THE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE
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AN OVERVIEW OF KEY EVENTS IN THE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE APPEARS IN BLACK TEXT - not intended as an all-inclusive history - for complete information refer to:
Philip José Farmer's Tarzan Alive, Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life, and The Other Log of Phileas Fogg
William S. Baring-Gould's Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street and Nero Wolfe of West 35th Street
Professor H.W. Starr's articles A Submersible Subterfuge, or, Proof Impositive and A Case of Identity, or, The Adventure of the Seven Claytons (both articles included as addenda to Farmer's The Other Log of Phileas Fogg and Tarzan Alive, respectively)
Rick Lai's article The Secret History of Captain Nemo, Pulp Vault number 11, Tattered Pages Press
Peter Cannon's The Chronology Out of Time: Dates in the Fiction of H.P. Lovecraft, Necronomicon Press, 1997
Daniel Harms' The Encyclopedia Cthulhiana, 2nd ed., Chaosium Books, 1998 (including the Timeline of the Cthulhu Mythos by Shannon Appel)
Chris Jarocha-Ernst's A Cthulhu Mythos Bibliography & Concordance, Armitage House, 1999
other works cited on these pages
Sherlock Holmes investigates the disappearance of his distant relative, the Time Traveler.
Short story by John DeChancie in anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, DAW, 1995. For more information on the Time Traveler, please read the excellent Travels in Time by Loki Carbis.
1896 - Birth of Hans von Hammer (Enemy Ace: War Idyll, Enemy Ace: War in Heaven).
1896 - Birth of Fah Lo Suee, daughter of Fu Manchu and an unnamed Russian woman.
Captain Edward Soames is recruited by Mycroft Holmes and the ruling cabal of the Diogenes Club to track down and eliminate a serial killer prowling London. In the course of the case, Soames also works with Inspector Lestrade. The London newspapers refer to the killer as "Spring-Heeled Jack," but the true nature of the murderer is covered up by the Diogenes Club.
Mini-series from Dark Horse Comics by Gordon Rennie and Colin MacNeil, 1997. The Diogenes Club, Mycroft Holmes, and Inspector Lestrade are all from the Sherlock Holmes stories. This case further solidifies the notion that the Diogenes Club was a secret arm of the British government. The alien hunters called Predators have been crossed-over with so many different comics characters and universes, that they must be deemed "multi-versal." Therefore, only crossovers that work within Wold Newton continuity, such as Tarzan vs. Predator at the Earth's Core (1945), will be listed on the Crossover Chronology. Another way of saying this is that Soames encountered the Wold Newton Universe version of the Predators.
Writer and sleuth Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) settles his family in Tedworth Square in London for the winter, quickly becomes involved in a new mystery, and works with Inspector Lestrade.
Lestrade, of course, is from the Sherlock Holmes mysteries by Watson / Doyle. This is not a crossover involving the "real" Twain, the Mark Twain of "our" universe, but rather the fictional character Twain of the Wold Newton Universe. Following the death of his daughter, Susy, Twain and his family secluded themselves in the Tedworth Square abode in the Fall-Winter of 1896. In this mystery by Peter J. Heck, Berkley Books, 1999, Susy is alive and well.
September 1896-May 1897 - The second Professor Moriarty has returned to England and once again has turned his attention toward rebuilding the Moriarty crime empire (The Revenge of Moriarty). However, the involvement of Irene Adler in these proceedings is another falsehood perpetrated by the second Professor.
Sherlock Holmes is consulted by Mortimer Harley, a supernatural detective. Harley refers to his colleague "Tarnacci" (Carnacki).
Written by Ken Greenwald in The Lost Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Mallard Press, 1989. The story is based on the original Sherlock Holmes radio plays by Denis Green and Anthony Boucher, which in turn were based on Dr. Watson's notes. "Tarnacci" is clearly Carnacki; the error is just one many the Good Doctor made in his transcriptions of Holmes' cases. Thomas Carnacki, the "ghost finder," is an occult detective created by William Hope Hodgson, and this crossover confirms his presence in the Newtonverse.
Vampirella and Dracula are both sent back in time from 1970 to 1897 where they meet Abraham van Helsing and Abraham's brother, Boris van Helsing, who lives in Maine. Dracula appears to attempt to reform. Mina and Jonathan Harker are also in Maine. Together, they all resurrect Lucy Westenra, but only briefly. Dracula's "reformation" is short-lived and he ends up attacking Mina before being defeated once again.
Vampirella Magazine numbers 19-20, Warren Publishing. We can presume that Mina and Jonathan Harker divorced shortly after these events, per The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (1898), in which Mina still bears Dracula's bite marks from this attack. Boris van Helsing is the ancestor of Conrad van Helsing and Conrad's son Adam, both of whom are regulars in the Warren Vampirella series. For a complete explanation of Vampirella's true origin in the Wold Newton Universe, please read John A. Small's excellent Kiss of the Vampire. Vampirella has encountered Dracula many times in her career. Not all of these meetings will be documented in this timeline. For more information, please see Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, as well as the Vampirella timeline. Vampirella also has been crossed-over with many other comic book creations. In order to maintain Wold Newton Universe continuity, these will be taken on a case-by-case basis.
1897 - Kathryn Koluchy is blinded in a fire and becomes known as the "Blind Spinner."
1897 - Simon Carne's first recorded exploit, A Prince of Swindlers, as told by Guy Boothby.
1897 - The events of H.G. Wells' The Invisible Man, featuring scientist Dr. John Hawley Griffin, who sometimes goes by Jack Griffin. For more information, please read Dennis Power's article, The Invisibles.
Holmes mentions fellow investigator and master-chef M. Auguste Didier several times in this adventure.
Short story by Amy Myers in The Mammoth Book of New Sherlock Holmes Adventures. Myers also writes the Didier mysteries, which take place contemporaneously with the Holmes stories.
1897 - The events of The Lizard, as related by C.J. Cutcliffe Hyne.
Sherlock Holmes and Vlad Dracula cross paths while working against a group intent on unleashing a plague upon London during the Queen's Jubilee.
Novel by Fred Saberhagen, Ace Books, 1978, based on the memoirs of Vlad Dracula and an unpublished manuscript of John Watson. This is the second adventure which Watson referred to as the "Giant Rat of Sumatra," the first occurring in 1886; obviously, Watson was enamored of the phrase. The Dracula encountered here is not the same as that encountered by Holmes and Watson in 1890 (see Watson's The Adventure of the Sanguinary Count). For a full explanation of Vlad and his relationship to the true Count, please read Dennis Power's Best Fangs Forward, which also covers the truth behind the "familial relationship" between Holmes and Vlad, and which is based upon research by Brad Mengel, here. It is revealed that Mina Harker, still married to Jonathan Harker, is Vlad Dracula's lover. It must be presumed that Jonathan discovers the relationship shortly after the conclusion of this case, for, by May of 1898, Mina Harker is known as Mina Murray.
Charles Beauregard is an agent of the Diogenes Club (a front for the British Secret Service), reporting to Mycroft Holmes. His current assignment involves investigating a series of murders connected to the discovery of the Jewel of Seven Stars, found within the mummy of Pai-net'em. Professor Abel Trelawny also appears, as do Inspector Lestrade, Henry Wilcox, and Sir Joseph Whemple. Reporter Kate Reed is involved in this adventure, and the mad Arab, Al-Hazred, is mentioned. Beauregard also consults with Thomas Carnacki, the "ghost finder," and with Machen.
This chapter of Seven Stars by Kim Newman confirms that the Charles Beauregard of the Anno Dracula Universe has a counterpart in the Wold Newton Universe. I originally proposed Charles Beauregard, Sr., as the paternal grandfather of Clive Reston Beauregard. In conjunction with this, Matthew Baugh proposed that Mycroft Holmes was the maternal grandfather of Reston. See The Shang Chi Chronology for more information. Abel Trelawny is borrowed from Stoker's The Jewel of Seven Stars. Inspector Lestrade, Mycroft Holmes, and the Diogenes Club are from Watson and Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories. Henry Wilcox is from E.M. Forster's Howards End. The Whemple in this story must be the father of the Whemple in The Mummy, bringing the events of that film into the Newtonverse. Kate Reed is a "deleted" character from Stoker's Dracula; this Kate Reed has a vampire counterpart in the Anno Dracula Universe. Al-Hazred is from Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos stories. Carnacki is an occult detective created by William Hope Hodgson; this story places him in the Newtonverse. Machen is supernatural writer Arthur Machen (1863-1947).
