1795 - Wold Newton meteor strike: Eighteen individuals "were riding in two coaches past Wold Newton, Yorkshire.... A meteorite struck only twenty yards from the two coaches.... The bright light and heat and thunderous roar of the meteorite blinded and terrorized the passengers, coachmen, and horses.... They never guessed, being ignorant of ionization, that the fallen star had affected them and their unborn." Tarzan Alive, Addendum 2, pp. 247-248. The meteor strike was "the single cause of this nova of genetic splendor, this outburst of great detectives, scientists, and explorers of exotic worlds, this last efflorescence of true heroes in an otherwise degenerate age." Id., pp.230-231.         Artwork by Lisa EckertTHE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE



(1971 - 1985)

by Win Scott Eckert

Search The Wold Newton Universe



AN OVERVIEW OF KEY EVENTS IN THE WOLD NEWTON UNIVERSE APPEARS IN BLACK TEXT - not intended as an all-inclusive history - for complete information refer to:

April 1971


In Prince Zarkon's third adventure, he again goes to the Cobalt Club, where he meets with Richard Benson (The Avenger), detective Philo Vance, Richard Curtis Van Loan (The Phantom Detective), Admiral Donald A. Winslow (Don Winslow of the Navy) and Col. John "Renny" Renwick (one of Doc Savage's Fabulous Five assistants). There are also references to Cranston and Wentworth, Reid's newspaper The Daily Sentinel is named again, and Dr. Palfrey's Z5 crime-fighting organization is mentioned. One of Zarkon's Omega Crew, Ace Harrigan, is named as the son of '40s aviator "Hop" Harrigan. Other aviators mentioned are Barney Baxter, Tailspin Tommy Tompkins, Bill Barnes, and Smilin' Jack Martin. The Phantom Detective: Frank Havens, another character from this pulp novel series, is also referred to. Doc Savage: The locales of the Doc Savage novel Pirate of the Pacific appear again in this novel. There are references to a Savage Memorial Hospital. It is revealed that that Zarkon purchased his private airfield from none other than Doc's cousin, Pat Savage. And, finally, Zarkon reveals his knowledge of the events surrounding the first meeting of Doc and his men at the Loki prison camp in 1918.

Carter's third Zarkon book, hardback 1976, paperback 1978 by Popular Library, brings S.S. Van Dine's detective Philo Vance, The Phantom Detective, Don Winslow of the Navy, Hop Harrigan, Barney Baxter, Tailspin Tommy Tompkins, Bill Barnes, and Smilin' Jack Martin, and Dr. Palfrey and Department Z5 into the Newtonverse. This novel was written long before Philip José Farmer's Doc Savage novel, Escape From Loki, was published in 1991. However, Farmer had previously hinted at the Loki events in his Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life.


1971 - The first appearance of Shang Chi, son of Fu Manchu (Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu No. 15).

June 1971 - Remo Williams' first adventure, Created, the Destroyer, as told by Richard Sapir and Warren Murphy.




Remo Williams, the Destroyer, meets James Bond, Hercule Poirot, and Mr. Moto.

The Destroyer number 4, by Richard Sapir and Warren Murphy, May 1972. This novel brings Remo Williams and Chiun into the Wold Newton Universe. Certain details of this meeting may have been altered for comic effect; see Matthew Baugh's The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe for more information. See also Brad Mengel's The Chronology of Hercule Poirot.




Jean Rogers, the daughter of Captain America, is used to test a new super-soldier serum; she ends up sleeping for a century.

This tale is by Forrest J. Ackerman.




Shang Chi & Spider-ManFu Manchu manipulates his son, Shang-Chi, and Spider-Man into battling each other. Meanwhile, Fu Manchu plans to replace the aerial tower atop the Empire State Building with one of his own devising which will serve as a broadcasting mind-control device.  Fortunately Shang and Spidey discover the plan in time and foil it. Sir Denis Nayland Smith and Black Jack Tarr also appear in the adventure. 

Giant-Size Spider-Man number 2, by Len Wein, Ross Andru, and Al Milgrom, Marvel Comics, October 1974.  This adventure takes place before it is discovered that Dr. Petrie is still alive, setting it in 1972. Once again, it must be emphasized that this is the Wold Newton Universe version of Spidey, and therefore does not incorporate other Marvel Comics Universe characters or continuity. See the crossover rules for superheroes.






Paul Eyre encounters a UFO undergoes other strange experiences.  Leo Queequeeg Tincrowder also appears.

Leo Queequeeg Tincrowder is a Wold Newton Family member, thus placing this novel by Philip José Farmer in the Wold Newton Universe.  Please read Art Bollmann's excellent A Philip José Farmer Timeline for more information.


1972 - The events of Cyborg, as told by Martin Caidin, in which test pilot Colonel Steve Austin is transformed into a bionic man.


May 1972


Occult investigator Richard Jeperson works for the Diogenes Club. Edwin Winthrop, Catriona Kaye, and Geneviève Dieudonné also appear.

The story picks up again in Spring 1999 with Seven Stars Episode Five: Mimsy, available on the Crossover Chronology, Part XI.


1972- Philip José Farmer conducts his groundbreaking An Exclusive Interview with Lord Greystoke.

1972 - Events of The Stepford Wives, as told by Ira Levin.




This is the first recorded adventure featuring James Allenvale "Bunduki" Gunn, the second adopted son of Tarzan, Lord Greystoke. Dawn Drummond-Clayton, the granddaughter of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton, is also featured.

Story by J.T. Edson in J.T.'s Hundredth.




This is the first recorded adventure of Dawn Drummond-Clayton, the daughter of Armand John and Hazel Drummond-Clayton, and the granddaughter of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton. There is also a reference to Sanders of the River.

Story by J.T. Edson in J.T.'s Ladies. John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton was the first adopted son of Tarzan and the biological brother of Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond. The Sanders of the River series was written by Edgar Wallace.


November 1972 - The Godwulf Manuscript, the first recorded case of Boston private eye Spenser, as narrated by Spenser and edited by Robert B. Parker. Spenser is the nephew of Philip Marlowe.

1973 - The events of The Questor Tapes (television movie, with novelization by D.C. Fontana).

May 1973 - Policeman Neil Howie travels to the Scottish isle of Summerisle to solve the strange disappearance of a young girl.  However, events take a stranger turn than he ever could have expected in The Wicker Man.




This is the second recorded adventure of James Allenvale "Bunduki" Gunn.

Story by J.T. Edson in Mark Counter's Kin. In addition to being an adopted son of John "Tarzan" Clayton, Bunduki is also a descendant of Sir Henry Curtis (from H.R. Haggard's King Solomon's Mines), and is related to Mark Counter from Edson's western novels.


1973 - Si Morley returns briefly to the present and becomes embroiled in another assignment for the Project, involving the events surrounding the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 (From Time to Time, by Simon Morley, edited by Jack Finney; click here for more information).




