CROSSOVER CHRONOLOGY (1891 - 1910)
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1891 - Birth of Richard Wentworth (The Spider), son of Lord John Roxton, who is, in turn, a descendant of Lord Byron.
1891 - Keith Hilary Pursuivant is born in Pursuivant Landing, KY.
March-April 1891 THE GREAT GAME
In this novel, the first Professor Moriarty is described as being either the head of a vast criminal network, or the head of the British Secret Service, or both. Of course he denies it. There is a Fat Man named Gottfried Kaspar. In the same chapter we also see a man posing as a priest named Father Ugarti. One of the amateur spies playing at the "Great Game" is named Charles Bredlon Summerdale, who is the second son of a duke. Although she does not appear "onscreen," it is mentioned that Summerdale has a sister named Lady Patricia Templar. She is described as being married to "an energetic young prelate destined someday to become an archbishop, or even, if he had his way, a saint."
A Professor Moriarty novel by Michael Kurland,
St.Martin's, 2001. Gottfried Kaspar is obviously based on Sydney Greenstreet's Caspar Gutman from John Huston's filmed version of The Maltese Falcon. For our purposes, we may postulate that the man in The Great Game is the father of Caspar Gutman. The variations on the name "Caspar" can be viewed as a series of aliases used by this father and son throughout their shady careers. Ugarti is the name of Peter Lorre's character in . Again, it can't be the same man, but is likely his father. Thus, there are crossover connections between this novel, The Maltese Falcon, and Casablanca . Casablanca
Wold Newton researcher Dennis Power postulates that Summerdale's sister and her husband, Mr. Templar, must have emigrated to South Africa sometime between 1891 and the Boer War. The young prelate, Mr. Templar, died in the Boer war in 1899. His widow, Mrs. Templar, took up with A.J. Raffles and bore a child, giving him the name Simon Templar. See also Brad Mengel's The Incredible Raffles Clan. Thus, the young prelate has no connection to Simon Templar other than his name and the allusion that
Kurlandmakes by using the name Templar.
Moriarty denies being the head of the British Secret Service, but if his denial is false, it certainly dovetails nicely with the events revealed in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (1898) and also fits in with a theory of layers upon layers within the British Secret Service.
In The Great Game, the British Secret Service in 1891 is practically non-existent. A high British official says that since Britain is not training and fielding real agents, many young mean of idle means have stepped up to become "amateur" agents in foreign lands, operating with the knowledge of Britain, but without a truly official sanction. That's the first layer.
I would postulate that the second layer is the group headed by Mycroft Holmes and sometimes headquartered at The Diogenes Club. This is the same operation seen at work in the Quinn Fawcett books, as well as in
Andy Lane's All Consuming Fire and in Kim Newman's Seven Stars. Charles Beauregard is also a part of this group. This operation is fairly secret and is not widely known even among most high British officials. Hence the British official's contention in The Great Game that is fielding only amateur agents. Britain
Next is the third layer, which is the ultra top secret "black ops" Secret Service group controlled by the first Professor Moriarty, as seen in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. Before 1891, Moriarty never had any offices in any official British building and operated out of his home on
Russell Square, as seen in The Great Game (as well as many more secret lairs). Before 1891, he was both a criminal mastermind and in charge of the British black ops group. After 1894, Moriarty moved into the offices at (seen in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen) and his activities became more open, so that by 1898, Mycroft Holmes knew of Moriarty's role in the Secret Service, although he was powerless to do anything about it. For more on the British Secret Service, please see Brad Mengel's Keeping Secrets. Whitehall
May 1891-April 1894 - The Great Hiatus: Both Holmes and the first Professor Moriarty are erroneously believed dead after their encounter at
(Watson's The Final Problem). Holmes travels the world. Meanwhile, the third Moriarty brother (also named James, herein referred to as the second Professor Moriarty) has recruited followers from his not-so- late elder brother's criminal organization for his own purposes. Reichenbach Falls
Summer 1891-Spring 1893 IN STRANGE COMPANY
John Macklin, an English albino dwarf, commits a series of crimes throughout the world. Count de Panuroff of
Thursday Islandalso appears.
Novel by Guy Boothby. Count de Panuroff was mentioned by a character in Boothby's Nikola novel A Bid for Fortune, placing the events of this novel in the same continuity as Nikola, and thus in the Wold Newton Universe. For more details, please see Rick Lai's The Life of Dr. Antonio Nikola (1856-1898?).
1891 - The affair of Jules Verne's Le Château des Carpathes (The Castle of the Carpathians).
September 1891 THE CANARY TRAINER Sherlock Holmes, while living in Paris during the Great Hiatus and using his "Sigerson" identity, matches wits with Erik, the Opera Ghost. Irene Adler also appears in this case.
A novel by Nicholas Meyer. Meyer also "edited" The Seven-Percent Solution, a Holmes novel and film wherein Moriarty was not a villain, but was an innocent unjustly persecuted by Holmes. I discount Meyer's references to the events of The Seven-Percent Solution, following Wold Newton scholar Mark Brown's theory that Meyer was fooled by the Seven-Percent manuscript, which was a hoax perpetrated by the second Professor Moriarty. The events of The Canary Trainer also appear to be a sequel or "copycat" incident of some sort, since the original case of The Phantom of the Opera took place in 1880. Following these events, Holmes pursued Irene Adler to
, a decision which would culminate in the birth of twins Nero Wolfe and Marco Vukcic the next year. Montenegro
December 1891 SHERLOCK HOLMES ON THE ROOF OF THE WORLD, or, THE ADVENTURE OF THE WAYFARING GOD
During the Great Hiatus, Ludwig Horace Holly and Leo Vincey are conducting research in the monasteries of
, when they meet another European, a Norseman by the name of Sigerson (Sherlock Holmes's identity during this time period). Sigerson solves the murder of the head librarian of one of the monasteries. Tibet
A novel by Leo Vincey, edited by Thomas Kent Miller. Holly (from H. Rider Haggard's She) and Holmes are Wold
Family members, and this manuscript confirms that they actually knew each other. Newton
1892 - First documented appearance of Arsène Lupin, as told by Maurice Leblanc. Other Lupin books are The Crystal Stopper; Arsène Lupin, Gentleman-Cambrioleur; Arsène Lupin Versus Herlock Sholmes; The Hollow Needle: Further Adventures of Arsène Lupin;813; and many others.
1892 TOO MANY STAINS (THE ADVENTURE OF THE SECOND STAIN Sherlock and Mycroft Holmes go up against international criminal Adolphus ZECCHINO The date is not a mistake: the story does take place during The Great Hiatus. Adolphus Zecchino went to
and continued his criminal career as Arnold Zeck.While in America , Zecchino's rackets inadvertently created a crime fighter of some renown As seen here.. Holmes' son Nero Wolfe clashed with criminal mastermind Zeck for several years before Zeck's death in 1950 (Rex Stout's novel In the Best Families). This short story is edited by Marvin Kaye, from a manuscript by Rex Stout, based on the notes of Dr. Watson. In the volume Resurrected Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., 1996. America
1892 - A comical character attempts to travel around the world in 37 days, as told by Jules Verne in Claudius Bombarnac.
1892 - Doc Savage's great uncle, Bruce Clarke Wildman, begins his strange adventures through time (The Time Machine, as related to H.G. Wells; for more information, read Travels in Time by Loki Carbis). Pastiche continuations of The Time Traveler's story are (in no particular order): The Return of the Time Machine by Egon Friedell, Morlock Night by K.W. Jeter, The Space Machine by Christopher Priest, The Time Ships by Stephen Baxter, The Case of the Inertial Adjustor by Stephen Baxter (in The Mammoth Book of New Sherlock Holmes Stories), The Richmond Enigma by John DeChancie (in Sherlock Holmes in Orbit), Allan and the Sundered Veil by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill (in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen), Die Unter Und Uber Der Erde by Robert Heymann (in Wunder Der Zukunft number 3, 1909), and The Rook comic series.. Bruce Wildman, an Eridanean agent, while trying to create a warp engine from a few Eridanean plans and primarily using existing nineteenth century technology accidentally created a quantum singularity engine. Although it did not move spatially it appeared to move through time. In reality, while moving through time it also moved along a static quantum probability path, so Wildman actually traveled through a set pattern of probabilities as moved through time, by the time he reached the far future or distant past, the probabilities also widened. In other words the farther to the past or the farther to the past he traveled, the less likely it was to be any where near his historical reality.
Mid 1892 - Birth of twin bothers Nero Wolfe (aka John Hamish Adler, aka Auguste Lupa) and Marko Vukcic (aka Scott Adler). Their parents are Sherlock Holmes and Irene Adler.
1892 - Alexander Waverly is born in
. Northampshire, England
1893 - Birth of Kent (The Shadow) Allard, half-brother of Richard Wentworth (The Spider).
1893 - First recorded exploit of Dr. Nikola, First recorded exploit of Dr. Nikola, A Bid for Fortune, Or Dr. Nikola's Vendetta, as recounted by Guy Boothby (click here for more information). Other books in the series are: Dr. Nikola Returns, The Lust of Hate, Dr. Nikola's Experiment, and Farewell, Nikola!.
1893 - First appearance of detective Sexton Blake inThe Missing Millionaire, as related by Harry Blyth (click here and here for more information).
April-May 1893 - August 1898 - November 1897-August 1898 THE SPACE MACHINE
Edward Turnbull and Amelia Fitzgibbon use Sir William Reynolds' combination Time/Space Machine. They initially travel to August 1898 and witness a
devastated by the Martian Invasion. Escaping back in time, they are accidentally deposited on Mars, approximately ten months before the August 1898 arrival of the Martian Invaders on Earth. Great Britain
A novel by Edward Turnbull, edited by Christopher Priest, Popular Library, 1978, combining elements of H.G. Wells' The Time Machine and The War of the Worlds. On Mars, Turnbull and Fitzgibbon encounter red-skinned humans who are enslaved by the invaders. Therefore it is likely that Turnbull and Fitzgibbon were deposited on Barsoom, which exists in a universe parallel to the Wold Newton Universe. The Martian Invasion on Earth was launched from Barsoom, as seen in Mars: The Home Front (August 1898) and The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II (August 1898). The 1903 date attributed to the Martian Invasion in Turnbull's account is inaccurate. For more on Sir William Reynolds and the various time travelers, read Loki Carbis' first-rate Travels in Time.
1893 - During The Great Hiatus, Sherlock Holmes visits a realm known in this world only as "Wonderland" (The Case of the Detective's Smile).
1893 - Events of The Sea Wolf by Jack London; Wolf Larsen is the father of Mr. Moto (click here for more information) and the grandfather of Doc Savage.
1893 - Samuel Clemens makes a brief excursion to the future and visits the U.S.S. Enterprise NCC 1701-D. In
, Lt. Commander Data of the San Francisco encounters Jack London, who will go on the chronicle the exploits of several Wold Newton family members (the events of Time's Arrow). Enterprise
November 1893 THE SCOTTISH PLOY
Mycroft Holmes refers to his contemporary, Professor Challenger.
This is the fourth in a series of books about British spymaster Mycroft Holmes. The adventures were recorded by Holmes' confidential secretary, Patersine Erskine Guthrie, and edited for publication by Quinn Fawcett.
Early 1894 PRINCE OF SWINDLERS
Simon Carne, a clever criminal, adopts the identity of private detective Klimo, and is soon lauded by the British public as being "as great as Lecocq, or even the late lamented Sherlock Holmes." The Earl of Amberley also appears.