The action picks up again in February 1922 with Seven Stars Episode Two: The Magician and the Matinee Idol, available on the Crossover Chronology, Part VI.
Barrister Kevin O'Bannion, an ancestor of Patrick Butler, comes to Holmes for assistance in clearing his client of murder charges.
John Dickson Carr's Patrick Butler appeared first in Below Suspicion with Dr. Gideon Fell. He then appeared in his own novel, Patrick Butler for the Defense. This short story is by Carolyn Wheat, in Holmes for the Holidays, Greenberg, Lellenberg, & Waugh, eds., Berkley Books, 1996.
1897 - The unsinkable liner Titan sinks, as told in Morgan Robertson's novel The Wreck of the Titan, Or Futility.
Young magician Harry Houdini and his brother, Dash Hardeen, solve a series of murders in New York City. Houdini attempts to emulate his hero, Sherlock Holmes, and quotes Holmes several different times. Houdini and Dash also (erroneously) compare a criminal leader to Professor Moriarty, and there is a reference to the master thief, Raffles.
Novel narrated by Dash Hardeen, and edited by Daniel Stashower, Avon Books, 1999. Houdini would go on to meet Holmes in 1900, and several more times thereafter. This is not a crossover involving the "real" Houdini of "our" universe, but rather the fictional character Houdini of the Wold Newton Universe. Interestingly, Harry and Dash refer to Holmes' final encounter with Moriarty at Reichenbach, but don't refer to Holmes' return to London in 1894; this is undoubtedly because the story of Holmes' survival was not widely publicized until the publication of "The Empty House" in 1903.
Holmes receives a visit from Alice Liddell and they discuss their respective sojourns to the dimension known as Wonderland.
Short story by Mark Bourne in the anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, DAW, 1995, bringing Alice Liddell into the Newtonverse. Wonderland is an alternate realm to the Wold Newton Universe. See also Alternate Universes.
Young Lord Peter Wimsey consults the Great Detective upon the matter of a missing kitten. It is also revealed that the Wimsey family is distantly connected with that of Reginald Musgrave.
Lord Peter himself narrates this short tale, which can be found in the book Sayers on Holmes: Essays and Fiction on Sherlock Holmes by Dorothy L. Sayers, Mythopoeic Press, 2001.
January-February 1898 - Harry Houdini and his brother, Dash Hardeen assist the "Dean of American magicians," the Great Kellar, and solve another murder along the way in The Floating Lady Murder, by Dash Hardeen, edited by Daniel Stashower.
March 1898 - The events of H.G. Wells' The Crystal Egg.
This murder mystery featuring Harry Houdini and his brother, Dash Hardeen, features several references to the great detective, Sherlock Holmes, as well as the celebrated Dr. Thorndyke.
Novel narrated by Dash Hardeen, and edited by Daniel Stashower, Avon Books,2001. Although it is not explicitly stated that Holmes and Thorndyke are real people in relation to Houdini's and Hardeen's world, it is also not explicitly stated that they are fictional characters. Since there are many other references placing a version of Houdini in the Wold Newton Universe, we may interpret these as allusions to the real detectives, Holmes and Thorndyke.
Allan Quatermain, Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Hyde, Captain Nemo (Prince Dakkar), The Invisible Man (Hawley Griffin) and Mina Murray (formerly Mina Harker), are pitted against the Devil Doctor who controls London's Limehouse. The Devil Doctor is clearly Fu Manchu, and the conflict is part of a larger battle between Fu Manchu and the first Professor Moriarty for control of London's underworld. C. Auguste Dupin, Campion Bond and Mycroft Holmes also appear, as does Sherlock Holmes, albeit in a flashback to the incident at Reichenbach Falls. The tale concludes as the Martian Invasion begins.
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen comics mini-series was written by Alan Moore, with art by Kevin O'Neill, America's Best Comics, 1999-2000. Please visit Jess Nevins' excellent site which annotates all six issues of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, and which provides much of the information on the crossovers, especially the less obvious ones, from League, which appear on this Chronology. For supplemental information on Victorian characters and stories, please visit Jess Nevins' A Page of Fantastic, Mysterious, and Adventurous Victoriana .
The "main" crossovers are listed above. Haggard's Quatermain, Doyle's Holmes brothers and James Moriarty, Poe's Dupin, and Rohmer's Fu Manchu, are all Wold Newton Family members. Presumably Campion Bond is as well; he is most likely a relative of Fleming's James Bond, and I have identified him as Bond's great-uncle (for a James Bond family tree, please see my The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy). Mina Murray is from Stoker's Dracula; Griffin is from Wells' The Invisible Man; Nemo is from Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and The Mysterious Island; and the Martian Invasion is that depicted by Wells in The War of the Worlds.
Here is a listing of the remaining "minor" crossovers, characters, and references: Émile Zola's L'Assommoir and Nana; Rosa Coote, Miss Flaybum, "The Correctional Academy for Wayward Gentlewomen," and The Yellow Room; Ishmael from Melville's Moby Dick (Ishmael would be about 72 or 73 years old at this time); Harry Blyth's detective Sexton Blake; Inspector Dick Donovan; Verne's Robur the Conqueror; Reverend Septimus Harding from Anthony Trollope's The Warden; Plantagenet Palliser from Trollope's Palliser/Parliamentary novels; Dickens' David Copperfield; Wells' Lavelle of Java and War of the Worlds; Olive Chancellor of Henry James' The Bostonians; Katy Carr from Susan Coolidge's What Katy Did and sequels; Becky Randall from Kate Douglas Wiggin's Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm and More About Rebecca (although the timing is problematic); Eleanor H. Porter's Pollyanna (again the timing may be problematic); Lord and Lady Pokingham; Ayesha, aka "She-who-must be-obeyed," from H.R. Haggard's books; Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels; Cooper's Natty Bumppo; Orczy's Sir Percy Blakeney (see my The Demmed Blakeneys); Thorndike's Dr. Syn; John Cleland's Fanny Hill; Captain Mors (click here for more information); Verne's Journey to the Centre of the Earth; Professor Selwyn Cavor from Wells' The First Men in the Moon; Quong Lee from Thomas Burke's Limehouse Nights: Tales of Chinatown, The Song Book of Quong Lee of Limehouse, and The Pleasantries of Old Quong; Jim Hawkins, Long John Silver, and Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island; E. Harcourt Burrage's Broad Arrow Jack; Guy Boothbys Klimo, aka Simon Carne; Guy Boothby's Dr. Nikola; Morgan Robertson's novel Futility (aka The Wreck of the Titan); Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg; Samuel Ferguson from Verne's Five Weeks in a Balloon; the Artful Dodger, from Dickens Oliver Twist; Charles Ross and Marie Duval's Ally Sloper, F.O.M.; Tom Browne's Weary Willy and Tired Tim; Edward S. Ellis' The Huge Hunter, or, the Steam Man of the Prairies; and H.G. Wells' story The Purple Pinaeum.
Here are a few references from the hardcover edition of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (not repeating those references already identified): Basil Hallward and Dorian Gray from Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray; H.P. Lovecrafts Pickmans Model; The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari; Thomas Mores Utopia; Zenda; Flatland; Vrilya, from Edward Bulwer-Lyttons The Coming Race; Sir Arthur Conan Doyles The Lost World; Wonderland, from Lewis Carrolls Alice in Wonderland; Jules Verne's The Steam House; Sapathwa, aka the penny dreadful villain The Blue Dwarf; Bracebridge Hemyng's Jack Harkaway's Schooldays; Sir Francis Varney, from James Malcolm Rymer's Varney the Vampyre, or, The Feast of Blood; and Count Allamistakeo, from Edgar Allan Poe's Some Words With A Mummy.