It is revealed that Amelia Benkinsop, who runs a Girl's School, worked in Group Thirteen with Armand John and Hazel Drummond-Clayton (Korak's son and daughter-in-law, the parents of Dawn Drummond-Clayton). Miss Benkinsop also refers to playing bridge with M (Admiral Sir Miles Messervy) and James Bond last spring.

A novel by J.T. Edson. Based on The James Bond Chronology, this probably took place just prior to the events of John Pearson's James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007. This therefore reveals that the three "School Swot" stories all take place in 1973.



The third "School Swot" adventure refers to testing a high speed engine developed for "Mailed Fist," which is M's telegraph name.

Short story by J.T. Edson found in J.T.'s Ladies Ride Again. See Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.




After learning the details of brain transplantation from Victor Frankenstein's spirit during a séance, Dr. Donald Frankenstein attempts to build a bride for one of the Frankenstein Monsters, using the brain of Lakota, Doctor Spektor's girlfriend. Fighting the Monster with fire, Spektor rescues Lakota and Castle Frankenstein explodes, apparently killing Donald Frankenstein and the Monster.

Issue number six of The Occult Files of Doctor Spektor, written by Donald F. Glut, illustrated by Jesse Santos, and published by Gold Key Comics in February 1974. I will defer to my colleague, Dr. Charles Loridans, for a determination of which Frankenstein Monster was seen here (see Loridans' Children of the Night for more information). There are further Spektor-Frankenstein Monster crossovers in issue numbers 9, 12, 16, and 18; these will be documented in a later update.




Count Dracula uses a spell in the mystic tome, the Ruthvenian, to restore several famous vampires, including Varney the Vampire, Lord Ruthven and the Countess Mircalla Karstein. Doctor Adam Spektor and Vlademar Van Helsing, a monster bounty hunter, oppose Dracula's plans.

Issue number eight of The Occult Files of Doctor Spektor, written by Donald F. Glut, illustrated by Jesse Santos, and published by Gold Key Comics in June 1974. Mircalla Karstein is from the film The Blood Spattered Bride, which was released in the U.S. in 1972 under the title Till Death Do Us Part. The film is based on Joseph Sheridan LeFanu's tale Carmilla, the famous lesbian vampire story first serialized in the magazine The Dark Blue, from December of 1871 through March of 1872. For more on Carmilla, please read John Small's Kiss of the Vampire. According to Jess Nevins' entry on his Victoriana site, Sir Frances Varney, aka Varney the Vampire, "was the creation of James Malcolm Rymer and appeared in Varney the Vampyre; or, The Feast of Blood. Varney the Vampyre ran in 109 weekly installments in the mid-1840s; collected, it runs for over 800 pages." Lord Ruthven is from John Polidori's The Vampyre. Vlademar Van Helsing undoubtedly belongs to the famous vampire-hunting family. I will defer to my colleague, Dr. Charles Loridans, for a determination of which Count Dracula was seen here (see Loridans' Children of the Night for more information).

Dr. Spektor also apparently met Mr. Hyde. I do not have further information at this time. There are further Spektor-Dracula crossovers in issue numbers 1 and 5; these will be documented in a later update.

Dr. Spektor also once met another Gold Key character, Dr. Solar (I do not have any other crossover information at this time). The "Solar" character in the 1990s Valiant comics "remake" of the Gold Key characters (Valiant dropped the "Dr") was someone who read Dr. Solar comics as a kid. The Gold Key Dr. Solar was not connected to any of the Valiant characters, and thus, for my purposes, Dr. Solar and Solar can be treated as separate characters existing in separate continuities. Dr. Solar (whose powers were much less than those of Solar) can be seen as an atomic hero archetype.


October 1973-1974


Greatheart SilverGreatheart Silver may just be the world's unluckiest Zeppelin commander.

The main factor against including this collection of three short stories by Philip José  Farmer in the Wold Newton Universe is an episode in which many of the great pulp heroes, now aged, engage in a massive gun battle and are killed off. As Brad Mengel states, "Apparently everybody except Greatheart died at Shootout (Tombstone) which causes problems, as some of the figures in this story, such as Doc Savage, The Shadow, The Avenger and James Bond, were all demonstrably alive after this date." See The Avenger Chronology, The Doc Savage Chronology, The James Bond Chronology and Genealogy, and The Shadow Chronology for more information.

However, Mr. Mengel's excellent Fakeout at Shootout resolves these events with Wold Newton continuity and also discusses the Lord Grandrith/Doc Caliban books.  Art Bollmann also tackles Greatheart Silver in his superb The Greatheart Silver Problem.  And Matthew Baugh has another viewpoint in his Caliban, Grandrith, and Greatheart SilverAs Mr. Farmer has said on other occasions, "Let the reader decide" which interpretation is valid.

If there is at least some accuracy to the events depicted in the first Greatheart Silver novella, then this possibly constitutes a very large crossover of Wold Newton characters. Wold Newton researcher Brad Mengel has documented the characters present at the showdown: Greatheart Silver; Fenwick Phwombly/ Ken Tallard (Isaac Tawmby/ Kent Allard/ The Shadow); Pete Ruse (Pete Rice); The Mad Fokker/ 8-Ball and The Blimp Kernal/ Dr. Krogers (G-8 and Dr Kreuger); The Long Ranger and Pronto (The Lone Ranger and Tonto); Scorpio/ Kraken and Geoffery Justkid/ Dr. Headbone/ Headbone Slayer (The Scorpion/ The Octopus and Jeffery Fairchild/ Dr. Skull/ The Skull Killer); Dr. Sen Sen (Dr. Yen Sin); Dr. Fyu-men Chu and Sir Daines Neighland Smythe (Dr. Fu Manchu and Sir Denis Nayland Smith); Dr. Terminal (Dr. Death); Dr. Negative and Jim Binde (Dr. No and James Bond); Won Fang and Valiant Kilgore (Wu Fang and Val Kildare); Dan Fooler (Dan Fowler); Secret Agent Ecks (Secret Agent X); Doc Ravage, Porkchop and Chimp (Doc Savage, Ham and Monk); Dick Windworthy/ The Arachnid (Richard Wentworth/ The Spider); Dick Bendsome/ The Punisher (Richard Benson/ The Avenger); Doc Barker (Doc Harker); Dude Onley/ The Silver Simoleon (Dade Solo/ The Silver Buck); Jed O'Hill/ The Green Llama (Jethro Dumont/ The Green Lama); Gary Adieu/ Captain Lucifer (Cary Adair/ Captain Satan); The Red Masquer (The Crimson Mask); Donald Diablo/ The Vermillion Mage (Don Diavolo/ The Scarlet Wizard); Esteban Hatcher/ Luna Head (Stephen Thatcher/ The Moon Man); Richman Curtwell Van Debt/ The Phantom Dick (Richard Curtis Van Loan/ The Phantom Detective); James "Bearcat" Guerdon/ The Gurgler (James "Wildcat" Gordon, The Whisperer); Operator No. 4+1 (Operator #5); Tony Winn/ The Black Night Owl (Tony Quinn/ The Black Bat); The Green Sheet (The Green Ghost); and Dirk Alone/ Captain Nothing (Lee Allyn/ Captain Zero).