Collection of interconnected short stories by Guy Boothby, also published under the title The Viceroy's Protégé. The Holmes reference is in the tale "The Duchess of Wiltshire's Diamonds." Of course this reference is made whilst Holmes is still thought dead. Lecocq is meant to refer to Emile Gaboriau's detective Lecoq. Per Philip José Farmer, both Holmes and Lecoq are in the Newtonverse, so this reference brings in Carne/Klimo. The Earl of Amberley was also seen in Boothby's
first Dr.Nikola novel, A Bid for Fortune, thus connecting Carne/Klimo to Nikola. For a complete biography of Dr. Nikola, please read Rick Lai's superb The Life of Dr. Antonio Nikola (1856-1898?).
1894 - Events of Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book (click here for more information).
1894 - Birth of Mr. Moto.
February-April 1894 FLASHMAN AND THE TIGER
The "brawl" in
Baker Street: Harry Flashman goes up against Colonel Moran. The final events of this conflict occur concurrently with Watson's The Adventure of the Empty House.
Novel by G.M. Fraser. Apparently Flashman and Moran had also previously met briefly in Flash for Freedom! Follow the link at Chronology Central to the Flashman Chronology for a much more detailed account of this meeting.
1894Learning that her estranged husband Wolf Larson had died,
marries Charlie Marlow, a sailor and gentleman. Charlie Marlow is the narrator of Joseph Conrad's HEART OF DARKNESS, LORD JIM and THE CHANCE Arronaxe Land
1894Chemist and biologist, Abegdano Danner having corresponded with Marra then using the name Moreau was given a sample of an unstable "serum" that Moreau had created that would give a mammals the proportional strength of an insect. The "serum" was actually a non-species specific genetic virus based on the DNA of the Kryptonian, which Marra had helped develop. Danner successfully stabilized it and tested it first on kitten and then on his unborn child. After Danner was forced to destroy the kitten by poisoning it, he knew the "serum" was too dangerous for general use or knowledge. He destroyed all his notes and the rest of the "serum" The son Hugo Danner grew up to have abilities close to Clark Kent's but frustrated at being a freak of nature turned to crime and then went into seclusion. A lightning bolt in
South Americapurportedly killed him. However in the 1940's a teenager having abilities close to Hugo Danner's first appeared. The teenager, Arnold "Iron" Munro was Hugo Danner's natural child.
Based on events in Philip Wylie's The Gladiator and The Young All Stars
1988 Comic book DC
April 1894 - Holmes returns to
(Watson's The Adventure of the Empty House). The second Professor Moriarty masquerades asthe first Professor Moriarty. And rebuilds his elder brother's criminal empire, while at the same time coming to terms with Holmes and creating a truce of sorts. However, the second Professor is quickly driven out of England (The Return of Moriarty). Unknown to all, the first Professor Moriarty also survived England and spends several years recovering from the fall (see Sherlock Holmes in New Yorkand The Earthquake Machine); he allows his younger brother to continue with his own criminal escapades as Professor Moriarty in order to confuse and confound Holmes. This is in conflict with the younger Moriarty's falsified accounts in the so-called "Moriarty Journals," in which the second Professor describes his 1888 murder of his entirely innocent and somewhat downtrodden older brother, the original Professor Moriarty. The second Professor was also responsible for other fabrications in the two published volumes of the "Moriarty Journals (The Return of Moriarty and The Revenge of Moriarty, edited by John Gardner), such as his account of the incident at Reichenbach Falls Reichenbach Falls
May 1894-August 1896 - The second Professor James Moriarty is in
, plotting his return to America (The Revenge of Moriarty). During this period, in the year 1895, the second Professor Moriarty and Kathryn Koluchy establish their own criminal league/terrorist cult, the "Circle of Life" (see The Second War of the Worlds). Over the years, this organization will evolve and come to be known as Krafthaus (see The Power House), and later THRUSH (see The Dagger Affair). England
, Jr., transports a British female espionage agent to Brisco County for a prisoner exchange. The woman's name is Emma Steed. An American agent named Ashenden also appears. Mexico
Episode of The Adventures of
, Jr. Emma Steed and Ashenden are most likely ancestors or relatives of British secret agent John Steed (The Avengers) and Brisco County W. SomersetMaugham's Ashenden, respectively, both of whom are already in the Wold Universe. This crossover places Newton , Jr., in the Newtonverse. Researcher Dennis Power has uncovered Brisco's genealogy, which is revealed here. Brisco County
June 1894 SHERLOCK HOLMES AND THE BOULEVARD ASSASSIN
Holmes is on the Continent, investigating the assassination of the President of France. He works with Monsieur Dubuque of the
police, and crosses paths with the infamous thief Arsène Lupin. Paris
Novel by Watson, edited by John Hall, Breese Books, 1998.
was first introduced in Watson's / Doyle's The Second Stain (not to be confused with Too Many Stains (The Adventure of the Second Stain)), and Holmes would work with him again during the case of The Pandora Plague. In this account Lupin is referred to as "Jupin," but there can be no doubt as to his true identity. Dubuque
1894 -Birth of Bruce Hagin Rassendyl (G-8), who will later use the identity Jim "Red" Albright (Captain Midnight), brother of Kent Allard (The Shadow) and half-brother of Richard Wentworth (The Spider). G-8's and The Shadow's father, Ralph Rassendyll, is the cousin of Rudolf Rassendyll (from The Prisoner of Zenda and Rupert of Hentzau).
1894 - The events ofLieut. Gulliver Jones: His Vacation (aka Gulliver of Mars) as related by Edwin L. Arnold, in which Gulliver Jones is carried to Mars, braves several adventures, and eventually marries a Martian princess.
September 1894 - Arthur Conan Doyle and his sometime partner, Jack Sparks, share an adventure in
in The Six Messiahs, as told by Mark Frost. America
1894 - Birth of Andrew Blodgett "Monk"
Mayfair, nephew of Professor George Edward Challenger, and one of Doc Savage's fabulous five.
October-November 1894 - Holmes first discovers that the first Professor Moriarty is still alive and is resuming his criminal activity, as told in The Star of India, by John H. Watson, edited by Carole Buggé.
1895 - The second Professor Moriarty and Kathryn Koluchy establish their own criminal league/terrorist cult, the "Circle of Life." Over the years, this organization will evolve and come to be known as Krafthaus, and later THRUSH.
December 22, 1894-December24, 1895THE DISAPPEARANCE OF EDWIN DROOD
Mr. John Jasper consults Sherlock Holmes regarding the disappearance of his nephew, Edwin Drood. In Cloisterham, Dr. Watson drops that they are visitors from
Baker Street, and the news quickly spreads that Sexton Blake is in town.
A novel by Watson, edited by Peter Rowland, Constable Crime Books, 1991. This novel is a follow-up to Charles Dickens' incomplete novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood. Although Watson dismisses Sexton Blake as a fictional creation, we know better. Even though this case takes a year to solve, Holmes is involved in many, many different unrelated cases during this time period.
March 1895 THE WEST END HORROR
On the trail of a murderer, Holmes and Watson cross paths with many
luminaries, including George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, actress Ellen Terry, Gilbert (of Gilbert and Sullivan), and Bram Stoker. London
Novel by Watson, edited by Nicholas Meyer. It is interesting to note that several of the authors Holmes met were historians who brought to light many interesting people and events of the Wold Newton Universe.
May 1895 THE PROBLEM OF THE
AMONG OTHERS SORE BRIDGE-
Sherlock Holmes again crosses paths with the notorious thief (and his former brother-in-law), A.J. RAFFLES This is a short story by Watson, edited by Philip José Farmer, found in Riverworld and Other Stories, published by Berkley Books, 1979. See also the entry for Escape From Loki, 1918, and click here to read three articles related to this subject by Christopher Carey
1895 - John Kirowan is born.
1895 THE POLITICIAN, THE LIGHTHOUSE, AND THE TRAINED CORMORANT
Holmes, in the course of solving this mystery, evinces knowledge of a race of "Great Apes" (Mangani) of
Africaand hints that during The Great Hiatus he observed Mangani capable of raising a human being from infancy.
Apparently Holmes has some knowledge of the details of Tarzan's birth. Short story edited by Craig Shaw Gardner, from a manuscript by Edgar Rice Burroughs, based on the notes of Dr. Watson. In the volume entitled Resurrected Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., 1996.
Late October 1895 THE ADVENTURE OF THE INERTIAL ADJUSTOR
Writer H.G. Wells brings the murder of an innovative scientist to Sherlock Holmes' attention.
Short story by Stephen Baxter in The Mammoth Book of New Sherlock Holmes Adventures, Mike Ashley, editor, Carroll & Graf, 1997. The date given is 1894. However, Holmes is familiar with Wells' account of The Time Machine; therefore, I have adjusted the date to 1895.
Late November 1895 SHERLOCK HOLMES, DRAGON-SLAYER (THE SINGULAR ADVENTURES OF THE GRICE
IN THE PATERSONS ) ISLANDOF UFFA
Joseph Jorkens and Sherlock Holmes share an adventure together. Joseph Jorkens is also a Wold
Family member. Short story edited by Darrell Schweitzer, from a manuscript by Lord Dunsany, based on the notes of Dr. Watson. In the anthology Resurrected Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., 1996. Newton
March 1896 THE
ENIGMA Sherlock Holmes investigates the disappearance of his distant relative, the Time Traveler. RICHMOND
Short story by John DeChancie in anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, DAW, 1995.
For more information on the Time Traveler, please read Travels in Time by Loki Carbis. Some more information can also be found at the Triple Tarzan Tangle
1896 - Birth of Hans von Hammer (Enemy Ace: War Idyll.)
1896 - Birth of Fah Lo Suee, daughter of Fu Manchu and an unnamed Russian woman.
Fall 1896 THE GUILTY ABROAD
Writer and sleuth Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) settles his family in
Tedworth Squarein for the winter, quickly becomes involved in a new mystery, and works with Inspector Lestrade. Lestrade, of course, is from the Sherlock Holmes mysteries by Watson / Doyle. This is not a crossover involving the "real" Twain, the Mark Twain of "our" universe, but rather the fictional character Twain of the Wold Newton Universe. Following the death of his daughter, Susy, Twain and his family secluded themselves in the London Tedworth Squareabode in the Fall-Winter of 1896. In this mystery by Peter J. Heck, Berkley Books, 1999, Susy is alive and well.
September 1896-May 1897 - The second Professor Moriarty has returned to
and once again has turned his attention toward rebuilding the Moriarty crime empire (The Revenge of Moriarty). However, the involvement of Irene Adler in these proceedings is another falsehood perpetrated by the second Professor. England
November 1896 THE ADVENTURE OF THE HEADLESS MONK
Sherlock Holmes is consulted by Mortimer Harley, a supernatural detective. Harley refers to his colleague "Tarnacci" (Carnacki).
Written by Ken Greenwald in The Lost Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Mallard Press, 1989. The story is based on the original Sherlock Holmes radio plays by Denis Green and Anthony Boucher, which in turn were based on Dr. Watson's notes. "Tarnacci" is clearly Carnacki; the error is just one many the Good Doctor made in his transcriptions of Holmes' cases. Thomas Carnacki, the "ghost finder," is an occult detective created by William Hope Hodgson, and this crossover confirms his presence in the Newtonverse.
1897 SHADOW OF DRACULA
Vampirella and Dracula are both sent back in time from 1970 to 1897 where they meet Abraham van Helsing and Abraham's brother, Boris van Helsing, who lives in
. Dracula appears to attempt to reform. Mina and Jonathan Harker are also in Maine . Together, they all resurrect Lucy Westenra, but only briefly. Dracula's "reformation" is short-lived and he ends up attacking Mina before being defeated once again. Maine
Vampirella Magazine numbers 19-20, Warren Publishing. We can presume that Mina and Jonathan Harker divorced shortly after these events, per The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (1898), in which Mina still bears Dracula's bite marks from this attack. Boris van Helsing is the ancestor of Conrad van Helsing and Conrad's son Adam, both of whom are regulars in the Warren Vampirella series. For a complete explanation of Vampirella's true origin in the Wold Newton Universe, please read John A. Small's excellent Kiss of the Vampire. Vampirella has encountered Dracula many times in her career. Not all of these meetings will be documented in this timeline. For more information, please see Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, as well as the Vampirella timeline. Vampirella also has been crossed-over with many other comic book creations. In order to maintain Wold Newton Universe continuity, these will be taken on a case-by-case basis.
