CROSSOVER CHRONOLOGY PART 4 1850-1890
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1851 - Bleak House, by Charles Dickens
August 7, 1852-Birth of John H. Watson.
January 6, 1854-Birth of Sherlock Holmes at a farmstead in the North Riding of Yorkshire.
1855 - Events of Anthony Trollope's The Warden.
1854 Birth of Joaquin Murieta de la Vega, aka Ken Mason
1857 Birth of Lord John Roxton
1857 - Victor Frankenstein III creates the second Monster in The Horror of Frankenstein (see Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information).
1858 - The twin sons of the first Professor James Moriarty are born. Throughout his long life one twin will call himself "Wolf Larsen," "Baron Karl von Hessel," and simply "Baron Karl." The other twin is known as "Death Larsen."
1859 - Miguelitio Loveless, Jr., is born.
1859 - First appearance of Inspecteur Lecoq in L'Affaire Lerouge by Emile Gaboriau.Click here to read Rick Lai's Monsieur Lecoq Chronology.
1859 - Prince Dakkar, a Capellean like his father, begins the Nautilus Project on a remote Pacific island, under the instructions of his Capellean chiefs. The submarines being built will combine Capellean technology with blueprints plundered from the Nine Unknown (see Talbot Mundy's Jimgrim and the The Nine Unknown).
C. 1860s - The events of Spring-Heeled Jack, the Terror of
, by Charlton Lea. London
c. Early 1860s - The Siege of the Red House by J. Sheridan Le Fanu.
c. Early 1860s - The events of Charles Kingsley’s The Water-Babies.
1860s - The Story of Doctor Dolittle by Hugh Lofting (click here for more information).
1860 Birth of Randolph Mason, lawyer and father to even more famous Perry.
1860 - The events of The Curse of Frankenstein, in which Victor Frankenstein III creates a third Creature (see Mark Brown's The House of Frankenstein and Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night).
1860'sThe extensive breeding program of the Nine,designed to create their Undying God (Tarzan), culminates with the birth of the three Cloamby brothers of the house of Grandrith. Using half remembered tales of the future world as related by Tarzan in 24, 000 BP. For more details see Triple Tarzan Tangle
c. 1861-1862 - The main events of George Bernard Shaw's An Unsocial Socialist, which chronicles the life of John Clayton, the fifth duke of Greystoke, Tarzan's grandfather.
1861-1865 - Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell.
December 1861-June 1862 THE REVENGE OF DRACULA
Upton Welsford, of the British Foreign Office, is committed to a sanatorium after a horrific experience with Count Dracula. Welsford records his experience in a manuscript, which finds its way into the hands of the head of a mental health clinic near Guildford in Surrey, Dr. Hugh Strickland.
Dr. Hugh Strickland provided the manuscript to Peter Tremayne in 1978, whereupon it was published by Dell Books, 1980. Dr. Strickland, shortly after turning over the manuscript, would go on to be a major player in The Vengeance of She. Since the She novels take place in the Wold Newton Universe, so does The Revenge of Dracula, which in turn brings in two other Dracula novels by Tremayne: Dracula Undead (aka Bloodright), and Dracula, My Love. The Dracula featured in these books is "Dracula-Prime" (see Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night for more information). Also of note,the female protanganist of The Revenge of Dracula is a woman named Clara Clarke. Clarke, of course, is a name which is not unknown in the annals of Wold Newton. Her father is named as Colonel George St. John Clarke of the Egyptian Rifle Brigade. Her mother is an Egytian Princess named Yasmini.
1862 - Events of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland andThrough the Looking-Glass (and What Alice Found There), as related by Lewis Carroll. See also Fantastic Alice: New Stories from Wonderland, Margaret Weis, editor, Ace Books, 1999.
1862 - Birth of Urania Caber Moriarty, daughter of Professor James Moriarty and Emily Caber. By this time, Professor Moriarty has been inducted into the secret ranks of the Capelleans.
1863 Birth of Professor George Edward Challenger, father of Enid Challenger and grandfather of Lew Archer. Very late in his life, Professor Challenger must have had a son, who in turn had a daughter, Titania "Doc" Challenger.
1863 - The events of Five Weeks in a Balloon, as recounted by Jules Verne.
June 1863 - The events of Journey to the Centre of the Earth, as told by Axel Lidenbrock, edited by Jules Verne.
THE ADVENTURES OF CAPTAIN HATTERAS (aka) THE FIELD OF ICE
The opening leading to the Center of the Earth is mentioned.
The Adventures of Captain Hatteras is a novel by Jules Verne. Since the events of Journey to the Centre of the Earth take place in the Newtonverse, so do the events of this novel.
1863 - Prince Dakkar is indirectly responsible for the death of Professor Moriarty's wife and two of their twin children, James and Emile Caber. Only their other twin children, "Wolf Larsen" and "Death Larsen," and their fifth child, Urania Moriarty, survive. Vowing revenge, Moriarty encourages Rajah Dakkar of Bundelcund, the Prince's father, to go renegade from the Capelleans. In turn, Prince Dakkar also becomes persona non grata with the Capelleans. However, Prince Dakkar continues with the submarine project on his own.
1863 - Birth of Rudolf Rassendyll.
1864 - Plantagenet Palliser's first appearance, in The Small House at Allington, as told by Anthony Trollope.
1864 - In accordance with his own plans, Professor Moriarty is ordered by the Capelleans to infiltrate Prince Dakkar's group and begin working for the Prince on the secret construction of the two atomic submarines, adding his own genius to Capellean technology. Both of these underwater craft will be named the Nautilus. Following orders which comport exactly with his private need for personal revenge against Prince Dakkar, Professor Moriarty stages a rebellion, steals the first sub, and sabotages the second sub, gravely injuring Prince Dakkar with radiation poisoning. Dakkar retreats to remote Lincoln Island to recover.
1865 - The events of E. Harcourt Burrage's Broad Arrow Jack.
1864-1865 - The events of Jules Verne's The Children of Captain Grant (aka In Search of the Castaways aka Les enfants du Capitaine Grant). Towards the end, in March 1865, a villain named Ayrton is stranded on a desert island.
1865 - Captain Cyrus Harding and other Union soldiers are stranded on Lincoln Island (The Mysterious Island).
1865 - Carmelita Loveless is born.
October 1865 - The beginning of the events chronicled by Verne in From the Earth to the Moon; the events of Around the Moon follow (click here for more information)
1865 - Prince Dakkar creates the identity of "Captain Nemo" and launches his submarine Nautilus. Upon being apprised of this intelligence by a Capellean spy whom Professor Moriarty left in Dakkar's camp, Moriarty launches his own Nautilus, also going by the name "Captain Nemo." Moriarty's goal is to commit as many heinous, reprehensible, and criminal acts as possible, all the while having them attributed to Dakkar. Young Phileas Fogg is placed among Moriarty-Nemo's crew as a spy for the Eridaneans; he is ultimately successful in sinking Moriarty-Nemo's second Nautilus in 1868. It is also possible that Moriarty-Nemo's first sons, Wolf Larsen and Death Larsen, serve as cabin-boys on this Nautilus.
1866-1868 - The events of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne. "Captain Nemo" is actually the Indian Prince Dakkar. The first Nautilus appears to sink into the Maelstrom in 1868, but Professor Arronax and Ned Land survive. Dakkar-Nemo also survives the incident, but radiation sickness continues to plague him, and he retreats with the Nautilus to remote Lincoln Island to recover.
Professor H.W. Starr, in his article A Submersible Subterfuge, or, Proof Impositive, included in Farmer's The Other Log of Phileas Fogg, viewed the events of Verne's 20,000 Leagues sequel, The Mysterious Island, as completely fictional. However, while Starr was correct in asserting that Moriarty used the Nemo identity first created by Dakkar, he did not realize that most of the events of The Mysterious Island were true, that Prince Dakkar was not a fictional person, and that Dakkar was the true Captain Nemo.