Brad Mengel continues: "It is also revealed that Greatheart Silver is a descendant of Long John Silver and works for Bendt Micawber, a descendant of Wilkins Micawber from Charles Dickens' David Copperfield."  Wold Newton expert, Dr. Dennis Power, has written The Micawber Family and has also written extensively on the Silvers in All That Glitters is Not Gold.

Greatheart Silver is placed in 1974 based on the entry in Art Bollmann's A Philip José Farmer Timeline.  Art writes that, "I placed it in 1974 in order to have it not long after the appearances of the pulp heroes in the Prince Zarkon chronology [see entries for the Prince Zarkon books on this page]. Also, I wanted a period where Rod Serling could have been in reasonably good health, since he has a cameo in the Greatheart Silver stories."  Serling died on June 28, 1975.




While traveling to meet the Third Doctor, Jo Grant reminisces about "her friend Tara, with whom she'd gone to school and who -- as it happened -- has a similar job (in that she was assistant to another rather eccentric freelance gentleman adventurer in secret service to the government) . . . swanning about in vintage cars, doing judo and wearing a selection of not-very-convincing wigs."

A Doctor Who novel by Paul Magrs. The crossover reveals that Doctor Who's companion, Jo Grant, went to spy school with Tara King of The Avengers.


March 14, 1974-November 9, 1989


In this secret history of the 20th Century, Gary Seven and Roberta Lincoln fight a desperate battle against the rise of a genetically enhanced planetary conqueror, Khan Khan Noonien SinghNoonien Singh. Lincoln refers to another female adventurer she knows of, Emma Peel. In March 1974, in East Berlin, Lincoln is attacked by and subdues a man calling himself "Old Jack." Lincoln also recalls encounters with a "robot Bigfoot up north" and with "robot housewives" in Connecticut. Seven finds that a businessman named Ralph Offenhouse is involved in financing a secret eugenics program. There are also references to Frankenstein and the Cybernaughts, and at one point Roberta chides herself that Modesty Blaise would not have any qualms about hoodwinking a pair of mad scientists. The early 1970s eugenics project ("Chrysalis") that produces Khan and his fellow "supermen" also has some genetic "failures" who are sent to the "Developmental Deviations Unit" (DDU). One is a little boy named Jarod who copies everything the other little children do. There is also a little boy with a leonine face. The adult caretaker of the DDU is a sallow bug-eyed man called Mr. Eygor. One eugenics project scientist is named Maggie Erickson, and her fiancé is named Walsh. Jumping to the 1980s, Roberta refers to Seven's friend McCall. At the 1986 Reagan/Gorbachev summit, Reagan's translator is an attractive blonde woman who is an ex-tennis champ. She has "quite a grip" and her name is Sommers.

A Star Trek novel by Greg Cox, Pocket Books, 2001. Gary Seven, a human who was raised by extra-terrestrials and then sent back to Earth to help humanity survive the turbulent closing years of the 20th Century, was introduced in the Star Trek episode Assignment: Earth, as was his new partner, Roberta Lincoln. Khan Noonien Singh was introduced in the Star Trek episode Space Seed, in which he and his followers were revived from cryogenic suspension by Captain James T. Kirk in the year 2267. Following a failed attempt to capture Kirk's ship, the U.S.S. Enterprise, Khan and his followers were settled on a planet in the Mutara Sector, Ceti Alpha V. Khan's final battle with Admiral Kirk was told in the feature film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, which took place in March 2285.

Emma Peel was one John Steed's most vivacious partners, and their adventures were told in the classic British television program, The Avengers. The Cybernaughts are also from The Avengers. History has recorded the deaths of five women in Kiev in November 1974 (Star Trek episode Wolf in the Fold), so apparently "Old Jack" escaped from the East Germans and made his way to Kiev; it was finally revealed in 2265 that these murders, as well as the 1888 Jack the Ripper murders, were brought about by a malicious energy being called Redjac. The "robot Bigfoot" reference points to an episode of The Six Million Dollar Man called The Secret of Bigfoot Pass, thus confirming Colonel Steve Austin in the Newtonverse. The robot housewives are a reference to The Stepford Wives.

Ralph Offenhouse was introduced in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode The Neutral Zone (a victim of a fatal disease, he was cryogenically frozen in the 1990s and revived by crewmembers of the Enterprise-D in 2364). The concept of Offenhouse's involvement in the 1960s-1970s eugenics program was introduced in the Next Generation novel Debtor's Planet by W.R. Thompson.

Roberta Lincoln might only know Frankenstein as work of fiction by Mary Shelly; then again, given the presence of several generations of Frankensteins in the Newtonverse, it is possible that she and Seven once battled one of the Frankenstein monsters. This is also the first known Modesty Blaise crossover reference and confirms her place in the Newtonverse.

Project Chrysalis may have evolved into to the Chrysalis Corporation, an organization that specializes in human rejuvenation, as seen in Knight Rider 2010. The little boy Jarod is a reference to The Pretender, although this reference does not appear to jibe with The Pretender continuity and backstory (perhaps this Jarod is a clone of the original). For more on The Pretender, please read Brad Mengel's There Are Pretenders Among Us. The little boy with a leonine face is clearly a child version of Vincent from the show Beauty and the Beast, thus placing the events of that program in Wold Newton continuity. The sallow bug-eyed man called Mr. Eygor is obviously the same man who assisted Frederick von Frankenstein in his experiments in 1948 (Young Frankenstein). If Maggie Erickson did marry Walsh after fleeing the eugenics project, she would be known as Maggie Walsh, providing a strong link to Buffy the Vampire Slayer. (For more information, see Children of the Night by Chuck Loridans.) Seven's friend McCall is also known as The Equalizer. The ex-tennis champ named is Sommers is Jamie Sommers, The Bionic Woman, providing a very solid Newtonverse link.

Finally, since Roberta Lincoln refers to The Andromeda Strain as a movie, that must mean that she didn't accompany Seven when he went behind the scenes during the actual events upon which the movie was based. See the 2269 entry for Assignment: Eternity for more information.

For a great article on the possible secret history behind the secret history, please see John Small's The Eugenics War: Declassified.




Bunduki, aka James Allenvale Gunn, a second adopted son of Tarzan, and Dawn Drummond-Clayton, granddaughter of John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton are transported by unknown aliens to the planet Zillikian and begin a new life of adventure there. It is also revealed that the remainder of the Greystoke clan has gone to live in Pellucidar. This would include Tarzan and Jane; Tarzan and Jane's biological son, John Paul Clayton; their first adopted son John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton (the biological younger brother of Captain Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond) and Korak's wife Meriem; and Korak's son, John Armand Drummond-Clayton (father of Dawn). Finally, is told that Sanders of the River was the official who revealed the story of Tarzan to Edgar Rice Burroughs.