1897 - Kathryn Koluchy is blinded in a fire and becomes known as the "Blind Spinner." The blinding of Kathryn Koluchy may not have been accidental. To find out more follow this link.
1897 - Simon Carne's first recorded exploit, A Prince of Swindlers, as told by Guy Boothby.
1897 - The events of H.G. Wells' The Invisible Man., featuring scientist Dr. John Hawley Griffin, who sometimes goes by Jack Griffin. For more information, please read the article,The Invisibles.
February-June 1897 THE CASE OF THE FAITHFUL RETAINER
Holmes mentions fellow investigator and master-chef M. Auguste Didier several times in this adventure.
Short story by Amy Myers in The Mammoth Book of New Sherlock Holmes Adventures. Myers also writes the Didier mysteries, which take place contemporaneously with the Holmes stories.
1897 - The events of The Lizard, as related by C.J. Cutcliffe Hyne.
June 1897 HOLMES-DRACULA FILE
Sherlock Holmes and Vlad Dracula cross paths while working against a group intent on unleashing a plague upon
during the Queen's Jubilee. London
Novel by Fred Saberhagen, Ace Books, 1978, based on the memoirs of Vlad Dracula and an unpublished manuscript of John Watson. This is the second adventure which Watson referred to as the "Giant Rat of Sumatra," the first occurring in 1886; obviously, Watson was enamored of the phrase. The Dracula encountered here is not the same as that encountered by Holmes and Watson in 1890 (see Watson's The Adventure of the Sanguinary Count). For a full explanation of Vlad and his relationship to the true Count, please read Best Fangs Forward, which also covers the truth behind the "familial relationship" between Holmes and Vlad, and which is based upon research by Brad Mengel, here. It is revealed that Mina Harker, still married to Jonathan Harker, is Vlad Dacula's lover. It must be presumed that Jonathan discovers the relationship shortly after the conclusion of this case, for, by May of 1898, Mina Harker is known as Mina Murray.
The Count returns to
to visit Mina Harker and becomes involved in a plot by Jack Seward to sabotage the Queen's Jubilee by releasing bubonic plague infested rats. Holmes investigates the disappearance of an American scientist who had vanished enroute to Sumatra Dracula aids Holmes despite Holmes aversion to him, it is revealed that Holmes is related to the Count, and in fact looks almost identical to him, because the Count's brother Radu, also a vampire seduced Holmes' mother while she was pregnant. The vampire "virus" evidently imparts some DNA material that affects the unborn children. England
Holmes had a twin brother who was vampire from birth. The vampire twin brother may have often assisted his brother by assuming his identity for "night work" or by posing him at night.
Writes fellow Newtonian researcher Brad Mengel, "I have also discovered evidence that Sherlock Holmes' twin brother, whom Ihave named
Rutherford, may still be alive and sometimes impersonated his brother. I stumbled onto Geoffery A Landis' "A Quiet evening by Gaslight" in ALTERNATE OUTLAWS ed Mike Resnick where Watson sees Holmes in a very different light after Holmes finishes reading DRACULA and discusses it with his friend. I presume that Rutherfordoccasionally impersonated his brother. Later on by 1977 Rutherford had set up a detective agency of his own under the name of Cardula as seen in Jack Ritchies' "Cardula's Revenge" in Alfred Hitchcock's Mystery magazine. I am still looking for other appearances of Rutherfordunder the name of Dracula.
For an explanation of who Holmes encountered in the Case of the Sanguinary Count please visit Best Fangs Forward
June 1897 SEVEN STARS Episode One: THE MUMMY'S HEART
Charles Beauregard is an agent of the Diogenes Club (a front for the British Secret Service), reporting to Mycroft Holmes. His current assignment involves investigating a series of murders connected to the discovery of the Jewel of Seven Stars, found within the mummy of Pai-net'em. Professor Abel Trelawny also appears, as do Inspector Lestrade, Henry Wilcox, and Sir Joseph Whemple. Reporter Kate Reed is involved in this adventure, and the mad Arab, Al-Hazred, is mentioned. Beauregard also consults with Thomas Carnacki, the "ghost finder," and with Machen.
This chapter of Seven Stars by Kim Newman confirms that the Charles Beauregard of the Anno Dracula Universe has a counterpart in the Wold Newton Universe. I originally proposed Charles Beauregard, Sr., as the paternal grandfather of Clive Reston Beauregard. In conjunction with this, Matthew Baugh proposed that Mycroft Holmes was the maternal grandfather of
Reston. See The Shang Chi Chronology for more information. Abel Trelawny is borrowed from Stoker's The Jewel of Seven Stars. Inspector Lestrade, Mycroft Holmes, and the Diogenes Club are from Watson and Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories. Henry Wilcox is from E.M. Forster's Howards End. The Whemple in this story must be the father of the Whemple in The Mummy, bringing the events of that film into the Newtonverse. Kate Reed is a "deleted" character from Stoker's Dracula; this Kate Reed has a vampire counterpart in the Anno Dracula Universe. Al-Hazred is from Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos stories. Carnacki is an occult detective created by William Hope Hodgson; this story places him in the Newtonverse. Machen is supernatural writer Arthur Machen (1863-1947).
The action picks up again in February 1922 with Seven Stars Episode Two: The Magician and the Matinee Idol
June 1897 THE ADVENTURE OF THE ANGEL'S TRUMPET
Barrister Kevin O'Bannion, an ancestor of Patrick Butler, comes to Holmes for assistance in clearing his client of murder charges.
John Dickson Carr's Patrick Butler appeared first in Below Suspicion with Dr. Gideon Fell. He then appeared in his own novel, Patrick Butler for the Defense. This short story is by Carolyn Wheat, in Holmes for the Holidays, Greenberg, Lellenberg, & Waugh, eds.,
Books, 1996. Berkley
1897 - The unsinkable liner Titan sinks, as told in Morgan Robertson's novel Futility
Fall 1897THE DIME MUSEUM MURDERS
Young magician Harry Houdini and his brother, Dash Hardeen, solve a series of murders in
. Houdini attempts to emulate his hero, Sherlock Holmes, and quotes Holmes several different times. Houdini and Dash also (erroneously) compare a criminal leader to Professor Moriarty, and there is a reference to the master thief, Raffles. New York City
Novel by Daniel Stashower,
AvonBooks, 1999. Houdini would go on to meet Holmes in 1900, and several more times thereafter. This is not a crossover involving the "real" Houdini of "our" universe, but rather the fictional character Houdini of the Wold Newton Universe. Interestingly, Harry and Dash refer to Holmes' final encounter with Moriarty at Reichenbach, but don't refer to Holmes' return to in 1894; this is undoubtedly because the story of Holmes' survival was not widely publicized until the publication of "The Empty House" in 1903. London
January 1898 THE CASE OF THE DETECTIVE'S SMILE
Holmes receives a visit from Alice Liddell and they discuss their respective sojourns to the dimension known as Wonderland.
Short story by Mark Bourne in the anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, DAW, 1995, (also online) bringing Alice Liddell into the Newtonverse. Wonderland is an alternate realm to the Wold
Universe. See also Alternate Universes. Newton
1898 THE YOUNG LORD PETER CONSULTS SHERLOCK HOLMES
Young Lord Peter Wimsey consults the Great Detective upon the matter of a missing kitten. It is also revealed that the Wimsey family is distantly connected with that of Reginald Musgrave
Lord Peter himself narrates this short tale, which can be found in the book Sayers on Holmes: Essays and Fiction on Sherlock Holmes by Dorothy L. Sayers, Mythopoeic Press, 2001.
March 1898 - The events of H.G. Wells' The Crystal Egg.
May-August 1898 THE LEAGUE OF EXTRAORDINARY GENTLEMEN
Allan Quatermain, Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Hyde, Captain Nemo (Prince Dakkar), The Invisible Man (Hawley Griffin) and Mina Murray (formerly Mina Harker), are pitted against the Devil Doctor who controls
's Limehouse. The Devil Doctor is clearly Fu Manchu, and the conflict is part of a larger battle between Fu Manchu and the first Professor Moriarty for control of London 's underworld. C. Auguste Dupin, Campion Bond and Mycroft Holmes also appear, as does Sherlock Holmes, albeit in a flashback to the incident at London . The tale concludes as the Martian Invasion begins. Reichenbach Falls
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen comics mini-series was written by Alan Moore, with art by Kevin O'Neill,
's Best Comics, 1999-2000. Please visit Jess Nevins' excellent site which annotates all six issues of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, and which provides much of the information on the crossovers, especially the less obvious ones, from League, which appear on this Chronology. For supplemental information on Victorian characters and stories, please visit Jess Nevins' A Page of Fantastic, Mysterious, and Adventurous Victoriana. America
The "main" crossovers are listed above. Haggard's Quatermain, Doyle's Holmes brothers and James Moriarty, Poe's Dupin, and Rohmer's Fu Manchu, are all Wold Newton Family members. Presumably Campion Bond is as well; he is most likely a relative of Fleming's James Bond, and I have identified him as Bond's great-uncle (for a James Bond family tree, please see Win Eckert's The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy). Mina Murray is from Stoker's Dracula; Griffin is from Wells'The Invisible Man.,Nemo is from Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and The Mysterious Island; and the Martian Invasion is that depicted by Wells in The War of the Worlds.
Here is a listing of the remaining "minor" crossovers, characters, and references: Émile Zola's L'Assommoir and Nana; Rosa Coote, Miss Flaybum, "The Correctional Academy for Wayward Gentlewomen," and The Yellow Room; Ishmael from Melville's Moby Dick (Ishmael would be about 72 or 73 years old at this time); Harry Blyth's detective Sexton Blake; Inspector Dick Donovan; Verne's Robur the Conqueror; Reverend Septimus Harding from Anthony Trollope's The Warden; Plantagenet Palliser from Trollope's Palliser/Parliamentary novels; Dickens' David Copperfield; Wells' Lavelle of Java and War of the Worlds; Olive Chancellor of Henry James' The Bostonians; Katy Carr from Susan Coolidge's What Katy Did and sequels; Becky Randall from Kate Douglas Wiggin's Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm and More About Rebecca (although the timing is problematic); Eleanor H. Porter's Pollyanna (again the timing may be problematic); Lord and Lady Pokingham; Ayesha, aka"She-who-must be-obeyed," from H.R. Haggard's books; Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels; Cooper's Natty Bumppo; Orczy's Sir Percy Blakeney (see my The Demmed Blakeneys); Thorndike's Dr. Syn; John Cleland's Fanny Hill; Captain Mors (click here for more information); Verne's Journey to the Centre of the Earth; Professor Selwyn Cavor from Wells' The First Men in the Moon; Quong Lee from Thomas Burke's Limehouse Nights: Tales of Chinatown, The Song Book of Quong Lee of Limehouse, and The Pleasantries of Old Quong; Jim Hawkins, Long John Silver, and Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island; E. Harcourt Burrage's Broad Arrow Jack; Guy Boothby’s Klimo, aka Simon Carne; Guy Boothby's Dr. Nikola; Morgan Robertson's novel Futility (aka The Wreck of the Titan); Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg; Samuel Ferguson from Verne's Five Weeks in a Balloon; the Artful Dodger, from Dickens’ Oliver Twist; Charles Ross and Marie Duval's Ally Sloper, F.O.M.; Tom Browne's Weary Willy and Tired Tim; Edward S. Ellis' The Huge Hunter, or, the Steam Man of the Prairies; and H.G. Wells' story The Purple Pinaeum.
