By Jose Ricardo G. Bondoc


The Tooniverse has been called many things over the years including "Earth-C", "Funnyland", "Looniverse", "Toontown". Yet up until recently there has been no active effort to understand the nature of the phenomena. Up until recently, it was believed that the phenomenon was based solely on the actions of human intervention. Recent evidence has brought about a new paradigm shift.

Recent studies into the ecology of the parallel world, known as "Oz", suggest the existence of a race known only as the "Long-Gones". This race apparently, based at the edge of the "Deadly Desert", left many artifacts including an obelisk, which has been translated. Apparently, the "Long-Gones" was a race of highly advanced beings that experimented with the idea of sentient energy life forms. While they were marginally successful in the creation of "fire-foxes" (sentient energy beings with the ability to animate inorganic inanimate objects), they were unable to control the actions of these energy forms. Apparently, a side effect of their actions was the creation was the "fizhanan", loosely translated as the "enemy ghosts". These "enemy ghosts" apparently brought about a level of destruction so large that the "Long-Gones" were forced to abandon their experiments and evacuate from "Oz (1)


According to the highly secretive Watchers Council in London, reports from Sunnydale, CA have garnered information that suggests that these "proto-toons" were of such deadly nature that they continue to frighten demons such as Anyanka (2). Apparently, while they were forced to abandon "Oz", they were able to continue their experiments elsewhere. A vast network of "wathan" generators and receptors were placed around the world. Recent carbon-dating tests suggest that these energy transmission and reception sights were placed on Earth as early as 1,000,000 BC +/- 5,280 years. What is stranger still, is the steady energy transmission detected by scientists until 1983 (3). This network apparently linked together a vast network of pocket universes and parallel dimensions, and was maintained by a series of beings called "The Preservers"(4). It is interesting to note that according to Professor Seymour, the material known as "Moon-stone", became available across the planet. According to Seymour, the material acts as a catalyst for toons, causing "trigger-genes" to activate (5). Starting in 20,000 BC, a series of "proto-toons" were created. These "proto-toons" were considered guardian spirits, and may have served as protectors during the last Ice Age(6).

According to Maximillian Pegasus (7), the Pharoahs of Egypt, under the supervision of Goa'uld (8) supervision, began experimentation into the pocket universes. As early as 10,000 BC, reports from within the Tooniverse describe "proto-toons" who were similar to the Egyptian canine god Anubis. This is confirmed in the earliest known reports of "Bow-zar the Barkbarian" and "Canine the Barkbarian"(9). Other forms were often used by Goa'uld System Lords and the Pharoahs as part of a battle ritual known only as "The Shadow Game"(10). The inherent dangers of the creation of these artificial life forms was often ignored until one fateful day in 3112 BC. On this day, an Akkadian warlord by the name of Mathayus, a.k.a. "the Scorpion King", lay waste to Egyptian forces in the city of Thebes, with the aid of "proto-toons" in the form of Anubis (11). With this event, Egyptian officials dismantled the devices in an effort to prevent another catastrophe.

Reports suggest that some of these artifacts ended up in China. This is evidenced by the presence of the Third Luminous Dynasty text, The Garden of Forking Paths by Ts'ui Pen of Hunnan province, a book which reads like a design manual for "proto-universe" design (12). Second, there is the case of Liang, possessor of a "Magical Paintbrush", accused of killing members of the royal court, after demonstrating abilities similar to the Shadow Game generators (13).

Other sources have reported that some of the devices used in the "Shadow Game" were placed in Uqbar. According to the seminal text The History of a Land Called Uqbar (1874), there exists a group of "circular remains" wherein a person could either "create" or "recall" a person from "the very sands of the desert" (14).

In the aftermath, the Tooniverse began to develop independently of our universe, yet along parallel lines. By the first century AD, Nero Fox had become emperor of a Roman-style empire, complete with a Nero Avenue. Five centuries later, there is a King Arthur (a canine with short, floppy ears) and a Sir Glancelot (a porcine character) residing in Glurch Castle. According to naturalist Robert Devereaux, those few remaining toons, made a transition in form and in behavior, changing to suit the popular culture of the times (e.g. Santa Claus, the Easter Bunny, the Tooth Fairy)(15).

The Tooniverse continued its path of parallel development until 1087AD, when in far, distant corner, wherein a highly advanced civilization had developed, strange colored eggs, similar in appearance to Easter eggs, drifted into the sector. Apparently, material used in the process of development of the Tooniverse had drifted into the region, draining moisture with all that it came into contact with. With this rupture, many rabbit-based toons were forced into regions closer to Earth. It was only because of the quick thinking of Ralf-124C4U, that this threat was contained (16). In the aftermath, one major effect was the sudden but inevitable flow of Toon refugees into our universe.

Throughout the first 2/3 of the millenium, the Toon community began to make a subtle, yet critical part in the history of the world.


In 1492, the presence of Toon, Peabody prevented the sabotage of Gaspar Viego from altering the course of the voyages of Columbus to Africa.


In 1495, there are reports of the theft of the Medici tablet attributed to toons.


In 1580, a formula , similar to the animation process for most toons, was devised by Rabbi Lowe in the creation of the Golem in Prague, Czechoslavakia (17). Unfortunately the process of manipulation and control also attracted many dangerous and unstable individuals.


In 1595, Vigo the Carpathian created a self-portrait which he would use to immortalize himself, literally.  In 1610, at the age of 105 years old, Vigo the Carpathian was executed in a major peasant revolt.  Just before he passed away, he said,”Death is but a Doorway, Time is but a Window, I’ll be back…”[i] Believing that the control of the Tooniverse could be transferred into the "real" world, Johann Valentin Andrea, in 1641, published Uber das Land Ukkbar in Klein Asien as a model of a possible Christian-utopia and creation of a fictional universe in full detail.


In 1758, Grand Admiral Washuu of Japan discovered a series of feral Toons near the swamps of Edo. By 1768, the Hakubi Rocket Clan was organizing combat tournaments in the Yoshiwara "Green House" District of Edo. (18)

Unfortunately groups such as the Zweite Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft (ZWG) attempted to build communities on the rigid social controls of the Tooniverse. This unfortunately led to such disasters as the 1775 Cannibalism Incident (19).


Furthermore, individuals such as Gideon Fisk would begin horrible experiments to gain immortality (20). In 1790, Victor Frankenswine, resident of Ringtailkat, West Verminy, created the "Frankenswine monster" after experiments to replicate scientific experiments observed in the "real" world (21).