1866 - For some years, Arthur Gordon Pym, has had the Dzyan working on a project to construct a submarine in which he can travel the world and expand his power base.(Based on entry for "Neptune Perkins" in Who's Who Update '88, volume 2, DC Comics.) To see the true story of these people called the Dyzan visit here. Upon hearing of the mysterious exploits of another submarine, and its master, Captain Nemo, Arthur Gordon Pym also begins calling himself "Captain Nemo," and begins plundering ships worldwide. In the course of his adventures, this third Captain Nemo encounters the square-jawed, self-righteous Dick Lightheart and his boys, the water-logged survivors of an encounter with a "sea-monster." The sea monster turns out to actually be the third Nemo's submarine, the Enigma. Pym-Nemo regales Lightheart and the boys with a fictional autobiography, calling himself "Harold Duggan," a Confederate veteran whose fiancée, convinced that he was dead, married someone else. For this "Nemo" has sworn vengeance, sinking ships and generally causing havoc on the high seas. Having his destructive exploits attributed to the real Nemo is an added benefit. (Bracebridge Hemyng's Dick Lightheart; or, the Scapegrace at Sea; click here for more information.)
1866-1876- John Carter makes his first trip to Barsoom (Mars) However, before he reaches Barsoom, he is diverted to thedimension known as the Dreamlandswhere he meets several other cosmic explorers (Allan and the Sundered Veil). After this adventure, Carter resumes his journey to Barsoom and the events of Burroughs' A Princess of Mars. ensue. The remainder of the series consists of: The Gods of Mars, The Warlord of Mars, Thuvia, Maid of Mars, The Chessmen of Mars, The Master Mind of Mars, A Fighting Man Of Mars, Swords of Mars, Synthetic Men of Mars, Llana of Gathol, and John Carter of Mars. A chronology of these adventures can be found here.
1867 - The events of Nana, as related by Émile Zola.
September 1867-January 1868 - Spock of Vulcan, trapped in his past and stricken with amnesia after being subjected to a Klingon Mind-Sifter, spends several months with his human ancestor, Aaron Stemple, in the town of Seattle, Washington (Ishmael, as told by Barbara Hambly). Stemple and a few others realize that Spock is not of this world, but nevertheless protect and care for him. Stemple's experiences with Spock give him the means to successfully deal with another alien contact in 1873.
1867 THE NIGHT OF THE INFERNO
U.S. Secret Service agents James West and Artemus Gordon begin working under the direct orders of President Grant.This is the first episode of the 1960s television series The Wild Wild West. For further information and a list of episodes, see The Wild Wild West: The Series,by Susan Kesler, Arnett Press, 1988, or visit The Wild Wild West Chronology. Click here for more info on Artemus Gordon..(Johnson, Grant had not been elected as of yet)
1868 - Prince Dakkar reveals himself to Cyrus Harding and the others who have been stranded on his island for three years (The Mysterious Island). After his meeting with Dakkar, viewing the second submarine Nautilus, and his rescue from the island in 1869, Captain Harding would read a copy of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, assume that Dakkar and Nemo were the same person, and relate this erroneous assumption to Jules Verne. In later years, Dakkar himself would further confuse the issue by using the identity of "Captain Nemo." Verne did fictionalize the ending of The Mysterious Island: Dakkar did not die and the second Nautilus was not destroyed.
NOTE: Rick Lai's article, The Secret History of Captain Nemo, was an invaluable resource in resolving the question of Moriarty/Nemo and Dakkar/Nemo and the two submarines called Nautilus. However, I respectfully disagree with Mr. Lai's dismissal ofThe Other Log of Phileas Fogg, The Return of Moriarty,and The Revenge of Moriarty as fictional.
1869 - Birth of Arronaxe Land, daughter of Ned Land, named after Ned's friend Professor Arronax.
1869 - Secret Service agents James Douglas Henry and Barton Swift defeat the evil plans of Dr. Arliss Loveless, a relative of the equally evil Dr. Miguelito Loveless (1999 feature film Wild Wild West). Records of the conflict were altered and the victory was attributed to agents Jim West and Artemus Gordon. The reason for the alteration was either (1) based purely on racist motivations or (2) the result of a grand plot which is better explained by clicking here.
1869 - Bartholomew Aloysius Lash, otherwise known as Bat Lash, is born.
1869 THE LAND OF FURS
A character named Hobson mentions Captain Hatteras. There is also a reference to a total eclipse in the Canadian North.
The Land of Furs (aka The Fur Country aka Seventy Degrees North Latitude) is a novel by Jules Verne. Since Captain Hatteras (1863) is in the Newtonverse, so are the events of this novel. The eclipse in question took place on August 7, 1869.
1869 - The events of Charles Dickens' unfinished novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood
1869-1872 James Moriarity I traveled extensively on missions for the Capellean Hierarchy, actually Juro posing as an Elder, On one such mission he went to Siberia, where he fathered a child, Grigori Rasputin. Dynamics of an Asteroid was actually a study of when the Capellean Mother ship would fall to the earth
1870 THE LEGEND OF THE LONE RANGER John Reid becomes The Lone Ranger. Tonto joins him as his partner and together they save President Grant's life.
This was a movie (with novelization by Gary McCarthy, Ballentine Books) that came out in 1981. Note that by virtue of all having encountered President Grant, James West, Artemus Gordon, The Lone Ranger and Tonto are established to be in the same universe. John Reid's grand-nephew, Britt Reid (otherwise known as The Green Hornet), encountered The Shadow in 1942, thus placing West, Gordon, The Lone Ranger, Tonto, The Green Hornet, and Kato all in the Wold Newton Universe.
For a different version of this incident visit Masked Memories-The Reids
1870s - Scarlett, by Alexandra Ripley, a sequel to Gone With the Wind.
1870-1889 - The events of Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray.
1870 - The events of Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda.
1870 THE YSABEL KID
The Floating Outfit meets Cheyenne Bodie.
Novel by J.T. Edson. The Floating Outfit is comprised of Dusty Fog, Mark Counter and the Ysabel Kid. Dusty Fog is a relative of the English Foggs, and thus is a Wold Newton Family member. Cheyenne Bodie is from the television series Cheyenne. Please read Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.
Summer 1870 - The first Professor James Moriarty, who has abandoned the "Captain Nemo" identity, uncovers the plans of an Anglo-Egyptian named Rathe, who formerly called himself Ahtar. Abetted by his masterful abilities of disguise, Moriarty kills Rathe and takes his place as an instructor at a school in London. He serves as young Sherlock Holmes' tutor (see The Infernal Device) and fencing instructor (see Young Sherlock Holmes).
Summer 1870 - The events of Dracula, My Love, as told by Peter Tremayne.
1870 - The events of Jules Verne's Une fantaisie du Docteur Ox (A Fantasy of Dr. Ox aka Dr. Ox's Experiment).
1870 - Birth of Jules de Grandin. For his complete history
Winter 1870 - The actual first meeting of Holmes and Watson (Young Sherlock Holmes) Holmes by Watson, Alan Arnold, ed.; Watson's account was made into a 1985 feature film). Holmes and Watson expose Rathe's evil plans, but Holmes' young love, Elizabeth, is killed by Rathe. Holmes thinks Rathe dead, but unknown to Holmes, Rathe survives and retreats to his true identity, Moriarty.
1871 - Main events of the tale of Carmilla, as chronicled by J. Sheridan LeFanu.
1871 - The events of Susan Coolidge's What Katy Did. Sequels are What Katy Did at School and What Katy Did Next.
1871-1875 - Events of Hondo, as related by Louis L'Amour (click here for more info).
1871 DECISION FOR DUSTY FOG by J. T Edson
There is a reference to Matt Dillon.
