THE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE1795 - Wold Newton meteor strike: Eighteen individuals "were riding in two coaches past Wold Newton, Yorkshire.... A meteorite struck only twenty yards from the two coaches.... The bright light and heat and thunderous roar of the meteorite blinded and terrorized the passengers, coachmen, and horses.... They never guessed, being ignorant of ionization, that the fallen star had affected them and their unborn." Tarzan Alive, Addendum 2, pp. 247-248. The meteor strike was "the single cause of this nova of genetic splendor, this outburst of great detectives, scientists, and explorers of exotic worlds, this last efflorescence of true heroes in an otherwise degenerate age." Id., pp.230-231.         Artwork by Lisa Eckert



(1986 - 2000)

by Win Scott Eckert

Search The Wold Newton Universe



AN OVERVIEW OF KEY EVENTS IN THE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE APPEARS IN BLACK TEXT - not intended as an all-inclusive history - for complete information refer to:

Early 1986


Sable heads a safari in Africa, the object of which is to locate Trader Horn's legendary lost ivory ape.

Although Trader Horn was a real person, he is referred to in Farmer's Tarzan book, The Dark Heart of Time. Whether the "real person" connection method is used or not, this story does make Sable's presence in the Newtonverse stronger. Story arc in issues 36-39 of Jon Sable, Freelance, by Mike Grell.


1986 - Death of Alan Reid, nephew of Britt Reid II, on his first mission as the third Green Hornet.

1986 - The events of the feature film Big Trouble in Little China.

1986 - According to The Buckaroo Banzai Timeline, Billy Travers' (from Buckaroo Banzai) and Felicia Vasquez' marriage is annulled, and Felicia is last seen with trucker Jack Burton (from Big Trouble in Little China; click here for more information).



December 1986

THE DOOMSDAY BOOKSherlock Holmes and The Batman III

The third Batman and Robin team, along with Ralph Dibny, the Elongated Man, and Gotham City private eye Slam Bradley, travel to Great Britain to prevent the assassination of Queen Elizabeth by the evil Edgar Moriarty. Edgar's plot is a hundredth-anniversary attempt to recreate the plot of his great-granduncle, the first Professor Moriarty, as told in The Adventure of the Red Leech (1886). Mary Watson, a descendant of the good Doctor John Watson, at first confuses Ralph Dibny with his well-known father, referring to him as "The Eel Man." At the conclusion of the adventure, Sherlock Holmes himself appears and lends the other heroes a helping hand in wrapping up the case. Holmes, who is rather well-preserved for a man of 132 years, due to a certain distillation of Royal Jelly and the rarefied air of Tibet, gives his blessing for the marriage of Thomas Moriarty and Mary Watson.

Detective Comics issue number 572, by Mike W. Barr, Alan Davis, Terry Beatty, Dick Giordano, Carmine Infantino, Al Vey, E.R. Cruz, and Paul Neary. See the crossover rules for superheroes.

Since Edgar refers to the first Professor Moriarty as his great-granduncle, it is most likely that cousins Edgar and Thomas are descendants of the first Professor's brother, the second Professor, thus making the evil Dominick (Medina) Moriarty (see The Three Hostages, 1921) their grandfather. Mary Watson must be the granddaughter of --- Watson, who was the son of Dr. Watson and Nylepthah (The Peerless Peer).




The Ghostbusters fight the Old Ones of the Cthulhu Mythos.

Episode of The Real Ghostbusters broadcast in 1990. The Ghostbusters re-formed in 1997 as Extreme Ghostbusters.




When Sherlock Holmes, Watson, Moriarty, and the Hound are given life out of imagination, and become so real in the public consciousness that they become something akin to ghosts, there is only one person who can help them: super sleuth Winston Zeddemore of the Ghostbusters.

Episode of Slimer and the Real Ghostbusters. Even after a bit less than one-hundred years, the very real Holmes, Watson, and Moriarty have passed into the realm of fictional characters. So it is not surprising that by the 24th Century, there is no real and tangible evidence that they actually existed.


June 1987


The Shadow and The Avenger cross paths once again.

Story in DC Comics' second The Shadow series, published in the 1980s, issues 14 through 19. The Avenger is 78 years old, placing Richard Benson's birthdate in 1909.


Mid 1987


Miami vice cops Sonny Crockett and Ricardo Tubbs appear in this Jon Sable adventure.

This story places the television series Miami Vice in the Wold Newton Universe. Although CIA agents refer to them as ATF agents, these are the same CIA agents who bumble throughout the whole story, so it's not hard to believe they got the ATF reference wrong as well. Story arc found in issues 54-56, of Jon Sable, Freelance, by Mike Grell. Crockett and Tubbs actually appear in issue 54.




It is revealed Remo Williams was buried in Wildwood Cemetery between the DeFuria family plot and the plot where D. Colt was buried.

Number 69 in The Destroyer series. Remo Williams was an honest cop who was framed (by CURE) for the murder of pusher, and then executed and buried.  But the the chair didn't work and a homeless bum was buried in the plot.  All records of Remo Williams were erased and Remo was trained by Chiun in Sinanju. Wildwood Cemetery, of course, is located on the north side of Central City and is the location of the grave and headquarters of Denny Colt, otherwise known as The Spirit, whose exploits were chronicled by the master comic book artist, Will Eisner. Denny Colt's sister, Sally Colt, was known to work for female private detective Dol Bonner, as told in Rex Stout's Nero Wolfe books. For more on other Remo links, please read Matthew Baugh's excellent The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe.