With the opening of the Nineteenth Century, those men who had knowledge of the Tooniverse began to assert the belief that they could create a universe superior in nature and order. By May 15, 1805, the Tooniverse remained the only pocket universe that remained free of the “Adversary” a.k.a. the “Crimson King”[ii].  In June1809, Ludwig van Beethoven apparently created a secret document that he called Immortal Beloved , which had the power to animate an artificial pocket universe[iii].


In 1824 Ezra Buckner of Memphis, TN boasted that he could create "a more perfect world". This led to the publication of The First Encyclopedia of Tlon , one of the rarest books in existence. The book has had the reputation of blurring the lines between fact and ficition, allowing actual "contamination" of the space-time continuum (22).


In 1839, author Meadows Taylor found himself threatened by his own fictional creation after publishing Confessions of a Thug (23). Recent testimony, released under the Freedom of Information Act, suggests a covert pattern of mental manipulation and/or possession beginning with this time period. Apparently the strange behavior of such persons as Edgar Allen Poe, Jack the Ripper, Stephen King, and Stu Miley have been attributed to the manipulation (24).


With the latter half of the Nineteenth Century, the Tooniverse once again became a source of exploitable resources and positions.


In 1860, Abraham Linkidd was elected President of the United Species of America (25). With the election, the Tooniverse began a policy of covert contacts with the outside world.


In 1863 until his reported death in 1888, Dr. Moreau conducted experiments in the South Pacific, in a vain effort to recreate the biological systems of the Tooniverse (26).


In 1872, Miguelito Loveless used the Tooniverse as a bridge whereupon loyal agents would exist in paintings until the moment was ripe, for possible theft or assassination (27).


In 1876, Secret Service agents noted that half-brother and Confederate loyalist, Dr. Arliss Loveless had used similar methods to develop a security system for his offices (28). During the Battle of Little Big Horn, many Custer's men attributed their survival to the presence of a "dog named Peabody, and his pet human named Sherman" (29).


Throughout the 1880s, Billy the Kid (a goat toon, terrorized Funny Animal Land while Spyblot Bones had his adventures as consulting detective (30).


In 1888, acclaimed author Silas Haslam, wrote A General History of Labyrinths, providing a simple and direct set of instructions to open the barrier between "proto-universes" such as the Tooniverse (31).


In 1889, Clow Reed, English paranormal investigator pieced together a prototype "Shadow Game". The fact that he would divide Toon creatures by elemental forces (Gold, Wood, Water, Fire, Earth, et. Al.) and the personal guardian creature was named "Keroberos" (a bastardized version of the name "Cerebus") suggests the discovery of Greek texts in the development of the collection. (32)


In 1890, it was revealed that Dorian Gray, often called "Prince Charming" by his associates, had utilized the power of an Egyptian artifact, possibly Go'auld in nature, to maintain his youth from 1872 to 1890 (33). The fact that the effects of the aging process were transferred to an inanimate portrait suggests a utilization of Tooniverse physics regarding aging.


In 1895, Baltimore-based artist, Byron, used the Tooniverse as a method of "artificial resurrection" by creating replicas of his wife (34).


The onset of the Twentieth Centuy created a new world.


In 1906, British filmmaker J. Stuart Blackton, became the first person to place Toons in a film format (35).   In 1910, Winsor Newton was entertaining such notables as former president Theodore Roosevelt with his toon training act of "Milton the Mastadon"(36). Also that year, Mary Poppins, an English au pair was accused of using the Tooniverse to influence the children of the upper class (37). By 1911, the Tooniverse was becoming even more populated, rival Windsor McCay was introducing new toons to the world (38). In 1913, the Tooniverse was utilized in a bold effort to prevent war in Europe (39). Although the call for peace failed, there was no doubt as to the level of success that the toons had brought the entertainment world. In 1914, Windsor McCay toured across the country to promote his toon training act (40).


The call for development and manipulation of the Tooniverse was becoming the primary goal of almost every major nation.  In the Ottoman Empire, Ambrose Bierce reported the creation of an artificial pocket universe named “Carcosa” created by Hosseib Alar Robardin[iv].  In 1911, American reporters unveiled the creation of a fictional pocket universe called “Thyrus”[v].  On January 11, 1914, when Ambrose Bierce disappeared from Orinaga, Mexico many historians speculate that Bierce simply entered the pocket universe of “Carcosa”. 


In 1915, 300 copies of The First Encyclopedia of Tlon were sent to the bottom of the ocean, aboard the H.M.S. Lusitania by Kapitanleutenant Walther Schweiger, in an effort to prevent the Allies from gaining full control of the Tooniverse (41). On February 21, 1921, in an effort to prevent toon unrest, Windsor McCay created "Cartoonland" (42). Unfortunately, this social experiment quickly degraded into segregated urban ghettos.


In 1922, Walt Disney, former member of the Hales Corners Camera Club a.k.a. "the Hiccups"(1917-1922) entered "Toonsville" discovering Mickey Mouse. (43)


In 1927, in an effort to promote unity between humans and toons, Tom Mix, Mary Pickford, and Charlie Chaplin starred in the film Love in Black and White (44). Unfortunately, by this time toons found themselves the underground acts at speak-easies such as Severini's in New York City (45).


In 1928, the grisly actions of toons Itchy and Scratchy became infamous, bringing shame to the Tooniverse (46). It is interesting to note that this violent behavior erupted soon after Soviet engineers uncovered the hidden library of Ivan the Terrible and a rare copy of Theodoras Philetas’ Greek translation of the Necronomicon[vi].


In 1930, living conditions in Toontown had degraded uncontrollably, exemplified in the deadly 6-story tenement fires. (47)


By 1931, a horrible civil war had broken out in the Tooniverse. In southern-polar regions of the planet, a war raged between the penguins and the albatrosses (48). Many historians point to the rampant racist attitudes of the inhabitants of the Tooniverse, even to African-American humans[vii].  But many intelligence experts point to the experiments with a rare manuscript of the Necronomicon of the Soviet government under Joseph Stalin on April 30, 1931 which were kept classified even today[viii].