Here are additional references from The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen game. While these don't appear in the story proper, they are obviously intended by the authors to be a part of the League universe, and thus are part of the Wold Newton Universe. Again, many thanks to Jess Nevins for his annotations: Spring-Heeled Jack; Charles Dickens' unfinished The Mystery of Edwin Drood; Sweeney Todd; Professor Gibberne from H.G. Wells A New Accelerator; Fan Chu Fang, the Wizard Mandarin, the Chinese arch-enemy of Dixon Brett; Prince Wu-Ling, the Fu Manchu-like enemy of Sexton Blake; Wu Fang; Rudyard Kiplings Gunga Din; Wilkie Collins The Moonstone; Mowgli from Rudyard Kiplings The Jungle Book (click here for more information); Hugh Loftings Dr. John Dolittle; Edgar A. Poes The Black Cat; Charles Dickens Great Expectations; Edgar Allan Poe's The Premature Burial; Alexandre Dumas' The Man in the Iron Mask; Frank Norris McTeague; Wardon Curtis The Monster of Lake LaMetrie; adventurer Nick Carter, who first appeared in The Old Detectives Pupil; Cthulhu; Charles Hamilton's Billy Bunter; E. W. Hornung's Raffles; Mary Shelleys Frankenstein; J. Sheridan LeFanus Carmilla; Hank Morgan from Mark Twains A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court; Mr. Kurtz from Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness; Frank Reade, Jr.; Washington Irvings The Legend of Sleepy Hollow; A. E. W. Mason's The Four Feathers; Jules Vernes From the Earth to the Moon; Jules Vernes Un Express de LAvenir; Charles Maturins Melmoth the Wanderer; Maurice Leblancs Arsène Lupin; H.G. Wells The Island of Dr. Moreau; Lulu from Frank Wedekinds Earth-Spirit and Pandora's Box; Henry Hobson from Harold Brighouses Hobson's Choice; Mr. Cave from H.G. Wells The Crystal Egg; Severin from Leopold von Sacher-Masochs Venus in Furs; Pere Ubu from Alfred Jarrys Ubu Roi; Harry Flashman, who first appeared in Thomas Hughes Tom Brown's Schooldays and then in George Macdonald Frasers Flashman novels; Richard Marshs The Beetle; and Fred M. Whites The Purple Terror.
Note that most of the main characters in League believe that Sherlock Holmes is dead, not realizing that he returned to London in 1894. (His brother, Mycroft, is, of course, tellingly silent on the matter.) Holmes would encounter this same problem during his 1900 meeting with Harry Houdini, and would continue to run into this problem until Watson finally got around to publishing his account of The Adventure of the Empty House, which chronicled Holmes' "return to life" after his battle to the death with the first Professor Moriarty at Reichenbach Falls.
August 1898 - The events of H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds. Pastiche continuations of The War of the Worlds are (in no particular order): The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, volumes I and II by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill, Sherlock Holmes' War of the Worlds by Manly W. Wellman and Wade Wellman, The Space Machine by Christopher Priest, Invasion of Mars (aka Edison's Conquest of Mars) by Garrett P. Serviss, the various short stories in War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Kevin J. Anderson, ed., The Second War of the Worlds by George H. Smith, and The Case of the Missing Martian.
In this companion novel to H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds, Sherlock Holmes, Dr. John Watson, Lord John Roxton, and Professor George Edward Challenger fight against the Martian Invasion. Professor Challenger's assistant, Morgan, is revealed to be the son of Colonel Moran.
This is a novel by Challenger's biographer, Edward D. Malone, and Holmes' biographer, Watson, edited by Manly W. Wellman and Wade Wellman, Warner Books, 1975 (for the reason why the editors added a purely fictional romance between Holmes and his landlady, Mrs. Hudson, please read Wold Newton researcher Dennis Power's excellent article, The Kissable Mrs. Hudson). The 1901-1902 dates given are unlikely. Although the prelude revolving around the Crystal Egg begins in March 1898, Holmes is involved in many different unrelated adventures during the six-month period of March-August 1898. The events of the Martian Invasion, and the main events of this novel, take place during August of 1898. The epilogue takes place in October 1898.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle edited many stories about Professor Challenger, such as The Lost World and The Poison Belt. Challenger is also the uncle of Doc Savage's aide, Monk Mayfair. Regarding the red planet, Challenger was correct in his conclusion that the invaders did not come from Mars - at least not our Mars, since Mars in our universe is (supposedly) a dead planet. However, Challenger was incorrect in stating that they came from beyond our solar system. Instead, the invaders came from a Mars that exists in a dimension parallel to our own, that containing John Carter's Mars, otherwise known as Barsoom. For more information on the theory that Barsoom exists in a parallel universe to Earth, see John Flint Roy's A Guide to Barsoom, Ballentine Books, 1976. See also Alternate Universes.
Allan Quatermain, Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Hyde, Captain Nemo (Prince Dakkar), The Invisible Man (Hawley Griffin) and Mina Murray (formerly Mina Harker) again join forces, this time against the Martian Invasion. They continue to take their orders from Campion Bond, who in turn serves a new "M," presumably Mycroft Holmes. Meanwhile, on Mars (Barsoom), John Carter, the Barsoomian Green Martians, the Sorns, and Gulliver Jones of Mars are prominently featured.
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II comics mini-series was written by Alan Moore, with art by Kevin O'Neill, America's Best Comics, 2002. The invaders come from a Mars that exists in a dimension parallel to our own, that containing John Carter's Mars, otherwise known as Barsoom. For more information on the theory that Barsoom exists in a parallel universe to Earth, see John Flint Roy's A Guide to Barsoom, Ballentine Books, 1976, and the Alternate Universes page. The prologue depicting the united forces of Mars battling against the invaders, and finally driving some of them off Mars and towards Earth, takes place in July 1898. The final details of this battle are related in Mars: The Home Front (August 1898).
Please go to Jess Nevins' exceptional site which annotates The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II, and which provides much of the information on the crossovers, especially the less obvious ones, from League II, which appear on this Chronology. For supplemental information on Victorian characters and stories, please visit Jess Nevins' A Page of Fantastic, Mysterious, and Adventurous Victoriana.
The "main" crossovers are listed above. Haggard's Quatermain is a Wold Newton Family member. It is likely that Campion Bond is also. The marks upon Bond's walking stick spell out "007" in Morse Code, solidifying his connection to Fleming's James Bond, and thus I have identified Campion as James Bond's great-uncle (for a James Bond family tree, please see my The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy). Mina Murray is from Stoker's Dracula; Griffin is from H.G. Wells' The Invisible Man; Nemo is from Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and The Mysterious Island; and the Martian Invasion is depicted by Wells in The War of the Worlds. Mycroft Holmes, of course is from Doyle's and Watson's Sherlock Holmes tales. For a bit more on Mycroft's (and Professor Moriarty's) role as "M," see the entries for The Great Game and Son of Holmes. Lieut. Gulliver Jones: His Vacation (aka Gulliver of Mars) was written by Edwin L. Arnold. Although called "Gullivar" here, the reference is clearly to Gulliver Jones. John Carter, of course, is the hero of Edgar Rice Burroughs' Martian series; a timeline of Burroughs' tales can be found here. The Sorns are from from C.S. Lewis’ Space Trilogy (Out of the Silent Planet, Perelandra and That Hideous Strength). The Martian Invasion itself, of course, is told of in H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.
Here is a listing of the remaining "minor" crossovers, characters, and references: the "Hither People" from Lieut. Gulliver Jones: His Vacation; "Varnal, the Green City" from Michael Moorcock’s Mars series (Warriors of Mars, Blades of Mars, and Barbarians of Mars, featuring Michael Kane, a physics professor transported to Mars' distant past, written under the pseudonym of Edward P. Bradbury); The Crystal Egg by H.G. Wells (which features in Sherlock Holmes' War of the Worlds as a reconnaissance device for the invading Martians); Guy Boothby's Dr. Nikola; Reverend Harding, from Anthony Trollope's The Warden; The Bleak House inn, from Charles Dickens' Bleak House; Major Henry Blimp, the future Colonel Blimp; the straight razor in the museum with the plaque "Kettlewell, Yorkshire, Mr. W.C. Cording" is a reference to The Lizard by Charles John Cutcliffe Hyne; --- (current through issue number two, with updates as time permits).