1988 - A covert branch of the British Secret Service sends one of their former top agents, who has just resigned, to the long-abandoned Village, where she encounters a certain Number 6, who was left behind when the U.N. evacuated the place almost twenty years ago (The Prisoner: Shattered Visage).


December 1988


Doc Savage performs a hypnotic technique he learned from The Shadow, using a girasol. Also, while in Washington, D.C., Monk Mayfair and Ham Brooks walk past a graffiti-painted fence which has the names of many rock stars and bands, including REM, Iggy Pop, Elvis, PIL, and Buckaroo Banzai.

The full name of the band is Buckaroo Banzai and the Hong Kong Cavaliers. Thus, Buckaroo exists in The Wold Newton Universe. Issues 1-6 of DC Comics’ Doc Savage, Volume 2. The Shadow reference is in issue 6; the graffiti scene is in issue 3.


May 1989


FBI Agent Fox Mulder meets three geeks, John Fitzgerald Byers, Richard "Ringo" Langley, and Melvin Frohike, who will go on to form The Lone Gunmen. Detective John Munch of Baltimore Homicide also appears.

Episode of The X-Files marking the first chronological appearance of the Lone Gunmen. The Lone Gunmen went on to their own television series starting in 2001, although the pilot episode took place in early 2000. Munch is from the television show Homicide; see the TV Crossovers page for more information on Homicide. The subsequent appearances of the Lone Gunmen on The X-Files, and appearances of X-Files characters on The Lone Gunmen series, are too numerous to mention here; this one listing should be sufficient.


1989 - Paul Reid, nephew of Britt Reid II and brother of Alan Reid, becomes the fourth Green Hornet. He will work with various Katos over the years (Mishi, Hayashi, and Kono Kato).

1989 - Death of the 21st Phantom during an attempted coup in Bangala (The Ghost Who Walks, a comics mini-series published by Marvel Comics).


January to September, 1989


In March of this year, Jake and several other Callahan's regulars encounter Travis McGee's associate, Ludwig Meyer, at the mooring site of The Busted Flush.

A novel by Spider Robinson, Bantam Books, 2000. McGee is a Wold Newton Family member, and this crossover cements the connection between the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon series and the Wold Newton Universe.


1989 - John Sunlight is resurrected in Sunlight Rising, before finally being defeated by Doc Savage once and for all.

December 1989 - The Ghostbusters are back in business (Ghostbusters 2 feature film).


Winter 1990


Remo Williams and Chiun battle Fu Manchu.

The Destroyer number 83, January 1991. For a detailed analysis explaining why the villain of the piece really is Fu Manchu, please read Matthew Baugh's excellent The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe. This story takes place more than a year after the Tiananmen Square massacre of 1989.  Apparently Fu Manchu did not die in 1982.... And Chiun must have been...misinformed, when he claimed that he successfully dispatched Amelia Earhart in 1937.




Detective Spencer Holmes, the grandson of Sherlock Holmes, solves mysteries and murder in San Francisco. Spencer's mansion in Frisco has a Nero Wolfe Room, which perhaps hints at his parentage, since it has already been well-established that Wolfe is Sherlock Holmes' son.

Novel by Denny Martin Flinn, Bantam Books, published in 1991. Flinn also co-wrote the screenplay for Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.




More adventure with detective Spencer Holmes.

Novel by Denny Martin Flinn, Bantam Books, published in 1991. Flinn also co-wrote the screenplay for Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.


1991 - Marlene Hale finds her grandmother's black leopard costume and begins a war on crime as the second Miss Fury (Miss Fury: From Generation to Generation, Adventure/Malibu Comics).


Early July 1991


Remo Williams versus mighty Cthulhu.

The Destroyer number 100, August 1995. The crossover with Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos confirms Remo's place in the Wold Newton Universe, as demonstrated here. Part of the story involves Remo running with the bulls in Pamplona.  This is done as part of the festival of San Fermin which is held the first two weeks in July.




Tarzan and Jane are in Opar again.

Comics mini-series published by Malibu Comics. Apparently Tarzan and Jane grew tired, at some point, of living in Pellucidar (see entry for Bunduki, 1974).


1992 - FBI Special Agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully begin working together in the X-Files Section.


June 14, 1992-February 2, 1996


Khan Noonien SinghThe secret history of the late 20th Century continues, as Gary Seven and Roberta Lincoln fight a desperate covert battle against a genetically enhanced would-be planetary conqueror, Khan Noonien Singh. An Indian delegate who wears a large ruby in his white turban is a prominent Calcutta statesmen, as well as the adopted son of a celebrated American scientist and explorer. Seven and Lincoln recall a mission to Scotland in 1973,  which involved the disappearance of a Scottish policeman, a pagan cult, and human sacrifice by being burned alive in wicker effigies. Scientist Jackson Roykirk also appears. The inner hull of Khan's submarine is made out of a unique impact-absorbing alloy that is only found in one remote and isolated African kingdom.  There are also references to recent illegal cloning experiments, involving everything from human embryos to the Shroud of Turin. There is a also reference to Seven and Lincoln shutting down the Illuminati years ago.