1871 DIAMONDS, EMERALDS, CARDS AND COLTS
The Floating Outfit meet Lord James Roxton, the father of Lord John Roxton.
1871 THE CODE OF DUSTY FOG
The Floating Outfit encounter Edmund Fagin and Sir John Unglow Ramage, the youngest son of Sir Nicholas Ramage (from the Ramage Series by Dudley Pope).
These three entries are Floating Outfit novels by J.T. Edson. Matt Dillon is from the television series Gunsmoke. Lord John Roxton is a Wold Newton Family member, who would accompany Professor Challenger to The Lost World. Edmund Fagin is the grandson to the Fagin from Dickens' Oliver Twist. Sir John Unglow Ramage is the youngest son of Sir Nicholas Ramage, from the Ramage series by Dudley Pope. Please read Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.
1871 - The events of The Coming Race by Edward Bulwer-Lytton.
1872 - The events of Anthony Hope's Rupert of Hentzau.
1872 SHE AND ALLAN
Allan Quatermain meets Ayesha, She-who-must-be-obeyed.
Novel by H. Rider Haggard, crossing-over his two most famous creations. Ayasha also appeared in She, Ayesha: The Return of She, and Wisdom's Daughter.
Summer 1872 -Moriarty prepares to use the "Nemo" identity once more (see The Other Log of Phileas Fogg). During this time period, Moriarty also remarries, to a woman named Donleavy, thus providing his daughter Urania with a step-mother, as well as an alias: Urania becomes known as Patricia Donleavy (see The Beekeeper's Apprentice)
October-December 1872 - The events of Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days.
December 1872 FOGG BOUND Paladin meets Phileas Fogg during the events of Around the World in Eighty Days, as Fogg travels through America. Paladin helps Fogg, Aouda and Passepartout cross a river. 1960 episode of television series Have Gun, Will Travel. Evidently neither Verne nor Farmer knew of this particular incident.
October-December 1872 THE OTHER LOG OF PHILEAS FOGG
In this companion novel to Jules Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days, "Captain Nemo" (from Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea) and the first Professor James Moriarty are revealed to be the same person. Moriarty-"Nemo" has several Capellean assistants: Colonel Sebastian Moran; Colonel James Moriarty (the very tall dark man with a heavy stoop); and a man named Vandeleur. It is also divulged that Phileas Fogg, in disguise, was a crewman aboard the Nautilus who was working against Moriarty-"Nemo" during 1866-1868, and that Fogg was ultimately responsible for the sinking of the Nautilus in the Maelstrom in 1868. Moriarty-"Nemo," knowing that Fogg's servant Passepartout is listening, deliberately misstates the circumstances surrounding his own parentage. With the death of the last Old One (original alien Eridanean or Capellean), this adventure marks the end of the secret conflict between the Eridaneans and the Capelleans.
(Rather, the Core groups of both surviving Elders determine to work even more behind the scenes, fearing that the recent advances of earth technology, without Capellean or Eridanean help, has reached the point that it could be combined with stolen alien technology to create primitive space vessels. Being still socially primitive ethnocentric, the earthlings would see the Capellean and Eridanean efforts to aid them as hostile actions and could cause disturb the Galactic peace.)
This novel written by Philip José Farmer was published by Tor Books in 1982 (original publication date 1973). Vandeleur appeared in Robert Louis Stevenson's short story The Rajah's Diamond, which appeared in the volume New Arabian Nights. Moran was the first Professor Moriarty's lieutenant and appeared in several of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories. Colonel Moriarty is the Professor's elder half-brother. Regarding the theory, adopted here, that there were two Professor James Moriartys (as well as an older brother, Colonel James Moriarty), please refer to The Return of Moriarty and The Revenge of Moriarty, both by John Gardner, Berkley Books, 1981. The author is the same John Gardner, incidentally, who continued to write the James Bond series of books in the 1980s and '90s. The Rajah Dakkar of Bundelcund, a renegade Capellean who is killed in this adventure, is not the Prince Dakkar of Verne's The Mysterious Island, but rather the Prince's father. After these events, the first Professor Moriarty permanently gave up on the "Captain Nemo" identity and laid low for several years, before resuming his criminal career under his own name. Prince Dakkar, aware of the fear and mystery the name "Nemo" inspired, aware that he had already been confused with Nemo, and in possession of the second submarine Nautilus, began actively using the "Nemo" identity in 1875.
1873 to 1876. Fu Shan (Fu Manchu) convinces the Governor of Honan that if China were to regain its place in the world, it would have to advance with the Western World, taking what it can while retaining the essence of Chinese culture. To this end, I believe that Fu Shan acquired an education in Europe, studying at Heidelberg University and possibly at Cambridge from about 1873 to 1876. During this time he made contacts with the Chinese communities in Europe, including the Limehouse district in England. It is also possible that he established a relationship of sorts with Professor James Moriarty and had an early encounter with Sherlock Holmes as demonstrated in THE MUSGRAVE VERSION.
(It is possible at this time he was made a trial member of the Capellean race, recruited without full knowledge or truth of the Capellean origins, merely as a member of a powerful Secret Society bent on ruling the world)
1873 - Bancroft Stoneham Pons is born to Asenath Pons and Roberta McIvor.
THE MYSTERIOUS ISLAND
Prince Dakkar reveals himself to Cyrus Smith and the others who have been stranded on his island for three years. Captain Robert Grant and Ayrton appear, and there are references to the events of Five Weeks in a Balloon, The Adventures of Captain Hatteras, and Around the Moon.
The Mysterious Island takes place from 1869-1873, but is placed here in the Chronology in order to put the events involving Dakkar in context. Regarding the dating, Rick Lai has stated: "Since the first Nemo book [20,000 Leagues Under the Sea] wasn't published until 1870, it might be argued that Cyrus Smith couldn't have read it until 1870. Such a conclusion would lead to the argument that The Mysterious Island didn't begin until at least 1870. On the other hand, it could be argued that Smith read the original account of Professor Aronnax's experiences aboard the Nautilus prepared for the American government (since it financed the Professor's expedition) before Verne 'edited' this report and had it published as a novel." Proceeding on that argument, the 1869-1873 dates are used here.
The novel is a sequel to both Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and The Children of Captain Grant (aka In Search of the Castaways). Five Weeks in a Balloon, The Adventures of Captain Hatteras, and Around the Moon must also take place in the Wold Newton Universe.
Jules Verne did fictionalize the ending of The Mysterious Island, in that Dakkar did not die and the Nautilus was not destroyed. Rick Lai's article, The Secret History of Captain Nemo, was an invaluable resource in resolving the question of Dakkar-Nemo and Moriarty-Nemo and the two submarines called Nautilus. However, I respectfully disagree with Mr. Lai's dismissal of The Other Log of Phileas Fogg, The Return of Moriarty, and The Revenge of Moriarty as completely fictional.
I resepctfully disagree with the need for the alteration of the dates and place the events of The Mysterious Island in 1865-1869An explanation for how both occurred within the time frames of the books could be thus. Dakkar was wounded by radiation poisoning, the American soldiers did land on the island he was using as a secret base. He did aid them in surviving. This was in 1865. The following year he began the events of 20,000 leagues. There were times when he returned to Lincoln Island which were not depicted in 20,000 leagues, times when Arronaxe and company were not allowed to know where they were headed. These visits lasted only a day or so when Dakkar was dropping off supplies to the American soldiers. Why did he not rescue them? Well, he could not take the chance that they had somehow discovered his secret base yet he did not want them to die from want either.
As for Cyrus Smith having read the novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, this is probably a statement placed by Verne to tie together his works as a means of "plugging" it.
1873 - Throughout this time period, the Karsid Empire is in power in this quadrant of the galaxy. The Karsids have built their Empire primarily on economic infiltration of less advanced worlds, eventually leading to total dependence and subjugation, rather than military invasion. When the Karsids, disguised as humans, make first contact with the U.S. government, Congressman Aaron Stemple, addressing a secret Congressional committee, argues vehemently against any dealings with them. Fortunately for Earth, his arguments carry the day (Ishmael).