This novel by J.T. Edson, DAW Books, 1976, fully incorporates Philip José Farmer's theories and genealogy from Tarzan Alive, while expanding on Tarzan's lineage. (See also Alternate Universes.) There are three further books in the series, Bunduki and Dawn, Sacrifice for the Quagga God and Fearless Masters of the Jungle, which were printed only in Great Britain. (I am still searching for the second and third books.)

Furthermore, Edson has written many western novels which also incorporate or relate to other members of Farmer's Wold Newton Family, including the Dusty Fog and Alvin Fog sagas. It should be noted that Farmer legitimized Edson's works by acknowledging that Edson's American Fog family was indeed related to the English Foggs, as in Phileas Fogg (see Philip José Farmer's The Lavalite World). It should also be noted that Edson does include Pellucidar in his works. Please see Brad Mengel's article The Edson Connection for an excellent description of the characters.

The stories of Sanders of the River were told by Edgar Wallace. Wold Newton expert Mark Brown writes, "Philip José Farmer actually suggested that 'Bunny' Tennington was the culprit [who revealed Tarzan's story to ERB], having a tendency to gossip when in his cups. Farmer (actually it was Lord Greystoke, in the excerpt from his memoirs) mentioned that Lord Tennington might have told the story to an official, who then passed the word on to ERB.  I assume that the official was Sanders, thus reconciling the two versions. Incidentally, 'Bunny' Rutherford, Lord Tennington, may have had a family disposition toward being a raconteur, since his younger brother was a novelist. This brother can be seen in the framing sequence to Lost Horizon."




Dr. Daniel Westin is the latest Invisible Man. In a conversation with his friend, Dr. Maggio, they refer to the same plastic skin that was used in repairing Colonel Steve Austin.

Novelization of The Invisible Man pilot episode by Mike Jahn, from the 1975-76 television series. Colonel Austin (The Six Million Dollar Man) is in the Newtonverse through a link between the spin-off series The Bionic Woman and The Prisoner. This novel brings in Dr. Westin; for more information, please read Dennis Power's excellent article The Invisibles.




J. Adrian Fillmore takes a dizzying trip through consecutive alternate dimensions. He starts out in the Wold Newton Universe and visits many others, including the Gilbert & Sullivan Universe, the Dracula Universe, and two different Sherlock Holmes universes.

Novel by Marvin Kaye, Dell Books, 1980. One of the different Holmes universes could be the Newtonverse, but for several items: the novel deals with Watson's untold cases of the duelist Isodore Persano and the worm unknown to science, and the disappearance of Mr. James Phillimore, who went inside to get his umbrella and was never seen again. Since these mysteries are already dealt with by Philip José Farmer in The Adventure of the Sore Bridge, there is a continuity conflict, and thus the one possible Holmes universe cannot be the Wold Newton Universe. In addition, the fate of Moriarty conflicts with that already established in the Newtonverse. Finally, Holmes is said to have posed as Lord John Roxton and accompanied Professor Challenger to The Lost World during the Great Hiatus of 1891-1894; this did not happen in the Wold Newton Universe. Wold Newton researcher Dennis Power describes J. Adrian Fillmore's membership in the Wold Newton family and his relationship to Lemuel Gulliver in The Magnificent Gordons and Their Swift Kin.


October 7, 1974 Doc Savage & Spider-Man


In 1934, Doc Savage and his men encounter a strange woman from a parallel dimension, who seeks his help in vanquishing another strange, violent being, also from her dimension.  Doc succeeds in sealing the creature into the cornerstone of a building under construction, but has a weird feeling that the case is somehow unfinished.  In 1974, the building is about to be demolished.  The other-dimensional woman seeks Spider-Man's assistance in preventing the creature's escape.  Instead, Spidey senses something wrong and demolishes the cornerstone with a jackhammer, freeing the creature.  It turns out that the woman had tricked Doc into unjustly imprisoning the creature, and Spidey was able to right an ancient wrong.

Giant-Size Spider-Man number 3, by Gerry Conway, Ross Andru, and Mike Esposito, Marvel Comics, January 1975.  This crossover features the Wold Newton Universe version of Spider-Man, rather than the "mainstream" Spidey of the Marvel Comics Universe.  See the crossover rules for superheroes. Also check out Marvelous, Fantastic Tales in the Wold Newton Universe and The Wold Newton Superhero Universe.




Shang Chi first meets Rufus T. Hackstabber.

Giant-Size Master of Kung Fu number 4. Hackstabber was also known by various other identities, such as Mr. Hammer, Capt. Geoffrey T. Spaulding, Professor Quincy Adams Wagstaff, Rufus T. Firefly, Otis P. Driftwood, Hugo Z. Hackenbush, Gordon Miller, J. Cheever Loophole, Wolf J. Flywheel, Ronald Kornblow, and Sam Grunion. He was most often seen on the company of two associates, an innocent mute and an Italian. See Matthew Baugh's The Shang Chi Chronology for more information. For more on Hackstabber and his associates, please see Dennis Power's Freedonia.


1974 - The literary genius of Wold Newton family member Kilgore Trout is finally brought to the attention of the world-at-large with the widespread publication of his epic science-fiction saga, Venus on the Half-Shell.




Sam Spade, Jr.'s only documented case, in which it is revealed that the "fake" Maltese Falcon which has been in Sam Spade's and Spade Jr.'s office since 1929 was the real thing. At the end of this feature film, the bird gets dumped into San Francisco Bay. Spade almost gets the bird, but a shark swims off with it instead. The final fate of the bird remains unknown at this time.

1975 feature film, with novelization by Alexander Edwards. As for the question of Spade Jr.'s parentage, it is my contention that Spade Jr.'s mother was Brigid O'Shaunessy. He was born in the California State Women's Prison and then raised by a foster family, thus explaining his statement that he only knew his father for a very short time before inheriting the detective agency.


1975 - Private eye Kent Lane's one recorded adventure, Skinburn, as told by Philip José Farmer.




Shang Chi & Iron Fist"Iron Fist," aka Daniel Rand, seeks help from Shang Chi in London.  Rand also briefly meets with Sir Denis Nayland Smith.  Rand and Shang Chi end up preventing forces in the evil city of S'ahra Sharn from launching an attack upon the city of K'un-Lun.

Master of Kung Fu Annual number 1, by Doug Moench and Keith Pollard, Marvel Comics, 1976.  The other-dimensional cities of S'ahra Sharn and K'un-Lun are perhaps related to other mystical lost cities such as Shangri-La and Shamballa.  Daniel Rand is surely a relative of Barry Rand, otherwise known as the Red Falcon. Following the crossover rules for superheroes, this is the Wold Newton version of Iron Fist, and this crossover does not mean that the rest Marvel Comics characters or continuity are incorporated into the Wold Newton Universe. Please also visit The Wold Newton Superhero Universe and Marvelous, Fantastic Tales in the Wold Newton Universe.