Here are additional references from The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II: The New Traveller's Almanac. Once again I am indebted to Jess Nevins' incredible annotations! While these don't appear in the story proper, they are obviously intended by the authors to be a part of the League universe, and thus are part of the Wold Newton Universe.
The New Traveller's Almanac: Chapter One: The British Isles: Prospero, Ariel and Caliban from Shakespeare’s The Tempest; Christian from John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim's Progress from this World to that Which is to Come; The Blazing World from Observations upon Experimental Philosophy. To which is added the Description of a New Blazing World. Written by the Thrice Noble, Illustrious and Excellent Princess, The Duchess of Newcastle by Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle; The Bellman Expedition and Snark Island from Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark; a previous League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, comprised of a very elderly Lemuel Gulliver, Sir Percy Blakeney and wife, the Reverend Dr. Syn (aka Captain Clegg), Fanny Hill, and Natty Bumppo; The Streaming Kingdom from Jules Superville’s L'Enfant de la Haute Mer; St. Brendan’s Isle, and the "aquatic infants" from Charles Kingsley’s The Water-Babies; Victoria from James Buckingham’s National Evils and Practical Remedies, with a Plan of a Model Town; Avondale from Grant Allen’s The Child of the Phalanstery; Commutaria is from Elspeth Ann Macey’s Awayday; Abaton from Sir Thomas Bulfinch’s My Heart’s In the Highlands; Baskerville Hall from Watson's and Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles; Crotchet Castle from Thomas Love Peacock's Crotchet Castle; Yalding Towers from E. Nesbit's The Enchanted Castle; Ravenal's Tower from E. Nesbit's The Wouldbegoods; The "White House" and the Psammead from E. Nesbit's Five Children and It; Doyle's The Adventure of the Lion's Mane; Rudyard Kipling's The Wish House; Stella Gibbons' Cold Comfort Farm; H.P. Lovecraft's The Dreams in the Witch-House; Yspaddaden Penkawr from The Mabinogion; H.P. Lovecraft's The Rats in the Walls; Dylan Thomas' Under Milk Wood, a Play for Voices; Captain Robert Owemuch from The Floating Island; Doyle's The Adventure of the Creeping Man; Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass; Graham Greene's Under the Garden; Jules Verne's Les Indes Noires; the Vril-ya race from Edward Bulwer-Lytton's The Coming Race; Joseph O'Neill's Land Under England; Thomas Love Peacock's Nightmare Abbey; Alan Garner's The Weirdstone of Brisingamen; Bram Stoker's Lair of the White Worm; C.S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia; James Stephens' The Crock of Gold; The Lake of the Cauldron from The Mabinogion; Oscar Wilde's The Selfish Giant; Charles Maturin's The Castle of Leixlip; James Yorkston's Cockles and Mussels; J. Sheridan Le Fanu's The Siege of the Red House; Brian O'Nolan's The Third Policeman; W.H. Hodgson's The House on the Borderlands; Alan Jay Lerner's Brigadoon; W.H. Hudson's A Crystal Age; William Morris' The Story of the Glittering Plain; Ayesha's city, Kôr, from H. Rider Haggard's She.
The New Traveller's Almanac: Chapter Two: Europe: Samuel Gott's Novae Solymae libri sex; Hugh Lofting's The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle; Washington Irving's The Alhambra; Lucian of Samosata's True History; Coromandel and the Yonghi-Bonghi of Bo from Edward Lear's The Courtship of Yonghy-Bonghy-Bò; Lanternland, and the glowing Lords and Ladies, from Le Voyage de navigation que fist Panurge; The Oracle in the Bottle from Five Books of the Lives, Heroic Deeds and Sayings of Gargantua and His Son Pantagruel; The Island of the Lotus-Eaters, Ogygia, Odysseus, Aiolio, and the Cyclops from Homer's Odyssey; Alfred Jarry's Gestes et Opinions du Docteur Faustroll, Pataphysicien (Gestures and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician); Anne Marie Louise Henriette d'Orléans, Duchesse de Montpensier's Rélation de L'Isle Imaginaire (Relation of the Imaginary Island); Henri Michaux's Voyage en Grande Garabagne (Voyage to Grand Garabagne); Gustavo Becquer's El Monte de las ánimas (The Mountain of the Spirits); Claudius Aelianus' Varia Historia; Max Frisch's Andorra; La Mancha, Barataria, Sancho Panza, Montesino's Cave, and Don Quixote from Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra's El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de La Mancha (The Ingenious Noble, Don Quixote de la Mancha; Boris Vian's L'Automne à Pékin (The Fall of Peking); Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne's L'Andrographe; Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando Furioso; Jorge Luis Borges' La Muerte y la brújula (Death and the compass); Georges Duhamel's Lettres d'Auspasie (Letters from Auspasia) and La dernier voyage de Candide (The Last Voyage of Candide); Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron; Pierre Louys's Les Aventures du Roi Pausole (The Adventures of King Pausole); Béroualde de Verville's Le Moyen de parvenir (The Means to reach); Alfred Jarry's Gestes et Opinions du Docteur Faustroll, Pataphysicien; François Rabelais' Le quart livre des faicts et dicts du bon Pantagruel and Le cinquiesme et dernier livre des faicts et dicts du bon Pantagruel; Denis Diderot's Les Bijoux Indiscrets (The Indiscreet Jewels) and Jacques le fataliste et son maître (Jacques the Fatalist and his Master); Ferdinand Raimund's Die gefesselte Phantasie (The Bound Imagination); Béroualde de Verville's Le Moyen de parvenir; Alphonse Daudet's Lettres de mon moulin; Poictesme, from the works of James Branch Cabell, such as Jurgen; Averoigne from the stories of Clark Ashton Smith, such as A Rendezvous in Averoigne; Luc Alberny's Le Mammoth Bleu (The Blue Mammoth); André Maurois' Patapoufs et Filifers; the film Les Visiteurs du soir (The Visitors in the Evening); Claude Gilbert's Histoire de Calejava ou de l'Ilse des Hommes Raisonnables (History of Calejava or the Island of Reasonable Men); Claire Kenin's La Mer mystérieuse (The Mysterious Sea); Victor Hugo's La Ville disparue (The Disappeared City); Luigi Motta's Il tunnel sottomarino (The Undersea Tunnel); J.H. Rosny (jeune)'s L'Enigme du "Redoutable" (The Enigma of the "Redoubtable"); Marie Anne de Roumier Robert's Les Ondins (The Water Sprites); Vasco de Lobeira's Amadis de Gaula (Amadis of Gaul); G.K. Chesterton's Introductory: On Gargoyles; Daniel Defoe's sequel to Robinson Crusoe, The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe; Jacques Prévert's Lettre des îles Baladar (Letter from the Baladar Islands); Alfred, Lord Tennyson's The Idylls of the King; Charles Nodier's Hurlubleu, Grand Manifafa d'Hurlubiere; Maurice Barrère's La Cité du sommeil (The City of Sleep); François Rabelais' La Vie très horrifique du grand Gargantua (The Very Horrific Life of the Great Gargantua); Amra, Aquilonia, and the Swedish warrior-king (Conan) from the works of Robert E. Howard; the Melnibonean empire and the black sword (Stormbringer) from the Elric of Melnibone books of Michael Moorcock (note that other references in the Wold Newton Universe treat Melnibone as an alternate universe); Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne's Le Pornographe (The Pornography); André Dhôtel's Les Pays où l'on n'arrive jamais (The Country One Never Reaches); Gaston Leroux's The Phantom of the Opera; Jules Verne's Robur; Jean de La Hire's The Nyctalope; E.W. Hornung's gentleman thief A.J. Raffles; Jean Valjean from Victor Hugo's Les Misérables; Turkish writer Nedim Gürsel's Son Tramway (His Tram); Oscar Venceslas de Lubicz Milosz's Les Sept solitudes, poèmes (The Seven Solitudes, Poems); Raymond Roussel's Locus Solus; Tristan Tzara's Grains et Issues (Grains and Exits); José Muñoz Escamez's La Ciudad de los Suicidas (The City of the Suicides); Robert Louis Stevenson's The Suicide Club; Maurice LeBlanc's Lupin novel, L'Aiguille Creuse (The Hollow Needle); Pierre Souvestre and Marcel Allain's Fantômas; Arnould Galopin's Le Docteur Oméga - Aventures Fantastiques de Trois Français