1873 - First recorded adventure of Jonah Hex (All-Star Western No. 10, DC Comics; click here for more info).
1874 - Birth of Arsène Lupin in Blois.
1874 THE QUEST FOR BOWIE'S BLADE
The Ysabel Kid encounters Octavious Xavier "the Ox" Guilemont who makes reference to the first Professor Moriarty and to the Maltese Falcon
1874 THE SCHOOL TEACHER
Dusty Fog reveals that Mark Counter is a relative of Bret Maverick.
1874 COMANCHE BLOOD
The Ysabel Kid meets Pedro, one of the heirs to the title of El Zorro.
Three more entries in the Floating Outfit novels by J.T. Edson. Comanche Blood is found in The Hard Riders. Bret Maverick is from the television series Maverick.
1874 THE REMITTANCE KID
Calamity Jane works with Lt. Ed Ballinger, Belle Boyd, and Capt. Patrick Reeder.
Thanks to the research of Philip José Farmer, J.T. Edson reveals in this Calamity Jane novel that Ed Ballinger is the grandfather of Lt. Frank Ballinger, the Head of M Squad. M Squad's adventures were made into a television series which appeared from 1957 to 1960. Belle Boyd is revealed to be the great aunt of Jane Clayton, neé Porter, and Patrick Reeder is the uncle to J. G. Reeder, Edgar Wallace's famous detective.
1874 - Birth of Richard Hannay. Hanney's uncle, William Drummond, is the grandfather of Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond and John "Korak" Drummond-Clayton. Hanney's maternal grandmother is Oread Butler, a cousin of Rhett Butler (Gone With the Wind).
1874 - Birth of Randolph Carter whose tales were chronicled by H.P. Lovecraft in such classics as The Statement of Randolph Carter, The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath, and The Silver Key.
July 1875 THE MUSGRAVE VERSION Sherlock Holmes crosses paths with Dr. Fu Manchu. Musgrave then recounts that he and Holmes would later take a "mad voyage" aboard the submarine Nautilus and encounter the maniacal Dr. Moreau.
A short story edited by G.A. Effinger, from a manuscript by Reginald Musgrave (from Doyle's "The Musgrave Ritual"). Story found in anthology Sherlock Holmes in Orbit, DAW, 1995. The Nautilus mentioned here would be Prince Dakkar's submarine. Dr. Moreau is from H.G. Wells' The Island of Dr. Moreau.
November 1875 -The death of Professor Moriarty's beloved uncle and father-figure, Jerrold Moriarty, adds fuel to the Holmes/Moriarty feud (Enter the Lion A Posthumous Memoir of Mycroft Holmes, edited by Michael P. Hodel and Sean M. Wright). Of course, given Sherlock's experiments with royal jelly bee pollen in the 1920s, the "Posthumous" of the title is highly questionable). This is the first time that Holmes becomes acquainted with the first Professor Moriarty in his true identity; Holmes had literally crossed swords with Moriarty five years earlier when Moriarty was posing as Rathe, but Holmes does not make the connection.
1876 - The first Professor James Moriarty begins to build his vast criminal empire. Over the years, many will serve with the Professor, including his daughter Urania (aka Patricia Donleavy); his younger brother, the third James Moriarty; Colonel Moran; and John Clay.
April-October 1876 - The Bellman Expedition (Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark).
1876 - Sherlock Holmes has a "brief but notable" stint on the New York stage billed as "Mr. William Escott." Holmes goes on tour and is involved in several mysteries while on tour. (Sherlock Holmes and the Hands of Othello by Alexander Simmons. This reference explains Holmes’ reputation at the time of The Suicide Club. Additionally, Holmes used the "William Escott" many times throughout his career. Indeed, as Baring-Gould states in Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street, his birth name was William Sherlock Scott Holmes.)
1876 John Carter returns from his first trip to Barsoom, teleporting back into the clothes that he left behind on his first trip. He spends the next few years traveling to Virginia and New York.
1876 - Birth of Carthoris of Helium, son of John Carter and Dejah Thoris.
1877 OFF ON A COMET (HECTOR SERVADAC)
Hector Servadac is trapped on a comet and journeys throughout the Solar System. There is a reference to the events of Black Indies. Novel by Jules Verne.
1877BLACK INDIES (THE UNDERGROUND CITY)
There is a reference to the events of Hector Servadac.
Black Indies (aka Les Indes Noires aka The Underground City aka Child of the Cavern) is a novel by Jules Verne.
1878 - The events of Robert Louis Stevenson's The Suicide Club, found in the volume entitled New Arabian Nights. The story's Prince Florizel of Bohemia also appeared in the same volume's The Rajah's Diamond and would be seen again in Watson's/Doyle's A Scandal in Bohemia. The "celebrated detective" who is indirectly involved in these events is clearly Sherlock Holmes, although Holmes had scarcely enough of a career history at this time to be described as "celebrated." And the tall man with a heavy stoop who declines to assist the Prince is Colonel James Moriarty. Finally, as Rick Lai demonstrated in his article, The Secret History of Captain Nemo, Dr. Noel, the retired master criminal who assists in the case, is the father of the first Professor James Moriarty and the second Professor James Moriarty. (See Edgar W. Smith's A Scandal in Identity in the volume Profile in Gaslight, Simon & Schuster, 1944; see also Jack Tracy's Some Thoughts on the Suicide Club in The Baker Street Journal, New Series, Vol. 22, #2, June, 1972.)
1878- The Lone Ranger helps out Robert Walker, the son of lawman called "Six Gun" Walker. "Six Gun," who died in 1872, left his land and property to Robert, who has lived his entire life abroad. (Television episode of The Lobe Ranger entitled Six Gun's Legacy.) Wold Newton researcher Chuck Loridans postulates that "Six Gun" Walker is actually the 16th Phantom, also called the Masked Cowboy. The Phantom Chronology indicates that the 16th Phantom operated during the1840s-60s and that he died sometime after 1867. Masked Men: A Chronology of the Lone Ranger and the Green Hornet demonstrates that the first season of the Lone Ranger television series took place around 1878. It is possible that 16th Phantom and his wife, Texan Annie Morgan, had another child, born several years after the twins Kip (the 17th Phantom) and Julie (according to some the 18th Phantom), named Robert. The 16th Phantom died in 1872, and his younger son, who would not receive the Phantom birthright, did inherit his father's land in Texas, and returned to permanently settle there. Perhaps he is an ancestor of the modern-day kick-boxing Texas Ranger (see TV Crossovers), as well as Los Angeles policewoman Darcy Walker, better known as The Black Scorpion.
c. Late 1870s - The events of The Bostonians, as chronicled by Henry James.
c. 1880s - The events of Kim, as related by Rudyard Kipling.
1880 -The events of the Allan Quatermain adventure King Solomon's Mines, as related by H. Rider Haggard. The general reading order of Haggard's series is: Allan's Wife, Marie, Child of Storm, A Tale of Three Lions, Maiwa's Revenge: or, The War of the Little Hand, Hunter Quatermain's Story, Long Odds, Allan and the Holy Flower, Heu-Heu: or, The Monster, She and Allan, The Treasure of the Lake, The Ivory Child, Finished, King Solomon's Mines, The Ancient Allan, Allan and the Ice-Gods, and Allan Quatermain. The time period covered by Allan's Wife actually spans the events of Marie and Child of Storm. There is also a related novel of the great warrior Umslopogaas, Nada the Lily. The story of Quatermain's life continues in Allan and the Sundered Veil, and The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen.
1880 - Birth of Joseph Jorkens (click here for more information).
July 1880 THE ADVENTURE OF THE STALWART COMPANIONS Sherlock Holmes works with Theodore Roosevelt. This is a novel written by Theodore Roosevelt, edited by H. Paul Jeffers, Harper & Row, 1978.