Here are a few references from the hardcover edition of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (not repeating those references already identified):Basil Hallward and Dorian Grey from Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Grey; H.P. Lovecraft’s Pickman’s Model; The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari; Thomas More’s Utopia; Zenda; Flatland; Vrilya, from Edward Bulwer-Lytton’s The Coming Race; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Lost World; Wonderland, from Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland; Jules Verne's The Steam House; Sapathwa, aka the penny dreadful villain The Blue Dwarf; Bracebridge Hemyng's Jack Harkaway's Schooldays; Sir Francis Varney, from James Malcolm Rymer's Varney the Vampyre, or, The Feast of Blood; and Count Allamistakeo, from Edgar Allan Poe's Some Words With A Mummy.
Here are additional references from The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen game. While these don't appear in the story proper, they are obviously intended by the authors to be a part of the League universe, and thus are part of the Wold Newton Universe. Again, many thanks to Jess Nevins for his annotations: Spring-Heeled Jack; Charles Dickens' unfinished The Mystery of Edwin Drood; Sweeney Todd; Professor Gibberne from H.G. Wells’ A New Accelerator; Fan Chu Fang, the Wizard Mandarin, the Chinese arch-enemy of Dixon Brett; Prince Wu-Ling, the Fu Manchu-like enemy of Sexton Blake; Wu Fang; Rudyard Kipling’s Gunga Din; Wilkie Collins’ The Moonstone; Mowgli from Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book (click here for more information); Hugh Lofting’s Dr. John Dolittle; Edgar A. Poe’s The Black Cat; Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations; Edgar Allan Poe's The Premature Burial; Alexandre Dumas' The Man in the Iron Mask; Frank Norris’ McTeague; Wardon Curtis’ The Monster of Lake LaMetrie; adventurer Nick Carter, who first appeared in The Old Detective’s Pupil; Cthulhu; Charles Hamilton's Billy Bunter; E. W. Hornung's Raffles; Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein; J. Sheridan LeFanu’s Carmilla;Hank Morgan from Mark Twain’s A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court; Mr. Kurtz from Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness; Frank Reade, Jr.; Washington Irving’s The Legend of Sleepy Hollow; A. E. W. Mason's The Four Feathers; Jules Verne’s From the Earth to the Moon; Jules Verne’s Un Express de L’Avenir; Charles Maturin’s Melmoth the Wanderer; Maurice Leblanc’s Arsène Lupin; H.G. Wells’ The Island of Dr. Moreau; Lulu from Frank Wedekind’s Earth-Spirit and Pandora's Box; Henry Hobson from Harold Brighouse’s Hobson's Choice; Mr. Cave from H.G. Wells’ The Crystal Egg; Severin from Leopold von Sacher-Masoch’s Venus in Furs; Pere Ubu from Alfred Jarry’s Ubu Roi; Harry Flashman, who first appeared in Thomas Hughes’ Tom Brown's Schooldays and then in George Macdonald Fraser’s Flashman novels;Richard Marsh’s The Beetle; and Fred M. White’s The Purple Terror.
Note that most of the main characters in League believe that Sherlock Holmes is still dead, not realizing that he returned to London in 1894. (His brother, Mycroft, is, of course, tellingly silent on the matter.) Holmes would encounter this same problem during his 1900 meeting with Harry Houdini, and would continue to run into this problem until Watson finally got around to publishing his account of The Adventure of the Empty House, which chronicled Holmes' "return to life" after his battle to the death with the first Professor Moriarty at Reichenbach Falls.
Allan Quatermain, Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Hyde, Captain Nemo (Prince Dakkar), The Invisible Man (Hawley Griffin) and Mina Murray (formerly Mina Harker), are pitted against the Devil Doctor who controls London's Limehouse. The Devil Doctor is clearly Fu Manchu, and the conflict is part of a larger battle between Fu Manchu and the first Professor Moriarty for control of London's underworld. C. Auguste Dupin, Campion Bond and Mycroft Holmes also appear, as does Sherlock Holmes, albeit in a flashback to the incident at Reichenbach Falls.
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen comics mini-series was written by Alan Moore, with art by Kevin O'Neill, America's Best Comics, 1999-2000. Please visit Jess Nevins' excellent site which annotates all six issues of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, and which provides much of the information on the crossovers, especially the more obscure ones, from League, which appear on this Chronology.
The "main" crossovers are listed above. Haggard's Quatermain, Doyle's Holmes brothers and James Moriarty, Poe's Dupin, and Rohmer's Fu Manchu, are all Wold Newton Family members. Presumably Campion Bond is as well; he is most likely a relative of Fleming's James Bond, perhaps his great-uncle. Mina Murray is from Stoker's Dracula; Griffin is from Wells' The Invisible Man; and Nemo is from Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and The Mysterious Island.
Here is a listing of the remaining "minor" crossovers, characters, and references (this list is currently unfinished and will be completed as time permits): Émile Zola's L'Assommoir and Nana; Rosa Coote, Miss Flaybum, "The Correctional Academy for Wayward Gentlewomen," and The Yellow Room; Ishmael from Melville's Moby Dick (Ishmael would be about 68 or 69 years old at this time); Harry Blyth's detective Sexton Blake; Dickens' David Copperfield; Wells' War of the Worlds; and Verne's Journey to the Centre of the Earth.
Note that most of the main characters believe that Sherlock Holmes is still dead, not realizing that he returned to London in 1894. (His brother, Mycroft, is, of course, tellingly silent on the matter.) Holmes would encounter this same problem during his 1900 meeting with Harry Houdini, and would continue to run into this problem until Watson finally got around to publishing his account of The Adventure of the Empty House, which chronicled Holmes' "return to life" after his battle to the death with the first Professor Moriarty at Reichenbach Falls.
August 1898 - The events of H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.
August 1898 SHERLOCK HOLMES' WAR OF THE WORLDS
In this companion novel to H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds, Sherlock Holmes, Dr. John Watson, Lord John Roxton, and Professor George Edward Challenger fight against the Martian invasion. Professor Challenger's assistant, Morgan, is revealed to be the son of Colonel Moran.
This is a novel by Challenger's biographer, Edward D. Malone, and Holmes' biographer, Watson, edited by Manly W. Wellman and Wade Wellman, Warner Books, 1975 (for the reason why the editors added a purely fictional romance between Holmes and his landlady, Mrs. Hudson, please read the article, The Kissable Mrs. Hudson). The 1901-1902 dates given are unlikely. Although the prelude revolving around the Crystal Egg begins in March 1898, Holmes is involved in many different unrelated adventures during the six-month period of March-August 1898. The events of the Martian Invasion, and the main events of this novel, take place during August of 1898. The epilogue takes place in October 1898.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle edited many stories about Professor Challenger, such as The Lost World and The Poison Belt. Challenger is also the uncle of Doc Savage's aide, Monk Mayfair. Regarding the red planet, Challenger was correct in his conclusion that the invaders did not come from Mars - at least not our Mars, since Mars in our universe is (supposedly) a dead planet. However, Challenger was incorrect in stating that they came from beyond our solar system. Instead, the invaders came from a Mars that exists in a dimension parallel to our own, that containing John Carter's Mars, otherwise known as Barsoom. For more information on the theory that Barsoom exists in a parallel universe to Earth, see John Flint Roy's A Guide to Barsoom, Ballentine Books, 1976. See also Alternate Universes.
August 1898 - The events of H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.
August 1898 THE LEAGUE OF EXTRAORDINARY GENTLEMEN II
Allan Quatermain, Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Hyde, Captain Nemo (Prince Dakkar), The Invisible Man (Hawley Griffin) and Mina Murray (formerly Mina Harker) again join forces, this time against the Martian Invasion. They continue to take their orders from Campion Bond, who in turn serves a new "M," presumably Mycroft Holmes. Meanwhile, on Mars (Barsoom), John Carter, the Barsoomian Green Martians, the Sorns, and Gulliver Jones of Mars are prominently featured.
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II comics mini-series was written by Alan Moore, with art by Kevin O'Neill, America's Best Comics, 2002. The invaders come from a Mars that exists in a dimension parallel to our own, that containing John Carter's Mars,otherwise known as Barsoom. For more information on the theory that Barsoom exists in a parallel universe to Earth, see John Flint Roy's A Guide to Barsoom, Ballentine Books, 1976, and the Alternate Universes page. The prologue depicting the united forces of Mars battling against the invaders, and finally driving some of them off Mars and towards Earth, takes place in July 1898. The final details of this battle are related in Mars: The Home Front (August 1898).
Please go to Jess Nevins' exceptional site which annotates The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II, and which provides much of the information on the crossovers, especially the less obvious ones, from League II, which appear on this Chronology. For supplemental information on Victorian characters and stories, please visit Jess Nevins' A Page of Fantastic, Mysterious, and Adventurous Victoriana.
The "main" crossovers are listed above. Haggard's Quatermain is a Wold Newton Family member. It is likely that Campion Bond is also. The marks upon Bond's walking stick spell out "007" in Morse Code, solidifying his connection to Fleming's James Bond, and thus I have identified Campion as James Bond's great-uncle (for a James Bond family tree, please see my The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy). Mina Murray is from Stoker's Dracula; Griffin is from H.G. Wells' The Invisible Man; Nemo is from Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and The Mysterious Island; and the Martian Invasion is depicted by Wells in The War of the Worlds. Mycroft Holmes, of course is from Doyle's and Watson's Sherlock Holmes tales. For a bit more on Mycroft's (and Professor Moriarty's) role as "M," see the entries for The Great Game and Son of Holmes. Lieut. Gulliver Jones: His Vacation (aka Gulliver of Mars) was written by Edwin L. Arnold. Although called "Gullivar" here, the reference is clearly to Gulliver Jones. John Carter, of course, is the hero of Edgar Rice Burroughs' Martian series; a timeline of Burroughs' tales can be found here. The Sorns are from from C.S. Lewis’ Space Trilogy (Out of the Silent Planet, Perelandra and That Hideous Strength). The Martian Invasion itself, of course, is told of in H.G. Wells' The War of the Worlds.
Here is a listing of the remaining "minor" crossovers, characters, and references: the "Hither People" from Lieut. Gulliver Jones: His Vacation; "Varnal, the Green City" from Michael Moorcock’s Mars series (Warriors of Mars, Blades of Mars, and Barbarians of Mars, featuring Michael Kane, a physics professor transported to Mars' distant past, written under the pseudonym of Edward P. Bradbury); The Crystal Egg by H.G. Wells (which features in Sherlock Holmes' War of the Worlds as a reconnaissance device for the invading Martians); Guy Boothby's Dr. Nikola; Reverend Harding, from Anthony Trollope's The Warden; The Bleak House inn, from Charles Dickens' Bleak House; Major Henry Blimp, the future Colonel Blimp; the straight razor in the museum with the plaque "Kettlewell, Yorkshire, Mr. W. =C. Cording" is a reference to The Lizard by Charles John Cutcliffe Hyne; --- (current through issue number two, with updates as time permits).
Here are additional references from The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II: The New Traveller's Almanac. Once again I am indebted to Jess Nevins' incredible annotations! While these don't appear in the story proper, they are obviously intended by the authors to be a part of the League universe, and thus are part of the Wold Newton Universe.