In this tale of occult investigators Reuben Calloway and Father Roderick Shea, there is a reference to an elderly French nobleman: this is a fellow dark detective, the Duke de Richlieu. There is also a reference to the lizard-men of Valusia.

Short story by Brian Mooney in Dark Detectives, Fedogan and Bremmer, 1999. The mention of Valusia, from the Kull tales of Robert E. Howard, places Calloway and Shea in the Wold Newton Universe. Thus, the Duke de Richlieu stories by Dennis Wheatley also occur in the Newtonverse. Further research reveals that Roderick Shea is the nephew of Professor Harold Shea.




Stopping in Cairo on way to London, Shang Chi again encounters Rufus T. Hackstabber, as well as his cousin Quigley J. Warmflash.

This meeting is told of in Master of Kung Fu number 52. Missing are Hacktabber's frequent companions, the mute and the Italian. See Matthew Baugh's The Shang Chi Chronology for a possible explanation of the incredible longevity of these men.


January 1976


Cordwainer Bird, a writer, and the nephew of both Kent Allard (The Shadow), who is again in the West, and G-8, takes on the New York Literary Establishment. While speaking to his nephew, Allard "reveals" that he viciously murdered Margo Lane back in 1958, after discovering her participating in an orgy (without him, presumably). Allard makes other fantastic statements to the effect that he knows of Billy Batson and Batson's connection to the New York Subway system.

Short story by Harlan Ellison, in Weird Heroes, volume 2, Pyramid Books, December 1975. Allard's assertions would normally be dismissed as the delusional ramblings of an old man, since Margo Lane is still alive and well (at least as of June 1971; see Lin Carter's The Earth-Shaker). However, although he is in his early eighties, Allard is not truly an old man at this point, at least in terms of his physical condition, due to the Shambalan age-delaying elixir. Indeed, Allard is back in the West on a mission, one that requires him to pose as an old man, and once again use the Phwombly identity. The "delusional" statements that he makes are merely part of the cover. It is also interesting to note that Allard appears to have been using the "old man Phwombly" cover for some time, and is having a grand old time putting one over on his nephew Cordwainer, who believes he's helping out old Uncle Kent by continually getting his girasol ring out of hock.

Billy Batson probably is a real person in the Wold Newton Universe, as is Freddy Freeman; however, there has never been any evidence to support the notion that either Batson or Freeman were granted the magical powers of Shazam in the Newtonverse.




Master thief Nick Velvet takes an assignment to steal Sherlock Holmes' Persian slipper, on display in Reichenbach Falls, Switzerland.

This short story by Edward D. Hoch, in The Game is Afoot, Marvin Kaye, editor, St. Martin's Press, 1995, brings Hoch's Nick Velvet into the Newtonverse.


1976 Doc Savage & Ben Grimm


In 1936, Doc Savage, Monk Mayfair, and Renny Renwick receive a visit from Mrs. Raymond Lightner, a prominent astronomer.  Dr. Lightner is going insane, and has a scheme to harness the power of the stars and focus it on himself.  As the city blacks out, Doc, Monk, and Renny rush to Lightner's laboratory.  "Meanwhile," in 1976, The Thing (Ben Grimm), and the Human Torch (Johnny Storm), receive a visit from Janice Lightner, the daughter of the 1930s Lightners.  She tells them of her brother's mad scheme to recreate their father's doomed, insane experiments, and they rush to Lightner's laboratory.  In both time periods, both groups are caught in the experiment's star-beam, and Doc and the boys are thrown into the future.  Both Dr. Raymond Lightner and his son, Tom, are fused together to create the being called "Black Sun."  With Black Sun's defeat, the temporal field returns Doc and the boys to 1936.

Marvel Two-In-One number 21, November, 1976, by Bill Mantlo, Ron Wilson, and Pablo Marcos. This story brings parallel universe versions of the "Fantastic Four" characters into Wold Newton Universe continuity; it does not incorporate Marvel Comics Universe continuity. Tony Stark is mentioned in a flashback, and Dr. Don Blake is also mentioned.  However, following the crossover rules for superheroes, appearances or cameos of a superhero's alter ego are enough to place that alter ego in the Newtonverse, but are not enough to substantiate the presence of the actual superhero.


October 1976Vampirella


Vampirella and her lover, Adam van Helsing, go to the town of Sleepy Hollow to investigate a series of disappearances.

By Bill Dubay and José Gonzales, Vampirella Magazine number 56, December 1976. This story links to Washington Irving's tale, The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, and solidifies Vampirella's place in the Newtonverse. For a complete explanation of Vampirella's true origin in the Wold Newton Universe, please read John A. Small's excellent Kiss of the Vampire. Vampirella has been crossed-over with many other comic book creations. In order to maintain Wold Newton Universe continuity, these will be taken on a case-by-case basis.






January 1977 - Restin Dane ("The Rook") makes his first trip into the past, using his Time Castle, The Rook or  Rook (The Man Whom Time Forgot!, by Bill DuBay and Luis Bermejo, in Eerie number 82, March 1977). Dane's first quest is a trip to 1836 to attempt to save his great-great-grandfather, Parrish Dane, at the Alamo. Although he fails in this endeavor, he does manage to save a young boy, who turns out to be his great-grandfather, Bishop Dane. On his next trip to the past, Restin Dane once again rescues his great-grandfather, this time in the year 1874, and brings Bishop Dane to live in the present. In the first issue of The Rook, it is revealed that Restin Dane is the grandson of the original Time Traveler (Adam Dane) from H.G. Wells' The Time Machine; in the same issue, the genealogical relationships are revised to make Restin the great-great-grandson of Bishop, rather than the great-grandson. Thus, Bishop Dane is the grandfather of Adam Dane. The Rook series poses some genealogical contradictions with the Wold Newton Family genealogy. For the following discussion, it would be helpful to first refer to Philip José Farmer's The Fabulous Family Tree of Doc Savage, which can be found here.

According to Mr. Farmer, the original Time Traveler was a Wold Newton Family member (Bruce Clarke Wildman). Reviewing the genealogical connections, if Adam Dane and Bruce Clarke Wildman are the same person, this would mean that Bishop Dane and Sir John Clarke Wildman, M.D. (Bruce Clarke Wildman's grandfather), are one and the same. Given Bishop Dane's documented history as an American West gunfighter, this seems unlikely. It is even more unlikely since Sir John Clarke Wildman died in 1843 in an explosion while attempting to transmute lead into gold. It is also difficult to reconcile Bishop Dane's wife with Sir John Clarke Wildman's wife, Mathiette de Pierson, granddaughter of Lord Tiverton. Fortunately, Dennis Hager has conducted further research and cleared up these mysteries.




Ralph von Wau Wau comes to Callahan's Place. His true nature is revealed, and he admits to being a science fiction author under a number of aliases, including Philip José Farmer and Cordwainer Bird. In truth, he is neither of these men.