A Star Trek novel by Greg Cox, Pocket Books, 2002. The Indian delegate who wears a large ruby in his white turban is Hadji from Jonny Quest, bringing the events of that television program into the Wold Newton Universe; the adoptive American explorer is Dr. Benton Quest. Follow the links for researcher Dennis Power's explorations of the genealogies of Benton and Jonny Quest and Race Bannon. Meanwhile, researcher Jess Nevins has delved into Hadji's background. The mission in Scotland incorporates the events of the film The Wicker Man into Newtonverse continuity. Jackson Roykirk was mentioned in the original series Star Trek episode The Changeling as the designer of the Nomad space probe, which was launched from Earth in 2002. He also was mentioned in an episode of Team Knight Rider called Apocalypse Maybe. The impact absorbing alloy is vibranium and the remote African kingdom is Wakanda. (If one accepts comic book hero references, then perhaps "Elseworlds" versions of Marvel Comics' Black Panther and Fantastic Four exist in the Wold Newton Universe.) The illegal cloning experiments involving the Shroud of Turin undoubtedly refer to the novel The Children of the Shroud by fellow Star Trek writer Garfield Reeves-Stevens. Obviously Seven and Lincoln were not as successful as they thought in shutting down the Illuminati, given Lara Croft's film adventure.


Winter 1992


John Lawrence (The Wolf Man) Talbot is in Innsmouth, where he participates, in opposition to the Deep Ones of the Cthulhu Mythos, in the ongoing cycle of the world almost ending and not ending.

Short story by Neil Gaiman in Shadows Over Innsmouth. Also available in graphic novel format published by Oni Press; adaptation by P. Craig Russell, Troy Nixey, and Matthew Hollingsworth. The Wolf Man seen here is actually the son of Lawrence Stewart Talbot; please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for complete information. Technically this story should be placed either in 1945 or 2001 (full moon on Halloween). Perhaps the lunar cycle in the Wold Newton Universe differs from that in "ours," although this is not an entirely satisfying explanation.


February-April 1994


A police commissioner named Claude Wimsey, teasingly called "Lord Peter" by friends and colleagues, appears in this case.

James Bond novel by John Gardner, G.P. Putnam, 1994. Given Lord Peter Wimsey's brother-in-law, it doesn't seem unlikely that some member of the family would turn to law enforcement.



CHAINS OF CHAOS Vampirella and The Rook

Restin Dane (The Rook) now travels not only through time, but through the "reality stream" (i.e., alternate universes). When he arrives in a reality in which Vampirella has been killed and Chaos reigns supreme, he travels back to his home universe. There, he enlists Vampirella to travel back to the Chaos universe to defeat the ruling Chaos-child. While in the Chaos universe, they encounter and fight beside alternate universe versions of Adam Van Helsing, Pendragon, and Dracula.

Mini-series from Harris Comics, 1994-1995, confirming that The Rook and Vampirella are in the same universe. Restin Dane is the grandson of the original Time Traveler from H.G. Wells' The Time Machine. The original Time Traveler was a Wold Newton Family member, so Restin Dane's home universe is the Wold Newton Universe. Since Restin Dane's last documented appearance in the early 1980s, he has undergone significant changes: he is now cybernetically merged with a sentient "chaos-skin" or "chaos-armor" and travels the reality stream in a much different vehicle than his old rook-shaped "time-castle." While these changes are not explained in this mini-series, flashbacks do reveal that this is the same Restin Dane who appeared in The Rook from the late 1970s - early 1980s.


Summer 1994


A sleazy tabloid reporter named Larry Cochrane tracks down an old man named Dr. Pretorius to a compound in Mexico, believing him to be a Nazi war criminal who worked at Auschwitz and Dachau under the name Loew.  Pretorius is far more than that: he claims to be a five hundred year old alchemist who assisted Dr. Jekyll, Dr. Moreau, and Victor Frankenstein in their experiments.  ("Moreau was killed by the beastmen who discovered he was not God; Jekyll became his own creature, and so destroyed himself; poor Victor followed his creature into the wastelands.")  Pretorius also states that reposts of Jekyll's death were quite exaggerated.  Herbert West, Ayesha, and Professor Challenger  are also mentioned. ("A Dr. Pretorius accompanied Professor Challenger on an expedition along the Orinoco.  Around about 1890.") Cochrane releases some Moreau-like manimals, thinking they are prisoners of Pretorius; they destroy the compound, but Pretorius escapes.  

This story by Paul J. McAuley is found in The Mammoth Book of Best New Horror for 1995.  Jekyll, Moreau, Frankenstein, West, Ayesha, and Challenger are all already in the Wold Newton Universe.  Dr. Pretorius also assisted a descendant of the first Victor Frankenstein, as seen in the film Bride of Frankenstein (read Mark Brown's article for complete information).




Maureen Birnbaum still can't get back to Barsoom. This time she travels to New Haven, Connecticut in the year 1966 and battles a Cthulhuoid menace.

Another Maureen Birnbaum short story by Elizabeth Speigelman, related to George Alec Effinger, in the anthology Maureen Birnbaum, Barbarian Swordsperson, Guild America Books, 1993. Muffy's (sorry, call her Maureen!) adventures show that Barsoom, Pellucidar and the Cthulhu Mythos are all connected to the Wold Newton Universe.


January 1995 - Kit Walker, the 22nd Phantom, defeats Bangalan revolutionaries and avenges the death of his father (The Ghost Who Walks).




Special Agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully of the FBI X-Files Section visit Miskatonic University in Arkham, Massachusetts.

Story in The X-Files, annual number 1, Topps Comics. This story links the intrepid FBI agents with Miskatonic U. (famed locale of many Cthulhu Mythos stories), and therefore with Johnny Littlejohn, who used to teach there 65 years ago, before he went on to greater fame and fortune as one of Doc Savage's five assistants.


1995 - After the murder of her father, L.A. policewoman Darcy Walker takes to the streets as a crime-buster, The Black Scorpion. She eventually defeats the villain responsible for her father's death, the Breathtaker (Black Scorpion).

1996 - Buffy Summers, the Vampire Slayer, goes into action, as seen in the feature film of the same name.