dans la Planète Mars (Dr. Omega - Fantastic Adventures Of Three Frenchmen On Planet Mars); Dr. Ox from Jules Verne's Une fantaisie du Docteur Ox (A Fantasy of Dr. Ox); P.S. Ballanches' La Ville des expiations (The City of Expiations); Charles Perrault's La Barbe Bleue (The Blue Beard); Mme Marie Leprince de Beaumont's La Belle et La Bête (The Beauty and the Beast); Princess Rosamond, or "Sleeping Beauty"; George MacDonald's The Wise Woman, a Parable; Charles Perrault's Le Maître Chat ou Le Chat Botté (The Master Cat or the Boot-Wearing Cat); Jorge Luis Borges' El Zahir; the Physiologus Latinus; Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels; Edgar Allan Poe's Shadow: A Parable; Aristophanes' The Birds; Pliny the Elder's Inventorum Natura (Natural History); Jacopo Sannazaro's Arcadia; Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto; Stefan Andres' Die Reise nach Portiuncula (The Trip to Portiuncula); Emilio Salgari's I naviganti della Meloria (The Seamen of Meloria); Italo Calvino's Le città invisibili (The Invisible Town); Aucassin et Nicolette (Aucassin and Nicolette); Carlo Collodi's The Adventures of Pinocchio; Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose; Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho; Fiabe Italiane (Italian Fables); Johann Heinrich Daniel Zschokke's Das Goldmacherdorf (The Village of the Gold Maker); Ferdinand Raimund's Der Alpenkönig und der Menschenfeind (The Mountain King and the Enemy Man); Max Jacob's Histoire du roi Kaboul Ier et du marmiton Gauwain (The History of King Kaboul the 1st and the Marmiton Gauwain); Leonard Wibberley's The Mouse that Roared; E.T.A. Hoffmann's Der Goldene Topf (The Golden Pot); Thomas Bernhard's Frost; Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Sudden Light; Ludwig Tieck's Der Runenberg; Richard Wagner's Tannhäuser; Aubrey Beardsley's Under the Hill; Lia Wainstein's Viaggio in Drimonia; Tom Hood's Petsetilla's Posy; Edgar Allan Poe's The Masque of the Red Death; Gregory Owen's Meccania, the Super-State; Karl Immerman's Tulifäntchen, Ein Heldengedicht in drei Gesängen; Donatien-Alphonse-François, Marquis de Sade's 120 Days of Sodom; Le Dit de cocagne (The Sayings of Cocagne) and Marc-Antoine Le Grand's Le Roi de Cocagne (The King of Cocagne); Johann Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen's Der abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch (The Adventurous Simplicissimus Teutsch); E.T.A. Hoffmann's The Nutcracker and the King of the Mice and Alexandre Dumas (père)'s The Nutcracker of Nuremberg, in Histoire d'une cassenoisette (History of a Wardrobe); Mervyn Peake's Gormenghast trilogy: Titus Groan, Gormenghast, and Titus Alone; Johann Paul Friedrich Richter's Leben des vergnügten Schulmeisterlein Maria Wuz in Auenthal (Life of the Happy Schoolmarm Maria Wuz in Auenthal); Jorge Luis Borges' Pierre Menard, Author of Don Quixote; E.T.A. Hoffmann's Die Bergwerke zu Falun (The Mines of Falun); Theodor Storm's Die Regentrude; Jean Ray's Le Manuscrit français (The French Manuscript); Philippe-Auguste Comte de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam's Axël: Charles Fourier's Théorie des Quatre Mouvements (Theory in Four Movements); Georges Delbruck's Au pays de l'harmonie (The Country of Harmony); Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne's Les Gynographes; Edgar Allan Poe's The Devil in the Belfry; Voyage Curieux d'un Philadelphe dans des Pays nouvellement Découverts (The Strange Trip of a Philadelphian in a Newly Discovered Country); Marie Anne de Roumier Robert's Les Ondins; Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Mermaid; Paul Alperine's La Citadelle des Glaces (The Fortress of Ice); F. Marcolini's Dello scoprimento dell'Isole Frislanda, Eslandia, Engrovelanda, Estotilanda e Icaria, fatto sotto il Polo Artico dai due fratelli Zeno; Tommaso Porcacchi's Le isole piu' famose del mondo (The Most Famous Islands of the World); Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth; Richard Wagner's The Flying Dutchman; Baron Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum Novam Telluris Theoriam Ac Historiam Quintae Monarchiae Adhuc Nobis Incognitae Exhibens E Bibliotheca B. Abelini; Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt; Frigyes Karinthy's Capillaria; Cimmeria from Robert E. Howard's Conan stories; Hans-Christian Andersen's Snedronningen (The Snow Queen); Tove Jansson's Moomintroll books; Klopstokia from the 1932 film Million Dollar Legs; Alfred Jarry's trilogy of plays, King Ubu, Cuckold Ubu and Slave Ubu; Bruno Schulz's Sanatorium pod Klepsydra (The Sanatorium of Kelpsydra); Oscar Wilde's The Happy Prince; Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda; Lutha from Edgar Rice Burroughs' The Mad King; Franz Kafka's Das Schloss (The Castle) and In der Strafkolonie (In the Penal Settlement); Carl Maria, Freiherr von Weber, and Johann Friedrich Kind's Der Freischütz (The Freeshooter); Sylvania and Freedonia from the Marx Brothers' film Duck Soup; Paul Féval's La Ville Vampire (City of Vampires); Jules Verne's Le Château des Carpathes (The Castle of the Carpathians); James Thomson's The City of Dreadful Night; Countess Elizabeth Bathory; the films Count Yorga, Vampire and The Return of Count Yorga; Brigid Brophy's Palace Without Chairs. --- (current through issue number two, with updates as time permits).
John Carter of Mars relates to Edgar Rice Burroughs his involvement in defeating the Martian Invasion of Earth by the evil Sarmaks of Barsoom.
A short story edited by George Alec Effinger, from a manuscript by Edgar Rice Burroughs, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed. Establishes that the invaders' Mars and Barsoom are one and the same (although, per Sherlock Holmes's War of the Worlds and The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II, the Sarmaks may not be natives of Barsoom). Barsoom is located in an alternate universe to the Wold Newton Universe (see The Second War of the Worlds, 1901). See also Alternate Universes.
During the Martian Invasion, Rudyard Kipling meets Mowgli; Kim; Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris; and Gandhi.
A short story edited by Barbara Hambly, from a manuscript by Rudyard Kipling, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed. The level of destruction and and the political results arising therefrom are overstated in Kipling's account. Mowgli is from The Jungle Book. Kimball O'Hara is from Kim. Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris are from Soldiers Three. Gandhi is self-explanatory. For more on Mowgli, please read David Vincent Jr.'s Jungle Brothers, or, Secrets of the Jungle Lords.
During the Martian Invasion, eight-year-old Howard Phillips Lovecraft has an unusual experience and discovers a connection between the Martian Sarmaks and the Elder Gods.
A short story edited by Don Webb, from a manuscript by H.P. Lovecraft, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed.
During the Martian Invasion, Winston Churchill witnesses the Allan Quatermain's companion Umslopogass battling Martians.
A short story edited by Janet Berliner, from a manuscript by Winston Churchill, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed. Churchill places these events from November 1899-April 1900, during the Boer War, which began in October 1899. However, I believe that Churchill was actually in Africa a year earlier, for reasons that he was unable to reveal. Since he was not allowed to disclose his presence in Africa in August 1898, he fictionalized the time-frame when he prepared this account. Umslopogaas is the warrior featured in H. Rider Haggard's Nada the Lily, She and Allan, and Allan Quatermain. The explanation for his appearance in 1898 so many years after his death is revealed in the story.
November 24, 1898 - Birth of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton. His older brother is Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond. His great grandmother is Oread Butler, a cousin of Rhett Butler (Gone With the Wind).
1899 - Dorothy Gale makes her first trip to the alternate reality called Oz (L. Frank Baum's The Wizard of Oz).