Story by Spider Robinson in Time Travelers Strictly Cash, reprinted in The Callahan Chronic-als, Tor Books, 1997. Cordwainer Bird is a friend and former partner of Ralph, as well as the nephew of The Shadow (Kent Allard) and G-8. Philip José Farmer is best known as the biographer of Clark Savage Jr. and Lord Greystoke. In his biography of Doc Savage, Farmer revealed von Wau Wau's association with Bird. Von Wau Wau's visit to Callahan's places the Callahan's continuity in the Newtonverse. For complete information, please see the excellent Callahan's Crosstime Saloon Chronology by Loki Carbis.




McCloud's girlfriend Chris was interviewing an actor famous for his portrayal of Dracula in films. The actor turns out to be a killer and there is a hint that he might be the true Dracula and not just a demented actor.

Final episode of the television series McCloud. Please read Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for complete information on the identity of this Dracula.




Nick Adams, Jr., science-fiction author, is compared to the great writer Kilgore Trout.

A short story in The Book of Philip José Farmer, Berkley Books, 1982.  Trout is a Wold Newton Family member, placing this story in the Wold Newton Universe. Mr. Farmer states that he is not in a position to confirm or deny that Nick Adams, Jr., is the son of Ernest Hemingway's Nick Adams.




Black Jack Tarr sarcastically wonders who could be invading a villain's bizarre hideout. Perhaps it's "Flash Gordon and the bloody Monkey Men of Mongo?"

Issue 67 of Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu, by Doug Moench and Mike Zeck, part of the China Seas story arc. Tarr must be aware of Gordon's classified adventures on the other-dimensional planet Mongo through Tarr's own connections with the Intelligence community. For more on Flash, please read Wold Newton researcher Mark Brown's The Magnificent Gordons.



Autumn 1977


Dr. Hugh Strickland treats a patient, Noreen Pemberton, in his psychiatric clinic. It seems that another spirit is fighting for control of Noreen's body -- Ayesha, the legendary She!

Novel by Peter Tremayne, Sphere Books, 1978. A sequel to H. Rider Haggard's She novels: Wisdom's Daughter, She and Allan, She, and Ayesha: The Return of She. Dr. Hugh Strickland was also involved in the framing sequence of The Revenge of Dracula by Peter Tremayne.






Late 1977


In a flashback sequence, Shockwave (Lancaster Sneed, the nephew of Nayland Smith) is shown wearing a blazer exactly like the blazers with which former British agent John Drake was provided during his stay at The Village.

Story arc found in issues 72-75 of Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu, by Doug Moench and Mike Zeck. The above title is taken from issue 72. The blazer in question, including white piping, provides a direct link to The Prisoner and appears in issue 75.




In a casino in Montecour, France, Duncan MacCleod encounters a British agent who orders a martini "shaken, not stirred." Duncan also mentions M.

Episode of the Highlander television program. Duncan's encounter with Wold Newton Family member James Bond cements his place in the Newtonverse.




Remo Williams encounters Mark Tolan/The Exterminator (Mack Bolan/The Executioner), Al Baker (The Butcher) and Nickolas Blizzard (Richard Camellion/The Death Merchant).

The Destroyer number 38, 1979. Please read Matthew Baugh's The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe for an explanation as to how Remo Williams fits into the Newtonverse. Mack Bolan also comes into the Newtonverse through this crossover, as do The Death Merchant (Richard Camellion) books by Joseph Rosenberger, and The Butcher series by Stuart Jason. One twist is that Bolan, the Butcher, and the Death Merchant all die in this novel. But to quote Mr. Baugh, "one cannot help but wonder if their involvement is being distorted, or misrepresented for satirical purpose." In other words, the reports of their deaths in this case have been highly exaggerated.



June 1978


Many heroines of the pulps make a cameo appearance in the fourth Prince Zarkon adventure, including: Patricia Savage Hazzard (cousin of Doc Savage), who married pulp hero Captain Rex Hazzard; Margo Lane (The Shadow's girlfriend); Nita Van Sloan (The Spider's girlfriend); and Nellie Gray (see The Avenger Chronology for more on Nellie Gray). Muriel Havens (from The Phantom Detective), Carol Baldwin (from The Black Bat), and Doro Kelly (from Captain Zero) are also mentioned. When Zarkon visits The Cobalt Club, he again meets detective Philo Vance, as well as detective Nick Charles, Dr. William Harper Littlejohn (one of Doc Savage's Fabulous assistants), Rutledge Mann (one of The Shadow's agents), and "Cash" Gorman, the Wizard of Wall Street. Bruce Wayne is mentioned, as are Lamont Cranston, Dr. Hezekiah Spafford, Dr. Barton Swift, and Dr. Alexei Zorka. Also mentioned are the Belshazzar gun, the Empire Park Hotel, and the Golden Apple nightclub. Freddy Freeman, the crippled newsboy, also appears.

The fourth Zarkon novel by Lin Carter, Doubleday hardback, 1982. Captain Hazzard was a one-issue pulp hero, written by Chester Hawks (Python Men of the Lost City), who can now be added to the Wold Newton Universe. It is once again shown that Doc Savage, The Shadow, The Spider, The Avenger, The Batman, and Philo Vance and The Phantom Detective are all in the same universe. Further additions are: Nick and Nora Charles from Dashiell Hammett's novel The Thin Man; Cash Gorman, the Wizard (of Wall Street); Dr. Alexei Zorka, from the 1939 Bela Lugosi film The Phantom Creeps; Dr. Hezekiah Spafford, from the Doctor Death pulp novel Twelve Must Die; Dr. Barton Swift, from the Tom Swift books; the Black Bat; and Captain Zero. The Belshazzar gun, the Empire Park Hotel, and the Golden Apple nightclub are from a one-issue pulp called The Angel Detective. Also mentioned is newsboy Freddy Freeman. Because this Freddy is a boy in 1978, he must be an "Elseworlds" Freddy and must have been born much later than his "twin" in the Fawcett Comics Universe who gained the powers of Captain Marvel, Jr., in the 1940s. There is no evidence to support the notion that the Freddy Freeman in The Wold Newton Universe has the powers of Shazam.

Rick Lai adds: "In Lin Carter's The Earth-Shaker, it was claimed that Dr. Zorka, Bela Lugosi's character in The Phantom Creeps, once used the fictional Amsterdam Fault to attempt to destroy New York with an earthquake. Actually, there is no Amsterdam Fault in that serial.  The Amsterdam Fault was used by the Ghost, the villain from the Dick Tracy vs. Crime Inc. serial, to threaten New York. Carter confused Zorka with the Ghost because both had devices to make themselves invisible." Since the characters in The Earth-Shaker still know about Dr. Zorka, despite their mistake in attributing the Amsterdam Fault incident to him, Dr. Zorka's place in the Wold Newton Universe is preserved, while strengthening the ties to Dick Tracy.