In 1932, Bombay lawyer, Mir Bahadur Ali wrote The Approach to Al-Mu'tasim in an effort to create a perfect person amidst the Hindu-Moslem riots of the period. Within two short years, Mir Bahadur Ali was being confronted on a regular basis by his fictional creation (49) It is interesting to note that the Soviets, from 1939-1942, created the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC) - the very first computer laying down the foundations of the Digital World was built.  Many believe that the manipulation of the “Tooniverse” at this level began to caused the vast social turmoil and chaos of the period[ix].


That same year, the civil war struck home when Mickey Mouse was lynched by a group of teenagers who pinned his ears and beaten severely. (50)  In 1933, Mickey Mouse was leading bombing raids, with snake-marines seizing control of the land (51). Many people attribute this to his lynching, while other historians cite virulently racist campaigns throughout the Tooniverse which chanted, "Rats! Rats! Rats! … They chased the dogs and killed the cats!". (52)


In 1935, according to recently uncovered records, Mickey Mouse also served with the navy in the Tooniverse, until he was drummed out by his canine admiral.[x]


In 1934, driven insane by buisness decisions within Fontaine Talking Fables Studio, and by the torment of toon character "Waldo the Cat", artist Ted Mishkin was sent to the Berndale Acres Sanitarium in Croton, NY (53). Many historians point to the death of animator, Winsor Newton (12/22/1934) and the subsequent death of Reba Fontaine, wife of Fred Fontaine of Fontaine Fables (12/24/1934) as signs of a cover up. (54)


By 1939, the Tooniverse was in a full-scale war, porcine toon forces were fighting in the Pacific (55). Unfortunately that same year, Mickey Mouse would grow disillusioned by life in the military after being abused physically and emotionally during his tenure in the Army. (56)


A wartime footing developed in the 1940s in the Tooniverse. Exposure of the Tooniverse had brought about the development of "trigger genes". An already tenable medium of the Toon metabolism had become unstable.


In 1940, Abigail Mathilda Hunkle became Red Tornado and her children, the Cyclone Kids (57). Also that same year, according to sworn statements By General Sir Brian Teagler and Captain Ainsley Greer, Eglantine Price, a self-professed Wiccan, utilized the power of the Tooniverse to help turn back a Nazi landing force (58).

In 1941, with the rush to war, the United States formed 'the Toon Platoon" featuring Roger Rabbit, Wile E. Coyote, Droopy Dog, Foghorn Leghorn, Swifty Turtle and Blackie Cat. Unfortunately, there is truth to the rumor that Jessica Krupnick a.k.a. Jessica Rabbit was the voice of Tokyo Rose propaganda broadcasts (59). Also that same year, Donald Duck caused controversy by openly spouting racist remarks against the Japanese. (60)


By 1942, Adolph Hippo and his Ratzi's advocated a "New Odor" in Verminy. Many people in the Tooniverse soon were forced to listen to the propaganda broadcasts of fascist leader Blitz Wolf[xi].  Recently declassified military reports place Donald Duck in a Nazi POW camp, wherein he was forced to construct munitions for German forces[xii].  It was truly a dark time in the Tooniverse.  This triggered the creation of the Justice Critters of America. In Funny Animal Land, Sherlock Monk had adventures with his loyal assistant, Chuck. In a similar note, Animalville resident, Hoppy became the superhero "Marvel Bunny" after uttering the word "Shazam" (61). Also that same year, U.S. Navy officials record the transformation of 4-F candidate, Henry Limpet into a toon fish, helping in the hunt for German U-boats (62).   In another strange turn of events, Goofy was trained to act a military commando in the European Theater of War[xiii].

In 1943, U.S. military officials documented the active psychic link between Toon and cartoonist that saved the crew of a B-17 bomber, after it had lost all usage of its landing gear in a firefight over Germany (63). That same year, animator Theodore Mishkin, was temporarily released from the Brendale Acres Sanitarium to create the character Rocket Rat, to aid the Justice Critters of America. (64) But the trials of war would have a devastating effect.


In 1943, U.S. Army officials reported Donald Duck would attempt to commit suicide after sustaining injuries. (65)   This would be explained by activities that were later uncovered under the FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) wherein Donald Duck conducted military operations in the Pacific Theater of War, including the destruction of a Japanese troops carrier.[xiv]  Other released documents show that Donald Duck was also the subject of intense scrutiny after being seduced by an Axis spy using the moniker “Madame XX”.[xv]  Other Toons, such as Black Pete, were placed in mental hospitals after reporting hallucinations[xvi].

In 1944, Merton McSnurtle of Zooville was selected by alien gods (possibly "Crimson King") to become "the Terrific Whatzit".  Also that year, animator Walt Fleishmann was dragged into the Tooniverse  by Winchester Wolf, who tortured the animator for over 40years[xvii].  While seemingly unrelated events, the two events are linked by the mad work of occult leader, Rowen Schow.  Apparently he uncovered a method of granting life to images of imaginary nature and suspension of disbelief.  Using a method similar to Vigo the Carpathian (1610), Rowen Schow transferred his mind into the film The Deathless Image, which played exclusively at the Rialto Theater in New York City, New York[xviii].


At the end of the Second World War, many toons began to experiment on themselves to achieve the super powers they had witnessed in the battlefield. In some cases this experimentation was benign, such as the case in 1946 when Cosmo Cat created "Cosmic Catnip Capsules" from lunar materials (in a possible effort to "affect" certain "trigger-genes") in an effort to defend the Earth (66). Also that same year, tabloids reported on the scandalous affair of Mickey Mouse with human actress, Rosa Belmont in Beverly Hills, California. (67)  Donald Duck would spark controversy by performing in "Mammy" black face, sparking anger from the African-American community. (68)


Yet what was truly significant about the post-war period was the move to either seal up or to destroy the Tooniverse, in the interests of urban development. Starting in 1947, the City of Los Angeles began the process of urban development, under the leadership of Judge Doom, over "Toontown" to make way for its freeways (69). Many cite as reason the sudden discovery that even limited contact with toons could contract "Toonero", an infectious vector of the Tooniverse (70).  


Further unrest was brought about in 1948, by the tabloid disclosure of medical experiments known as "The Ritual", wherein Toons would have fingers surgically removed for consumer appeal.