1996 - Death of James Suzuki, son of James Bond (Blast From the Past).

1996 - Birth of Kit Walker, the 23rd Phantom.




Mulder and Scully meet author Jose Chung.

Episode of The X-Files broadcast in 1996. See also TV Crossovers.




Former FBI agent and current Millennium Group consultant Frank Black meets author Jose Chung.

Episode of Millennium broadcast in 1997. Establishes The X-Files and Millennium in the same universe. Since The X-Files occurs in the Wold Newton Universe, so does Millennium. (Note: In 1998, Black broke with the Millennium Group and rejoined the FBI.) See also TV Crossovers.




An unnamed good guy agent remarks that, "In the intelligence community, we're the Uncles nobody talks about." There is also a reference to the IMF: the Impossible Missions Force.

The references to The Man From U.N.C.L.E. and Mission: Impossible place the events of this film squarely in the Wold Newton Universe.




The Cthulhu Mythos tome The Book of Ebion is mentioned in this adventure of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Buffy also has dreams where she sees her past incarnation, as the Slayer Samantha Kane of Salem, 1692.

Novel by Arthur Byron Cover, based on the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer. This crossover with the Cthulhu Mythos brings Buffy into the Newtonverse. Could Good Slayer Kane be the granddaughter of Solomon Kane?


August 1997


Upon the deaths of her father (Travis McGee) and her "uncle" (Meyer), veterinarian Jean Margaret Pearson (the former Jean Killian) travels to Fort Lauderdale to investigate.

A novel by Lori Stone, books, 2001.  Although McGee and Meyer aren't named, anyone familiar with the Travis McGee books by John D. MacDonald will immediately recognize the innumerable clues and references linking this book to that series. Jean Pearson is also, through her father's side, a Wold Newton family member.


1997 - A new adventurer takes up the mantle of The Saint. He is an orphan who has been only known as "John Rossi," but has taken to calling himself Simon Templar. Although he claims to have taken the name from the tales of Simon Magus and Knight Templar, the conclusion is unavoidable that he must also have grown up on the series of biographical accounts of the first Saint, written by Leslie Charteris (1997 feature film The Saint and novelization by Burl Barer; click here and here for more information on "John Rossi's" parentage).

1997 - After Dr. Evil's return to Earth, Austin Powers is defrosted and defeats Dr. Evil. However, Dr. Evil manages to escape in the end. Powers marries his new partner Vanessa Kensington (Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery).


Late 1997


The names Dave Bowman, Frank Poole, and Dr. Forbin are overheard on the intercom of Team Knight Rider's Sky One flying headquarters. 

Episode of Team Knight Rider. This crossover reference brings the events of Colossus: The Forbin Project into the Wold Newton Universe. Unfortunately, the events of Arthur C. Clarke's Odyssey novels (2001: A Space Odyssey, 2010: Odyssey Two, 2061: Odyssey Three, and 3001: The Final Odyssey) do not fit into Wold Newton Universe continuity.  However, we can presume that astronauts Bowman and Poole have alternate universe counterparts in the Wold Newton Universe.


1997 - First recorded adventures of Sydney Fox (whose true full name is Sydney Fox Renwick), a Professor of History at a traditional East Coast University. Her specialty is Ancient Civilizations, and she is also an expert in the customs and myths of historic cultures throughout the world. Sydney is an explorer/adventurer who has traveled the world in search of lost icons, cities, and tombs. It is this vast knowledge of the arcane combined with her mastery of the martial arts that allows Sydney to take care of herself in the most dangerous of situations (Relic Hunter television series).


1997Sydney Savage is the one in the black cat suit....  (C) & (R) J. Scott Campbell


DangerGirl is a freelance espionage team comprised of Abbey Chase, Sydney Savage, and Natalia Kassle. Among the numerous valuable objects that Abbey Chase has apparently recovered is a golden idol which once slipped out of Indiana Jones' hands in 1936.

Comics mini-series by J. Scott Campbell and Andy Hartnell, Wildstorm Comics, 1998-2001. For Sydney Savage's lineage, please see Brad Mengel's What's In a Name? Indy found and lost the idol in Raiders of the Lost Ark. It appears in the first issue of DangerGirl. Since Indy is in the Wold Newton Universe, so is the DangerGirl team.




Early 1998


It is revealed that Kevin "Trek" Sanders, one of the members of Team Knight Rider, was the protégé of a famous scientist, Jackson Roykirk.

Episode of Team Knight Rider. Jackson Roykirk was mentioned in the original series Star Trek episode The Changeling. Roykirk was the designer of the Nomad space probe, which was launched from Earth in 2002; he also appeared in The Eugenics Wars: The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Soong, Volume Two. This crossover would also bring Knight Rider, Knight Rider 2000, and Knight Rider 2010 into the Wold Newton Universe. Regarding Sanders' nickname, his parents were "Trekkies." Apparently he was conceived at a Star Trek convention. Fortunately the Star Trek short story Research by J.R. Rasmussen explains how there can be Star Trek television series and conventions, and so on, in the 20th and 21st Centuries, and the future events of Star Trek can also be true within the same continuity.




The 22nd Phantom is involved in an adventure that leads to the discovery of Captain Nemo's (Dakkar's) submarine Nautilus, which still has his corpse inside.

Issue 1238 of The Phantom, Frew Publications, Australia.


1998 - Time-traveling researcher J.R. Rasmussen quits her job with the film studio, Paramount. She apparently acquired a 26th Century Timepod from her descendent, 22nd Century con artist Berlinghoff Rasmussen (see the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode A Matter of Time). In her career as a time-traveling researcher, she was responsible for contacting a man called Gene Roddenberry in the year 1964, and documenting many critical events of the 23rd, and 24th Centuries. Upon her departure, Rasmussen left the Timepod with her former employers (short story Research by J.R. Rasmussen in Star Trek: Strange New Worlds II anthology).