1880 Solar Pons is born in Prague to Asenath Pons, consular official for Great Britain, and Roberta McIvor.
1880 Jake Mason, son of Joaquin (Ken Mason is born)
1880 - The events of Gaston Leroux's The Phantom of the Opera.
January 1881 -Holmes and Watson are reintroduced and take rooms at 221B Baker Street. Holmes formally begins his consulting detective practice. ( A Study in Scarlet)
May 1881-January 1882 - The events of Jules Verne's The School for Robinsons (aka The School for Crusoes).
Fall 1881 A FATHER'S TALE
Brigadier Donald Ffellowes relates a tale of his father's encounter with a man called only "Mr. Verner." The encounter occurred in the Fall of 1881 off the coast of Sumatra, and involved a group of man-rat creatures called the Folk, who were created by the Moreau-like experiments of a scientist called Cornelius Van Ouisthoven.
A short story by Sterling E. Lanier, in Sherlock Holmes Through Time and Space, edited by Issac Asimov, Martin Greenberg, and Charles Waugh, Bluejay Books, 1984. "Verner" is obviously Sherlock Holmes, and this tale relates the story otherwise known as the "Giant Rat of Sumatra." Another "Giant Rat" story takes place in 1886, but its events are unrelated to this one, save that "Matilda Briggs" must have been a popular ship name in the 1880s. This story brings Lanier's Brigadier Ffellowes into the Wold Newton Universe.
1882 NO FINGER ON THE TRIGGER
Waxahachie Smith encounters Lord Maidstone, son of Horatio Hornblower, and Donald Garfew Beech, Head of the US Secret Service. Beech's grandson, Orville Garfew "Fluency" Beech would later meet Doc Savage.
Novel by J.T. Edson confirming the Hornblowers in the Newtonverse. Smith is an associate of the Floating Outfit and a former Texas Ranger. Orville Garfew "Fluency" Beech is from Red Snow by Kenneth Robeson (Lester Dent). Please read Brad Mengel's The Edson Connection for more information.
1882 IT CRAWLS
The Necronomicon is featured in this Lone Ranger tale.
Wu Chan a mentor of the Lone Ranger and Tonto loans them two books to assist in their quest to defeat an Aztec Mummy who is really a brain damaged visitor from the stars. One of the books is a copy of the Necromicon
A Lone Ranger and Tonto comics mini-series written by Joe R. Lansdale and published by Topps Comics, which links the Ranger with the Cthulhu Mythos.
Late 1882 - A.J. Raffles' earliest criminal exploit, as told by Raffles himself, in Le Premier Pas (edited by E.W. Hornung, and appearing in The Amateur Cracksman).
1882 ABBOTT AND COSTELLO MEET DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE
"Slim" and "Tubby" are American cops in London to study police tactics. After ending up in jail, they are bailed out by Dr. Jekyll. Jekyll has been murdering fellow doctors who laugh at his experiments, and has more murders in mind. At one point, the serum that turns Jekyll into the murderous Hyde gets injected into Tubby.
This film takes place prior the events of Robert Louis Stevenson's book.. Please read Hyde and Hair: Hydden Pair for a further explanation of these events in the Wold Newton Universe. These two bumblers would go on to meet Larry Talbot and Frankenstein's Monster, although they were using different names.Immortal Befuddled provides the solution to the mystery as to why these fellows are so long
January 1883 -Holmes first encounters the "amateur cracksman," A.J. Raffles. Holmes marries Raffles' sister Marjorie. Raffles Holmes is born later that year; Marjorie dies in childbirth (R. Holmes & Co.) since it is doubtful that A.J. Raffles was old enough in 1883 to have a daughter of marrying age, Marjorie was more probably A.J.'s sister, as stated here).
1883 - Birth of Dr. Caber, son of John Clay (see Watson's/Doyle's The Adventure of the Red-Headed League) and Urania Moriarty, grandson of the first Professor James Moriarty. Dr. Caber would become the nemesis of Wold Newton family member Joseph Jorkens. Lord Dunsany related their tales in three stories: The Invention of Dr. Caber (found in Jorkens Has a Large Whiskey), and The Strange Drug of Dr. Caber and The Cleverness of Dr. Caber (both in The Fourth Book of Jorkens). Please read Rick Lai's A Brief Biography of Dr. Caber for complete information.
1883-1885 - The events of She, as narrated by Ludwig Horace Holly, and transcribed by H. Rider Haggard. Holly, a Wold Newton Family member (click here for more information), scholar, and African explorer, is the guardian of Leo Vincey, the reincarnated love of She-who-must-be-obeyed, of the lost valley of Kôr. The date is derived from Ayesha: The Return of She.
April 1883 THE ADVENTURE OF THE OLD RUSSIAN WOMAN
Holmes and Watson endeavor to locate an artist named Vukcic, whose subject matter for the painting at the heart of this case is a farm woman in Montenegro. Holmes also refers to a "mastermind" behind the mystery, whose name he knows as well as his own, but Holmes declines to name the man at this time.
Short story by H. Paul Jeffers, in the anthology The Confidential Casebook of Sherlock Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., St. Martin's Press, 1998. One of Holmes' twin sons would later answer to the name Marko Vukcic, perhaps hinting that Holmes had a deeper relationship with the eponymous painter than is otherwise indicted. Both Marko Vukcic and his twin brother, Nero Wolfe, had close ties to Montenegro. The mastermind is, of course, Mycroft Holmes.
1883 -Denis Nayland Smith is born. Smith is the son of Sherlock Holmes' sister, Sigrina Holmes, and thus is the nephew of Holmes. Nayland Smith shares an interesting characteristic with another British detective, Solar Pons, namely, the habit of tugging on the left earlobe in times of stress or deep thought. Brad Mengel, in his The Family Tree of Sherlock Holmes, proposes that Nayland Smith and Solar Pons are distant cousins, related through Pons' mother, Roberta McIvor.
September 1883 Henry Jekyll begins developing a serum that will liberate man from his bestial nature. Jekyll's formula uses a rare mineral salt, which has recently been identified as Thyophite. This substance releases Jekyll's innate traits of therioanthropy- shape changing, a form of werewolfism. Although the transformed persona is called Edward Hyde is really Henry Jeckyll taking advantage of the bestial form to live out his darkest fantasies. Details about Henry Jekyll's life which Robert Louis Stevenson was not privy to can be found in the series of articles Hyde and Hair.
October 1883-March 1885 - The events of R.L. Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
October 1883 –March 1885 DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HOLMES
In this companion novel to Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson encounter Dr. Henry Jekyll and his alter ego, Edward Hyde This Holmes / Jekyll novel is by mystery writer Loren D. Estleman, published by Penguin Books in 1980.
Details about Henry Jekyll's life which neither Robert Louis Stevenson or Loren Estleman were privy to can be found in the series of articles Hyde and Hair.
1884 - Kathryn Koluchy conducts her nefarious activities, as detailed in The Brotherhood of Seven Kings, by L.T. Meade and Robert Eustace. Part of Katherine Koluchy's familal relations can be seen at The Blind Seer genealogy.
August 1884 THE DORRINGTON RUBY SEAL (R. HOLMES & CO)
Sherlock Holmes first encounters the "amateur cracksman," A.J. Raffles, who had stolen the Dorrington Ruby Seal seven months earlier, in January 1884. Holmes marries Raffles' sister Marjorie.
R. Holmes & Co. is a collection of inter-connected short stories by John Kendrick Bangs. It is speculated that Raffles Holmes was born in May 1885 and that Marjorie died in childbirth. Since it is doubtful that A.J. Raffles was old enough in 1884 to have a daughter of marrying age, Marjorie was more probably A.J. Raffles' sister, as stated here.