 (71) With the murder of Doctor Kenichi Shikishima, formerly of Unit 731, on October 17, 1947 rumors of grotesque scientific experiments gained even more credibility[xix]

Many more were angered when in September 25, 1948, Roarington Fatback organized a campaign of genocide against “Shmoo” (Southern derogatory term for “Toons”) in Dog Patch, Arkansas.  When in September 27, 1948, Wall Street investors suddenly faced a loss in profits due to the Truman administration’s economic platform, Roarington Fatback organized a campaign to prevent “Shmoo” from “stepping out of bounds”. From October 1-7, Roarington Fatback organized lynch mobs led by Daniel Shmoone, who actively began the mass slaughter of “Shmoo”, nearly placing them into extinction [xx].


Many in the Toon community began to identify themselves and their plight with the African-American and Native-American community, taking upon many of the racist stereotypes. (72)   This lead Porky Pig to form the "New Radical" Movement, dedicated to the advancement of civil rights for Toons. Despite the efforts of the Warner Brothers studios, Porky Pig was successful in the passage of several civil rights platforms. (73)

With the onset of the 1950s, the Tooniverse began to take a dark and disturbing turn, politically and culturally.


In 1950, Mr. Elwood P. Dowd, under the direct medical supervision of Dr. Lyman Sanderson and Dr. William Chumley, reported being emotionally and mentally harassed by a phantom Toon, known as "Harvey the Rabbit"(74).


In 1951, artist Max Moor, according to New York police reports, used the Tooniverse-link to "punish" and/or execute" art critic Fenton Breedly, art dealer Arthur Green, and art collector Lawrence Dilitant (75). That year, Senator Theodore L. Iverson (R-MO), a former Baptist minister, called for a Congressional investigation into activities in the Tooniverse. On March 19, 1951, Iverson began Senate hearings, calling upon Mickey Mouse to testify about medical experiments, such as "the Ritual". Although Mickey Mouse would deny all rumors of "the Ritual", on March 21, 1951, he would be admitted to a local hospital for attempted suicide. Bugs Bunny would become the star witness of the Senate investigations, and the darling of conservative Republican campaigns, on March 22, 1951, by categorically denying the existence of medical experiments such as "the Ritual". (76)


In March 1951, Marilyn Monroe became an outspoken advocate for Toon rights, creating greater legitimacy for the "New Radicals" Movement. (77) Many believe that this was caused by the racist bombings that took place against many perceived African-American sympathizers (Rumors were rampant of African-American money lenders and criminal networks)[xxi].


In August 1952, comic book artist Jim Korman’s creations began to escape from the Tooniverse into the city of New York, causing massive havoc and disruption (78). Also that year, Toontown was wracked by a series of rooftop killings, knifings, and muggings. (79) This was culminated in the form of the bombing of a Toontown school by juvenile delinquents with a hand grenade. (80)


On May 13, 1953, Simple J. Malarkey, in a right-wing coup seized control of the Bonfire Boys of the World, proclaiming himself International Chairman and President for Life (81).


In 1953, two Toon mice, Pinky and the Brain fought wrecked havoc over Japan after stealing a growth-induction ray, incurring the wrath of Gojira. Later on that same year, these same Toons took over the television airwaves in an effort to develop a media-cult following, under the aliases of "Big Ears and Noodle Knoggin"(82). Also, in an effort that followed actions of the post-war era, Cimota Mouse a.k.a. "Atomic Mouse" began experiments to gain super powers by submitting himself to harmful injections of U-235, weapon's grade uranium (83). The backlash against these actions was strong and most definetly severe.


By 1954, reports were being generated that suggested military raids into the Tooniverse led personally by Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-WI)(84). Many believe that these raids were initiated after animator, Reba Newton stormed HUAC hearings in Washington D.C., after fellow animator Andreas Fleishacker named animators and artists with "Communist sympathies". (85) Soon there were other developments, that would bring about serious questions about the Tooniverse. There was the escalation in the research towards atomic-based powers, such as the case with Atomic Rabbit, who ingested unhealthy amounts of U-235 laced carrot cubes (86). Toon society was in a state of flux.


In January 1955, writers from Mad magazine, reported on the deplorable state of civil rights in the Tooniverse. Human-based "toons" were either second-class citizens or worse, the pets of animal-based "toons". Furthermore, under the guidance of Walt Disney, laws regarding the required usage of white gloves were passed. Also, cruel jokes by Disney characters had escalated to the point that Donald Duck was found nude in a zoo aviary listed as a "new species of bird" (87).


In May 1955, political divisions began to develop, dividing the Toon community, like never before. According to Mad reporters, political philosophies from across the spectrum had begun to take root. Toons such as Alphonse Alligator took on the airs of Winston Churchill's British Conservative stance, some like Corky Porcupine took on the stand of Nehru's Non-Alignment Movement. Ol' Bloodhound had taken up the Nationalist political stance of Chiang Kai-shek, while Young Rackledy Coon took up the Maoist beliefs of Zhou-en-Lai (88).


In light of these reports, it is no surprise that two months later, in July 1955, it was discovered by Mad reporters that all "toons" had been forced to resign their positions from Disney Studios and relocate to Disneyland in Anaheim, CA (89).


In June 1956, Scrooge McDuck sparked racial unrest after described Gu, the Abominable Snoman as "a brainless, feeble-minded Mongolian type…". (90)


By 1957, laws within the Tooniverse had been tightened to the point that violators of motor vehicle laws were equated with murderers.(91)


Further unrest was created on December 1958 until February 1959, when Scrooge McDuck announced the purchase of a 24-karat gold moon from the alien being, Muchkale of Venus. (92)  Sparking fears of further communist-backed unrest, the Eisenhower White House received an anonymous visit on September 19, 1959.  While it is unknown what was said during the White House meeting, it must be noted that on October 10, 1959 Pentagon officials, led by General Curtis Le May ordered the military crackdown on the Tooniverse.  This was soon followed up with the discovery of the paramilitary “Method K” death squads in the Dog Patch, Arkansas region[xxii].

The activism and radicalism of the 1960s followed residents into the Tooniverse.


In December 1963, just weeks after the Kennedy assassination, Donald Duck broke up several anti-war protests within the Tooniverse.(93)  Unfortunately things would take a darker turn with the instigation of race riots in the within the Tooniverse.  By January 1964, many claimed the presence of the “Evil Eye” or the “Black Tongue” as a means of mystical control over other inhabitants of the Tooniverse[xxiii]In April 1964, Donald Duck was abducted by left wing rebels in the Tooniverse Republic of San Bananador. (94)


On September 25, 1965 until April 20, 1969, the world famous Fab' Four, the Beatles began working in the Tooniverse (95).


This would create an atmosphere of harmony in relations not seen since the 1940s.