May-June 1998 - The events of the novel Godzilla Returns by Marc Cerasini. Godzilla has not been seen since he first appeared and demolished Tokyo in 1954.


June 28-30, 1998


The Wolf Man (Lawrence Stewart Talbot) and one of the Frankenstein Monsters are revived in La Mirada, Florida. Count Dracula also appears. Murdere Legendre is mentioned, as are a giant preying mantis frozen in the Arctic ice and a meteorite in California that grows when exposed to water. Dr. Wilfred Glendon III also appears, as does Stephen Banning, Jr. The Egyptian mummies Kharis and Klaris are also mentioned, as well as Frank Griffin, the grandson of Dr. John Hawley Griffin, and the wartime invisible soldier experiments. Dr. Mornay is revealed to be a related to the Moreau family. There are also references to the Gill-Man; to the use of electricity to give additional strength and stamina to living people; and to Dr. Drury's experiments with Talbot's blood to create werewolves.

Novel by Jeff Rovin, Berkely Boulevard Books, 1998. The Frankenstein Monster here is the creation of Dr. Henry Frankenstein, and is not to be confused with the original created by Dr. Victor Frankenstein. The Dracula seen here and in subsequent books in this series is actually a "soul-clone" of the original Dracula. Please read Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' follow-up, Children of the Night, for a complete history of the Frankenstein Monsters, Dracula, and the Wolf Man in the Wold Newton Universe.

Voodoo priest Murdere Legendre is from the 1932 film, The White Zombie. The giant frozen mantis is from the film The Deadly Mantis (Universal, 1957). The growing meteorite is from the film The Monolith Monsters (Universal, 1957). Wilfred Glendon III is the grandson of Wilfred Glendon, who was the Werewolf of London (Universal, 1935). Dr. Mornay was featured in Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (Universal, 1948). The Gill-Man is from The Creature from the Black Lagoon (Universal, 1954), Revenge of the Creature (Universal, 1955), and The Creature Walks Among Us (Universal, 1956). The reference to electrical experiments may be from the film Man Made Monster (Universal, 1941). The reference to creating werewolves using blood may be to the film The Mad Monster (Producers Releasing Company, 1942) .

Two different Frank Griffins are seen in the films The Invisible Man Returns (Universal, 1940) and Invisible Agent (Universal, 1942). The author's references to Frank Griffin's participation in the U.S. invisibility program during World War II concerns Invisible Agent. The protagonist of Invisible Agent is named Frank Raymond, but the film reveals that Raymond is an alias and that this is really Frank Griffin; he must be a junior, and Dennis Power reveals that he is the son of Jack Griffin, and the nephew of Frank Griffin, Sr., from The Invisible Man Returns (see Dennis Power's article The Invisibles). These films bring in the remainder of Universal's cycle of Invisible Man films: The Invisible Man (Universal, 1933), The Invisible Woman (Universal, 1940), The Invisible Man's Revenge (Universal, 1944), Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (Universal, 1948; a cameo appearance), and Abbott And Costello Meet the Invisible Man (Universal, 1951).

Kharis is the mummy from the cycle of films that includes: The Mummy's Hand (Universal, 1940), The Mummy's Tomb (Universal, 1942), The Mummy's Ghost (Universal, 1943), and The Mummy's Curse (Universal, 1944). Stephen Banning, Jr., appears to be the grandson of the Steve Banning that appeared in the first two of these four mummy films. The mummy Klaris, the cousin of Kharis, was discovered by two bumblers in Egypt in 1954 (Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy, Universal, 1955).


June-July 1998


The Werewolf of London (Dr. Wilfred Glendon III), the Bride of Frankenstein, and Countess Marya Zaleska all appear. There are brief appearances or mentions of Count Dracula, the Frankenstein Monster, and the Wolf Man. Also mentioned are: Dr. Janos Rukh, discoverer of Radium X; Dr. Peter Drury; Dr. Septimus Pretorius; and Hjalmar Poelzig.

Novel by David Jabobs, Berkely Boulevard Books, 2000, a direct sequel to Jeff Rovin's Return of the Wolf Man. The original Wilfred Glendon is from The Werewolf of London (Universal, 1935). Dr. Septimus Pretorius is from The Bride of Frankenstein (Universal, 1935). Countess Marya Zaleska is Dracula's Daughter (Universal, 1936). Dr. Janos Rukh is from the film The Invisible Ray (Universal, 1936). Hjalmar Poelzig is from The Black Cat (Universal, 1934). Dr. Peter Drury was featured in The Invisible Man's Revenge. Please read Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, for a complete account of the Frankenstein Monsters, Count Dracula, and the Wolf Man in the Newtonverse. The "millennium" time-frame given in the novel is inaccurate, as it takes place immediately after Return of the Wolf Man.


July 1998


The Werewolf of London (Dr. Wilfred Glendon III), Countess Marya Zaleska, Count Dracula, the Monster's Bride, and Henry Frankenstein's Monster all appear in this adventure.

Novel by David Jabobs, Berkely Boulevard Books, 2001. References to wintertime in the country of Visaria are inaccurate, given that this novel takes place immediately after The Devil's Brood, and Visaria is geographically situated in the Northern Hemisphere. See Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, for a complete account of the Frankenstein Monsters and the various "soul clones" of Count Dracula in the Wold Newton Universe.