Late December 1884-Late March 1885 - The events of The List of Seven, as recounted by Mark Frost, in which an occult cabal known as the Seven is broken up by Jack Sparks and his friend Dr. Arthur Conan Doyle (Watson's literary agent).
March-May 1885 THE INFERNAL DEVICE
Benjamin Barnett, a member of the first Professor Moriarty's crime family, has a secretary named Cecily Perrine, who describes her father as a man who is a student of languages and dialects, and who can place someone within two blocks in London after listening to them speak. Cecily's father is a Professor whose first name is Henry, and whom Sherlock Holmes expresses an interest in meeting. Holmes and Watson actually find themselves working on the same side as Moriarty. Writers Oscar Wilde and Bernard Shaw are also mentioned.
This Professor Moriarty novel is by Michael Kurland, Signet Books, 1978. Although Cecily's father is named as Henry Perrine, this is clearly a pseudonym for Professor Henry Higgins. George Bernard Shaw told the story of Professor Higgins in Pygmalion, also known as My Fair Lady. For an in-depth article on this entry by fellow Wold Newton fan Mark Brown, please click here.
1885 CURE THE TEXAS FEVER
Waxahachie Smith works with the Floating Outfit and Theodore Roosevelt to protect those who can cure the Texas fever.
Novel by J.T. Edson. The Newtonverse version of Roosevelt worked with Sherlock Holmes and would also meet Indiana Jones.
1885 - Dr. Henry Frankenstein recreates his ancestor's experiments, as seen in the feature film Frankenstein (read Mark Brown's article for more information). The full cycle of adventures of this fifth Frankenstein Monster is as follows: Frankenstein, Bride of Frankenstein, The Son of Frankenstein, The Ghost of Frankenstein, Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man, The House of Frankenstein,House of Dracula, Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein, Return of the Wolf Man, The Devil's Brood, and The Devil's Night.
1885 - Arronaxe Larsen, Doc Savage's mother, is born. She is the daughter of Wolf Larsen and Arronaxe Land.
September-October 1885 - The Jekyll Legacy, a sequel to The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, as told by Robert Bloch and Andre Norton, in which Dr. Jekyll's niece, Hester, is involved in some terrifying events. The murderous culprit of the tale was obviously lying when elucidating on the theft of Mr. Hyde's corpse from its grave, since, unbeknownst to many, Jekyll / Hyde still lived at the conclusion of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (see Tooth and Nail, 1909). Click here for more information. Details about Henry Jekyll's life which neither Robert Louis Stevenson or Boch/Norton were privy to can be found in the series of articles Hyde and Hair.
December 1885-October 1886 THE PURCHASE OF THE NORTH POLE
The members of the Baltimore Gun Club buy the North Pole at an international auction. The events surrounding the previous auction of a Pacific island are also mentioned. Also mentioned are the events of Hector Servadac and The Adventures of Captain Hatteras.
The Purchase of the North Pole (aka Topsy Turvy) is a novel by Jules Verne. The Gun Club was also mentioned in Verne's From the Earth to the Moon and Rosny & Farmer's Ironcastle. The Gun Club members are now twenty years older since the Moon project. The previous auction of the Pacific island occurred in Verne's The School for Robinsons (aka The School for Crusoes). Hector Servadac and The Adventures of Captain Hatteras are also novels by Jules Verne.
1886 - Events of the film Bride of Frankenstein (read Mark Brown's article for complete information).
1886 - Mycroft Holmes is appointed head of the British Secret Service, thus becoming the first "M." Subsequent "M"s will include Laird McTarry, Admiral Sir Miles Messervy and Barbara Mawdsley.
1886 - Birth of Dominick Medina, son of the third James Moriarty and Kathryn Koluchy.
March 1886 The Giant Rat of Sumatra Holmes is retained by Professor August Belknap for assistance in a case involving the Cthulhu Mythos Short story edited by Paula Volsky, from a manuscript by H.P. Lovecraft, based on the notes of Dr. John Watson, contained in the volume Resurrected Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., 1996. August Belknap must be a relative of H.P. Lovecraft associate and fellow writer Frank Belknap Long.
1886 - Events of Allen Quatermain, which features the title character's purported death, as related by H. Rider Haggard. Actually, Quatermain fakes his own death. Speaking of the events of Allen Quatermain, he states, "Only my demise was sham, a ruse to grant me freedom from my suffocating reputation." See Allan and the Sundered Veil, as told by Alan Moore.
1886 - The events of Jules Verne's Robur the Conqueror.
1886 - The Old Detective’s Pupil, Nick Carter's first case.
1886 - Leo Vincey and Ludwig Horace Holly set out for Central Asia on a quest to locate Ayesha; they will not succeed until 1903 (Ayesha: The Return of She).
March 1886 From the house of a member of his extended family, John Carter once again teleports bodily to Barsoom.
August 1886PREDATOR: NEMESIS
Captain Edward Soames is recruited by Mycroft Holmes and the ruling cabal of the Diogenes Club to track down and eliminate a serial killer prowling London. In the course of the case, Soames also works with Inspector Lestrade. The London newspapers refer to the killer as "Spring-Heeled Jack," but the true nature of the murderer is covered up by the Diogenes Club.
Mini-series from Dark Horse Comics by Gordon Rennie and Colin MacNeil, 1997. The Diogenes Club, Mycroft Holmes, and Inspector Lestrade are all from the Sherlock Holmes stories. This case further solidifies the notion that the Diogenes Club was a secret arm of the British government. The alien hunters called Predators have been crossed-over with so many different comics characters and universes, that they must be deemed "multi-versal." Therefore, only crossovers that work within Wold Newton continuity, such as Tarzan vs. Predator at the Earth's Core (1945), will be listed on the Crossover Chronology. Another way of saying this is that Soames encountered the Wold Newton Universe version of the Predators.
December 1886 - The events of Sherlock Holmes and the Hands of Othello, as related by Alexander Simmons. Holmes helps Amanda Aldridge, the black actress and daughter of the famous "Negro Tragedian," the late Ira Aldridge. Holmes is hired by Thomas Kane (Amanda’s suitor) to investigate a strange series of events. Holmes also fights Phillipe Moreau, an assassin hired to kill Amanda Aldridge. The first duel between Moreau and Holmes ends in a draw. In the second duel, a sword fight, Holmes kills Moreau. (Further genealogical research may reveal a distant link between Solomon Kane and Thomas Kane, as well a connection between Dr. Moreau and Phillipe Moreau.)
December 1886 - The Adventure of the Red Leech, in which Holmes and Watson foil the first Professor Moriarty's plan to assassinate Queen Victoria (Detective Comics number 572).
January 1887 DEATH BY GASLIGHT
The first Professor Moriarty concocts a scheme involving Her Majesty's Battleship Hornblower. Colonel Sebastian Moran continues to be a some time operative for Moriarty. Holmes and Watson also appear, as does the eighty-year-old Duke of Denver.
Michael Kurland's Professor Moriarty novel (Signet, 1982) most likely takes place in January, not March date listed, since the good Professor is otherwise occupied in February-April 1887. The ship is named after nautical hero Horatio Hornblower, thus confirming Hornblower in the Wold Newton Universe. This Duke of Denver must be an ancestor of Lord seen here is probably the 14th, making him Lord Peter Wimsey's grandfather, George Wimsey (click here for more information.Peter Wimsey. Kurland indicated that a third Moriarty novel, The Murder Trust, was in the works; however, I believe it was never published.
February-April 1887 ALL-CONSUMING FIRE In which Holmes and Watson encounter a mysterious traveler known as the Doctor (Who, that is, the Seventh) and together battle Azathoth, one of the Great Old Ones of the Cthulhu Mythos. Mycroft Holmes, Sherringford Holmes, Professor Moriarty and Professor Challenger's associate, Lord John Roxton, also appear. Fu Manchu's Si Fan criminal organization, Professor Challenger, and Kolchak the Night Stalker are mentioned.