It was the end of the reign of Tooniverse dictator, "Mythmaker" by the heroes of the Honor Guard in 1964, and as such it was easy to feel optimistic about the future (96). Unfortunately according to reports from Ted Brautigan, Bobby Garfield and Carol Gerber of Harwich, CT the Tooniverse was being monitored by a being known only as "The Crimson King", as early as 1960 (97).


In early 1966, Donald Duck sparked controversy in the Tooniverse by stating,"I’ve always said nothing good could come out of Asia". (98)


In July 1966, Wahn Beeg Rat (a.k.a. "Prince Char Ming", "Yho Soy", and "Soy Bheen") started a civil war by bombing the Duckburg Embassy in Unsteadystan in an effort to "unify the people and pacify the populace". (99)


Further unrest was generated on December 1966, when disclosures of the illegal medical procedures of Walt Disney, from 1951 until 1966, as "the Specialist" were brought to light. (100)


In 1967, Howard the Mouse Cop briefly stepped out from the Tooniverse, meeting Charlie Droople and Dorothy Carson. That same year, in Brooklyn, New York, it was discovered that animator Timothy Mishkin, brother to Theodore Mishkin, was tormented by "Waldo the Cat", after NYPD officials discovered a series of bizarre paintings. (101)


By 1968,concerns developed as knowledge spread that a new and deadly conformist faction of Toons known only as, the Blue Meanies spread throughout the Tooniverse (102). Further concerns dealt with the possible social collapse of Toon society based on exposure to human society.


In 1968, reports began to pour in regarding the divorce of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. For many this was a sign of the loss of innocence of the Tooniverse. Further reports also showed a messy divorce between Donald Duck and Daisy Duck. Reports suggest that both characters became alcoholics as a result, often seen complaining of what could have been. To make things uglier, Daisy gained sole custody of nephews, Huey, Dewey, and Louie, leaving for San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury to form an underground rock band by the name of "The Mother Duckers" (103).


With the 1970s, the social fabric of the Tooniverse fell into greater strain.

Dissatisfaction in the nominal democratic system of the Tooniverse came to the fore. The turmoil of the era was emphasized by the "Oinque" versus "Oink" debates. "Oinque" factions were based in liberal camps, while ""Oink"factions were supported by conservative factions of society (both claiming to be heir to Porky Pig’s New Radical Movement) (104). Further unrest was brought about by the stark realization of sex, drugs, and rock and roll. Starting in 1970, Kitty Kat, a.k.a. "Krazy Kat" began to prostitute himself in an effort to pay off his many debts (105).


Furthermore, a dark fatalism began to set in the Tooniverse. Examples of this were exemplified by the sudden death of character, Ferd Pile by his creator, Dennis Kitchen (106). Many in the Toon community saw the subsequent murder of cartoonist, John Pound in 1972, as a form of retribution, richly deserved (107). This also led to a call to political activism.


In 1970, according to records obtained from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Elmer Fudd went to Canada in an effort to arrest Bugs Bunny on the grounds of, "resisting arrest, disturbing the peace, being a public nuisance, jaywalking, and 'conduct unbecoming a wabbit'" (108).


In July 1971, Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse were accused of drug-trafficing (109). Later that same year, according to Detective Frank Harris, underground artist Jack Deebs was involved in a scheme to transform toon "Holli Would" into a "real" human (110).


In 1972, further innocence was lost by the shocking disclosure of the Holocaust of Toon mice during the 1940s (111).


Soon on March 11, 1973, Toon vultures Marx and Hegel (a.k.a. "Engels") began to spread a call for Communist revolutionary violence. (112)  With this, drugs, radical politics, and hedonistic sex became accepted facts of life in the Tooniverse (113). Soon, the darker aspects of racism, urban decay, and organized crime began to seep into the Tooniverse (114). By 1974, this combination of factors led to the acceptance of the New Age movement, and its beliefs in reincarnation (115). In the midst of this social confusion, a dark presence had begun to enter the Tooniverse.


As early as March of 1970, reports had been gathered of a terrible structure known only as "The Dark Tower" and of an armed settlement known as "The Order of the Gunslingers" (116).


In the 1980s, reports began to leak regarding the possibility of civil unrest and the rise of a totalitarian government.


In 1980, Mallard Fillmore was elected President of the United Species of America. With a perceived leaning towards liberalism, the Reagan administration took the opportunity to distance itself from the Tooniverse.


In 1981, with a perceived weak stand on crime, millionaire Cheshire A. Catt assumed the costumed identity of Cap'n Catnip in the city of Petropolis, recruiting Freddie the Gerbil as his sidekick, Womble. With the assistance of Inspector Drummond and Ms. Kitty, the vigilante put an end to the crime spree of Ratman and his gang (117). Unfortunately, the vigilantism began to expand out of control.

This came to a boiling point in 1982, after Superman attempted to prevent alien dictator, Starro, from taking over the Tooniverse. The presence of this one superhero gave rise to a vigilante group calling itself the Zoo Crew (e.g. Captain Carrot, Alley-Kat-Abra, Fastback, Pig-Iron, Rubberduck, & Yankee Poodle) (118). There are further reports that violence erupted between competing vigilantes such as Bat-Mouse and the Incredible Hawg.


By 1984, dissatisfied with the actions of the Reagan administration, Pogo began a protest campaign for the White House (119). Democratic elections and reform measures were cut short when on September 15, 1984 until December 26, 1987, reports from the "Flip Side" reported the rise of a dictator by the name of "Master Blaster", determined to force an era of conformity and order to the region (120).  Many scientists now believe that the damage and civil unrest was created in the region was instigated by experiments in 1984, by Doctor Rob "Dolphin" McCoy who began to experiment in creating artificial life, using drawings made by his son as a basis for the creatures he designed. He was soon joined in his work by students Janyu "Tao" Wong, Goro "Shibumi" Mizuno, Rai "Curly" Aishuwarya, "Babel," and "Daisy" (real names not known). Together, they form the group called the Monster Makers - and create the beings known as “Digimon”[xxiv]With civil war and severe environmental damage to the proto-universal fabric of the region, the Tooniverse became an easy battlefront in the war between Oz and Wonderland. Without the summons of Hoppy the Marvel Bunny by Gnome King Roquat, it is quite certain that the Tooniverse would have collapsed (121).