Ex-cop Sunny Randall is now a private investigator. Tony Marcus and "Ty-Bop" appear in the case.

The first Sunny Randall mystery by Robert B. Parker. Tony Marcus is from the Spenser series, as is Ty-Bop, a minor thug.  Since Spencer is in the Wold Newton Universe, so is Sunny Randall.  The second book in the series is called Perish Twice.


Late 1998


Spring-Heeled Jack appears in this Buffy adventure.

A Buffy the Vampire-Slayer novel, part of the Gatekeeper Trilogy by Christopher Golden and Nancy Holder. Spring-Heeled Jack was also referenced in the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen game.




A misguided scientist, Dr. Phoenix, who makes a practice of resuscitating deceased criminals, remarks that compared to him, Doctor Frankenstein was an amateur.

Episode of the Black Scorpion television series. The revived criminal in question, the Breathtaker, refers to the events of nineteen years ago which lead to his career path as a super-villain. In the original Black Scorpion film, these events are placed in 1975. Adding nineteen years would place this episode 1994; however, there are other references in the series placing it in 1999. The reference to the genius Frankenstein places these events in the Wold Newton Universe. Of notable interest, Darcy Walker (The Black Scorpion) is undoubtedly a distant descendant of the 16th Phantom.


Spring 1999


It is revealed that private detective Sally Rhodes once worked with occult investigator Harry D'Amour. Sally's boyfriend calls the Diogenes Club "Britain's X-Files."

The X-Files reference perhaps indicates that the special FBI section has received more public attention in recent years than would be preferred. Or else Sally's boyfriend has seen the recent X-Files feature film starring Garry Schandling and Tea Leoni.

The story picks up again in 2025 with Seven Stars Episode Six: The Dog Story, available on the Crossover Chronology, Part XII.


May 1999-Jan. 1, 2000 - Many other "kaiju" (Japanese for giant monsters) begin to plague Earth in Godzilla 2000 by Marc Cerasini.

1999 - Vanessa Kensington is revealed as a FemBot and the events of Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me ensue.




One of the interviewees of this documentary is none other than "Konrad Siegfried, KAOS Operative, Retired." 

The presence of Siegfried in this biography of Austin Powers' nemesis, Doctor Evil, establishes that the events of the spy comedy, Get Smart, take place in the Wold Newton Universe. The events shown on television were undoubtedly exaggerated for comedic effect, as are the cinematic exploits of Austin Powers.  The "Spyography" can be found on the DVD release of Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me.  For what it's worth, Madonna's music video for "Beautiful Stranger" features Austin Powers being briefed by his boss, Basil Exposition, on a mission to locate a beautiful seductress. Exposition warns Austin not to fall in love, and that British Intelligence has already lost 007 and 008. This connects Austin Powers to James Bond although of course the "loss" of 007 cannot be a permanent one.




The 22nd Phantom becomes involved in the search for a sunken wreck of a riverboat African Queen, lost in the Usasha River in 1914.

Daily Phantom strip from January 17, 2000-May 6, 2000. This story integrates the events of C.S. Forester's novel The African Queen, and its film adaptation starring Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn, into the Wold Newton Universe. The names Max and Elena Kohl are clearly pseudonyms for Charlie Alnutt and Rose Sayer, and the 19th Phantom, who came upon the wreck of the African Queen in 1914, incorrectly presumed Allnut and Sayer dead when the riverboat sank.




Darien Fawkes becomes the eighth Invisible Man.  The villain rings Fawkes' girlfriend and poses as a CIA agent by the name of "Hawley Griffin."

Pilot episode of the newest Invisible Man television program, not to be confused with the 1975-76 series. The pilot episode is untitled, so I have chosen the obvious one. Griffin, of course, is a reference to H.G. Wells' novel The Invisible Man.  The first name "Hawley" was given to the Invisible Man in the series The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, although other sources call him "John."  For our purposes, he can be called John Hawley Griffin. The villain's use of the name "Hawley Griffin" suggests he has done research on invisibility in the past and used the name in homage to the first recorded Invisible Man. For more information, please read Dennis Power's article The Invisibles.


1999 - Two explorers travel deep into unknown Peru and discover the horrible secret of Grakoom...The Forgotten God!, as told by Don Marquez (Fantastic Stories issue number one).




Dr. Seward is mentioned by a sanitarium orderly, in an 1857 flashback.

Story crossing the Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel comics, published by Dark Horse Comics in Angel numbers 15 and 16 and Buffy numbers 29 and 30. Dr. Seward is from Bram Stoker's Dracula, reinforcing Buffy's (and Angel's) place in the Newtonverse, although given the 1857 date, this Dr. Seward must be the father of the Dr. Seward seen in Stoker's novel.


Late 1999


Dr. Burt Winslow revives the first Frankenstein Monster (not knowing of the subsequently created monsters, he mistakenly thinks that the original is the only Monster). There is also a reference to Doctor Adam Spektor, as well as the vampire "bible" called the Ruthvenian. There are also references to Marshall Natural History Museum and the Dark Gods.

First in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, February 2001. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information. Subsequent adventures in this series are: Terror of Frankenstein, Bones of Frankenstein, Frankenstein Meets Dracula, Frankenstein vs. the Werewolf, Frankenstein in the Lost World, Frankenstein in the Mummy's Tomb, The Return of Frankenstein, Frankenstein and the Return of Dr. Jekyll, Tales of Frankenstein, and Frankenstein and the Evil of Dracula. The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor was a series created and written by Glut and published in Gold Key Comics in the 1970s, and this is also the source of the Ruthvenian. The name Ruthvenian is clearly derived from the infamous vampire Lord Ruthven. Marshall Natural History Museum is also referenced in Donald Glut's film The Mummy's Kiss. Marshall Natural History Museum may also be related to Indiana Jones' Marshall College. The Dark Gods reference may involve a mixture of Lovecraftian lore and Sumerian mythology; please see Chris Jarocha-Ernst's A Cthulhu Mythos Bibliography & Concordance for more information.