1899 - The events of A Portrait of the Artist as Young Man by James Joyce. The artist, Stephen Dedalus, will later meet Wold Newton Family member Leopold Bloom.
1899 - The events of Grant Allen’s The Child of the Phalanstery.
1899 - Doctor Julius No, the grandson of Dr. James Noel, is born (click here for more information).
July 1, 1899 - Birth of Henry "Indiana" Jones, Jr.
1899-1900 - The events of The First Men in the Moon, as told by H.G. Wells.
Charles Fort, with the assistance of young H. P. Lovecraft, investigates a strange series of disappearances in New York City. Governor Theodore Roosevelt also appears in the story.
Comics mini-series by Peter M. Lenkov and Frazer Irving, Dark Horse Comics, 2002. The story involves the Wold Newton Universe versions of Fort, Lovecraft, and Roosevelt.
January 5, 1900 - James W. Gordon is born. Concurrent with his position as Gotham City's youngest ever Police Commissioner, he will work as the masked vigilante The Whisperer in the 1930s (click here for more information).
1900 - Birth of Philip Marlowe, son of Arronaxe Land and half-brother of Arronaxe Larsen.
July 1900 - Holmes and Watson briefly meet magician and escape artist Harry Houdini, who evinces surprise that Holmes is alive, having thought him dead after the incident at Reichenbach (The Pandora Plague). Holmes dismisses Houdini's shock as a common occurrence among the public, as Watson's account of The Empty House has not yet been released.
In this sequel to Wells' The War of the Worlds, Holmes and Watson help fight against a second Martian invasion on the planet Annwn, which is Earth's counterpart in a parallel universe. It is revealed that the invasion of Earth two years ago did indeed originate from a different universe, that in which Annwn is located. This time, the Martian invaders stick to their own dimension. The Circle of Life cult, lead by the second Professor James Moriarty, collaborates with the Martians in this second invasion, based on the cult members' belief that the Martian invaders are completely superior and should be the natural rulers of humanity.
This novel by George H. Smith was published by DAW Books in 1976. The Island Snatchers, Smith's follow-up Annwn novel sans Holmes, Watson, or Martians, was published by DAW in 1978. Annwn resides in the same parallel universe in which Barsoom is located (see Mars: The Home Front, 1898, which covered John Carter's role in helping to defeat the Martian invaders, the "Sarmaks of Barsoom"). See also Alternate Universes.
1901 - Following the Sarmaks' betrayal of the Circle of Life collaborators on Annwn, and the Circle's decimation under the heat-rays of the invaders, any mention of extra-terrestrial life, Martian or otherwise, becomes an embarrassment for the second Professor James Moriarty. Although he ran the Circle of Life from a distance, and was planning on using the Circle cult members and the events of the Second Invasion with an eye towards eventually ruling Annwn himself, Moriarty now realizes that he needs to distance himself from those events. He taps the remaining infrastructure of the Circle of Life organization on Earth, renames the group "Krafthaus," and assigns Krafthaus members what seems a daunting task: the complete eradication of any substantial evidence of the existence of extra-terrestrials. Moriarty's goal is that within fifty years, no one on Earth will believe in alien life or that the War of the Worlds really happened. (However, even Moriarty could not have predicted the 1947 Roswell Incident and the resurgent interest in extra-terrestrials.)
Over the next several decades, and even beyond the second Professor Moriarty's death, his organization, now known as THRUSH, mounts a massive disinformation campaign, reducing the events of the Martian Invasion to mere mythology. Overall, the second Professor Moriarty's plan is successful, and by the latter half of the 20th Century, most people regard the events of The War of the Worlds as mere fiction. Of course, throughout Earth's history there have been countless extra-terrestrial contacts, such as the Eridaneans and the Capelleans, an orphaned infant from the planet Krypton, and visitations as described in the annals of the Cthulhu Mythos, Star Trek, and The X-Files. However, all records and knowledge of those contacts remain secret, unsubstantiated, or lost in the mists of ancient times.
In the late 20th Century, those who consider themselves to be rational and scientific, such as Dr. Dana Scully, refuse to believe, without substantial scientific proof, that alien life-forms have visited Earth. Thanks to the second Professor Moriarty's efforts, as well as the post-1947 machinations of the Consortium, an offshoot of THRUSH (see The X-Files), such proof no longer exists. Those who do continue to believe in extra-terrestrials, such as Fox Mulder, are regarded as kooks and spooks.
March-April 1901 - Sherlock Holmes in New York, as told by Watson, D.R. Bensen, ed., in which the first Professor Moriarty attempts to strike at Holmes through abducting his nine-year-old son, Scott Adler (aka Marko Vukcic). The events surrounding Holmes' relationship with Irene Adler in Montenegro in 1891 are also mentioned. Curiously, there is no mention of Scott's twin brother, John Hamish Adler, the man who would later be known as Nero Wolfe. There is also no mention of Scott Adler's older half-sister, Irene Adler's daughter, Nina Vassilievna.
May 1901 - Clark Savage, Sr., the illegitimate son of William Cecil Clayton, the sixth duke of Greystoke, is implicated in the kidnapping of his younger half-brother, the legitimate son of the sixth duke, as described by Watson and Doyle in the Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Priory School. After these events, Savage and his wife Arronaxe Larsen flee England; a guilt-ridden Savage vows to dedicate his life and that of his unborn child to fighting evil. Click here for a brief article on Doc Savage's father and the Greystoke lineage.
1901 - Birth of Irma Peterson, daughter of Dr. Caber (click here for more information).
1901 - Birth of Simon Templar: The Saint.
November 12, 1901 - Clark "Doc" Savage, Jr., is born on the schooner Orion in a cove off the northern tip of Andros Island, Bahamas. Doc's parents are Clark Savage, Sr. and Arronaxe Larsen. Doc's maternal grandparents are the notorious Wolf Larsen (The Sea Wolf) and Arronaxe Land, who is the daughter of Ned Land (20,000 Leagues Under the Sea). As part of his training to combat crime and evil, Clark, over the years, will study various disciplines with Sherlock Holmes, Arsène Lupin, Richard Wentworth, Dr. John Thorndyke, Craig Kennedy, Kent Allard, Harry Houdini, and Tarzan.
Sherlock Holmes assists Timothy Cratchit, Lord Chislehurst, in discovering the source of ghostly nighttime visitations.
A short story by Loren D. Estleman, which is sequel to Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, in Holmes for the Holidays, Greenberg, Lellenberg, & Waugh, eds., Berkley Books, 1996. There are two other Holmes / Christmas Carol sequels: The Adventure of the Christmas Ghosts, by Bill Crider, in Holmes for the Holidays, and The Case of the Rajah's Emerald, by Carolyn Wheat, in More Holmes for the Holidays. Each could be a valid crossover and sequel to Dickens' tale, but for the fact that each reveals a different fate for "Tiny Tim" Cratchit. The Adventure of the Three Ghosts was my favorite.
1902 - Birth of Lawrence Stewart Talbot, the Wolf Man (click here for more information).
1902-1903 - The main events of Ayesha: The Return of She, as told by Ludwig Horace Holly (edited by H. Rider Haggard), in which Leo Vincey is reunited with Ayesha.
Holmes enlists Arsène Lupin to perform a bit of thievery for a just cause.
Comic story by Joe Gentile and Rich Gulick, Moonstone Comics, 2001.
Late September-October 1902
Sherlock Holmes and Harry Houdini are involved in the evil machinations of a hideously sinister plot. Dr. Thorndyke makes a cameo appearance, as does Monsieur Dubuque of the Paris police.
This account was written by Dr. Watson and edited by Lee A. Matthias, Leisure Books, 1981. Thorndyke's cases were written by R. Austin Freeman. Dubuque and Holmes also met during the cases of The Second Stain and The Boulevard Assassin.
Sherlock Holmes investigates a murder at a secret ecumenical conference in London. A young Father Brown also becomes involved in the case. It is also stated that Father Brown went on to visit Holmes many times thereafter.
Novel by Stephen Kendrick, from a manuscript by John H. Watson, Pantheon Books, 2001. This book gives Father Brown's first name as "Paul" whereas in his 1967 appearance in The Rainbow Affair, he is named "John." Perhaps his full name is John Paul Brown.