Although it is stated that The Earth-Shaker takes place one month after The Volcano Ogre (April 1971), this is not possible. Newsboy Joey Weston is approximately the same age in The Earth-Shaker and Horror Wears Blue. Horror Wears Blue must be placed in 1979 due to certain details given about James Bond and Sir George Gideon. Therefore The Earth-Shaker must take place close in time to Horror Wears Blue and I have selected 1978 for the year of its occurrence.




Fearing that her bionics are ruling her life and making her less than human, Jaime Sommers sadly submits her resignation to her boss at the O.S.I., Oscar Goldman. He responds that the government is afraid that if she lives as a private citizen, she might be captured and dissected by enemy agents. As a result, she is to be taken to a private compound where valuable agents and scientists are kept for their own protection. Like the others, she is to remain there in comfort -- as a prisoner of her own government -- for the rest of her natural life.

The final episode of The Bionic Woman episode has a strongly implied connection to The Prisoner, which is already in the Wold Newton Universe. This connection would also bring in The Bionic Woman's parent series, The Six Million Dollar Man, which in turn was derived from Martin Caidin's novel Cyborg.


1978 - Dick Grayson retires as the second Batman.


December 22, 1978


Red Sonja & Spider-ManWhen the spirit of an ancient wizard, Kulan Gath, possesses a security guard in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Peter Parker arrives on the scene to cover the story, and enters the Museum as Spider-Man in order to investigate. Mary Jane, who has followed Peter, finds herself drawn to an ancient sword in the museum and is transformed into Red Sonja.  Together, Red Sonja and Spider-Man, defeat Kulan Gath and Sonja is drawn back into her own time. Reporter Clark Kent also makes a cameo appearance, and Doctor Strange is mentioned.

Marvel Team-Up number 79, March 1979, by Chris Claremont, John Byrne, and Terry Austin.  Carol Danvers is also mentioned; however, following the crossover rules for superheroes, appearances or cameos of a superhero's alter ego are enough to place that alter ego in the Newtonverse, but are not enough to substantiate the presence of the actual superhero.



1979 - Bruce Wayne, Jr., dons the cowl and cape as Gotham City's third Batman.




An African student named Bukawai, who comes from a long line of witch doctors, is attending Miskatonic University.

Short story by Philip José Farmer in The Book of Philip José Farmer, Berkley Books, 1982. Demonstrates a clear connection between Tarzan and the Cthulhu Mythos. Bukawai was the witch doctor featured in Jungle Tales of Tarzan.




Shang Chi and his friends take refuge in the Casablanca nightclub of an American named Richard who is an old friend of Clive Reston's father.

Richard, appearing in issue numbers 85-86 of Master of Kung Fu, bears an uncanny resemblance to Humphrey Bogart. The implication is that he is Rick Blaine, hero of the movie Casablanca and the novel As Time Goes By, although his youthful appearance is never explained. See Matthew Baugh's The Shang Chi Chronology.


July 4, 1979


Josie Bauer reveals herself as a member of the Time Police. She also hints at her relationship to Philip José Farmer.

Story by Spider Robinson in Time Travelers Strictly Cash, reprinted in The Callahan Chronic-als, Tor Books, 1997. For complete information, please see the excellent Callahan's Crosstime Saloon Chronology by Loki Carbis. See also Art Bollmann's superb The Curious Case of the Farmer’s Daughter and his A Philip José Farmer Timeline.




Prince Zarkon and his Omega Crew, in London, encounter George Gideon of Scotland Yard; Sir Denis Nayland Smith and his old friend Dr. Petrie's son, Val Petrie; Bulldog Drummond; Doc Savage's aide Monk Mayfair; Simon Templar (The Saint); and James Bond. The super-criminal organization SPECTRE is also mentioned.

The fifth and final Zarkon novel by Lin Carter, Doubleday hardback, 1987, which brings in police detective George Gideon, also confirms the coexistence of Nayland Smith, Bulldog Drummond, Doc Savage, The Saint and James Bond in the Newtonverse.




Miami private investigator Mike Shayne goes up against Leiko Smith, also known as the Black Lotus. Over the course of the three stories, it becomes clear that the Black Lotus is really the granddaughter of Fu Manchu.

The information on the Black Lotus is derived from Tom Johnson's article, The Black Lotus, in Echoes number 32, August 1987. The three Black Lotus stories were written by James Reasoner under the pseudonym Brett Halliday. The stories bring Mike Shayne into the Wold Newton Universe. I believe that the Black Lotus was really a great-granddaughter, not granddaughter, of Fu Manchu, as described in The Dynasty of Fu Manchu, which also posits that Leiko Smith is the granddaughter of Sir Denis Nayland Smith. I also believe that the Mike Shayne seen here was really Mike Shayne, Jr. Brad Mengel has established the genealogy of Mike Shayne in his The Land Family.


Muffy Birnbaum

January 1981


Preppy Maureen "Muffy" Birnbaum pays a brief visit to Barsoom.

By Bitsy Speigelman, as related to George Alec Effinger. Short story found in anthology Maureen Birnbaum, Barbarian Swordsperson, Guild America Books, 1993. See also Alternate Universes.







1981 - Police officer Michael Long is gunned down in the line of duty. He is saved by a dying multi-millionaire Wilton Knight, and is given a new face, a new identity and a new car, the Knight Industries' 2000 -- or K.I.T.T. for short (Knight Rider). He becomes a crime-fighter backed by the Foundation for Law and Government (F.L.A.G.).




Matt Helm, musing to himself about a murder of a colleague, says to himself, "Who the Hell did I think I was: Sherlock Holmes, Nero Wolfe, Hercule Poirot, Lord Peter Wimsey?"

A Matt Helm novel by Donald Hamilton. While certainly this quote could be interpreted otherwise, we prefer the interpretation that Helm is reflecting on other detectives co-existent in his universe. Holmes, Wolfe, and Wimsey are Wold Newton Family members, while Poirot has also been shown to exist in the Wold Newton Universe.



A KING COMES RIDING Spider-Man & King Kull

A wounded Spider-Man is tended by Dr. Strange.  However, the only cure for Spidey's injury lies in the distant past, in the time of King Kull (c. 18,000 BCE).  Strange sends Spider-Man's astral body back in time, where Spidey is able to possess bodies for a short time.  He saves Kull's life and thus winning the King's favor, Kull helps Spidey in his quest. Brule the Spear-Slayer and the ageless druid Tu also appear, as does Dr. Strange's servant, Wong.