The New Traveller's Almanac: Chapter One: The British Isles: Prospero, Ariel and Caliban from Shakespeare’s The Tempest; Christian from John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim's Progress from this World to that Which is to Come; The Blazing World from Observations upon Experimental Philosophy. To which is added the Description of a New Blazing World. Written by the Thrice Noble, Illustrious and Excellent Princess, The Duchess of Newcastle by Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle; The Bellman Expedition and Snark Island from Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark; a previous League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, comprised of a very elderly Lemuel Gulliver, Sir Percy Blakeney and wife, the Reverend Dr. Syn (aka Captain Clegg), Fanny Hill, and Natty Bumppo; The Streaming Kingdom from Jules Superville’s L'Enfant de la Haute Mer; St. Brendan’s Isle, and the "aquatic infants" from Charles Kingsley’s The Water-Babies; Victoria from James Buckingham’s National Evils and Practical Remedies, with a Plan of a Model Town; Avondale from Grant Allen’s The Child of the Phalanstery; Commutaria is from Elspeth Ann Macey’s Awayday; Abaton from Sir Thomas Bulfinch’s My Heart’s In the Highlands; Baskerville Hall from Watson's and Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of the Baskervilles; Crotchet Castle from Thomas Love Peacock's Crotchet Castle; Yalding Towers from E. Nesbit's The Enchanted Castle; Ravenal's Tower from E. Nesbit's The Wouldbegoods; The "White House" and the Psammead from E. Nesbit's Five Children and It; Doyle's The Adventure of the Lion's Mane; Rudyard Kipling's The Wish House; Stella Gibbons' Cold Comfort Farm; H.P. Lovecraft's The Dreams in the Witch-House; Yspaddaden Penkawr from The Mabinogion; H.P. Lovecraft's The Rats in the Walls; Dylan Thomas' Under Milk Wood, a Play for Voices; Captain Robert Owemuch from The Floating Island; Doyle's The Adventure of the Creeping Man; Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass; Graham Greene's Under the Garden; Jules Verne's Les Indes Noires; the Vril-ya race from Edward Bulwer-Lytton's The Coming Race; Joseph O'Neill's Land Under England; Thomas Love Peacock's Nightmare Abbey; Alan Garner's The Weirdstone of Brisingamen; Bram Stoker's Lair of the White Worm; C.S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia; James Stephens' The Crock of Gold; The Lake of the Cauldron from The Mabinogion; Oscar Wilde's The Selfish Giant; Charles Maturin's The Castle of Leixlip; James Yorkston's Cockles and Mussels; J. Sheridan Le Fanu's The Siege of the Red House; Brian O'Nolan's The Third Policeman; W.H. Hodgson's The House on the Borderlands; Alan Jay Lerner's Brigadoon; W.H. Hudson's A Crystal Age; William Morris' The Story of the Glittering Plain; Ayesha's city, Kôr, from H. Rider Haggard's She.
The New Traveller's Almanac: Chapter Two: Europe: Samuel Gott's Novae Solymae libri sex; Hugh Lofting's The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle; Washington Irving's The Alhambra; Lucian of Samosata's True History; Coromandel and the Yonghi-Bonghi of Bo from Edward Lear's The Courtship of Yonghy-Bonghy-Bò; Lanternland, and the glowing Lords and Ladies, from Le Voyage de navigation que fist Panurge; The Oracle in the Bottle from Five Books of the Lives, Heroic Deeds and Sayings of Gargantua and His Son Pantagruel; The Island of the Lotus-Eaters, Ogygia, Odysseus, Aiolio, and the Cyclops from Homer's Odyssey; Alfred Jarry's Gestes et Opinions du Docteur Faustroll, Pataphysicien (Gestures and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician); Anne Marie Louise Henriette d'Orléans, Duchesse de Montpensier's Rélation de L'Isle Imaginaire (Relation of the Imaginary Island); Henri Michaux's Voyage en Grande Garabagne (Voyage to Grand Garabagne); Gustavo Becquer's El Monte de las ánimas (The Mountain of the Spirits); Claudius Aelianus' Varia Historia; Max Frisch's Andorra; La Mancha, Barataria, Sancho Panza, Montesino's Cave, and Don Quixote from Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra's El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de La Mancha (The Ingenious Noble, Don Quixote de la Mancha; Boris Vian's L'Automne à Pékin (The Fall of Peking); Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne's L'Andrographe; Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando Furioso; Jorge Luis Borges' La Muerte y la brújula (Death and the compass); Georges Duhamel's Lettres d'Auspasie (Letters from Auspasia) and La dernier voyage de Candide (The Last Voyage of Candide); Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron; Pierre Louys's Les Aventures du Roi Pausole (The Adventures of King Pausole); Béroualde de Verville's Le Moyen de parvenir (The Means to reach); Alfred Jarry's Gestes et Opinions du Docteur Faustroll, Pataphysicien; François Rabelais' Le quart livre des faicts et dicts du bon Pantagruel and Le cinquiesme et dernier livre des faicts et dicts du bon Pantagruel; Denis Diderot's Les Bijoux Indiscrets (The Indiscreet Jewels) and Jacques le fataliste et son maître (Jacques the Fatalist and his Master); Ferdinand Raimund's Die gefesselte Phantasie (The Bound Imagination); Béroualde de Verville's Le Moyen de parvenir; Alphonse Daudet's Lettres de mon moulin; Poictesme, from the works of James Branch Cabell, such as Jurgen; Averoigne from the stories of Clark Ashton Smith, such as A Rendezvous in Averoigne; Luc Alberny's Le Mammoth Bleu (The Blue Mammoth); André Maurois' Patapoufs et Filifers; the film Les Visiteurs du soir (The Visitors in the Evening); Claude Gilbert's Histoire de Calejava ou de l'Ilse des Hommes Raisonnables (History of Calejava or the Island of Reasonable Men); Claire Kenin's La Mer mystérieuse (The Mysterious Sea); Victor Hugo's La Ville disparue (The Disappeared City); Luigi Motta's Il tunnel sottomarino (The Undersea Tunnel); J.H. Rosny (jeune)'s L'Enigme du "Redoutable" (The Enigma of the "Redoubtable"); Marie Anne de Roumier Robert's Les Ondins (The Water Sprites); Vasco de Lobeira's Amadis de Gaula (Amadis of Gaul); G.K. Chesterton's Introductory: On Gargoyles; Daniel Defoe's sequel to Robinson Crusoe, The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe; Jacques Prévert's Lettre des îles Baladar (Letter from the Baladar Islands); Alfred, Lord Tennyson's The Idylls of the King; Charles Nodier's Hurlubleu, Grand Manifafa d'Hurlubiere; Maurice Barrère's La Cité du sommeil (The City of Sleep); François Rabelais' La Vie très horrifique du grand Gargantua (The Very Horrific Life of the Great Gargantua); Amra, Aquilonia, and the Swedish warrior-king (Conan) from the works of Robert E. Howard; the Melnibonean empire and the black sword (Stormbringer) from the Elric of Melnibone books of Michael Moorcock (note that other references in the Wold Newton Universe treat Melnibone as an alternate universe); Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne's Le Pornographe (The Pornography); André Dhôtel's Les Pays où l'on n'arrive jamais (The Country One Never Reaches); Gaston Leroux's The Phantom of the Opera; Jules Verne's Robur; Jean de La Hire's The Nyctalope; E.W. Hornung's gentleman thief A.J. Raffles; Jean Valjean from Victor Hugo's Les Misérables; Turkish writer Nedim Gürsel's Son Tramway (His Tram); Oscar Venceslas de Lubicz Milosz's Les Sept solitudes, poèmes (The Seven Solitudes, Poems); Raymond Roussel's Locus Solus; Tristan Tzara's Grains et Issues (Grains and Exits); José Muñoz Escamez's La Ciudad de los Suicidas (The City of the Suicides); Robert Louis Stevenson's The Suicide Club; Maurice LeBlanc's Lupin novel, L'Aiguille Creuse (The Hollow Needle); Pierre Souvestre and Marcel Allain's Fantômas; Arnould Galopin's Le Docteur Oméga - Aventures Fantastiques de Trois Français dans la Planète Mars (Dr. Omega - Fantastic Adventures Of Three Frenchmen On Planet Mars); Dr. Ox from Jules Verne's Une fantaisie du Docteur Ox (A Fantasy of Dr. Ox); P.S. Ballanches' La Ville des expiations (The City of Expiations); Charles Perrault's La Barbe Bleue (The Blue Beard); Mme Marie Leprince de Beaumont's La Belle et La Bête (The Beauty and the Beast); Princess Rosamond, or "Sleeping Beauty"; George MacDonald's The Wise Woman, a Parable; Charles Perrault's Le Maître Chat ou Le Chat Botté (The Master Cat or the Boot-Wearing Cat); Jorge Luis Borges' El Zahir; the Physiologus Latinus; Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels; Edgar Allan Poe's Shadow: A Parable; Aristophanes' The Birds; Pliny the Elder's Inventorum Natura (Natural History); Jacopo Sannazaro's Arcadia; Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto; Stefan Andres' Die Reise nach Portiuncula (The Trip to Portiuncula); Emilio Salgari's I naviganti della Meloria (The Seamen of Meloria); Italo Calvino's Le città invisibili (The Invisible Town); Aucassin et Nicolette (Aucassin and Nicolette); Carlo Collodi's The Adventures of Pinocchio; Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose; Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho; Fiabe Italiane (Italian Fables); Johann Heinrich Daniel Zschokke's Das Goldmacherdorf (The Village of the Gold Maker); Ferdinand Raimund's Der Alpenkönig und der Menschenfeind (The Mountain King and the Enemy Man); Max Jacob's Histoire du roi Kaboul Ier et du marmiton Gauwain (The History of King Kaboul the 1st and the Marmiton Gauwain); Leonard Wibberley's The Mouse that Roared; E.T.A. Hoffmann's Der Goldene Topf (The Golden Pot); Thomas Bernhard's Frost; Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Sudden Light; Ludwig Tieck's Der Runenberg; Richard Wagner's Tannhäuser; Aubrey Beardsley's Under the Hill; Lia Wainstein's Viaggio in Drimonia; Tom Hood's Petsetilla's Posy; Edgar Allan Poe's The Masque of the Red Death; Gregory Owen's Meccania, the Super-State; Karl Immerman's Tulifäntchen, Ein Heldengedicht in drei Gesängen; Donatien-Alphonse-François, Marquis de Sade's 120 Days of Sodom; Le Dit de cocagne (The Sayings of Cocagne) and Marc-Antoine Le Grand's Le Roi de Cocagne (The King of Cocagne); Johann Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen's Der abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch (The Adventurous Simplicissimus Teutsch); E.T.A. Hoffmann's The Nutcracker and the King of the Mice and Alexandre Dumas (père)'s The Nutcracker of Nuremberg, in Histoire d'une cassenoisette (History of a Wardrobe); Mervyn Peake's Gormenghast trilogy: Titus Groan, Gormenghast, and Titus Alone; Johann Paul Friedrich Richter's Leben des vergnügten Schulmeisterlein Maria Wuz in Auenthal (Life of the Happy Schoolmarm Maria Wuz in Auenthal); Jorge Luis Borges' Pierre Menard, Author of Don Quixote; E.T.A. Hoffmann's Die Bergwerke zu Falun (The Mines of Falun); Theodor Storm's Die Regentrude; Jean Ray's Le Manuscrit français (The French Manuscript); Philippe-Auguste Comte de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam's Axël: Charles Fourier's Théorie des Quatre Mouvements (Theory in Four Movements); Georges Delbruck's Au pays de l'harmonie (The Country of Harmony); Nicolas Edme Restif de la Bretonne's Les Gynographes; Edgar Allan Poe's The Devil in the Belfry; Voyage Curieux d'un Philadelphe dans des Pays nouvellement Découverts (The Strange Trip of a Philadelphian in a Newly Discovered Country); Marie Anne de Roumier Robert's Les Ondins; Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Mermaid; Paul Alperine's La Citadelle des Glaces (The Fortress of Ice); F. Marcolini's Dello scoprimento dell'Isole Frislanda, Eslandia, Engrovelanda, Estotilanda e Icaria, fatto sotto il Polo Artico dai due fratelli Zeno; Tommaso Porcacchi's Le isole piu' famose del mondo (The Most Famous Islands of the World); Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth; Richard Wagner's The Flying Dutchman; Baron Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum Novam Telluris Theoriam Ac Historiam Quintae Monarchiae Adhuc Nobis Incognitae Exhibens E Bibliotheca B. Abelini; Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt; Frigyes Karinthy's Capillaria; Cimmeria from Robert E. Howard's Conan stories; Hans-Christian Andersen's Snedronningen (The Snow Queen); Tove Jansson's Moomintroll books; Klopstokia from the 1932 film Million Dollar Legs; Alfred Jarry's trilogy of plays, King Ubu, Cuckold Ubu and Slave Ubu; Bruno Schulz's Sanatorium pod Klepsydra (The Sanatorium of Kelpsydra); Oscar Wilde's The Happy Prince; Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda; Lutha from Edgar Rice Burroughs' The Mad King; Franz Kafka's Das Schloss (The Castle) and In der Strafkolonie (In the Penal Settlement); Carl Maria, Freiherr von Weber, and Johann Friedrich Kind's Der Freischütz (The Freeshooter); Sylvania and Freedonia from the Marx Brothers' film Duck Soup; Paul Féval's La Ville Vampire (City of Vampires); Jules Verne's Le Château des Carpathes (The Castle of the Carpathians); James Thomson's The City of Dreadful Night; Countess Elizabeth Bathory; the films Count Yorga, Vampire and The Return of Count Yorga; Brigid Brophy's Palace Without Chairs. --- (current through issue number two, with updates as time permits).