December 21, 1999-January 1, 2000


Frank Black assists FBI agents Mulder and Scully in preventing the Apocalypse.

Episode of The X-Files broadcast in 1999, wrapping up some loose ends from the defunct Millennium series. See also TV Crossovers.



Early 2000


Dr. Burt Winslow's girlfriend, Lynn Powell, compares the villainous leader of OGRE, Wu Lang Lee, to Fu Manchu. Lynn, when a prisoner of Wu Lang Lee, also complains of being forced to dress like "Suzy Wong."

Second in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, April 2001. Given that other novels in the series feature the likes of A.C. Doyle's Lost World, Dracula, and Dr. Jekyll, it is reasonable to take Lynn Powell's reference to Fu Manchu as that to a real person in the Wold Newton Universe, rather than a fictional character. The World of Suzie Wong was a 1957 book by Robert Mason, and was made into a film in 1960.

Regarding the dating of these adventures, they were originally written in the late 1960s and into the 1970s. These versions have been "updated" for a modern audience to include references to the Internet, cellular phones, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the 21st Century. Additionally, the publisher and the author are touting these editions as definitive. Following the author's wishes, I am placing these adventures in the modern era.




Section Zero isn't a secret section of the United Nations' charter. It does not perpetually fund a team of experts and adventurers to investigate the fantastic and unknown. The idea that this "team" looks into such things as UFOs, Monsters, Lost Civilizations, Time Travel, Ancient Gods, and still-living Dinosaurs is no more than urban legend. After all, none of these things exist. The team is not currently lead by scientific genius Doc Challenger, aka Titania "Tina" Challenger, the granddaughter of the original Professor Challenger, who disappeared over fifty years ago. Doc Challenger was not formerly married to current teammate and soldier-of-fortune Sam Wildman. Another one of their teammates is not an amnesiac "grey" alien called Tesla, and team member Sargasso does not bear a suspicious resemblance to the Gill-Man of the Upper Amazon.

Comics series published by Gorilla Comics, and imprint of Image Comics, 2000. Story and art by Karl Kesel and Tom Grummett. Titania "Doc" Challenger is from the "most famous family of explorers and adventurers in the world" and her ancestral home is in Great Britain. These clues are enough to conclude that Doc is actually intended to be the granddaughter of Doyle's Professor Challenger. According to the stated timing, Professor Challenger would have disappeared sometime in the mid-1940s; he would have been around eighty years of age. Given these connections, it is not unreasonable to conclude that Doc's ex-husband, Sam Wildman, is a member of the Wold Newton Wildman ("Savage") line. The grey alien link to The X-Files is somewhat more tenuous, but valid in light of the weight of the above evidence placing this series in the Wold Newton Universe.

The original Section Zero team was formed in the 1960s: Everest Pike (team lead), Sarina Ursari, Georges Seine, and Bernie Cork:

Section Zero: 1960s

1970s: Everest Pike (team lead), Tele Moteka, Sargasso, and Jesse Presley:

Section Zero: 1970s

1980s: Tele Moteka (team lead), Johnny Colossus, Artifax, and A.J. Keeler.

Current: Doc Challenger (team lead), Sam Wildman, Tesla, Thom "The Bug" Talesi, and Sargasso. A.J. Keeler is their U.N. liaison:

Section Zero: 2000



April 6-July 3, 2000


The original Frankenstein Monster meets the Lord of the Vampires. Scientist Burt Winslow is assisted by Dr. Arnold Van Helsing. The vampire "bible" called the Ruthvenian appears, and the Necronomicon is mentioned.

Fourth in Donald's F. Glut's series of novels, The New Adventures of Frankenstein, published by Dennis Druktenis Publishing, August 2001. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information on Frankenstein, and on which "soul-clone" of Dracula this might be. The name Ruthvenian is derived from the infamous vampire Lord Ruthven, seen in John Polidori's The Vampyre. The Necronomicon provides a link to the Cthulhu Mythos.




During their search for a missing aviatrix, Mandrake and Lady Narda stop in Bangalla and visit The Phantom in his Skull Cave in the Deep Woods. Mandrake gets to sit on the Skull Throne, and admits that he always wanted to do that.

Daily Mandrake the Magician comic strip by Fred Fredericks, 2001. Both Mandrake and The Phantom were created by the late Lee Falk.




Mack Bolan uncovers a Cthulhu-sponsored Nazi infiltration of the U.S. Government. This group, known as COMCON (the Committee to Suspend the American Constitution), pirates nanotechnology and creates a super-agent, Michael Talbot, codenamed "Splatterpunk." Bolan and others compare Talbot to King Kong, Godzilla, the Frankenstein Monster, and the Riddler. Talbot reminds Bolan of Doc Savage and Bolan notes that Talbot wears his knife like Crocodile Dundee. The Nazi AeroDeth helicopters resemble the prototype helicopter Blue Thunder, according to Bolan’s men.

The Executioner number 264, by Gerald Montgomery. Although it is spelled K'tulu in the book, this is close enough to be a Cthulhu reference, especially in concert with the other references to Doc Savage, King Kong, Godzilla, Frankenstein's monster, Crocodile Dundee, and The Batman's arch-foe, the Riddler. This reference would also bring the events of the film Blue Thunder into the Wold Newton Universe. The reference to the T1000 Terminator is likely fictional, although the Terminators may exist in an alternate future to the Newtonverse.