A Doctor Who novel by Andy Lane, part of The New Doctor Who Adventures series, Doctor Who Books, 1994. The Doctor visits the Newtonverse. It is also confirmed that the Cthulhu Mythos is associated with the Newtonverse. Given the differences between the history of Dr. Who's universe and that of the Wold Newton Universe, it is probable that the Doctor's native universe is an alternate or parallel timeline.
Also of interest, Kim Newman's character from the Anno Dracula trilogy, the British agent Charles Beauregard who works for the Diogenes Club (British Secret Service), is mentioned in All Consuming Fire in the same role. This is a case of Newman's own practice of "borrowing" characters in reverse.
April 1887 - The events of Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda.
1887 - The events of H.G. Wells' The Island of Dr. Moreau.
1887 - Birth of Charlie Chan, probable son of Fu Manchu (click here for more info).
1887 GOLD ON THE MISSISSIPPI Samuel Clemens meets The Lone Ranger and Tonto.
Story found in Pure Imagination Comics' reprinting of Lone Ranger comic strips. Clemens, while in 1893 San Francisco, was accidentally transported to the U.S.S. Enterprise-D of the year 2368.
1887 HOLMES AND THE LOSS OF THE BRITISH BARQUE SOPHY ANDERSON
Holmes takes a case involving Lieutenant Richard Hornblower, great grandson of Admiral Horatio Hornblower.
Short story edited by Peter Cannon, from a manuscript by C.S. Forester, based on the notes of Dr. John Watson. Contained in volume entitled Resurrected Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., 1996.
August-November 1887 - The events of Bram Stoker's Dracula.
August – November 1887 SHERLOCK HOLMES VS. DRACULA OR THE ADVENTURE OF THE SANGUINARY COUNT
Holmes and Watson fight against Dracula in this companion novel to Bram Stoker's Dracula.
The Holmes / Dracula novel is by Watson, edited by mystery writer Loren D. Estleman, published by Penguin Books in 1979. Dracula's encounter with Holmes places Dracula in the Wold Newton Universe. Therefore, Zorro gains entry through his battle with the Count in 1809. The Count Dracula featured here is the "real" Count, Dracula-prime, as opposed to one of his many "soul clones" (for more on this theory, please read Chuck Loridans' full account of the history of Count Dracula in the Newtonverse, Children of the Night). Although Watson dated these events in 1890, further research reveals that Dracula-prime was once again present in England in 1888, just prior to the Ripper murders (see entry for Dracula: The Suicide Club). Dracula: The Suicide Club also makes it clear that the events of Stoker's Dracula took place one year previous, i.e. 1887. See Also Best Fangs Forward
October 1887 - Paterson Erskine Guthrie takes a position as the confidential secretary to British spymaster Mycroft Holmes, essentially playing a Victorian Archie Goodwin to Holmes' Nero Wolfe (Against the Brotherhood by Guthrie, edited by Quinn Fawcett).
November 1887-May 1888 MINA: THE DRACULA STORY CONTINUES
Mina (Murray) Harker, conducting an investigation in London, wonders, "What would Detective Holmes do?"
Novel by Marie Kiraly (pseudonym for Elaine Bergstrom). Although the novel also refers to the Holmes stories as being written by Doyle, everyone knows that Holmes was a real person and that Doyle served as Dr. Watson's editor and literary agent. For more information on Dracula, see Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night.
Late Autumn 1887 HAPPY ENDINGS
Holmes and Watson travel to April 24, 2010 to attend a wedding.
An original Dr. Who novel by Paul Cornell, featuring the Seventh Doctor. Presumably Holmes and Watson are returned to 1887 at the exact moment that they left. The year 2010 that they visit is probably in the mainstream Dr. Who Universe, which is parallel to the mainstream Wold Newton Universe.
1888 - Birth of Theodore Marley "Ham" Brooks, one of Doc Savage's five assistants.
1888 John Cloamby, Lord Grandrith affected by inherited madness triggered by an immortality elixer goes on a killing spree in the area near the Grandrith estate. Many of his kills are undetected, others are attributed to Jack the Ripper.
For more see Triple Tarzan Tangle
1888 - The events of Oscar Wilde's The Selfish Giant.
1888 - Birth of Tara of Helium, daughter of John Carter and Dejah Thoris.
May-October 1888 BLOOD TO BLOOD: THE DRACULA STORY CONTINUES
Arthur Holmwood, Lord Godalming, refers to Sherlock Holmes and his Baker Street Irregulars.
Novel by Elaine Bergstrom, a sequel to Mina: The Dracula Story Continues. Although the novel's events are dated to 1891, and there are references to the Jack-the-Ripper murders of late 1888, the larger Dracula chronology dictates setting these events in May-October 1888. For more on Dracula, see Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night.
Late August-September 1888 DRACULA: THE SUICIDE CLUB
Dracula has become the President of London's Suicide Club. Sherlock Holmes, Dion Fortune, and Sir John Chandos also have roles in this case. A journalist named Milverton also briefly appears.
Comic mini-series published in 1992 by Adventure Comics, written by Steven Phillip Jones and illustrated by John Ross. The Suicide Club is derived from Robert Louis Stevenson's New Arabian Nights. Holmes makes an unnamed appearance, but the appearance is clear. There was a real English occultist and author named Dion Fortune, but she was born in 1890 and her true name was Violet Mary Firth; perhaps the Dion Fortune seen in this story is her mother, or at least an influence. (Interestingly, she studied studied occultism under Dr. Theodore Moriarty.) Milverton is probably not Charles Augustus Milverton, as seen on Watson's/Doyle's The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton (the descriptions do not match), but is almost certainly a relative. Sir John Chandos is undoubtedly a descendant of Sir John Chandos (Jean Froissart's Chronicles; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sir Nigel and The White Company); the relationship between the first Sir John Chandos and Richard William Chandos (Dornford Yates' Chandos series) has also been conclusively established by Brad Mengel in The Daring Drummonds. Dracula, based on a reading of Chuck Loridans' Children of the Night, appears to be Dracula-prime, and not one of his "soul-clones." This exploit concludes just as the Jack the Ripper murders are beginning.
Early September 1888 THE ADVENTURE OF THE ARABIAN KNIGHT
Sherlock Holmes embarks to recover a stolen document on behalf of his client, Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton.
Story by Loren Estleman in Murder in Baker Street, 2001. Sir Richard Francis Burton translated the Arabian Nights and the Kama Sutra into English, and discovered the source of the Nile. He also figures largely in Philip José Farmer's Riverworld series, which may or may not be related to the Wold Newton Universe (see Dennis Power's Ozdyssey, or How the Yellow Brick Road Lead Me to the Riverworld).
September-November 1888 Sherlock Holmes solves the Jack the Ripper slayings in A STUDY IN TERROR by Ellery Queen
A novelization of the Holmes film, written by Dr. Watson and supplemented by Ellery Queen (Manfred B. Lee and Frederic Dannay), Lancer Books, 1966. After reading Watson's manuscript in 1966, Ellery Queen had his own take on the Ripper case. But in 2265, Captain Kirk and the crew of the Enterprise encountered the energy being truly responsible for the murders, the life-form known as Redjac.
November 22, 1888 - Tarzan, Lord Greystoke (the future eighth duke of Greystoke), is born after his parents, Alice and John Clayton (the son of the fifth duke), are stranded in the jungle of French Equatorial Africa (Gabon).(Authorized books in the Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan series are: Tarzan of the Apes, The Return of Tarzan, The Beasts of Tarzan, The Son of Tarzan, Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar, Jungle Tales of Tarzan, Tarzan the Untamed, Tarzan the Terrible, Tarzan and the Golden Lion, Tarzan and the Ant Men, Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle, Tarzan and the Lost Empire, Tarzan at the Earth's Core, Tarzan The Invincible, Tarzan Triumphant, Tarzan and the City of Gold, Tarzan and the Lion Man, Tarzan and the Leopard Men, Tarzan's Quest, Tarzan and the Forbidden City, Tarzan the Magnificent, Tarzan and the Foreign Legion, Tarzan and the Madman, Tarzan and the Castaways, Tarzan and the Valley of Gold by Fritz Leiber, Tarzan: The Lost Adventure by E. R. Burroughs and Joe R. Lansdale,and Tarzan: The Dark Heart of Time by Philip José Farmer. There are many other Tarzan pastiches listed on this Chronology. Click here for a Chronology of Tarzan's adventures, based on and expanded from Philip José Farmer's timeline.)