August 1898 MARS: THE HOME FRONT
John Carter of Mars relates to Edgar Rice Burroughs his involvement in defeating the Martian invasion of Earth by the evil Sarmaks of Barsoom.
A short story edited by G.A. Effinger, from a manuscript by Edgar Rice Burroughs, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches,, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed. Establishes that the invaders' Mars and Barsoom are one and the same. Barsoom is located in an alternate universe to the Wold Newton Universe (see The Second War of the Worlds, 1897). See also Alternate Universes.
August 1898 SOLDIER OF THE QUEEN
During the Martian Invasion, Rudyard Kipling meets Mowgli; Kim; Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris; and Gandhi.
A short story edited by Barbara Hambly, from a manuscript by Rudyard Kipling, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed. The level of destruction and and the political results arising therefrom are overstated in Kipling's account. Mowgli is from The Jungle Book. Kimball O'Hara is from Kim. Learoyd, Mulvaney and Ortheris are from Soldiers Three. Gandhi is self-explanatory. For more on Mowgli, please read David Vincent Jr.'s Jungle Brothers, or, Secrets of the Jungle Lords.
August 1898 TO MARS AND PROVIDENCE
During the Martian Invasion, eight-year-old Howard Phillips Lovecraft has an unusual experience and discovers a connection between the Martian Sarmaks and the Elder Gods.
A short story edited by Don Webb, from a manuscript by H.P. Lovecraft, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed.
August 1898 THE TRUE TALE OF THE FINAL BATTLE OF UMSLOPOGAAS THE ZULU
During the Martian Invasion, Winston Churchill witnesses the Allan Quatermain's companion Umslopogass battling Martians.
A short story edited by Janet Berliner, from a manuscript by Winston Churchill, in the anthology War of the Worlds: Global Dispatches, Bantam, 1996, Kevin J. Anderson, ed. Churchill places these events from November 1899-April 1900, during the Boer War, which began in October 1899. However, we believe that Churchill was actually in Africa a year earlier, for reasons that he was unable to reveal. Since he was not allowed to disclose his presence in Africa in August 1898, he fictionalized the time-frame when he prepared this account. Umslopogaas is the warrior featured in H. Rider Haggard's Allan Quatermain. The explanation for his appearance in 1898 so many years after his death is revealed in the story.
November 24, 1898 - Birth of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton. His older brother is Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond. His great grandmother is Oread Butler, a cousin of Rhett Butler (Gone With the Wind).
1899 - Dorothy Gale makes her first trip to the alternate reality called Oz (L. Frank Baum's The Wizard of Oz).
1899 - The events of A Portrait of the Artist as Young Man by James Joyce. The artist, Stephen Dedalus, will later meet Wold Newton Family member Leopold Bloom.
1899 - Doctor Julius No, the grandson of Dr. James Noel, is born (click here for more information).
1899 - The events of Grant Allen’s The Child of the Phalanstery.
1899 John Cloamby, Lord Grandrith having recovered from the elixir and genetic spawned madness finds himself gripped by a compulsion (implanted by the Nine) to combat evil. Changing his name to Caliban he vows to raise his son to be pure, fight evil and destroy the Nine. He is throughly manipulated by the Nine all the way. See the Triple Tarzan Tangle
July 1, 1899 - Birth of Henry "Indiana" Jones, Jr.
1899-1900 - The events of The First Men in the Moon, as told by H.G. Wells.An extremely fictionalized version of Dr. Cavor's trip to the moon using Cavorite is published, written by Herbert George Wells, a long time socialist and Eridanean associate. Cavor actually did manage to build a space ship using a substance he discovered on what he took to be a meteorite, actually a piece of one of the Mother ships. Because of the odd design of his vessel, it did not trip the satellite system and so he passed by without causing the satellites to self-destruct. However, he did land near one of the Lunar Bases. The automated drones attempted to save his life, but his unshielded craft had given him a fatal dose of radiation. As programmed, the lunar automatons destroyed the lunar base.
1899 Charlie Marlow and Arronaxe Land move to California.
December 1899 FORT: PROPHET OF THE UNEXPLAINED
Charles Fort, with the assistance of young H. P. Lovecraft, investigates a strange series of disappearances in New York City. Governor Theodore Roosevelt also appears in the story.
Comics mini-series by Peter M. Lenkov and Frazer Irving, Dark Horse Comics, 2002. The story involves the Wold Newton Universe versions of Fort, Lovecraft, and Roosevelt.
January 5, 1900 - James W. Gordon is born. Concurrent with his position as Gotham City's youngest ever Police Commissioner, he will work as the masked vigilante The Whisperer in the 1930s (click here for more info).
1900 - Birth of Philip Marlowe, son of Arronaxe Land and half-brother of Arronaxe Larsen
1900 Jake Mason has a son, Buck Mason born in Comanche County, New Mexico
1900 Birth of Perry Mason, son of Randolph Mason. Like his father Perry will become an attorney. His exploits are recorded by Erle Stanley Gardner.
July 1900 - Holmes and Watson briefly meet magician and escape artist Harry Houdini, who evinces surprise that Holmes is alive, having thought him dead after the incident at Reichenbach (The Pandora Plague). Holmes dismisses Houdini's shock as a common occurrence among the public, as Watson's account of The Empty House has not yet been released.
1900 SHERLOCK HOLMES ARRIVES TOO LATE
Holmes goes up against the elusive master criminal Arsène Lupin.
A short story by Maurice Leblanc in the volume Arsène Lupin, Gentleman-Cambrioleur, featuring the first encounter between Holmes and Lupin. Lupin is also a Wold Newton family member. Due to copyright issues, Leblanc was unable to secure permission to write about Holmes. Consequently, the story was published under the title Holmlock Shears Arrives Too Late. I have taken the liberty of restoring to the Great Detective his proper name.
1901 THE SECOND WAR OF THE WORLDS
In this sequel to Wells' The War of the Worlds, Holmes and Watson help fight against a second Martian invasion on the planet Annwn, which is Earth's counterpart in a parallel universe. It is revealed that the invasion of Earth two years ago did indeed originate from a different universe, that in which Annwn is located.This time, the Sarmaks of Barsoom (aka the Martian invaders) stick to their own dimension. The Circle of Life cult, lead by the second ProfessorJames Moriarty, collaborates with the Martians in this second invasion, based on the cult members' belief that the Martian Sarmaks are completely superior and should be the natural rulers of humanity.
This novel by George H. Smith was published by DAW Books in 1976. The Island Snatchers, Smith's follow-up Annwn novel sans Holmes, Watson, or Martians, was published by DAW in 1978. Annwn resides in the same parallel universe in which Barsoom is located (see Mars: The Home Front, 1898.) See also Alternate Universes.
1901 - Following the Sarmaks' betrayal of the Circle of Life collaborators on Annwn, and the Circle's decimation under the heat-rays of the invaders, any mention of extra-terrestrial life, Martian or otherwise, becomes an embarrassment for the second Professor James Moriarty. Although he ran the Circle of Life from a distance, and was planning on using the Circle cult members and the events of the Second Invasion with an eye towards eventually ruling Annwn himself, Moriarty now realizes that he needs to distance himself from those events. He taps the remaining infrastructure of the Circle of Life organization on Earth, renames the group "Krafthaus," and assigns Krafthaus members what seems a daunting task: the complete eradication of any substantial evidence of the existence of extra-terrestrials. Moriarty's goal is that in fifty years, by 1947, no one on Earth will believe in alien life or that the War of the Worlds really happened. (However, even Moriarty could not have predicted the 1947 Roswell Incident and the resurgent interest in extra-terrestrials.) Over the next several decades, and even beyond the second Professor Moriarty's death, his organization mounts a massive disinformation campaign, reducing the events of the Martian Invasion to mere mythology. Overall, the second Professor Moriarty's plan is successful, and by the latter half of the 20th Century, most people regard the events of The War of the Worlds as mere fiction. Of course, throughout Earth's history there have been countless extra-terrestrial contacts, such as the Eridaneans and the Capelleans, an orphaned infant from the planet Krypton, and visitations as described in the annals of the Cthulhu Mythos, Star Trek, and The X-Files. However, all records and knowledge of those contacts remain secret, unsubstantiated, or lost in the mists of ancient times. In the late 20th Century, those who consider themselves to be rational and scientific, such as Dr. Dana Scully, refuse to believe, without substantial scientific proof, that alien life-forms have visited Earth. Thanks to the second Professor Moriarty's efforts, as well as the post-1947 machinations of the Consortium (see The X-Files), such proof no longer exists. Those who do continue to believe in extra-terrestrials, such as Fox Mulder, are regarded as kooks and spooks
January, 1901 James Caliban born. A faction of the Nine begin grooming him to be their candidate for living godhood, a new man for a new age, a man of technology as opposed to a man of the jungle.
Although his life will bear certain parallels he was not Doc Savage nor was his cousin, John Cloamby, Lord Grandrith, Tarzan.
Rather their lives were deliberately shaped to resemble theirs, as much as the memories of the original Three would allow. See Triple Tarzan Tangle
March-April 1901 -Sherlock Holmes in New York
as told by Watson, D.R. Bensen, ed., in which the first Professor Moriarty attempts to strike at Holmes through abducting his nine-year-old son, Scott Adler (aka Marko Vuckic). The events surrounding Holmes' relationship with Irene Adler in Montenegro in 1891 are also mentioned. Curiously, there is no mention of Scott's twin brother, John Hamish Adler, the man who would later be known as Nero Wolfe. There is also no mention of Scott Adler's older half-sister, Irene Adler's daughter, Nina Vassilievna.
May 1901 - Clark Savage, Sr., the illegitimate son of William Cecil Clayton, the sixth duke of Greystoke, is implicated in the kidnapping of his younger half-brother, the legitimate son of the sixth duke, as described by Watson and Doyle in the Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Priory School. After these events, Savage and his wife Arronaxe Larsen flee England; a guilt-ridden Savage vows to dedicate his life and that of his unborn child to fighting evil Click here for a brief article on Doc Savage's father and the Greystoke lineage.
1901 - Birth of Irma Peterson, daughter of Dr. Caber (click here for more information).
1901 - Birth of Simon Templar: The Saint. Charteris was never too specific about Templar's origins, Templar follows in the tradition of the helpful rogue category. Two possible men come to mind as potential parents. Arsene Lupin or A. J. Raffles. Although Templar is quite worldly, he seems to be quite British in upbringing and attitude. I surmised that A.J. Raffles, while serving during the Boer War, fell in love with a woman English Colonist in South Africa. It is possible that they meant to wed but he was killed in action. Being a woman of some importance, possibly the daughter or widow of a diamond mine owner,she went to England and gave the child up for adoption. However after a few years had gone by, she had a change of heart and tracked the child down and adopted him. He never forgot his first years of poverty and so even after becoming wealthy and well educated, he was a champion of the underdog. Especially after his mother revealed his true origins on her death bed.