By January 1985, refugees were overwhelming U.S. government ability to contain. Reports were coming in with word of horrible medical experiments and ethnic cleansing in abatoirs. Pogo and several associates escaped to Terrebonne, LA (c.1.75 miles from Baton Rouge) aboard the vessel ViVi-Quinqereme a.k.a. "Find the Lady" in a brave attempt to avoid the "Extinct Song" (122). In 1985, the rock band A-ha filmed the defection of a Toon dissident into the real world (123). According to reports from Rose Daniels and Bill Steiner of Liberty City, MN, the dimensional rift created highly unstable dopplegangers, who were often mentally unbalanced. This is seen as the reason behind the 1985 disappearance of Norman Daniels by doppleganger, Rose Madder (124). These defections into the "real world" soon became more frequent.


In May 1987, Wile E. Coyote (a.k.a. Crafty Coyote) after finding himself in the center of the debate to end the "never-ending cycle of violence and mayhem", found himself banished to Death Valley, CA (125).


On September 19, 1987, Captain Justice, aka Brad Steele, crossed "the Forbidden Zone", with his sidekick Gumshoe, into the "real world" in an effort to protect his beloved "Pleasantville". The disclosure was made by Emma Greely, on October 03, 1987, while interviewing cartoonist Abner Bevis (126).


The dangers of the Tooniverse were further highlighted when terrorist, Dr. Scarab and several of his known associates on no less than two separate occasions (10/06/1987 & 11/12/1987), began operations to exploit the region for terrorist operations and material (127).


Further dangers of the Tooniverse would leak into the "real world", when antique dealer and occult specialist Louis Vendredi tapped the energy of the proto-universe and channeled it through the most unlikely talisman, a copy of Tales of the Undead #1. This allowed disgruntled and bitter artist, Jay Star to take upon the form of Ferrus the Invincible, in an effort to terrorize local publishers and distributors, whom he felt had wronged him (128).


In April 1988, Donald "Donnie" Darko, under the medical investigation of Dr. Lillian Thurman and Prof. Kenneth Lomitoff, reported being drawn to homicide by a phantom toon known only as "Frank the Rabbit" (129).


In 1989, author Thad Beaumont was attacked by his fictional pen name, George Stark (130). Also that same year, Stanley Ipkiss, was accused of the "Big Head Murders" leaving 12 civilian deaths, and an unaccounted number of police deaths (131). Scientists have theorized that, the hostile nature of the reported behavior suggests a increased survival instinct, threatened by the external forces of the "real" world.


In the 1990s, the social revolutions of the period came to a boiling point.


In 1991, environmental reports have suggested the discovery of a symbiotic relationship between Toons and the Tooniverse. This was supported by reports of Shardik the Bear, who acted as part of a group called "the Guardians". The "Guardians" were a series of toons whose purpose was to serve and to protect the structure of the Tooniverse (132).


In December 1990, Baghdad Betty, Iraq's propaganda announcer, tried to sow dissent and division among Allied forces by intimating the illicit behavior of Toons such as Bart Simpson. While this tactic failed miserably, it highlighted the vast gulf in relations (133).


On September 12, 1991, President George H.W. Bush condemned what he saw as a lack of morals, in America and in the Tooniverse. A week later on September 19, 1991, Toon leader, Bart Simpson, responded to press officials by saying, "Hey! We're just like the Waltons. We're praying for an end to the Depression too!" (134) A week later, Bush administration officials were further outraged when Toon, Lisa Simpson won the National Reader's Digest Essay Contest, by writing on the vast corruption in government (135).


On January 28, 1992 until March 14, 1992, Toon activists began a squatter's campaign in the White House, despite the best efforts of the Secret Service and the White House felines (136). Then there was the kidnapping of Roy and Helen Knable of Southern California, by the demonic entity "Spike". Apparently this entity temporarily transformed the Knables into toons and placed them in the Tooniverse (137).


By October 1992, the Bush administration had enough of the Tooniverse. The administration approved a plan backed by the Adult Coalition Against Funny Cartoons (ACAFC) and financed by Montana Max, to begin a total elimination of the Tooniverse, in favor of urban development. It was only through the last minute lobbying of Buster and Babs Bunny, and a personal meeting with Vice-President Dan Quayle on November 04,1992, that the area of Tiny Toon Acres was saved from development (138).


With the election of the William J. Clinton administration in November 1992, a shift in policy was made. Based on testimony from noted environmentalists Oak and Westwood, it was noted that the Japanese "Pokemon" population had been severely damaged through habitat destruction and corporate exploitation.

On Janurary 1993, President Clinton approved the creation of the Pokedox, registering 210 species of Toon wildlife to be protected under the Endangered Species Act. (139)


Throughout the year 1993, the recently revived terrorists Pinky and the Brain began a multi-tiered plan to take over the world. Known portions of this campaign have included an attempt to break-in to Fort Knox, KY for financial support, rigging of the Kentucky Derby, control of the Country Music Association Awards in Nashville,TN (under the alias "Bubba Bo Bob Brain"), and assassination attempt of world leaders in Geneva, Switzerland (140).


By 1994, an explanation behind the raised level of hostilities in the Tooniverse was discovered. In 1993, after a car accident in Tokyo, Japan, medical reports describe a patient named “Shibumi” went into a form of coma, which allowed him to project his mind into the “DigiWorld”. At some undetermined point following this, “Shibumi” sent a “Mokumon” to Earth, where it assumed his form and carried out activities. By 1994, four “Digimon” have evolved to the highest stage, and become the ruling "gods" of the Digital World – “Azulongmon”, “Zhuqiaomon”, “Ebonwumon” and “Baihumon”. The “Tooniverse” suddenly expanded, growing into six plains, populated with small "miniverses" - localised areas specially created to suit the “Toons” who inhabited them. “Toons” continue to evolve, thanks to the power of the “Shining Digivolution”, a power source kept on the highest plain of the DigiWorld, where the Sovereign dwell, which also provides the energy that enables “Toons” to evolve[xxv].


Reports from Derry, MN by Patrick Danville describe the presence of "the Crimson King", a demonic presence reported since 1960 (141). Furthermore, there were reports by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) that the Toon biological system had mutated into an infectious vector (142).


In 1995, the Japanese decided rather than attack and/or destroy the Tooniverse, have decided to pursue a policy of corporate development. In many cases they have set up tornaments wherein Toons are forced to fight against each other (143).


