes a statement indicating that pre-First Contact Earth was subject to numerous visits by the Retuculii, for the purposes of conducting genetic sampling on humans; the wiping of the memories of the human test subjects lead to "Missing Time Syndrome.

Book One of the Millennium trilogy (a Deep Space Nine trilogy) by Judith Reeves-Stevens and Garfield Reeves-Stevens, Pocket Books, 2000. Dax's reference, in conjunction with the reference to the Reticulans in the novel Preserver, is enough to at least postulate that the events of The X-Files take place in the Wold Newton Universe


Commander Elias Vaughn's last assignment was on the U.S.S. Nautilus.

A Star Trek: The Next Generation novel by Charlotte Douglas and Susan Kearney, Pocket Books, 2002. The Nautilus is named after the amazing submarine that was commanded by Captain Nemo in 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, as told by Jules Verne.


Kirk, Spock, McCoy, and Scott team with Captain Picard and the crew of the Enterprise-E. In the course of their battle with Tiberius (James Kirk) of the Mirror Universe, they discover that a vast conspiracy and that the history of the Federation has been manipulated by the beings known as the Preservers. Kirk also mentions the frequent visitations to Earth in the late 20th Century by interfering extraterrestrials, whom he refers to as the "Reticulans," and during the discussion regarding the conspiracy, Kirk and Picard conclude that the best course of action is to, "Trust no one." Finally, the Vulcan psychohistorian, T'Serl, also states that once the impossible is eliminated, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth; she cites the originator of said statement as an ancestor.

Novel by William Shatner, with Judith Reeves-Stevens and Garfield Reeves-Stevens, Pocket Books, 2000. The implied link to the events of The X-Files, while not conclusive, is too provocative to ignore. T'Serl, like Spock, must also have some human blood, although her line of descent from Holmes is probably different than Spock's. Click here for an in-depth article on the inclusion of Star Trek in the Wold Newton Universe.


The dedication plaque from the 29th Century Timeship Relativity reads: "The only reason for time is so everything doesn't happen at once."

This episode of Star Trek: Voyager confirms that the events of the feature film The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai are part of the Star Trek universe, and thus the Wold Newton Universe.


The head of the Starfleet Department for Temporally Displaced Officers is Admiral Gulliver

Star Trek: New Frontier novel by Peter David, Pocket Books, 2001.  Admiral Gulliver must be a distant descendant of Lemuel Gulliver.


One of Simon Wagstaff's favorite authors is Jonathan Swift Somers III, who wrote epic biographies of the talking canine detective, Ralph von Wau Wau. Simon also discusses the creation of Dr. Victor Frankenstein's monster as a real historical event, and compares the film version of those events.

Novel by Kilgore Trout, Dell Books, 1974.  Trout is also a Wold Newton Family member and was first brought to the world's attention in several books by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., such as God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater; Slaughterhouse-Five; and Breakfast of Champions.  It is unclear how Mr. Trout gained knowledge of the future, but perhaps he had the same connections that Philip José Farmer had, as described in Art Bollmann's The Curious Case of the Farmer's Daughter.

c. 20,000 - The Wind Whales of Ishmael

Ishmael (from Herman Melville's Moby Dick) is transported 20,000 years into the future, where he encounters a world of flying ships and flying whales, as told by Philip José Farmer.  Presumably Ishmael was transported back into the past, where in the 1890s served on Captain Nemo's Nautilus, as told in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen.


Prehistory-858, 858-1799, 1800-1849,

1850-1890   1891-1910,   1911-1920,

1921-1930,        1931-1940,      1941-1970,


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© 1997-2002 by the author, Win Eckert.
Additions in brown text© 2000-2002 by Dennis E. Power