Darien Fawkes and his partner Bobby Hobbes are taken to "The Community," an American version of The Village from The Prisoner. At one point, a man in a black suit, bowler hat, and umbrella walks by and Fawkes asks, "Isn't that the guy from the show?"  Hobbes replies that it's the spy whom the spy from the show was based on; he sold his life story and retired to The Community.  Later, Hobbes is alone with a sexy female resident of the Community, and he remarks that there are a lot of "James Bond types" there.  She replies that "James Bond is one-hundred years old."

2001 episode of The Invisible Man television program. The Village is from The Prisoner, thus substantiating the presence of Number 6 (aka John Drake) in the Newtonverse. The man with the bowler hat is undoubtedly John Steed from The AvengersJames Bond would be eighty in the year 2000, rather than one-hundred (see The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy) ... unless this reference is to a different James Bond.  Stay tuned.




A woman asks New Orleans private detective Burleigh Drummond if he knew that Hemingway tended to repeat himself. Drummond replies, "My grandfather mentioned it once."

In the novel Farewell, My Lovely, Philip Marlowe calls a thug Hemingway because the thug keeps saying the same thing over and over. This short story by Kent Westmoreland is available online here. Other Burleigh Drummond stories are A Relatively Small Sum of Money and Ash Wednesday. A novel, Baronne Street, is forthcoming.

If possible, more information will be revealed regarding Burleigh's possible connection to the Wold Newton Drummonds, as research and communication continues with Burleigh's official biographer, Kent Westmoreland.


August 14-16, 2000


Buffy meets Dracula. Xander becomes Dracula's slave, luring Buffy to his mansion. After a fierce battle, Dracula is defeated, but not permanently, of course.

Episode of the television program Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Please see the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Series Timeline by Chris Wike. Is this Dracula-prime or a "soul clone"? The answer will be revealed in Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night.




Tarzan battles against the Barsoomian Tree of Life. He and Jane also encounter other Barsoomian life forms in their jungle, which have been spawned by the Tree of Life, including plant men, banths, and white apes. Jane theorizes that Tarzan brought Barsoomian spores, which had been originally deposited by a meteorite, back to the jungle from an Antarctic adventure.

Sunday Tarzan strip, December 3, 2000-March 18, 2001. Story by Allan Gross and art by Gray Morrow. Tarzan and Jane immediately recognize the alien life forms as Barsoomian, substantiating the fact that they have previous experience with Barsoom (see Tarzan and John Carter: Warlords of Mars and Tarzan On Mars.)




In an immediate follow-up to The Ultimate Survivor, Tarzan is captured by some Therns of Barsoom and is pitted against another captive, a green man of Mars.

Sunday Tarzan strip, March 25, 2001-July 8, 2001. Story by Allan Gross and art by Gray Morrow. Although the Sunday strips run untitled, the author has supplied these titles, and informs me that the stories are set in the present day.


2000 Lara Croft


Lara Croft, ruminating upon her latest adventure, thinks to herself, "Ah, well. Someone has to do it. After all, if not me, it'd probably be that seemingly ageless American with the slouch-brim fedora and bullwhip I met in Cairo last year. Nice man. Good kisser. But he'll never get far with that fear of snakes."

Tomb Raider volume 1, issue 0, Top Cow Comics, June 2001, by Fiona Avery and Brian Ching. Since Indiana Jones is in the Wold Newton Universe though a crossover with Dracula and other references, this brings Lara Croft, the Tomb Raider, into the Newtonverse. This story was published untitled. Lara Croft has been, and I'm sure will be, crossed-over with many other comics series. In order to maintain Wold Newton Universe continuity, these will be taken on a case-by-case basis.





David Lo Pan is a respected businessman in Chinatown (New York) who also controls its underworld. Although Lo Pan warns them to stay away, several reporters for the World Chronicle become involved in the search for New York's underground subway dragons.

Episode of the television program The Chronicle. The David Lo Pan character is played by James Hong, who also played David Lo Pan in the feature film Big Trouble In Little China. Although he displays no supernatural powers, it is the same actor, the same character name, and the same type of role. We may speculate that David Lo Pan survived the finale of Big Trouble in Little China and simply relocated to New York City. It is generally accepted that the events of Big Trouble in Little China and Buckaroo Banzai take place in the same universe. Since Buckaroo Banzai exists in the Newtonverse, so do The Chronicle and its characters.




The Chronicle reporters encounter a serial murderer who turns out to be a Headless Biker from Hell. The tale of the Headless Horseman is referred to as a real historical event, and many other occurrences of headless ghouls from around the world are described.

This episode confirms that the events of the television program The Chronicle take place in the Newtonverse, through a link to Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. This Headless Biker is not the same one that the Ghostbusters encountered in 1984. This phenomena seems to happen when a person (especially a violent one) dies by decapitation and the head is not buried with the body. As mentioned in an episode of Kolchak: The Night Stalker, this also happened during the French "reign of terror." The Kolchak episode, Chopper, also featured a headless motorcycle gang member.


November 2000-January 2001


Godzilla crosses with the Cthulhu Mythos, in the form of the Old Ones, in Antarctica.

This Godzilla novel by Marc Cerasini includes many references to, and is a direct follow-up to, H.P. Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness, thus placing Godzilla and other kaiju in the Wold Newton Universe. The events that Cerasini documents in his Godzilla novels are a continuity that is separate from the Godzilla movie series, with the exception of the first movie, which is the starting point of the novel series.



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