In 1996, reports of events in Wentworth, OH and Desperation, NV suggest the further demonic corruption of the Tooniverse. In Desperation, NV, a demonic entity identifying itself as "Tak" began to manipulate the environment to suit its dire needs (144). Meanwhile, simultaneously, in Wentworth, OH witnesses watched as Brad Josephson was assaulted by a toon boar (145). Later on that year, a group of toons, under the leadership of Bugs Bunny, kidnapped basketball star Michael Jordan, in an effort to prevent takeover by the demonic "Swackhammer" and his "Monstars" (146).


In 1997, the Planetary Corporation at a secret facility in Norfolk, England attempted to breach the Tooniverse, to investigate apparent supernatural events. The results were tragic, if not horrific, ending in the death of at least four astronauts and untold numbers of military personnel (147).

As of June 1997, Japanese officials revealed a "proto-Tooniverse" being developed inside the Internet. This system has apparently spread from systems in Japan to the United States (148). In retaliation, children of Tokyo were submitted to a transmission from the Tooniverse on December 16, 1997 which sent 618 children into convulsions (149).


To make matters worse, on August 03, 1998, according to records recently released by Deputy Director, Tatsumi Miyako and Assistant Director, Misono Tamai of the Japanese Defense Agency's Bureau of Defense Policy, an incident revealed frightening development. Apparently 2 F-15s were from Hyakoun AFB, after receiving information from AWACS radar aircraft, tracked an alien life form later identified as toons. Before a P-3c Orion out of Atsugi and the Desroyer Yubetsu could arrive, the F-15s were destroyed. Data from the flight recorders revealed a most disturbing detail, apparently, the toons had eaten the human flesh of the pilots (150).


By the year 2000, the Japanese government sets up it's own SIGINT organization to monitor the network, known as "Hypnos." The organisation soon becomes aware of the “Digimon”, existing autonomously within the network, and labeled them "Wild Ones," setting up protocols to deal with them as they "Bio-Emerge" into the real world[xxvi].


But many feel this was a measure that was too little, done too late.  On April 20, 2001, medical officials in Krasnodar, Russia called for a ban on Toons, citing fears of "neuro-linguistic programming". (151) By May 5, 2001, AOL Time Warner cancelled its “June Bugs Event”, citing 12 separate cartoons with “politically insensitive material and patently racist dialogue and images…”[xxvii] On June 01, 2001 Swiss health officials called for a local ban on Toons, citing similar fears as Russian officials in Japan and Russia. (152)  If it is true, then we are witnesses to a frightening evolutionary development.


According to recent 2003 reports by MI5 agent Yuiko Readman, member of the British Library Special Engineer Force (BLSEF), based in London, a terrorist organization, known only as “R.O.D.”(Read or Die) may be a sign of the rise in political terrorism in the Tooniverse[xxviii].   Many cite their terrorist activities throughout Western Europe and the United States as proof of this deadly intent.  It is with that vital information, that on March 09, 2004 members of the G-7 have met in secret to establish the first Earth Defense Strategy (EDS) meeting in Tokyo, Japan[xxix].


It is therefore, the recommendation of this study that contact with the Tooniverse be kept to a minimum. The danger of the region is not fully understandable, and at times has struck us where we are most vulnerable. Military patrol and surveillance of the region is recommended. Further scientific examination must be continued, but with the primary concern being containment.




1. See A Barnstormer in Oz by Phillip Jose Farmer

2. See Buffy, the Vampire Slayer (TV series)

3. See Gods of Riverworld by Phillip Jose Farmer

4. Ibid.

5. See Poke'mon (1995-2002) (TV series)

6. See The Ice Age (2002) (movie)

7. See Yu-Gi-Oh! (1996) (cartoon)

8. See Stargate (movie) and Stargate:SG-1 (TV series)

9. See Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew (comic)

10. See Yu-Gi-Oh! (1996) (cartoon)

11. See The Mummy Returns (2001) and The Scorpion King (2002)(movies)

12. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

13. See Demi, Hitz Demi Liang and the Magic Paintbrush (novel)

14. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

15. See Devereaux, Robert Santa Steps Out (1998) (novel)

16. See Time Trust (comic)

17. See Gargoyles (TV series)

18. See Pokemon (TV series)

19. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

20. See Evil Toons (1990) (movie)

21. See Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew (comic)

22. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

23. Ibid.

24. See Monkeybone (2001) (movie)

25. See Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew (comic)

26. See Wells, H.G. The Island of Doctor Moreau (novel)

27. See Wild, Wild West "The Night of the Surrealist Baron" (1967) (TV series)

28. See Wild, Wild West (1999) (movie)

29. See Peabody & Sherman (cartoon)

30. See Leading Comics (comic)

31. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

32See Cardcaptor Sakura (TV series)

33. See Wilde, Oscar The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) (novel)

34. See Amazing Stories "Vanessa in the Garden" (TV series)

35. See Humorous Phases of Funny Faces (1906) (movie)

36. See Deitch, Kim Boulevard of Broken Dreams (comic)

37. See Mary Poppins (1964) (movie)

38. See Out of the Inkwell (1911) (movie)

39. See The War and the Dream of Moni (1913) (movie)

40. See Gertie the Trained Dinosaur (1914) (movie)

41. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

42. See Cartoonland (1921) (movie)

43. See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

44. See Love in Black and White (1927)

45. See Deitch, Kim Boulevard of Broken Dreams (comic)

46. See The Simpsons (TV series)

47 . (See The Fire Fighters (animated short

48. See Aerial Momtoro (1931) (movie)

49. See Borges, Jose Luis Ficciones (novel)

50. (See Mickey’s Nightmare (animated short))

51.See Black Cat Banzai (1933) (movie)

52. (See Pied Piper (animated short))

53. See Deitch, Kim Boulevard of Broken Dreams (comic)

54. (See Deitch, Kim The Boulevard of Broken Dreams (graphic novel))

55. See Aerial Ace (1939) (movie)

56. (See Barnyard Battle (animated short))

57. See All-American (comic)

58. See Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) (movie)

59.See Gore, Chris The 50 Greatest Movies Never Made (book)

60. (See Commando Duck (animated short))

61. See Captain Marvel (comic)

62.See The Incredible Mr. Limpet (1962) (movie)

63. See Amazing Stories "The Mission" (TV Series)

64.  See Deitch, Kim The Boulevard of Broken Dreams (graphic novel))

65.  See Old Army Game (animated short)

66. See Cosmo Cat (comic)

67. See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

68. See Dumb Bell of the Yukon (animated short))

69. See Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (1988) (movie)

70. Ibid.

71. (See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

72.(See Tea for Two Hundred (animated short))