1903 - The second Professor Moriarty quietly establishes a new identity for himself, that of Andrew Lumley, a respected philanthropist (see Buchan's The Power-House).
1903 - Professor Challenger's and Lord John Roxton's expedition to The Lost World, as related by Edward Malone (edited by Arthur Conan Doyle). Canonical books in the series are: The Poison Belt, The Land of Mist, The Disintegration Machine, and When the World Screamed. Professor Challenger's adventures continued in Professor Challenger in Space (edited by S.W. Theaker) and several other crossovers listed on this Chronology.
1903-1913 - David Innes and Abner Perry make the trip to Pellucidar and the rest of the events of E.R. Burroughs' At the Earth's Core follow. The remaining authorized books in Burroughs' Pellucidar series are: Pellucidar, Tanar of Pellucidar, Tarzan at the Earth's Core, Back to the Stone Age, Land of Terror, Savage Pellucidar, and Mahars of Pellucidar (by John Eric Holmes).
Holmes and Watson again work with Vlad Dracula. Inspector Merrivale and Rasputin also appear. Vlad ruminates upon Rasputin, "But I believe I smiled, because the Russian word rasputin carries strong connotations of sexual debauchery; rather as if an Englishman or American were to introduce himself as Gregory Porno, or Ephraim Smut."
Novel by Fred Saberhagen, Tor Books, 1994. This is not the "real" Count Dracula, whom Holmes and Watson encountered in 1890. (see Watson's The Adventure of the Sanguinary Count, 1890). For a full explanation of Vlad and his relationship to the true Count, see Dennis Power's Best Fangs Forward, which also covers the truth behind the "familial relationship" between Holmes and Vlad, and which is based upon research by Brad Mengel, here. Inspector Merrivale would go on to be known as Sir Henry Merrivale, whose cases were chronicled by Carter Dickson (aka John Dickson Carr). Rasputin, as revealed in Rasputin's Revenge, 1916-1917, is the son of the first Professor James Moriarty. From Vlad's ruminations, on page 288, we may also postulate that Ephraim Tutt is a real person in the Newtonverse, that Vlad has encountered or heard of him, and that Vlad, here, is playing upon his name. Writer Arthur Train featured lawyer Ephraim Tutt in more than eighty short stories, most of them published in the Saturday Evening Post between 1919 and 1945.
Holmes goes up against the elusive master criminal Arsène Lupin.
A short story by Maurice Leblanc in the volume Arsène Lupin, Gentleman-Cambrioleur, featuring an encounter between Holmes and Lupin. Lupin is also a Wold Newton family member. Due to copyright issues, Leblanc was unable to secure permission to write about Holmes. Consequently, the story was published under the title Holmlock Shears Arrives Too Late. I have taken the liberty of restoring to the Great Detective his proper name.
Count Dracula attempts to exact revenge upon Sherlock Holmes, but Holmes outwits him, at least for the time being.
Comic story by Will Richardson, Kevin Duane, and Anton Caravana, in The Rook number 10, Warren Publishing, August 1981.
Sherlock Holmes once again works in opposition to Arsène Lupin. The two do not actually meet until a final episode in October.
A novel by Maurice Leblanc: Arsène Lupin Versus Herlock Sholmes. Once again, I have restored the detective to his proper name. Another story in this volume chronicles yet another encounter in 1908.
1904 - Robur the Conqueror returns in Jules Verne's Master of the World.
Wold Newton Family member Leopold Bloom encounters artist Stephen Dedalus.
Novel by James Joyce. Click here for more information.
1904 - Birth of Yitzik Baline (aka Rick Blaine) in New York City (click here for more information).
1904 - Miss Mina Murray visits a master detective turned bee-keeper in Fulworth, Sussex, as related by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill in The New Traveller's Almanac, Chapter One: The British Isles in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II.
1905 - George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, aka My Fair Lady (click here for more information).
Holmes takes a case for Franklin D. and Eleanor Roosevelt.
Short story by Roberta Rogow in The Game is Afoot, Marvin Kaye, editor, 1995. Holmes once worked with the Roosevelts' relative, Theodore Roosevelt, in 1880. Young Indiana Jones met Theodore Roosevelt in 1909.
In this collection of short stories following the exploits of Raffles Holmes, it is revealed that Sherlock Holmes had a son with the sister of notorious thief A.J. Raffles.
Apparently Holmes got around a lot for a man who professed to dislike the company of women. Stories by John Kendrick Bangs, Otto Penzler Books, 1906. The original Raffles stories by E.W. Hornung can be found in The Collected Raffles Stories, Oxford University Press, 1996. This story claims that Raffles Holmes' mother was A.J.'s daughter, but it can be demonstrated that she was, in fact, A.J.'s sister. Click here for more information.
1906 - The first recorded case of the vigilante group The Four Just Men, as revealed by Edgar Wallace (although, with the death of one of the members in 1902, there are now only Three Just Men).
Holmes and Watson are transported to Oz by magic in order to solve a mystery there.
In this short story by Ruth Berman, it is clearly stated that Oz is an alternate universe to the reality from which Holmes has come and that he may stay as long as he likes, because he can be returned to his reality (The Wold Newton Universe) at exactly the same time that he left. (See also Alternate Universes.) Story found in the collection The Game is Afoot, Marvin Kaye, editor, 1994. Date is conjecture, but must take place after Doyle's Holmes adventure, The Blue Carbuncle, in 1887.
1906 - Britt Reid, son of Dan Reid, Jr., and great nephew of The Lone Ranger, is born. He will become the first Green Hornet.
Autumn 1906 - Fu Manchu (aka Hanoi Shan) sets up criminal operations in Paris, as related in two short stories, The Suicide Room and The Scented Death, found in H. Ashton-Wolfe's Warped in the Making: Crimes of Love and Hate.
Sherlock Holmes, Mycroft Holmes, Dr. Watson, Professor Moriarty, Colonel Moran, Winston Churchill, Czar Nicholas, & Rasputin are all featured in this novel. Nina Vassilievna, the daughter of Irene Adler and the King of Bohemia, is introduced. Holmes fakes his permanent retirement to Sussex. Deaths of Colonel Sebastian Moran and the first Professor James Moriarty.
Written by Austin Mitchelson and Nicholas Utechin, Belmont Tower Books, 1976. Nina Vassilievna is the half-sister of Nero Wolfe and Marko Vukcic. Rasputin, as revealed in Son of Holmes, is the son of the first Professor Moriarty. When in Sussex, Holmes works on scientific research designed to protect humanity in the event of another Martian Invasion (see The Case of the Missing Martian).
February 19, 1907 - Birth of science-fiction writer Kilgore Trout. Some biographical details of Trout's life have been furnished by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., in God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, Slaughterhouse-Five, Breakfast of Champions, and others. Trout is the grandson of Johnny Shawnessy (Raintree County) and is also a distant descendant of both Natty Bumppo (The Leatherstocking Tales) and Ebenezer Cooke (The Sot Weed Factor).
1907 - Solar Pons opens his private inquiry practice at 7B Praed Street in London.
1907 - Dr. John Thorndyke's first documented case, The Red Thumb Mark, as told by R. Austin Freeman.
With Holmes out of London, Watson takes a case on his own, assisting friend Langdale Pike to avoid a murder charge. They investigate the true circumstances of how the Invisible Man (John Hawley Griffin) achieved his feat of invisibility, and their inquiry takes them down the path of the occult. In the course of their search, they meet Arthur Machen and Aleister Crowley, and at one point turn to Mycroft Holmes for assistance. Sherlock Holmes appears at the conclusion of the case, and it is revealed that while he does own property in Sussex, he has not yet been able to bring himself to retire from his rooms in Baker Street.
1908 - The first recorded adventure of Captain Mors, der Luftpirat, The Ruler of the Ocean of the Air.
The final episode of the Holmes/Martian invasion trilogy. Professor Challenger and Mycroft Holmes are featured and Sigmund Freud is mentioned as an acquaintance of Holmes. Death of the second Professor Moriarty?