Marvel Team-Up number 112, December 1981, by J.M. Dematteis, Herb Trimpe, Mike Esposito, and Marie Severin.  Since Robert E. Howard's legendary hero, King Kull, is in the Wold Newton Universe, an "Elseworlds" version of Spider-Man also exists in the Newtonverse.  However, this is not the Spider-Man of the Marvel Comics Universe, which has a significantly different history and continuity than that of the Wold Newton Universe.  Therefore, the references to the superhero team, "The Defenders," are fictional, although the Wold Newton Universe version of Namor was active in the in the 1940s. (See the crossover rules for superheroes.) Dr. Stephen Strange has also been mentioned in a Dr. Zarnak story, so it seems fairly conclusive that a version of Strange exists in the Wold Newton Universe. Also see Marvelous, Fantastic Tales in the Wold Newton Universe.


June 1981 - Ralph von Wau Wau takes on a new partner and a new case in A Scarletin Study, by Dr. Johann H. Weisstein, edited by Jonathan Swift Somers III, reedited by Philip José Farmer.  The following year, they solve the case of The Doge Whose Barque Was Worse Than His Bight.




Rufus Carter, a friend of Shang Chi, defeats his opponent, who uses a Dick Tracy wrist Dick Tracy, along with the wrist radio in questionradio to report his failure to his superiors. Carter says, "What the -- ?! An honest to Dick Tracy wrist radio --!" The wrist radio looks just like Tracy's.

Issue number 99 of Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu, by Doug Moench, Mike Zeck, and Gene Day. It is easy to deduce that Dick Tracy exists in the Newtonverse. When the wrist radio technology was originally developed by Brilliant and Diet Smith, the U.S. government immediately got their hands on it. Rufus Carter would know about it because he was formerly a CIA agent and was privy to such information.


May 1982 - First recorded case of private detective Kinsey Millhone, "A" is for Alibi, as told by Sue Grafton. Millhone is the daughter of Lew Archer.

1982- The events of the film Blue Thunder, and subsequent television series.

October 1982 - Absolute death of Fu Manchu? (Marvel Comics' Master of Kung Fu Nos. 115-118).




James Bond and Napoleon Solo meet in Las Vegas. Sir John Raleigh, the new head of U.N.C.L.E.'s New York headquarters, bears an uncanny resemblance to John Steed of The Avengers.

A The Man From U.N.C.L.E. made-for-television movie aired in 1983. It must be noted that it is my belief that the James Bond seen in this television film is not the James Bond of the films, but rather of the novels written by Ian Fleming, Kingsley Amis, John Gardner and Raymond Benson. The literary Bond is the member of the Wold Newton family. The film Bond is based upon the literary Bond, but, for the most part, does not accurately depict the character. See Raymond Benson's The James Bond Bedside Companion, Galahad Books, 1986, for further information.


1983 - First recorded adventures of Jon Sable, Freelance, as told by Mike Grell.

1983 - Peter Venkman, Ray Stantz, and Egon Spengler form the Ghostbusters team in New York City. Winston Zeddemore joins the team soon after that (Ghostbusters feature film.) The Ghostbusters stay in business for several years (The Real Ghostbusters television series) before finally going under.

1984 - Travis McGee first meets his daughter, Jean Killian, as told in The Lonely Silver Rain by McGee, edited by John D. MacDonald.




The Ghostbusters go up against Cthulhu. The Necronomicon is featured and Miskatonic University is mentioned.

Episode of The Real Ghostbusters animated series (which ran from 1986-1991), broadcast in 1987. Read the script by Michael Reaves.




The Ghostbusters meet the modern-day female descendent of Ichabod Crane, who reveals that each generation of her family has been pursued by the same headless Ghost.  The Ghostbusters figure out a way to trap the Headless Motorcyclist, and the curse is lifted. 

Episode of The Real Ghostbusters animated series by Jean-Marc and Randy Lofficier, placing Ichabod Crane and Washington Irving's The Legend of Sleepy Hollow in the Wold Newton Universe.




The Time Machine is briefly seen at an Inventors' Convention. Shortly thereafter, there is only empty space where the Machine sat, save for some smoke.

1984 feature film.


June 12-13, 1984 - The events of the film The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai: Across the Eighth Dimension, and novelization by Earl Mac Rauch.




Jon Sable, while climbing at the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, hikes past the frozen carcass of Sheeta the Leopard.

Sheeta died in 1913 while accompanying Tarzan on "The Adventure of the Very Sick Circus Horse," which was related in Philip José Farmer's Tarzan: The Dark Heart of Time. The leopard is also described in Hemingway's The Snows of Kilimanjaro. This story, found in issue 19 of Jon Sable, Freelance, places Mike Grell's Jon Sable in the Wold Newton Universe.


January 1985


Maureen Birnbaum, aiming to return to Barsoom, instead ends up in Pellucidar!

The second Muffy Birnbaum short story by Bitsy Speigelman, as related to George Alec Effinger. Found in anthology Maureen Birnbaum, Barbarian Swordsperson, Guild America Books, 1993.




Would-be adventure hero Jake Speed refers to Doc Savage, commenting on his retirement. Jake also tells his client that Remo Williams is a real person, not just a fictional character. There is also a reference to Mack Bolan, and brief references to Sherlock Holmes, Superman, and The Batman.

1986 feature film Jake Speed. Jake, like the rest of the world, was fooled by the announcement of Doc's "retirement" in 1951; for more on Doc, see The Doc Savage Chronology. For more on how Remo Williams fits into the Newtonverse, please read Matthew Baugh's The Destroyer in the Wold Newton Universe. The Mack Bolan reference confirms the presence of The Executioner in the Newtonverse; click here for a theory regarding Bolan's true parentage.


1985 - Harry D'Amour's first case, The Last Illusion, as told by Clive Barker.




Shortly before he comes to Lady Sally's, Joe Quigley meets Mick "Crocodile' Dundee in New York. He is greatly impressed by Dundee's knife. Reginald Jeeves, now working as one of the artists at Lady Sally's, meets with Bertie Wooster for the last time. Bertie informs him that "everyone else" that they knew is now dead.

Novel by Spider Robinson in the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon series, Ace Books, 1992. The mention of P.G. Wodehouse's Jeeves and Wooster solidifies Callahan's in the Wold Newton Universe. This crossover also places Crocodile Dundee in the Newtonverse. For complete information, please see the Callahan's Crosstime Saloon Chronology by Loki Carbis.




The immortal warrior Kane, who now has the ability to travel to alternate realities, seeks a powerful device to help fight or counteract his enemies. In the course of Kane's extra-dimensional travels, he meets Elric of Melniboné.

A short story by Karl Edward Wagner, in the collection entitled Tales of the White Wolf. From this tale, we may conclude that the diverse dimensions in which Michael Moorcock's Eternal Champion stories occur are all alternate dimensions to the Wold Newton Universe.


Late 1985


Jon Sable reads an issue of the newspaper, the Daily Planet.

Clark Kent first began working for the Daily Star in 1938; a few years later, the paper changed its name to the Daily Planet. The story arc is contained in issues 34-35 of Jon Sable, Freelance; the Planet reference is in issue 35, and confirms Jon Sable in the Wold Newton Universe.



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The Wold Newton Universe Crossover Chronology was created for the sole purposes of entertainment and information.

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