November 12, 1901 - Clark "Doc" Savage, Jr., is born on the schooner Orion in a cove off the northern tip of Andros Island, Bahamas. Doc's parents are Clark Savage, Sr. and Arronaxe Larsen. Doc's maternal grandparents are Wolf Larsen (The Sea Wolf) and Arronaxe Land, who is the daughter of Ned Land (20,000 Leagues Under the Sea). As part of his training to combat crime and evil, Clark, over the years, will study various disciplines with Sherlock Holmes, Arsène Lupin, Richard Wentworth, Dr. John Thorndyke, Craig Kennedy, Kent Allard, and Tarzan.
December 24, 1901 THE ADVENTURE OF THE THREE GHOSTS
Sherlock Holmes assists Timothy Cratchit, Lord Chislehurst, in discovering the source of ghostly nighttime visitations.
A short story by Loren D. Estleman, which is sequel to Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, in Holmes for the Holidays, Greenberg, Lellenberg, & Waugh, eds., Berkley Books, 1996. There are two other Holmes / Christmas Carol sequels: The Adventure of the Christmas Ghosts, by Bill Crider, in Holmes for the Holidays, and The Case of the Rajah's Emerald, by Carolyn Wheat, in More Holmes for the Holidays. Each could be a valid crossover and sequel to Dickens' tale, but for the fact that each reveals a different fate for "Tiny Tim" Cratchit. The Adventure of the Three Ghosts was Win Eckert's favorite.
March-April 1902 ARSÈNE LUPIN VERSUS SHERLOCK HOLMES
Lupin and Holmes again work on opposite sides of the law.
The true title of this novel is Arsène Lupin Versus Herlock Sholmes, as Maurice Leblanc was unable to write about Sherlock Holmes.
1902 - Birth of Lawrence Stewart Talbot, the Wolf Man (click here for more information).
1902 - The main events of Ayesha: The Return of She, as told by Ludwig Horace Holly (edited by H. Rider Haggard), in which Leo Vincey is reunited with Ayesha
August 1902 SHERLOCK HOLMES AND THE CLOWN PRINCE OF LONDON
Holmes enlists Arsène Lupin to perform a bit of thievery for a just cause.
Comic story by Joe Gentile and Gulick, Moonstone Comics, 2001.
1902 It was this year that Fu Manchu was crippled, possibly by an elephant, at the Empress' pleasure.
His Si Fan agents smuggled him out of China, through Vietnam and then to Paris. Learning that they could not repair his twisted spine, Fu Manchu took a name that mocked his origins. He took back his birth name of Shan but added Hanoi to it, thus always bitterly reminding him of his lowly origins.
Late September 1902 THE PANDORA PLAGUE
Holmes and Harry Houdini are involved in the evil machinations of a hideously sinister plot. Dr. Thorndyke makes a cameo appearance, as does Monsieur Dubuque of the Paris police.
This account was written by Dr. Watson and edited by Lee A. Matthias, Leisure Books, 1981. Thorndyke's cases were written by R. Austin Freeman. Dubuque and Holmes also met during the cases of The Second Stain and The Boulevard Assassin.
December 24, 1902-Early 1903 NIGHT WATCH
Sherlock Holmes investigates a murder at a secret ecumenical conference in London. A young Father Brown also becomes involved in the case. It is also stated that Father Brown went on to visit Holmes many times thereafter.
Novel by Stephen Kendrick, from a manuscript by John H. Watson, Pantheon Books, 2001. This book gives Father Brown's first name as "Paul" whereas in his 1967 appearance in The Rainbow Affair, he is named "John." Perhaps his full name is John Paul Brown.
December 17, 1903 Birth of the Luthor quadruplets (See The Lethal Luthors)
1903 - The second Professor Moriarty quietly establishes a new identity for himself, that of Andrew Lumley, a respected philanthropist. (see Buchan's The Power-House).
1903 - Professor Challenger's and Lord John Roxton's expedition to The Lost World, as related by Edward Malone (edited by Arthur Conan Doyle).Canonical books in the series are: The Poison Belt, The Land of Mist, The Disintegration Machine, and When the World Screamed. Professor Challenger's adventures continued in Professor Challenger in Space (edited by S.W. Theaker) and several other crossovers listed on this Chronology.
1903-1913 - David Innes and Abner Perry make the trip to Pellucidar and the rest of the events of E.R. Burroughs'At the Earth's Core follow.
July 1903 SÉANCE FOR A VAMPIRE
Novel by Fred Saberhagen, Tor Books, 1994
Holmes and Watson again work with Vlad Dracula.
in which which Holmes, Watson and Dracula travel to Russia to track down a murdering Russian Vampire. They have a brief encounter with Rasputin, possibly this sets the stage for the events of Rasputin's Revenge
Inspector Merrivale and Rasputin also appear. Vlad ruminates upon Rasputin, "But I believe I smiled, because the Russian word rasputin carries strong connotations of sexual debauchery; rather as if an Englishman or American were to introduce himself as Gregory Porno, or Ephraim Smut."
This is not the "real" Count Dracula, whom Holmes and Watson encountered in 1890. (see Watson's The Adventure of the Sanguinary Count, 1890). For a full explanation of Vlad and his relationship to the true Count, see Best Fangs Forward, which also covers the truth behind the "familial relationship" between Holmes and Vlad, and which is based upon research by Brad Mengel, here.
Inspector Merrivale would go on to be known as Sir Henry Merrivale, whose cases were chronicled by Carter Dickson (aka John Dickson Carr). Rasputin, as revealed in Rasputin's Revenge, 1916-1917, is the son of the first Professor James Moriarty. From Vlad's ruminations, on page 288, we may also postulate that Ephraim Tutt is a real person in the Newtonverse, that Vlad has encountered or heard of him, and that Vlad, here, is playing upon his name. Writer Arthur Train featured lawyer Ephraim Tutt in more than eighty short stories, most of them published in the Saturday Evening Post between 1919 and 1945.
Late November 1903 THE SINGULAR CASE OF THE ANEMIC HEIR
Count Dracula attempts to exact revenge upon Sherlock Holmes, but Holmes outwits him, at least for the time being.
Comic story by Will Richardson, Kevin Duane, and Anton Caravana, in The Rook number 10, Warren Publishing, August 1981.
1904 - Robur returns in Verne's Master of the World.
Wold Newton Family member Leopold Bloom encounters artist Stephen Dedalus.
Novel by James Joyce. Click here for more information.
1904 - Birth of Yitzik Baline (aka Rick Blaine) in New York City (click here for more info)..
1904 - Miss Mina Murray visits a master detective turned bee-keeper in Fulworth, Sussex, as related by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill in The New Traveller's Almanac, Chapter One: The British Isles in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II.
1905 - George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, aka My Fair Lady (click here for more info).
1905 - The events of Ayesha: The Return of She, as told by Ludwig Horace Holly (edited by H. Rider Haggard), in which Leo Vincey is reunited with Ayesha.
June 1905 OUR AMERICAN COUSINS
Holmes takes a case for Franklin D. and Eleanor Roosevelt.
Short story by Roberta Rogow in The Game is Afoot, Marvin Kaye, editor, 1995. Holmes once worked with the Roosevelts' relative, Theodore Roosevelt, in 1880. Young Indiana Jones met Theodore Roosevelt in 1909.
1906 R. HOLMES & CO. In this collection of short stories following the exploits of Raffles Holmes, it is revealed that Sherlock Holmes had a son with the daughter of notorious thief A.J.Raffles. Apparently Holmes got around a lot for a man who professed to dislike the company of women. Stories by John Kendrick Bangs, Otto Penzler Books, 1906. The original Raffles stories by E.W. Hornung can be found in The Collected Raffles Stories, Oxford University Press, 1996. . This story claims that Raffles Holmes' mother was A.J.'s daughter, but it can be demonstrated that she was, in fact, A.J.'s sister. Click here for more information.
1906 - The first recorded case of the vigilante group The Four Just Men, as revealed by Edgar Wallace (although, with the death of one of the members in 1902, there are now only Three Just Men).
Holmes and Watson are transported to Oz by magic in order to solve a mystery there.
In this short story by Ruth Berman, it is clearly stated that Oz is an alternate universe to the reality from which Holmes has come and that he may stay as long as he likes, because he can be returned to his reality (The Wold Newton Universe) at exactly the same time that he left. (See also Alternate Universes.) Story found in the collection The Game is Afoot, Marvin Kaye, editor, 1994. Date is conjecture, but must take place after Doyle's Holmes adventure, The Blue Carbuncle, in 1887.
1906 - Britt Reid, son of Dan Reid, Jr., and great nephew of The Lone Ranger, is born. He will become the first Green Hornet.
Autumn 1906 - Fu Manchu (aka Hanoi Shan) sets up criminal operations in Paris, as related in two short stories, The Suicide Room and The Scented Death, found in H. Ashton-Wolfe's Warped in the Making: Crimes of Love and Hate.
1906 Hanoi Shan began a murderous crime spree but suddenly ceased as abruptly has he had begun. (I wonder if the archcriminal Fantomas who began to terrorize Paris in 1911 was one of Hanoi Shan's Parisian operatives or if he filled the vacuum in the Parisian underworld?) We can only imagine that he had discovered a method of restoring his twisted spine. I speculate it was then that Fu Manchu either discovered the formula or created the formula for the Oil of Life. I can envision Fu Manchu directing the operation that straightened his back, conscious and kept alive with massive infusions of the Oil of Life. Or knowing that he would be a great ally if not a loyal member, the Capelleans offered to repair his back and to give him the longevity serum. Even with the nanites helping his recupurative powers, Fu Manchu spent the next several years recovering from the operation and building his Si Fan into a world wide organization. He also located and indoctrinated his daughter to his cause, seducing her with a promise of the Oil of Life.
October 1906 THE EARTHQUAKE MACHINE Sherlock Holmes, Mycroft Holmes, Dr. Watson, Professor Moriarty, Colonel Moran, Winston Churchill, Czar Nicholas, & Rasputin are all featured in this novel. Nina Vassilievna, the daughter of Irene Adler and the King of Bohemia, is introduced. Holmes fakes his permanent retirement to Sussex. Deaths of Colonel Sebastian Moran and the first Professor James Moriarty.
Written by Austin Mitchelson and Nicholas Utechin, Belmont Tower Books, 1976. Nina Vassilievna is the half-sister of Nero Wolfe and Marko Vuckic. Rasputin, as revealed in Son of Holmes, is the son of the first Professor Moriarty. When in Sussex, Holmes works on scientific research designed to protect humanity in the event of another Martian Invasion (see The Case of the Missing Martian).
February 19, 1907 - Birth of science-fiction writer Kilgore Trout. Some biographical details of Trout's life have been furnished by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., in God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, Slaughterhouse-Five, Breakfast of Champions, and others. Trout is the grandson of Johnny Shawnessy (Raintree County) and is also a distant descendant of both Natty Bumppo (The Leatherstocking Tales) and Ebenezer Cooke (The Sot Weed Factor).
1907 - Solar Pons opens his private inquiry practice at 7B Praed Street in London.
1907 - Dr. John Thorndyke's first case, The Red Thumb Mark, as told by R. Austin Freeman.
1907 DOCTOR WATSON AND THE INVISIBLE MAN
With Holmes out of London, Watson takes a case on his own, assisting friend Langdale Pike to avoid a murder charge. They investigate the true circumstances of how the Invisible Man (John Hawley Griffin) achieved his feat of invisibility, and their inquiry takes them down the path of the occult. In the course of their search, they meet Arthur Machen and Aleister Crowley, and at one point turn to Mycroft Holmes for assistance. Sherlock Holmes appears at the conclusion of the case, and it is revealed that while he does own property in Sussex, he has not yet been able to bring himself to retire from his rooms in Baker Street.