Late November-December 25, 1888 THE TANGLED SKEIN
Holmes and Watson once again meet Dr. Abraham van Helsing. Van Helsing enlists their aid in tracking down Dracula, who has returned to England. Stapleton, the villain who attempted to terrorize Sir Henry Baskerville, also makes an appearance.
Novel by Dr. John H. Watson, edited by David Stuart Davies, 1992. The novel, a sort-of sequel to Watson and Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles, treats this as the first encounter between Holmes, van Helsing, and Dracula. It even recounts the facts of Dracula's arrival in England aboard the Demeter. This would lead one to assume that the events of this case would parallel those related in Bram Stoker's Dracula, as does Watson and Estleman's Sherlock Holmes vs. Dracula. However, this is not the case, as none of the remaining events recounted in The Tangled Skein parallel those in Dracula. Therefore, these events can be seen as a subsequent meeting of Holmes and Dracula, rather than the initial one. Watson must have had his own reasons for confusing the facts of this case, one which, of course, "the world is not yet prepared."
THE MADNESS OF COLONELWARBURTON Sherlock Holmes receives the Maltese Falcon as a gift for successfully concluding this case. The Maltese Falcon will become the object of great pursuit in forty years, embroiling San Francisco detective Sam Spade in much intrigue.
Short story is edited by Carole Buggé, from a manuscript by Dashiell Hammett, based on the notes of Dr. Watson. In the volume Resurrected Holmes, Marvin Kaye, ed., 1996.
1889 - Birth of Carl Peterson, arch-enemy of Bulldog Drummond. Peterson is the second son of John Clay and Urania Moriarty, making him the grandson of the first Professor James Moriarty and the brother of Dr. Caber.
1889 John Cloamby, Lord Grandrith son of John Cloamby and his raped sister-in-law is born in a the caverns of the Nine in the mountains of Uganda. His parents are eliminated and he is given over to the care of a band of mangani. For more see Triple Tarzan Tangle
1889 ALLAN AND THE SUNDERED VEIL
Allan Quatermain ingests the narcotic taduki and enters a state akin to the Dreamlands, a land where linear time does not exist. Indeed, there he meets the astral projection of Randolph Carter, who has come from the early 20th century. He also meets Randolph's great-uncle,John Carter, who, on his way to Barsoom from the Arizona cave where he lay dying in 1866, has been diverted to this realm. At the end of the second chapter, as the three are about to be attacked, The Time Traveler appears to rescue them. It is also revealed that the Morlocks of the far future are related to the Mi-Go of the Cthulhu Mythos.
Novella by Alan Moore, serialized in the six issues of the comics mini-series, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen. Allan Quatermain was established as pert of the Wold Newton Family by Philip José Farmer, as was Wells' Time Traveler (aka Bruce Clarke Wildman). (For an excellent article on the Time Traveler, please read Travels in Time by Loki Carbis.) This crossover confirms that E.R. Burroughs' John Carter was originally an inhabitant of the Newtonverse, before he took up permanent residence in the dimension containing the planet Barsoom. It also relates John Carter to H. P. Lovecraft's Randolph Carter, who appeared in such classics as The Statement of Randolph Carter, The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath, and The Silver Key.
1889 - Events of Rudyard Kipling's Soldiers Three.
1889 - The events of Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Grey.
1889 - Birth of Carl Peterson, arch-enemy of Bulldog Drummond. Peterson is the second son of John Clay and Urania Moriarty, making him the grandson of the first Professor James Moriarty and the brother of Dr. Caber.
November 21, 1889 - Upon the death of the fifth duke of Greystoke, his brother, William Cecil Clayton, becomes the sixth duke.
1890 SHERLOCK HOLMES i LIVSFARE
Raffles, in London, steals a pearl necklace, only to be apprehended by Sherlock Holmes. Raffles, piqued, appeals to Professor Moriarty to have Holmes eliminated
Danish silent film, 1908, aka Sherlock Holmes in Danger of His Life.
1890 Birth of Wold Newton Family member Lord Peter Wimsey (click here for an in-depth article).
1890 - Sir Thomas Bulfinch’s My Heart’s In the Highlands.
October 1890 - The events of Anthony Hope's Rupert of Hentzau. Death of Rudolf Rassendyll.
1890 THE MAGICIAN'S NEPHEW It is stated that the Sherlock Holmes mysteries are happening concurrently with these events in Narnia In C.S. Lewis' Narnia book, The Magician's Nephew, it states: "In those days Mr. Sherlock Holmes was still living in Baker Street...." Since Narnia is clearly not part of "our" universe, The Wold Newton Universe, it must be another parallel reality. (See also Alternate Universes.) The date is based on educated guesswork.
1890-1891 THE BEAUTIFUL WHITE DEVIL
Alie Dunbar is a female pirate in the Pacific, of the Robin Hood variety. A man named Benwell appears briefly.
Novel by Guy Boothby. Benwell was a also minor character in Guy Boothby's novel Dr. Nikola, thus linking this novel to the Nikola series. Nikola is in the Wold Newton Universe through references to Lecoq and Sherlock Holmes, and an appearance in the Doc Savage comic mini-series Doom Dynasty. For complete information, please read Rick Lai's The Life of Dr. Antonio Nikola (1856-1898?).
1890's Ling Fu Shan assumed the identity of the Governor of Honan province, Fu Manchu, and in doing so made himself from a half-Caucasian bastard into a member of the royal ruling family. (He probably had Capellean aid in doing so) Once he had the identity of the Governor and the pretense of his bloodline, the newly named Fu Manchu played along with the Capellean scheme to make him Emperor and began a disastrous policy of destabilization. As you may know, the period from 1880 to 1905 is one of violent upheaval in Chinese history. During this period, China lost most of its provinces and power, becoming a virtual subject state to England, France and Germany. This was the direct result of one of Fu Manchu's schemes that backfired. He had traveled to Europe and England several times in the 1890s, possibly as an agent of the Empress, and as an agent of the Capelleans through his contacts in the criminal underground, such as Professor James Moriarty and Carl Peterson but he also used the position to further his own aims.
Through his contact with the governments of Europe through various double agents, he arranged a policy of aggression and inflexibility on the part of the European governments. His true aim was probably to make the Royal family pursue a policy of non-cooperation with the European governments while at the same time using Capellean resources to create a modern Chinese state that was technologically equal to Europe. The events progressed too rapidly for even Fu Manchu to calculate and he and China lost the gamble.
Furious that the Westerners, rather than the Chinese and himself had benefited from his policies, Fu Manchu turned his back on his Capellean sponsors, created the Boxer rebellion using Si Fan operatives. This effort too was a failure and soured the Empress on the schemes of Fu Manchu. Fu Manchu decided to take a more direct approach and, using Si Fan operatives, attempted to assassinate the royal house of China. Retribution was swift and painful. Since Manchu had betrayed the Capelleans they aided in his capture.
REVISED WOLD NEWTON CHRONOLOGY
Prehistory-858, 858-1799, 1800-1849,
1850-1890 1891-1910, 1911-1920,
1921-1930, 1931-1940, 1941-1970,
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© 1997-2002 by the author, Win Eckert.
Additions in brown text© 2000-2002 by Dennis E. Power