A Sherlock Holmes comics mini-series published by Eternity Comics. The three episodes chronicling Holmes' battles against the Martians establish that Wells' The War of the Worlds is part of the Wold Newton Universe. Of course, Holmes supposedly met Freud in Nicholas Meyer's popular novel, The Seven Per-Cent Solution. However, that novel was based on a false manuscript, probably a hoax perpetrated by the second Professor Moriarty.
The second Professor Moriarty's motive for stealing the last remaining Martian war machine from the British Museum appears to be merely the accumulation of power. However, his true motive, not revealed in the story, was his continuing fanatical crusade to obliterate of all evidence pertaining to extra-terrestrial life, a crusade he began after The Second War of the Worlds, 1901.
Young Indy meets Lawrence of Arabia.
Episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Duncan MacLeod met Lawrence of Arabia in 1916.
May 28, 1908 - Ernst Stavro Blofeld, son of "Wolf Larsen"/"Karl von Hessel," is born in Gdynia (click here for more information).
1908 - Publication of Campion Bond's Memoirs of an English Intelligenser.
Holmes refers to his colleague Dr. John Thorndyke and mentions that they worked together the previous year on the Red Thumb Mark case.
Short story in The Lost Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, adapted by Ken Greenwald from the Sherlock Holmes radio scripts of Anthony Boucher and Dennis Green, Mallard Press, 1989. Confirms the presence of Dr. Thorndyke in the Newtonverse. This case is not to be confused with a case of similar name, The Canary Trainer, which took place in 1891.
Holmes again crosses swords with the notorious Arsène Lupin.
A short comics story by Joe Gentile in the volume of Sherlock Holmes stories called Soul of the Dragon, Northstar Press, 1995.
Young Indiana Jones meets Pablo Picasso.
Episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Tarzan met Picasso in 1909.
Indiana Jones meets Sigmund Freud.
Episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Sherlock Holmes met Freud in this year also.
January 1909 - Gaston Max, an investigator with uncanny abilities at disguise and mimicry, solves his first case in The Yellow Claw, as told by Sax Rohmer.
Arsène Lupin's wife, Raymonde de Saint-Veran, is accidentally killed during his battle with Sherlock Holmes.
Novel by Maurice Leblanc.
May 1909 - Death of Prince Dakkar, also known as the first Captain Nemo. (As told by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill in The New Traveller's Almanac, Chapter Three: The Americas in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II.)
1909 - Birth of Richard Henry Benson, great nephew of Phileas Fogg (Around the World in Eighty Days, The Other Log of Phileas Fogg). Benson will become The Avenger and found Justice, Inc., in the late 1930s.
1909 - Birth of teen-detective Frank Hardy.
The Rook (Restin Dane), Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Jules Verne, William Sydney Porter (O. Henry), the Cisco Kid, "Poncho" Hernandez, and Sherlock Holmes versus Robur the Conqueror.
Issues 4-6 of Warren Publishing's The Rook, August-December 1980, by Budd Lewis and Lee Elias. Time traveling Restin Dane is the grandson of H.G. Wells' The Time Traveler (known variously as Bruce Clarke Wildman or Adam Dane). This is discussed in more detail in a 1977 entry for The Rook on this Chronology. Dane's "home-base" time period is from 1977-1983.
This crossover brings the Cisco Kid and Poncho into the Wold Newton Universe, although "Poncho" is more normally spelled "Pancho." Jules Verne, in our universe, died in 1905. However, this is the Wold Newton Universe version of Verne. The villain in this story is called "Robar," but is clearly Robur, of Verne's two novels Robur the Conqueror (aka Clipper of the Clouds) and Master of the World. This story takes place in several different time frames, but the main time frame is supposedly a few months after the Tunguska explosion in Siberia in the summer of 1908. However, it would have take Robur longer than that to gather his new army and build his new ship, so I have placed this story a year later, in 1909. Regarding Robur, he claims to be a refugee from an alien space war. It is more likely that this is the same Robur seen in Verne's tales, experimenting with space flight, and that his ship crashed in Siberia.
The Tunguska incident on June 30, 1908, seems to be a focal point in the Wold Newton Universe. A young Clark Savage was involved in the event (see The Asteroid Terror on The Doc Savage Chronology), which had later repercussions as detailed in several episodes of The X-Files. According to the latest Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Fu mini-series (2002), Nikola Tesla, in his quest for a new energy source, was responsible for the Tunguska explosion.
1909 - Howards End, as recounted by E.M. Forster.
|1909 - The events of Tarzan of the Apes.|
Tarzan meets Pablo Picasso in Paris.
Indy met Picasso as a child and again as a young adult in May 1917 (The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). Tarzan met the artist while he was in Paris during the events of Tarzan of the Apes in a story published by Dark Horse Comics, Tarzan numbers 11 and 12, written by Lovern Kindzierski and illustrated by Stan Manoukian and Vince Roucher. Consequently, Indy exists in the same universe as Tarzan. These events appear to be a sort of "copycat" case, mirroring the 1891 events of The Phantom of the Opera/The Canary Trainer.
While Tarzan is in New York, he meets John Watson's editor, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; Nikola Tesla; Thomas Edison; and Frankenstein's Monster.
This story also occurs during the events of Tarzan of the Apes and is published by Dark Horse Comics, Tarzan numbers 13 and 14, written by Lovern Kindzierski and illustrated by Stan Manoukian and Vince Roucher. Indiana Jones would later also meet Conan Doyle and Thomas Edison. The monster is the first Creature, from Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein, as opposed to later Monsters, such as those seen in the Universal film versions. For more on Frankenstein in the Newtonverse, click here and read Wold Newton scholar Mark Brown's article.
Tarzan is still in New York, where he encounters Dr. Jekyll / Mr. Hyde.
Again, this story occurs during the events of Tarzan of the Apes and is published by Dark Horse Comics, Tarzan numbers 15 and 16, written by Lovern Kindzierski and illustrated by Stan Manoukian and Vince Roucher. Sherlock Holmes and John Watson went up against the good doctor and his nasty counterpart in 1885.
Indiana Jones meets Theodore Roosevelt.
According to the television program The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, Indy met Roosevelt. Since Sherlock Holmes knew Roosevelt, Indiana Jones must be a part of the Wold Newton Universe.
Tarzan's first visit to Opar.
This novel records Tarzan's early adventures in Opar and was written by Edgar Rice Burroughs. It relates back to Hadon's adventures in Opar 12,000 years ago. Date is derived from Farmer's chronology in Tarzan Alive.
While in Egypt, master illusionist and escape artist Harry Houdini has an adventure with Lovecraftian overtones.
Short story by H.P. Lovecraft and Harry Houdini, Weird Tales, May 1924; The Transition of H.P. Lovecraft: The Road to Madness, Del Rey, 1996. Houdini also worked with both Sherlock Holmes and Conan Doyle.
1910 - Tom Swift's first adventure, Tom Swift and His Motor Cycle. Tom is the son of inventor and former U.S. Secret Service agent Barton Swift.
1910 - Birth of teen-detective Joe Hardy.
Sherlock Holmes and Harry Houdini solve a case together.
Novel by Daniel Stashower, Penguin Books, 1986. Although this case takes place after The Pandora Plague, Watson probably wrote it up first; thus his assertion that this was the first meeting of Holmes and Houdini. Houdini also had a Lovecraftian adventure, Imprisoned with the Pharaohs. He met Holmes again in 1922, as well as working with Watson's editor, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, on several cases.
The final chronicled encounter between Arsène Lupin and Sherlock Holmes.
Novel by Maurice Leblanc.
September 1910 - Tarzan and Jane get married.
1910 - The Egyptian mummy Kharis is revived and wreaks havoc, as told in the film The Mummy's Hand. Sequels are The Mummy's Tomb, The Mummy's Ghost, and The Mummy's Curse.
1910 - The events of John Buchan's The Power-House, wherein British politician Edward Leithen exposes the treacherous activities of Andrew Lumley (aka the second Professor Moriarty, who evidently did not die at the conclusion of The Case of the Missing Martian) and the Krafthaus organization. Lumley-Moriarty dies at the conclusion of this affair, and Krafthaus begins its evolution into the criminal network/"secret nation" known as THRUSH.