73. (See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

74. See Harvey (1950) (movie)

75. See "Sight for Sore Eyes" The Crypt of Horror (1951) (comic)

76.(See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

77. (See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

78.  See "Karman's Kalamity" Tales From The Crypt (1952) (comic)

79.  See How To Be A Detective (animated short)

80. See Teachers are People (animated short)

81. See Pogo (comic strip)

82. See Pinky and the Brain (1993) (TV series)

83. See Atomic Mouse (comic)

84.See Deitch, Kim "Karla in Kommieland" Raw (1989)

85. See Deitch, Kim The Boulevard of Broken Dreams (graphic novel))

86. See Atomic Bunny (comic)

87. See Mad , "Mickey Rodent" (1/1955)

88. See Mad, "Gogo Gopossum" (5/1955)

89. See Mad , "Walt Dizzy presents Dizzyland" (7/1955)

90.  See Tio Rico (comic)

91.  See Story of Anyburg, U.S.A. (animated short))

92. See Tio Rico (Comic))

93.See Tio Rico (Comic))

94. (See Disneylandia (comic)

95.. See The Beatles (1965-1969) (TV series)

96. See Astro City (comic)

97.. See King, Stephen Hearts in Atlantis (novel)

98. See Disneylandia (comic)

99.See Tio Rico (comic)

100. See Koslowski, Rich Three Fingers (graphic novel))

101.See Deitch, Kim The Boulevard of Broken Dreams (graphic novel))

102. See Yellow Submarine (1968) (movie)

103. See Beck, Joel Yellow Dog (1968) (comic)

104. See Crawford, Bill "Rufus, the Red-Blooded American Reptile" High Flyin' Funnies, Comics & Stories (1970) (comic)

105. See Lynch, Jay Bijou Funnies (comic)

108. See Kitchen, Dennis Madison-Milwaukee Bugle-American (1970) (comic)

107. See Pound, John Death Rattle (1972) (comic)

108. See Eight-Pagers (1970) (comic)

109. See O'Neill, Dan Mickey Mouse Meets the Air Pirates (1971) (comic)

110.. See Cool World (1992) (movie)

111. See Spiegelman, Art "Maus" Funny Animals (comic)

112.( See Chile Monitor (magazine))

113.. See Fritz the Cat (1972) (movie)

114. See Coonskin (1974) (movie)

115. See The Nine Lives of Fritz the Cat (1974) (movie)

116.. See King, Stephen The Gunslinger (1982)(novel)

117.. See Charlton Bullseye (comic)

118. See Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew (comic)

119. See Pogo for President - I Go Pogo (1984) (movie)

120. See Kidd Video (1984-1987)(TV series)

121. See Capatain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew (comic)

122. See Swamp Thing (comic)

123. See "Take On Me, Take Me On" by A-ha, Hunting High and Low (1985) (music video)

124. See King, Stephen Rose Madder (1995) (novel)

125. See Animal Man (comic)

126. See Once A Hero (1987) (TV series)

127. See Bionic Six (1987) " Once Upon A Crime", "That's All Folks" (TV series)

128. See Friday the 13th: The Series "Tales of the Undead"(1988) (TV series)

129. See Donnie Darko (2001) (movie)

130. See King, Stephen The Dark Half (1989) (novel)

131. See The Mask (comic)

132. See King, Stephen The Wastelands (1991) (novel)

133. Associated Press

134. See The Simpsons (TV series)

135. Ibid.

136. See Capitol Critters (1992)(TV series)

137. See Stay Tuned (1992) (movie)

138. See Tiny Toon Adventures "Washingtoon" (1992) (cartoon)

139.Pokemon (TV series))

140. See Pinky & The Brain (1993) (TV series)

141. See King, Stephen Insomnia (1994) (novel)

142. See Gilliam, Terry "Looney Tunes" Dark Knights and Holy Fools (book)

143. See Poke'mon (1995-2002) (TV series)

144. See King, Stephen Desperation (1996) (novel)

145. See King, Stephen The Regulators (1996) (novel)

146. See Space Jam! (1996) (movie)

147. See Planetary (comic)

148. See Digimon (1999-2002) (TV series)

149. See Associated Press

150. See Shadow Star (comic)

151.(See Associated Press 04/20/2001)

152.(See Associated Press 06/01/2001)



Additional information added 2004.

[i] Ghostbusters II (1988) (film)

[ii]  Fables (2001) (comic book series)

[iii]  R.O.D. (Read or Die) (2003) (anime)

[iv] Bierce, Ambrose Can Such Things Be? “An Inhabitant of Carcosa” (short story)

[v]Onions, Oliver Wildershins “The Lost Thyrus” (short story)

[vi] Delta Green “GRU-SV8” (RPG supplement)

[vii] Hittin the Trail to the Hallelujah Land (1931) (animated short)

[viii] Delta Green “GRU-SV8” (RPG supplement)

[ix] Digimon (1999) (TV series)

[x] Navy Mickey (1935) (animated short)

[xi] Blitz Wolf (1942) (animated short)

[xii] Der Fuehrer’s Face (1942) (animated short)

[xiii] How to be a Commando (1942) (animated short)

[xiv] Guerilla Duck (1943) (animated short)

[xv] Madame XX (1943) (animated short)

[xvi] Donald Duck, Vanishing Private (1943) (animated short)

[xvii] The Real Ghostbusters “Who Are You Calling Two Dimensional…?” (TV series)

[xviii] The Real Ghostbusters (comic book)

[xix] The Lost World by Osamu Tezuka (comic book series)

[xx] Lil’ Abner by Al Capp (comic strip)

[xxi] Droopy’s Good Deed (1951) (animated short)

[xxii] Lil’ Abner by Al Capp (comic strip)

[xxiii] Tom Poes “The Evil Eye” by Martin Toonder (comic strip)

[xxiv] Digimon (1999) (TV series)

[xxv] Digimon (1999) (TV series)

[xxvi] Digimon (1999) (TV series)

[xxvii] Associated Press 05/06/2001

[xxviii] R.O.D. (Read or Die) (2003) (anime)

[xxix] Alien Nine by Hitoshi Tanizara (comic)


copyright 2003-2004 by Jose Ricardo G. Bondoc