Novel by Noel Downing, Ian Henry Publications, 1991. Griffin does not appear in this adventure, and the question is never raised that he might still be alive, although Mycroft, who knows otherwise (see The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, 1898), must have had a bad moment when Watson turned to him for assistance. Supernatural writer Arthur Machen (1863-1947) also appeared in Seven Stars Episode One: The Mummy's Heart (1897). For more information on the Griffins, please read Dennis Power's article, The Invisibles.
1907 SHERLOCK HOLMES ARRIVES TOO LATE Holmes goes up against the elusive master criminal Arsène Lupin.
A short story by Maurice Leblanc in the volume Arsène Lupin, Gentleman-Cambrioleur, featuring the first encounter between Holmes and Lupin. Lupin is also a Wold Newton family member. Due to copyright issues, Leblanc was unable to secure permission to write about Holmes. Consequently, the story was published under the title Holmlock Shears Arrives Too Late. I have taken the liberty of restoring to the Great Detective his proper name.
1908 The all but destroyed Capellean Mother ship's final impulse engine finally fails sending it into an orbit that will impact on Earth. Prior to the final approach Capellean Mother ship's main computer launches all of the remaining stasis chambers filled with the remnants of Juro's experiments. Launching them into a higher orbit. Depending on their orbital path, the pods fall at infrequent intervals, landing years and great distances from each other. When the pods do open, they usually wreck havoc. A slew of them fell and opened up during the fifties, many of these incidents were recorded as space monster movies or giant insect movies The remnants of the Mother ship landed in the Tuguska province of Siberia, causing what amounted to a nuclear explosion.
1908 - The first recorded adventure of Captain Mors, der Luftpirat, The Ruler of the Ocean of the Air.
May 1908 THE CASE OF THE MISSING MARTIAN
The final episode of the Holmes/Martian invasion trilogy. Professor Challenger and Mycroft Holmes are featured and Sigmund Freud is mentioned as an acquaintance of Holmes. Death of the second Professor Moriarty?
A Sherlock Holmes comics mini-series published by Eternity Comics. The three episodes chronicling Holmes' battles against the Martians establish that Wells' The War of the Worlds is part of the Wold Newton Universe. Of course, Holmes supposedly met Freud in Nicholas Meyer's popular novel, The Seven Per-Cent Solution. However, that novel was based on a false manuscript, probably a hoax perpetrated by the second Professor Moriarty the events must be regarded as apocryphal, since the novel in essence discounts Moriarty as an evil genius and adversary for Holmes. The second Professor Moriarty's motive for stealing the last remaining Martian war machine from the British Museum appears to be merely the accumulation of power. However, his true motive, not revealed in the story, was his continuing fanatical crusade to obliterate of all evidence pertaining to extra-terrestrial life, a crusade he began after The Second War of the Worlds, 1897.
May 28, 1908 - Ernst Stavro Blofeld, son of "Wolf Larsen"/"Karl von Hessel," is born in Gdynia (click here for more information).
May 1908 YOUNG INDIANA JONES AND THE CURSE OF THE JACKAL
Young Indy meets Lawrence of Arabia. Episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Duncan MacLeod met Lawrence of Arabia in 1916.
1908 - Publication of Campion Bond's Memoirs of an English Intelligenser.
Summer 1908 THE ADVENTURE OF THE NOTORIOUS CANARY TRAINER
Holmes refers to his colleague Dr. John Thorndyke and mentions that they worked together the previous year on the Red Thumb Mark case.
Short story in The Lost Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, adapted by Ken Greenwald from the Sherlock Holmes radio scripts of Anthony Boucher and Dennis Green, Mallard Press, 1989. Confirms the presence of Dr. Thorndyke in the Newtonverse. This case is not to be confused with a case of similar name, The Canary Trainer, which took place in 1891.
1908 MAN OF MEDICINE, DOCTOR OF DESPAIR
Holmes again crosses swords with the notorious Arsène Lupin.
A short comics story by Joe Gentile in the volume of Sherlock Holmes stories called Soul of the Dragon, Northstar Press, 1995.
1908 THE HOLLOW NEEDLE
Novel by Maurice Leblanc.
Lupin's wife, Raymonde de Saint-Veran, is accidentally killed during his battle with Sherlock Holmes.
September 1908 PARIS, SEPTEMBER
Young Indiana Jones meets Pablo Picasso. Episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Tarzan met Picasso in 1909.
November 1908 VIENNA, NOVEMBER 1908
Indiana Jones meets Sigmund Freud.
Episode of The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Sherlock Holmes met Freud in this year also.
January 1909 - Gaston Max, an investigator with uncanny abilities at disguise and mimicry, solves his first case in The Yellow Claw, as told by Sax Rohmer.
May 1909 - Death of Prince Dakkar, also known as the first Captain Nemo. (As told by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill in The New Traveller's Almanac, Chapter Three: The Americas in The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen II.)
1909 - Birth of Richard Henry Benson, great nephew of Phileas Fogg (Around the World in Eighty Days, The Other Log of Phileas Fogg). Benson will become The Avenger and found Justice, Inc., in the late 1930s.
1909 - Birth of teen-detective Frank Hardy.
1909 THE ROOK: MASTER OF THE WORLD
The Rook (Restin Dane), Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Jules Verne, William Sydney Porter (O. Henry), the Cisco Kid, "Poncho" Hernandez, and Sherlock Holmes versus Robur the Conqueror.
Issues 4-6 of Warren Publishing's The Rook, August-December 1980, by Budd Lewis and Lee Elias. Time traveling Restin Dane is the grandson of H.G. Wells' The Time Traveler (known variously as Bruce Clarke Wildman or Adam Dane). This is discussed in more detail in a 1977 entry for The Rook on this Chronology. Dane's "home-base" time period is from 1977-1983.
This crossover brings the Cisco Kid and Poncho into the Wold Newton Universe, although "Poncho" is more normally spelled "Pancho." Jules Verne, in our universe, died in 1905. However, this is the Wold Newton Universe version of Verne. The villain in this story is called "Robar," but is clearly Robur, of Verne's two novels Robur the Conqueror (aka Clipper of the Clouds) and Master of the World. This story takes place in several different time frames, but the main time frame is supposedly a few months after the Tunguska explosion in Siberia in the summer of 1908. However, it would have take Robur longer than that to gather his new army and build his new ship, so I have placed this story a year later, in 1909. Regarding Robur, he claims to be a refugee from an alien space war. It is more likely that this is the same Robur seen in Verne's tales, experimenting with space flight, and that his ship crashed in Siberia.
The Tunguska incident on June 30, 1908, seems to be a focal point in the Wold Newton Universe. A young Clark Savage was involved in the event (see The Asteroid Terror on The Doc Savage Chronology), which had later repercussions as detailed in several episodes of The X-Files. According to the latest Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Fu mini-series (2002), Nikola Tesla, in his quest for a new energy source, was responsible for the Tunguska explosion.
1909 - The events of Tarzan of the Apes.
1909 - Howards End, as recounted by E.M. Forster.
August 1909 LE MONSTRE Tarzan meets Pablo Picasso in Paris.
Indy met Picasso as a child and again as a young adult in May 1917 (The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). Tarzan met the artist while he was in Paris during the events of Tarzan of the Apes in a story published by Dark Horse Comics, Tarzan numbers 11 and 12. Consequently, Indy exists in the same universe as Tarzan. These events appear to be a sort of "copycat" case, mirroring the 1891 events of The Phantom of the Opera/The Canary Trainer.
September 13-18, 1909 THE MODERN PROMETHEUS
While Tarzan is in New York, he meets John Watson's editor, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; Nikola Tesla; Thomas Edison; and Frankenstein's monster.
This story also occurs during the events of Tarzan of the Apes and is published by Dark Horse Comics, Tarzan numbers 13 and 14. Indiana Jones would later also meet Conan Doyle and Thomas Edison.The monster is the first Creature, from Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein, as opposed to later Monsters, such as that seen in the the Universal film versions. For more on Frankenstein in the Newtonverse, click here and read Wold Newton scholar Mark Brown's article
Tarzan is still in New York, where he encounters Dr. Jekyll / Mr. Hyde.
Again, this story occurs during the events of Tarzan of the Apes and is published by Dark Horse Comics, Tarzan numbers 15 and 16. Sherlock Holmes and John Watson went up against the good doctor and his nasty counterpart in 1885.
To see what happens to Dr. Jekyll immediately following this visit the Wold Newton fiction piece Lost in the Realms of Madness.
September 1909 BRITISH EAST AFRICA, SEPTEMBER 1909
Indiana Jones meets Theodore Roosevelt.
According to the television program The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, Indy met Roosevelt. Since Sherlock Holmes knew Roosevelt, Indiana Jones must be a part of the Wold Newton Universe.
November 1909 –September 1910 THE RETURN OFTARZAN
Tarzan's first visit to Opar.
This novel records Tarzan's early adventures in Opar and was written by Edgar Rice Burroughs. It relates back to Hadon's adventures in Opar 12,000 years ago. Date is derived from Farmer's chronology in Tarzan Alive.
January 1910 IMPRISONED WITH THE PHARAOHS
While in Egypt, master illusionist and escape artist Harry Houdini has an adventure with Lovecraftian overtones.
Short story by H.P. Lovecraft and Harry Houdini, Weird Tales, May 1924; The Transition of H.P. Lovecraft: The Road to Madness, Del Rey, 1996. Houdini later worked with both Sherlock Holmes and Conan Doyle.
1910 - Tom Swift's first adventure, Tom Swift and His Motor Cycle. Tom is the son of inventor and former U.S. Secret Service agent Barton Swift.
1910 - Birth of teen-detective Joe Hardy.
April 1910THE ADVENTURE OF THE ECTOPLASMIC MAN
Sherlock Holmes and Harry Houdini solve a case together.
Novel by Daniel Stashower, Penguin Books, 1986. Although this case takes place after The Pandora Plague, Watson probably wrote it up first; thus his assertion that this was the first meeting of Holmes and Houdini. Houdini also had a Lovecraftian adventure,Imprisoned with the Pharaohs. He met Holmes again in 1922, as well as working with Watson's editor, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, on several cases.
September 1910 -Tarzan and Jane get married.
1910 - The events of John Buchan's The Power House, wherein British politician Edward Leithen exposes the treacherous activities of Andrew Lumley (aka the second Professor Moriarty, who evidently did not die at the conclusion of The Case of the Missing Martian) and the Krafthaus organization. Lumley-Moriarty dies at the conclusion of this affair, and Krafthaus begins its evolution into the criminal network/"secret nation" known as THRUSH.
The final chronicled encounter between Arsène Lupin and Sherlock Holmes.
Novel by Maurice Leblanc.
1910 - The Egyptian mummy Kharis is revived and wreaks havoc, as told in the film The Mummy's Hand. Sequels are The Mummy's Tomb, The Mummy's Ghost, and The Mummy's Curse.
1910 - The events of John Buchan's The Power-House, wherein British politician Edward Leithen exposes the treacherous activities of Andrew Lumley (aka the second Professor Moriarty, who evidently did not die at the conclusion of The Case of the Missing Martian) and the Krafthaus organization. Lumley-Moriarty dies at the conclusion of this affair, and Krafthaus begins its evolution into the criminal network/"secret nation" known as THRUSH.
REVISED WOLD NEWTON CHRONOLOGY
Prehistory-858, 858-1799, 1800-1849,
1850-1890 1891-1910, 1911-1920,
1921-1930, 1931-1940, 1941-1970,
Return to the Table of Contents
© 1997-2002 by the author, Win Eckert.
Additions in brown text© 2000-2002 by Dennis E. Power